Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Cognitive Reserve: A Life-Course Perspective
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7209-741x
Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS), Karolinska Institute and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Stress Research Institute, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
2023 (English)In: Neurobiological and Psychological Aspects of Brain Recovery / [ed] Petrosini, Laura, Springer Publishing Company, 2023, p. 121-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The concept of reserve has been developed to account for the discontinuity between the extent of brain damage at its clinical manifestation in the form of cognitive decline or dementia. In this chapter, we discuss contributors to cognitive reserve from various stages of the life-course, including childhood, early adulthood, middle age, and late life. Evidence from observational studies as well as intervention trials is presented and assessed. We conclude by arguing that reserve formation in dementia risk is a life-course process whereby baseline cognitive abilities are subjected to modulation by subsequent experiences at diverse stages over the entire life-course. Variations among individuals in their ability to withstand age-related brain changes are ultimately dependent on their life-time accumulation of mental, physical, and lifestyle inputs into cognitive reserve.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Publishing Company, 2023. p. 121-135
National Category
Neurosciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7675DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-24930-3_5ISBN: 978-3-031-24930-3 (electronic)ISBN: 978-3-031-24929-7 (print)ISBN: 978-3-031-24932-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7675DiVA, id: diva2:1775480
Part of project
What can motor function tell us about cognitive aging and dementia? A multidisciplinary approach towards precision medicine, Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2023-06-27 Created: 2023-06-27 Last updated: 2023-06-27

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Wang, Rui

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CiteExportLink to record
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