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Striving for self-esteem: Conceptualizations and role in burnout
Stockholms universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0079-124X
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

When self-esteem is dependent on competence individuals invest a great deal of effort in their accomplishments in order to validate themselves. The aim of the present thesis was to develop a theoretically sound and valid concept and measure of contingent self-esteem dependent on competence, and examine its vulnerable implications and role in burnout. In Study I a concept and measure of contingent self-esteem dependent on competence, termed competence-based self-esteem (CBSE), was developed. Confirmatory factor analyses showed its distinctiveness from other sources of self-esteem and revealed two dimensions comprising behaviors referring to: i) Self-esteem conditional upon competence and ii) Frustrated self-critical strivings. The new scale showed high reliability and gained both convergent and discriminative validity through different methods in different samples. Study II set out to experimentally test the vulnerable implications of CBSE in a performance situation. The results showed that high, as compared to low, scorers on the scale exhibited stronger physiological reactivity and momentary exertion coupled with frustrated mood. Study III focused on the role of self-esteem contingent on competence in the burnout process and its association with work- and private-life stressors over time in working women and men. The analyses showed that contingent self-esteem was a predictor of burnout. In addition, women scored higher on both contingent self-esteem and burnout and reported higher general life stress than did men, whereas men showed stronger associations between work stressors and burnout. The results of the three studies suggest that contingent self-esteem, where outcomes of one’s acts and performance serve to compensate an impoverished basic self-worth, facilitates the understanding of stress-related vulnerability and ill-health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University , 2011.
Keyword [en]
self-esteem, contingent self-esteem, burnout, stressors, gender, stress, work, competence, performance, Psychology, Psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4733ISBN: 978-91-7447-265-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-4733DiVA: diva2:1068746
Public defence
2011-05-13, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: In press. Paper 3: In press.

Available from: 2017-01-26 Created: 2017-01-26 Last updated: 2017-06-27Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Development and validation of two measures of contingent self-esteem
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development and validation of two measures of contingent self-esteem
2007 (English)In: Individual Differences Research, ISSN 1541-745X, E-ISSN 2169-3951, Vol. 5, 300-328 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3496 (URN)
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. Physiological and behavioral reactivity when one's self-worth is staked on competence.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physiological and behavioral reactivity when one's self-worth is staked on competence.
2011 (English)In: Individual Differences Research, ISSN 1541-745X, E-ISSN 2169-3951, Vol. 9, 138-152 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3494 (URN)
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
3. Contingent self-esteem, stressors and burnout in working women and men.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contingent self-esteem, stressors and burnout in working women and men.
2012 (English)In: WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment, & Rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 43, no 2, 123-131 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE:

A high work involvement is considered central in the burnout process. Yet, research investigating how high work involvement and psychosocial stressors relate to burnout is scarce. High involvement in terms of performance-based self-esteem (PBSE) refers to individuals' strivings to validate self-worth by achievements, a disposition linked to poor health. The aim of the present study was to examine longitudinally PBSE in relation to burnout while also taking into account work- and private life stressors.

PARTICIPANTS:

The sample consisted of 2121 working women and men.

METHODS:

Main- and mediation effects were investigated using hierarchical regression analysis.

RESULTS:

The results showed performance-based self-esteem mediated partially between the stressors and burnout. Performance-based self-esteem was the strongest predictor of burnout over time, followed by private life stressors. Women experienced more work stress than did men. Men had stronger associations between work stressors and burnout, while women had stronger associations between performance-based self-esteem and burnout.

CONCLUSIONS:

Individual characteristics along with both private life and work stressors are important predictors of burnout. Factors associated with burnout differ somewhat between women and men.

National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3491 (URN)10.3233/WOR-2012-1366 (DOI)22927616 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2017-06-27Bibliographically approved

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