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Friluftsliv, Lika för alla?: En kvalitativ studie om nyanlända elevers relation till friluftsliv som delmoment i skolan.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Outdoor life, Equal for everyone? : A qualitative study of newly arrived students’ relationship to outdoor life in school. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund och syfte: Det finns en begränsad mängd forskning om nyanlända elever i delmomentet friluftsliv i den svenska skolan. Friluftslivsmomentet kan fungera som en integrationsarena för utvecklandet av språk, kunskap och kultur. Nyanlända elever kommer ofta från svårare omständigheter och då kan friluftslivsmomentet användas som ett verktyg för att förbättra deras känsla av sammanhang. Syftet med studien var att ta reda på hur nyanlända elever upplever friluftsliv i skolan, vad för faktorer som påverkar deras inställning till friluftsliv samt vad som motiverar dem till att utföra mer friluftsliv.

Metod och analys: Studien utfördes med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer via plattformen Zoomdär vi intervjuade fem nyanlända elever individuellt som antingen gick i förberedelseklassereller ”vanliga” klasser. Målet var att eleverna skulle få chansen till att berätta deras tankar och tidigare erfarenheter av natur och friluftsliv. KASAM och sociokulturellt perspektiv användest ramverk för att analysera studiens data. Analysen skedde genom tematisering där vi delar in alla transkriberingar under relevanta rubriker.

Resultat: Resultatet visar på att elevernas tidigare erfarenheter av natur och friluftsliv haft en påverkan på deras inställning till friluftsliv i skolan. I hemländerna fick vissa elevermöjligheten att gå ut i naturen både på fritiden och i skolan medan andra inte hade sammamöjligheter. Naturen skiljer sig åt mellan deras hemländer samt i jämförelse med den svenska naturen. Det sociala samspelet mellan studiens elever och lärare har varit en orsak till att deras rädslor övervunnits. En bidragande faktor till upplevelsen av friluftsliv kan också vara antalet aktiviteter som eleverna har fått genomföra. De elever som har fått genomföra fler friluftsaktiviteter var mer benägna att utföra mer friluftsliv. Det märktes att KASAM skiljde sig åt mellan dessa elever. Det kan även finnas andra faktorer som kunde påverka deras KASAM exempelvis socioekonomiska och kulturella skillnader.

Slutsats: I denna studie har lärare haft en stor påverkan på elevernas KASAM och de kan generellt behöva bli bättre på att motivera sina undervisningsval för eleverna. De elever somvar mer negativt inställda till friluftsliv hade inte fått testat lika många friluftslivsaktiviteter som de som var mer positiva. Elevernas bakgrunder och erfarenheter av naturen har också påverkat deras uppfattning av friluftsliv. De elever som växt upp i krigsdrabbade länder har inte haft samma tillgång till naturen och det kan ha påverkat deras inställning till friluftsliv. 

Abstract [en]

Background and aim: There is a limited amount of research regarding newly arrived students in school and specifically concerning outdoor life education. The outdoor lifeelement can function as an integration arena for the development of language, knowledge andculture. As newly arrived students often come from difficult circumstances, outdoor lifeeducation can be used as a tool to enhance their KASAM. The aim of the study was to find out how newly arrived students experience outdoor life at school, what factors affect theirattitude towards outdoor life and what motivates them to perform more outdoor life.

Method and analysis: The study was conducted using qualitative interviews via Zoom wherewe interviewed five newly arrived students individually who either went to preparatoryclasses or "regular" classes. The students talked about their thoughts and previous experiencesof nature and outdoor life. We have chosen to use the theoretical frameworks KASAM andsociocultural perspective to analyse the data. The analysis of the transcriptions was performedusing thematization.

Results: The results of the study show that the students' previous experiences of nature and outdoor life had an impact on their attitude towards outdoor life at school. In their home countries, some had the opportunity to go out into nature both in their free time and at school, while others did not have the same access to it. Nature also differs in their home countries incomparison with Swedish nature. The social interaction between the study's students andteachers has been one reason why their fears have been overcome. A contributing factor to theexperience of outdoor life can also be how many activities the students have had the chance totry out. The students who had carried out more outdoor activities in school were more likelyto engage in more outdoor life. It was noticed that KASAM differed between these students.

Conclusion: In this study, teachers have had a major impact on students' KASAM and theymay generally need to become better at motivating their teaching choices for students. Thosewho were negative had not tested as many outdoor activities as those who were positive. Thestudents' backgrounds and experiences of nature have also influenced their perception ofoutdoor life. The students who grew up in war-torn countries have not had the same access tonature and this may have affected their attitude to outdoor life in Sweden as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 46
Series
Examensarbete ; 2020:103
Keywords [en]
Newly arrived students, Nature, Outdoor life, Education, Physical education
Keywords [sv]
Nyanlända elever, Natur, Friluftsliv, Undervisning, Idrott och hälsa
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6558OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6558DiVA, id: diva2:1530456
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching; Physical Education Teaching
Presentation
2021-01-14, Zoom, 17:31 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-02-24 Created: 2021-02-22 Last updated: 2022-01-28Bibliographically approved

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