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Anti-stressträning: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Anti-stress exercise : A quantitative cross-sectional study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet är att studera om träning på olika intensitetsnivåer påverkar upplevd stress hos kvinnor i Sverige. Denna studie kommer svara på dessa frågeställningar: 

  1. Finns det någon skillnad i upplevd stress hos kvinnor som deltar på lågintensiv träning i form av promenader jämfört med kvinnor som deltar på högintensiv träning i form av löpning?
  2. Finns det någon skillnad i upplevd stress hos kvinnor som deltar på högintensiv träning i form av löpning jämfört med kvinnor som inte tränar alls?
  3. Finns det någon skillnad i upplevd stress hos kvinnor som deltar på lågintensiv träning i form av promenader jämfört med kvinnor som inte tränar alls?          

Metod: Studien är en tvärsnittsstudie, genom enkätundersökningar har skillnader i upplevd stress jämförts på kvinnor med medelålder 39,03 år ( ± 14,44), som antingen tränat högintensivt eller lågintensivt. Resultaten har jämförts med en referensgrupp bestående av kvinnor som inte tränar alls. Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS10) inklusive tio stycken intensitets-frågor för inklusion i studien skickades ut via sociala medier, Facebook.

Resultat: En signifikant skillnad sågs vid jämförandet av kvinnor som tränar högintensivt och referensgrupp, (p=0,001), poängmässig skillnad i PSS10; 7,67 poäng. Ingen signifikant skillnad redovisades mellan högintensiv och lågintensiv grupp (p=0,737), detsamma gällde lågintensiv och referensgrupp (p=0,081).

Slutsats: Högintensiva kvinnor hade reducerad upplevd stress jämfört med kvinnor som inte tränade alls. Ingen skillnad i upplevd stress kunde urskiljas mellan kvinnor som tränar lågintensivt och kvinnor som tränade högintensivt. Samma gällde kvinnor som tränade på låg intensitet jämfört med kvinnor som inte tränade alls, ingen skillnad i upplevd stress.

Abstract [en]

Purpose and aims: The aim is to study if different exercise-intensities affects perceived stress in Swedish women. This study will answer the following questions:

  1. Is there a difference in perceived stress in women who participate in low-intensity exercise in the form of walking compared to women who participate in high-intensity exercise in the form of running?
  2. Is there a difference in perceived stress in women who participate in high-intensity exercise in the form of running compared to women who do not exercise at all?
  3. Is there a difference in perceived stress in women who participate in low-intensity exercise in the form walking compared to women who do not exercise at all?          

Method: The study is a cross-sectional study, through questionnaires, differences in perceived stress have been compared in women with a mean age of 39,03 years (± 14,44), who either exercised with high intensity or with low intensity. The results have been compared to a reference group consisting of non-training women. Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS10) together with ten intensity-questions for inclusion in the study was sent out via social media, Facebook.

Results: A significant difference was detected in the comparison of the high intensity group and the reference group, (p=0.001), score difference in PSS10; 7,67 points. No significant difference between the high-intensity group and the low-intensity group (p=0.737), the same applied to the low-intensity group and the reference group (p=0,081).

Conclusions: Women who participated in high intensity exercise had reduced percieved stress compared to women who did not exercise at all. No difference in percieved stress was observed between women who participated in low intensity exercise and women who participated in high intensity exercise. Similarly, no difference in percieved stress in women who participated in low intensity exercise and women who did not exercise at all.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 41
Series
Examensarbete ; 2019:17
Keywords [en]
High intensity training, low intensity training, physical activity, stress, sedentary, dose-response, recommendations, intensity.
Keywords [sv]
Högintensiv träning, lågintensiv träning, fysisk aktivitet, stress, stillasittande, dos-respons, rekommendationer, intensitet.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5682OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-5682DiVA, id: diva2:1299760
Educational program
Sports Science and Health Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-03-28 Created: 2019-03-28 Last updated: 2019-03-28Bibliographically approved

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