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Development of Exhaustion for High-level Coaches in Association with Workload and Motivation – a Personal Centered Approach
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9921-6586
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 22, s. 10-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The aim of the current study was twofold. First, to explore whether there were different trajectories of exhaustion among high-performance coaches over the course of a competitive season. Then, to investigate whether workload-related variables and motivational regulations were associated with exhaustion class membership.

Methods and design

299 high-performance coaches responded to an online survey at the start, middle, and end of a competitive season, assessing exhaustion, workload, work home interference (WHI), recovery, and motivational regulations. Latent class growth analyses were used to identify different trajectories of perceived exhaustion. Further, multinomial logistic regression examined class associations for workload-related variables and motivational regulations at the start and at the end of competitive season.

Results

Four different trajectories of perceived exhaustion among coaches were identified, termed respectively “High” (10%), “Increase” (15%), “Decrease” (4%) and “Low” (71%). Higher levels of workload and WHI were associated to classes with higher levels of exhaustion. Higher levels of recovery, and intrinsic and identified regulations were associated to classes with lower levels of exhaustion. Adaptive and maladaptive profiles were identified.

Conclusions

Different trajectories of exhaustion among high-performance coaches over the course of a competitive season were found. A maladaptive profile was associated with higher perceived workload and WHI, as well as lower levels of recovery, intrinsic and identified regulations, when compared to the adaptive profile.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2016. Vol. 22, s. 10-19
Nationell ämneskategori
Idrottsvetenskap Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap/Humaniora
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4097DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.06.004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-4097DiVA, id: diva2:846222
Tillgänglig från: 2015-08-14 Skapad: 2015-08-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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Kenttä, Göran

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