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EFFECTS OF PUSH-OFF ABILITY AND HANDCYCLE TYPE ON HANDCYCLING PERFORMANCE IN ABLE-BODIED PARTICIPANTS
Reade Amsterdam, Amsterdam Rehabil Res Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Heliomare Rehabil Ctr, Res & Dev, Wijk Aan Zee, Netherlands.;Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Ctr Human Movement Sci, Groningen, Netherlands..
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences. Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Solna, Sweden.;Swedish Sch Sport & Hlth Sci GIH, Stockholm, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0146-9292
Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Fac Behav & Human Movement Sci, Int Wheelchairsport Classifier Handcyding Wheelch, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
Reade Amsterdam, Amsterdam Rehabil Res Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Fac Behav & Human Movement Sci, Dept Human Movement Sci, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Ctr Adapted Sports Amsterdam Reade, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 50, no 6, p. 563-568Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To assess the effects on handcycling performance and physiological responses, of: (i) making a closed chain by comparing handcycling in a recumbent bike with 2-feet footrest (closed chain) with handcycling with 1 footrest (partial closed chain) and without a footrest (no closed chain); (ii) equipment by comparing handcycling in a recumbent bike with a kneeling bike. Methods: Ten able-bodied participants performed submaximal exercise and sprint tests, once in a kneeling bike and 3 times on a recumbent: 2-feet support, 1-foot support and without foot support. Physical strain (submaximal oxygen uptake and heart rate), peak (POpeak) and mean power output (POmean) were measured. Results: Significantly higher POpeak, and POmean were found with 2-feet support (mean 415 W (standard deviation (SD) 163) and mean 281 W (SD 96)) and higher POmean with 1-foot support (mean 279 W (SD 104)) compared with no foot support (mean 332 W (SD 127) and mean 254 W (SD 101)), p<0.05. No differences were found for physical strain. In the kneeling bike, POpeak and POmean were significantly higher (mean 628 W (SD 231) and 391 W (SD 121)) than in the recumbent (mean 415 W (SD 163) and 281 W (SD 96)), p=0.001. Conclusion: The ability to make a closed chain has a significant positive effect on handcycling sprint performance; therefore, this ability may be a discriminating factor. Sprint performance was significantly higher in kneeling compared with recumbent handcycling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 50, no 6, p. 563-568
Keywords [en]
(sub)maximal exercise, physical strain, power output, able-bodied, handbike
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5374DOI: 10.2340/16501977-2343PubMedID: 29756632OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-5374DiVA, id: diva2:1239753
Available from: 2018-08-17 Created: 2018-08-17 Last updated: 2018-08-17

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Nooijen, Carla F J

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