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Competing under pressure: state anxiety, sports performance and assessment
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH. (Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen)
2006 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Elevated levels of anxiety are a common response to stressful competitive sports situations, are known to moderate athletic performance and are referred to as an unpleasant emotional state associated with perceptions of situational threat. The empirical studies in this dissertation considered primarily psychometric, methodological and conceptual issues of relevance for the study of anxiety and sports performance. In Study I, athletes were followed across a full competitive season to explore patterns of inter- and intra-individual variability of anxiety and self-confidence in relation to performance. The findings imply intra-individual anxiety and self-confidence variability to affect performance differently than the specific intensity level and are discussed in relation to more stable personality dispositions such as private self-consciousness. Study II evaluated the psychometric properties of the 27-item Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) and alternative versions of this scale. General support for a 17-item version (CSAI-2R) was found, but there are also psychometric limitations future research needs to resolve. Study III investigated assessment of intensity and directional ratings on single anxiety items with reference to the conceptualisation of anxiety symptoms as interpreted on a debilitative-facilitative continuum. The findings question the importance and rationale of assessing anxiety direction and revealed serious concerns with assessment procedures and statistical techniques applied in previous research. These concerns were also supported in Study IV, which explored athletes’ idiosyncratic experiences of debilitative and facilitative anxiety symptoms in terms of intensity and emotional valence. The findings are discussed and summarised in a model in order to increase conceptual clarity and provide implications for future research regarding anxiety and related emotional performance states.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University , 2006. , s. 77
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap/Humaniora
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-15OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-15DiVA, id: diva2:1834
Disputation
2006-05-19, Stockholms universitet, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2007-01-25 Skapad: 2007-01-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2014-04-14
Delarbeten
1. Intra-individual variability in state anxiety and self-confidence in elite golfers
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Intra-individual variability in state anxiety and self-confidence in elite golfers
2004 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Sport Behavior, ISSN 0162-7341, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 277-290Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi Idrottsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-462 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2007-01-25 Skapad: 2008-10-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-05-12Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2: Evaluating the Swedish version by confirmatory factor analyses
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2: Evaluating the Swedish version by confirmatory factor analyses
2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 23, nr 7, s. 727-736Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) is one of the most frequently used instruments when assessing competitive state anxiety in sport psychology research. However, doubts have been expressed about the factorial validity of both the English and the Greek versions of the scale. Hence, a revised version of the inventory (CSAI-2R) has recently been suggested to be more psychometrically sound (Cox et al., 2003). In the present study, the aim was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the CSAI-2 using confirmatory factor analyses. A total of 969 athletes (571 men and 398 women) competing in 26 different sports completed the Swedish version of the CSAI-2. Three different factor structures were evaluated: the original three-factor model (with cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence), a two-factor model in which self-confidence was excluded, and a three-factor model containing 17 items (CSAI-2R). The results revealed that only the 17-item model displayed an acceptable fit to the data. Although some doubts remain about the amount of variance that can be attributed to error variance in the subscales, the results suggest that it is better to use the CSAI-2R rather than the original CSAI-2.

Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi Idrottsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-463 (URN)10.1080/02640410400021484 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2007-01-25 Skapad: 2008-10-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Elite Junior National Skiers and Swimmers Do Not Report Facilitative Precompetition Anxiety Responses
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Elite Junior National Skiers and Swimmers Do Not Report Facilitative Precompetition Anxiety Responses
2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the American College of Sports Medicine 53rd Annual Meeting, 2006, s. 278-Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Idrottsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-464 (URN)
Konferens
The American College of Sports Medicine 53rd Annual Meeting, Denver Colorado
Tillgänglig från: 2007-01-25 Skapad: 2009-03-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-10-11Bibliografiskt granskad
4. On the distinction between debilitative and facilitative states of competitive anxiety: an idiographic approach
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>On the distinction between debilitative and facilitative states of competitive anxiety: an idiographic approach
(Engelska)Manuskript (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Nationell ämneskategori
Idrottsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-465 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2007-01-25 Skapad: 2009-03-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-10-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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