Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Skolan, elever och livslång fysisk hälsa: En kvalitativ studie om elevers syn på livslång fysisk hälsa och skolans förmåga att lära ut den
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The school, students and lifelong physical health : A qualitative study about students' views on lifelong physical health and the school's ability to teach it (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar

Syftet med denna undersökning var att studera elevers uppfattning om livslång fysisk hälsa och skolans förmåga att lära ut den. Utifrån syftet formulerades tre frågeställningar: 1) Vad upplever gymnasieelever att de fått med sig för kunskap om det livslånga perspektivet på fysisk hälsa från skolan? 2) Hur ser gymnasieelever på sin egen förmåga att främja sin fysiska hälsa i framtiden? 3) Hur upplever gymnasieelever de kritiska ungdomsåren med hänsyn till minskad fysisk aktivitet?

Metod

Studien har en kvalitativ ansats där semi-strukturerade intervjuer användes som datainsamlingsmetod. Urvalet bestod av åtta gymnasieelever (16-18 år) från två olika skolor i Stockholmsområdet. Intervjuerna varade i cirka 30 minuter, transkriberades och analyserades enligt tematisk innehållsanalys. Resultatet diskuterades utifrån det teoretiska perspektivet Self-determination theory om inre- och yttre motivation.

Resultat

Deltagarna upplevde att skolan har haft en positiv inverkan på deras syn på livslång fysisk hälsa. Samtliga deltagare uttryckte på olika sätt att de genom skolan tagit åt sig av sambandet mellan positiva hälsoaspekter och regelbunden fysisk aktivitet. Merparten av deltagarna lyfte fram generella tankar om livslång fysisk hälsa som behandlats inom skolan, men många upplevde att ämnet ofta behandlats relativt ytligt och varit avskilt från praktiska moment. Samtliga deltagare uttryckte en vilja att upprätthålla den fysiska hälsan genom regelbunden aktivitet i framtiden och majoriteten uttryckte även att de trodde de skulle lyckas med detta. Olika typer av inre- och yttre motivation nämndes som viktiga faktorer för att främja den fysiska hälsan i framtiden, och tidsaspekten nämndes av flera som en riskfaktor. Deltagarna såg på sin nuvarande ålder som en övergångsålder där fysisk- hälsa och aktivitet ofta bortprioriteras.

Slutsats

Skolans förmåga att lära ut livslång fysisk hälsa upplevs som något ytlig enligt respondenterna i föreliggande studie. Gymnasieleverna förstår att det är viktigt att främja den fysiska hälsan men har svårare att uttrycka varför det är viktigt. Det tycks också finnas ett behov av att integrera teori med praktiska moment i undervisningen, för att skapa en djupare förståelse. Eleverna har emellertid en positiv framtidstro gällande främjandet av den fysiska hälsan, dock bekräftas svårigheterna i att upprätthålla aktivitetsnivåerna i den nuvarande åldern.

Abstract [en]

Aim

The purpose of this study was to examine students’ perceptions of lifelong physical health and the schools ability to teach this. From this purpose, three research questions were formulated: 1) What knowledge about the lifelong perspective on physical health do upper secondary school students perceive they have obtained from school? How do upper secondary school students view their own ability to promote their physical health in the future? 3) How do upper secondary school students perceive the critical youth years with regards to reduced physical activity?

Method

The study has a qualitative approach and semi-structured interviews where the method used for data collection. Data was collected from eight upper secondary school students (16-18 years) from two different schools in Stockholm. The interviews lasted about 30 minutes, and were thereafter transcribed and analyzed by thematic context analysis. Results were discussed in the light of the theoretical perspective Self-Determination and intrinsic- and extrinsic motivation.

Results

The participants expressed that the school had contributed with a positive impact on their views on lifelong physical health. They expressed that the school had taught them about the connection between positive health aspects and regular physical activity. The majority also put forward general thoughts about lifelong physical health that had been addressed in school, but many perceived that the subject often had been addressed on a relatively superficial level, separated from physical activity. The students expressed a will to maintain the physical health by regular physical activity in the future and the majority also believed that they would be able to succeed in this. Intrinsic- and extrinsic motivation were mentioned as important factors in the promotion of physical health in the future, and the aspect of time was mentioned as a risk factor by many participants. Their current age was viewed as a transition period between the adolescent life to the adult life, where physical- health and activity often is neglected.

Conclusions

The schools ability to teach lifelong physical health is by the participants perceived as somewhat superficial. The students expressed that they know that it is important to promote the physical health but they struggle to explain why. There also seems to be a need for theory to be integrated in practical lessons. The students have, however, a positive belief in the future when it comes to the promotion of their physical health, but in line with previous research, the current age is perceived as a challenging period to maintain physical activity and health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
Examensarbete ; 2018:94
Keywords [sv]
Livslång hälsa, fysisk hälsa, skola, elever, upplevd fysisk hälsa, gymnasielever, self-determination theory
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5704OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-5704DiVA, id: diva2:1302761
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching; Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-04-05 Created: 2019-04-05 Last updated: 2019-04-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(499 kB)21 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 499 kBChecksum SHA-512
3b4da5785e69e7bc8cf5d0d2b2ffeddeb8c448654de391af66913656928609f126d959a25c245d07ac0743488ff7616da8a53021d781f7589fbd7b6d8a907edc
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Sport and Health Sciences
Pedagogical Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 21 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 101 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf