Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Gendered relations? Associations between Swedish parents, siblings, and adolescents' time spent sedentary and physically active
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3676-8612
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society. Department of Teacher Education and Outdoor Studies, The Norwegian School of Sport Sciences (NIH), Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0638-7176
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8079-0596
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0004-8533
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2024 (English)In: Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, E-ISSN 2624-9367, Vol. 6, article id 1236848Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction

The family is assumed to be fundamental in youth socialization processes and development, connected to social and cultural practices such as healthy lifestyles and physical activity. However, gender patterns in physical activity among adolescents and the structural drivers of gender inequality (e.g., parentage and siblingship) are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore further how gender structures relate to adolescents' time spent being sedentary and physically active, using contemporary gender theory.

Methods

This cross-sectional study involved 1,139 adolescents aged 13-14 and their parents, including 815 mothers and 572 fathers. Physical activity and time spent sedentary were assessed through accelerometry among adolescents and through a self-report questionnaire for parents validated against accelerometry.

Results

The results showed significant relationships between mothers' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and girls' MVPA on weekdays and weekends, and fathers' MVPA was significantly related to girls' MVPA on weekdays. Our results imply that the relationship between Swedish parents' and adolescent girls' physical activity in higher intensities are to some extent gendered practices. However, time spent sedentary does not seem to show any patterns of being performed according to binary ideas of gender. Further, our exploratory analyses suggest that these results somewhat intersect with parents' educational level and relate to intra-categorical aspects of doing gender. The results also indicate slight gendered patterns in the “doing” of brotherhood for time spent sedentary, however, for boys only on weekends.

Discussion 

The study contributes to the understanding of gender norms as constraints and enablers for adolescents' participation in physical activity. The results can spur public health and physical activity research to apply a contemporary gender theory approach, and to expand the research agenda connected to what relates to gender inequalities in physical activity practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2024. Vol. 6, article id 1236848
Keywords [sv]
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8126DOI: 10.3389/fspor.2024.1236848ISI: 001176893700001PubMedID: 38455967OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-8126DiVA, id: diva2:1840097
Part of project
E-PABS - a centre of Excellence in Physical Activity, healthy Brain functions and Sustainability, Knowledge FoundationPhysical Activity for Healthy Brain Functions in School Youth, Knowledge Foundation, Skandias Stiftelse Idéer för livet
Note

Finansierad av COOP, Skandia, Skanska, IKEA, Generation PEP samt Konsumentföreningen i Stockholm.

Available from: 2024-02-22 Created: 2024-02-22 Last updated: 2024-04-09

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Hoy, SaraLarsson, HåkanKjellenberg, KarinNyberg, GiselaEkblom, ÖrjanHelgadóttir, Björg

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Hoy, SaraLarsson, HåkanKjellenberg, KarinNyberg, GiselaEkblom, ÖrjanHelgadóttir, Björg
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Department of Movement, Culture and SocietyDepartment of Physical Activity and Health
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Frontiers in Sports and Active Living
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and EpidemiologySport and Fitness Sciences

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