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Damerna först!: En kvantitativ jämförelse av ett damallsvenskt lag och det svenska damlandslaget
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte och frågeställningar

Syftet med studien var att jämföra ett damallsvenskt lag med det svenska damlandslaget i total belastning, total distans, högintensiva löpningar (HL), mycket högintensiva löpningar (MHL) samt sprints (S). Frågeställningarna var följande: Skiljer sig total belastning och total distans mellan de två lagen? Finns det skillnader i total belastning och total distans mellan olika positioner? Finns det skillnader i HL, MHL samt S i antal genomförda och sträcka mellan lagen och mellan olika positioner?

Metod

Studien genomfördes på åtta kvinnliga fotbollsspelare (ålder 27±1,8, längd 168±4,7, vikt 65±4,7). Dessa representerar ett damallsvenskt lag som spelade i övre delen av tabellen under år 2017. För att genomföra mätningen användes ett GPS-system (MinimaxX S4). Mätningen genomfördes under match vilken spelades på naturgräs. Vidare har värden från landslagets 12 spelare inhämtats från SvFF (ålder 28±4,5, längd 174±5, vikt 64±4,2).

Resultat

Resultatet visar att klubblagets totala belastning var 186 större än landslagets. Ingen signifikant skillnad fanns mellan de två lagen. Klubblagets mittfältare belastades 19 % mer än landslagets. Vidare belastades klubblagets anfallare 33 % mer än landslagets medan backarna i klubblaget belastades med 7 % mer än landslagets. Klubblaget sprang 15 % längre än landslaget. Ingen signifikans fanns mellan lagen. Klubblagets totala distans visar att spelarna sprang längre än landslaget på alla positioner. Resultatet visade vidare att det inte fanns någon signifikans mellan lagen för HL, MHL och S. Klubblaget sprang 1 % fler antal meter HL och 13 % fler antal meter MHL än landslaget. Landslaget sprang även 3 % fler antal meter S än klubblaget. Den procentuella skillnaden mellan lagen var 19 % fler antal genomförda HL och 9 % fler antal genomförda MHL samt 17 % fler antal S än klubblaget. Landslaget genomförde fler antal HL, MHL och S på samtliga positioner.

Slutsats

Studien visar att det inte finns någon signifikant skillnad mellan grupperna. Dock genomförde landslaget fler S i antal och sträcka vilket överensstämmer med tidigare studier som visar att lag som spelar på högre nivå genomför fler högintensiva aktioner under en match. Studiens omfång bör utökas för att vidare undersöka dessa variabler.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to compare a Swedish top league soccer team to the Swedish national team during a competitive game. Comparisons included measurements in player load, total distance covered, high-speed running (HL), very high-speed running (MHL) and sprint (S). The research questions were: Is there a difference in player load and total distance covered between the teams? Is there a difference in player load and total distance covered between different playing positions? Is there a difference in HL, MHL and S in performed and meters covered between different positions and between the two teams?    

Method

The number of participants were eight female soccer players (age 27±1,8, length 168±4,7, weight 65±4,7). They played in the top of the league during the season of 2017. A GPS system (MinimaxX S4) was used to collect data. The game was played on nature grass in the last round of the season. The National team values were supplied by SVFF where 12 players participated (age 28±4,5, length 174±5, weight 64±4,2).

Results

The Swedish league team had 186 higher player load than the National team where no significant difference was found. Furthermore, the Swedish league team’s midfielders were loaded 19 % more than the national team’s. The Swedish league attackers were loaded 33 % more than the national team’s. The difference in player load between the defenders was 7 % higher for the Swedish league team’s. The Swedish league team covered 15 % more meters in total distance where no significant difference was seen. All players in the Swedish league team covered the longest distance. There were no significant difference between number of performed and meters covered in HL, MHL and S. The Swedish league team covered 1 % more meters HL and 13 % more meters MHL than the National team. The National team covered 3 % more meter S than the Swedish league team. The National team performed 19 % more HL and 9 % more MHL than the Swedish league team. In total, the National team performed more HL, MHL and S than the Swedish league team.     

Conclusion

No significant difference was found between the two teams. Although, the National team covered higher number of S performed and meters which is in accordance to previous surveys which shows more high-speed actions is performed in higher competition levels during a game. The survey should be expanded to further examine the demands for women’s soccer. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 21
Series
Examensarbete ; 2017:114
Keyword [en]
high intensity running, women, soccer, GPS, sprint, female, demand, total distance, quantifying, player load
Keyword [sv]
högintensiva löpningar, kvinnor, fotboll, GPS, sprint, krav, total distans, sammanställd, belastning, tränarlänkfotboll
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5246OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-5246DiVA, id: diva2:1200178
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching; Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

Ämneslärarprogrammet, Specialidrott

Available from: 2018-04-26 Created: 2018-04-23 Last updated: 2018-04-26Bibliographically approved

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