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Sport, Diasbility and Women: A Study of Organised Swedish Disability Sport in 1969-2012
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport History Research Group.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8501-8987
2017 (English)In: Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism, ISSN 1899-1998, E-ISSN 2082-8799, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 213-220Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction. The purpose of this article is first to provide a picture of disability sport in general and second to increase knowledge of sport for women with disabilities.

Material and methods. The study method is a qualitative text analysis of organised Swedish disability sport and of media reporting of the Paralympics. The study begins in 1969, the year when the Swedish Sports Organization for the Disabled (SHIF) was formed, and continues until the Summer Paralympics in 2012. The theory is based on three conceptual pairs: integration and inclusion, the medical and social models, and the traditional and progressive models of media coverage.

Results. The results show that SHIF strove principally not for inclusion but for integration. Further, women in SHIF led a hidden existence, except for the period between the end of the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s, when initiatives were taken to improve their position. In other respects, this was a non-issue. Moreover, the medical model was dominant, and sport was viewed above all as rehabilitating. Finally, mainstream media reporting was traditional, namely Paralympic participants were portrayed first and foremost as people with disabilities and secondarily as sports practitioners.

Conclusion. Swedish disability sport during this period was not included in the sports movement in general and integration work was, for the SHIF board, superordinate to the gender aspect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 24, no 4, p. 213-220
Keyword [en]
disability sport, women, integration, inclusion, medical and social model, media
National Category
History Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5150DOI: 10.1515/pjst-2017-0020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-5150DiVA: diva2:1174630
Available from: 2018-01-16 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-02-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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