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A more active lifestyle in persons with a recent spinal cord injury benefits physical fitness and health
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0146-9292
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2012 (English)In: Spinal Cord, ISSN 1362-4393, E-ISSN 1476-5624, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 320-3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To study the longitudinal relationship between objectively measured everyday physical activity level, and physical fitness and lipid profile in persons with a recent spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: A rehabilitation centre in the Netherlands and the participant's home environment. METHODS: Data of 30 persons with a recent SCI were collected at the start of active rehabilitation, 3 months later, at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, and 1 year after discharge. Physical activity level (duration of dynamic activities as % of 24 h) was measured with an accelerometry-based activity monitor. Regarding physical fitness, peak oxygen uptake (VO(2)peak) and peak power output (POpeak) were determined with a maximal wheelchair exercise test, and upper extremity muscle strength was measured with a handheld dynamometer. Fasting blood samples were taken to determine the lipid profile. RESULTS: An increase in physical activity level was significantly related to an increase in VO(2)peak and POpeak, and an increase in physical activity level favourably affected the lipid profile. A nonsignificant relation was found with muscle strength. CONCLUSION: Everyday physical activity seems to have an important role in the fitness and health of persons with a recent SCI. An increase in physical activity level was associated with an increase in physical fitness and with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 50, no 4, p. 320-3
Keywords [en]
Activities of Daily Living/*classification, Adult, Cohort Studies, *Exercise Therapy/methods, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Physical Fitness/*physiology, Prospective Studies, Risk Reduction Behavior, Sedentary Lifestyle, Spinal Cord Injuries/epidemiology/*rehabilitation
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URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5079DOI: 10.1038/sc.2011.152ISBN: 1476-5624 (Electronic) 1362-4393 (Linking) OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-5079DiVA, id: diva2:1158623
Note

Nooijen, C F J de Groot, S Postma, K Bergen, M P Stam, H J Bussmann, J B J van den Berg-Emons, R J eng England 2011/12/07 06:00 Spinal Cord. 2012 Apr;50(4):320-3. doi: 10.1038/sc.2011.152. Epub 2011 Dec 6.

Available from: 2017-11-20 Created: 2017-11-20 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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