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Är perfektionistiska danslärare stressade?: En kvantitativ studie om stress och perfektionism hos professionella danslärare.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Aim

The aim of the present study was to examine the correlation between different types of perfectionism and perceived stress. The following issues were investigated: 1) Does dance teachers with higher levels of perfectionism also experience higher levels of stress? 2) Are there any differences between different types of perfectionism? 3) How much of the variation of perceived stress can be explained by variables such as age, experience and different types of perfectionism?

Method

In order to achieve the purpose of the study, a survey was conducted. The final selection consisted of 70 dance teachers with a mean age of 33.5 years. The survey content consisted of Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS; Hewitt & Flett, 1991, 2004), which had 15 questions about each kind of perfectionism (SIP, AIP and SFP), and Perceived Stress Scale ((PSS-10; Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983), which consisted of 10 questions about perceived stress. The data was exported to SPSS. Then a correlation analyses, as well as a regression analysis was made.

Results

Strong positive relationships were seen between socially prescribed perfectionism (SPP) and perceived stress, as well as self oriented perfectionism (SOP) and perceived stress. SOP correlated with other oriented perfectionism (OOP), as well as with SPP. Higher-aged dance teachers estimated lower levels of SOP, SPP and perceived stress. SPP proved to be the strongest predictor on perceived stress.

Conclusions

Dance teachers with high levels of SPP and SOP seem to be more stressed. The older and more experienced the danceteachers were, the less perfectionist and stressed they were. The strongest predictor of stress was SPP. If you are interested in finding out which dance teachers (or teachers / coaches) are at greatest risk of stress, it may be important to investigate their levels of SPP.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar

Studiens syfte var att undersöka sambandet mellan olika typer av perfektionism och stress bland danslärare i Sverige. Följande frågeställningar undersöktes: 1) Upplever mer perfektionistiska danslärare högre nivåer av stress? 2) Finns skillnader i upplevda stressnivåer mellan olika typer av perfektionism? 3) Hur stor del av variationen i upplevd stress kan förklaras av variabler som ålder, erfarenhet, och olika typer av perfektionism?

Metod

För att uppnå syftet med studien genomfördes en enkätundersökning. Det slutliga urvalet bestod av 70 danslärare med medelåldern 33,5 år. Enkätens innehåll bestod av Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS; Hewitt & Flett, 1991, 2004)(se bilaga 4), som behandlar självinriktad (SIP)- annaninriktad (AIP)- och socialt föreskriven perfektionism (SFP) samt Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)(PSS-10; Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 386-396.), med 10 frågor som behandlar upplevd stress. Datan exporterades till SPSS. Därefter gjordes en korrelationsanalys, samt en regressionsanalys.

Resultat

Starka positiva samband sågs mellan SFP och stress, samt SIP och upplevd stress. SIP korrelerade med AIP, samt SFP. Danslärare med högre ålder skattade lägre nivåer av SIP, SFP och upplevd stress. SFP var den starkaste prediktorn på upplevd stress.

Slutsats

Danslärare med höga nivåer av SFP och SIP verkar vara mer stressade. Ju äldre och mer erfarna danslärarna var, desto mindre perfektionistiska och stressade var de. Den starkaste prediktorn för stress var SFP. Är man intresserad över att ta reda på vilka danslärare (eller lärare/tränare) som löper störst risk för att bli stressade, kan det vara av stor vikt att undersöka och eventuellt förebygga deras nivåer av SFP.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 34
Series
Examensarbete ; 2018:11
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5341OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-5341DiVA, id: diva2:1233605
Educational program
Sports Science and Health Science
Presentation
(Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-08-20 Created: 2018-07-18 Last updated: 2018-08-20Bibliographically approved

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