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Increasing training load without risking the female athlete triad: menstrual cycle based periodized training may be an answer?
Umeå universitet.
Umeå universitet.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH. Umeå universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4578-1122
2016 (English)In: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, ISSN 0022-4707, E-ISSN 1827-1928Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: An improved muscle strength are of great importance in many sports, hence an increased understanding on how to generate optimal strength training programs in women without negative side effects that may lead to the female athlete triad are essential. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential negative effects of high frequency periodized menstrual/OC cycle based leg resistance training on components in the female athlete triad.

METHODS: Fifty-nine women, with experience of resistance training and with regular menstrual/OC cycles were included in the analyses. The participants were randomly assigned a training program consisted of high frequency leg resistance training, periodized to the first two weeks (group 1) or the last two weeks (group 2) of each cycle, or to a control group performing regular training, during four consecutive menstrual/OC cycles. The main analysis was the pre-to-post change of sex and growth hormones, cortisol, total body fat mass, bone mineral density in the spine. We further examined the participants' own experience of the training programs.

RESULTS: No significant negative impact on sex and growth hormones, cortisol, total body fat mass and bone mineral density in the spine, was detected in any of the groups. Moreover, the women in group 1 experienced their training program as positive.

CONCLUSIONS: The high frequency periodized leg resistance training was not associated with exercise-related negative consequences on components in the female athlete triad. Moreover, the training was well accepted when performed during the first two weeks of each cycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Mitochondrial function ; NSAID ; resistance training
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4636PubMedID: 27167713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-4636DiVA: diva2:1046411
Available from: 2016-11-14 Created: 2016-11-14 Last updated: 2016-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Henriksson-Larsén, Karin
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
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