Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The interrelationship between physical activity intensity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and executive function in middle-aged adults: An observational study of office workers.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Solna, Sweden; Wisconsin Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, United States. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7209-741x
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. The Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Solna, Sweden. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7879-9188
Center for Health and Performance, Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, Faculty of Education, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Center for Health and Performance, Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, Faculty of Education, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2022 (English)In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10, article id 1035521Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Previous evidence supports a beneficial effect of physical activity on executive function across the whole lifespan. Yet, the interrelationships of the intensities of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and executive function require further investigation in adults.

AIM: Using unfiltered accelerometry data and high-resolution intensity classification, we sought to estimate the associations of physical activity with cardiorespiratory fitness and executive function in adult office workers.

METHODS: We included 343 full-time office workers (mean age: 42.41 years, range of age: 36-49 years). Executive function was assessed using Stroop, Trail making tests (part-B), and 2-back tests, and a composite score was produced to reflect the general executive function performance. Physical activity was assessed using the Actigraph GT3X+-monitor, worn by each participant for seven days at the hip. Raw accelerometry data were processed by the 10 Hz frequency extended method and divided into 22 intensity bins and sleep time. Cardiorespiratory fitness was estimated using the submaximal Ekblom-Bak cycle ergometer test. Data were analyzed using partial least squares regressions.

RESULTS: In adults, cardiorespiratory fitness was closely correlated with a wide range of absolute physical activity intensity patterns. A higher level of executive function in adults was associated with both higher absolute physical activity intensities and cardiorespiratory fitness, which was independent of age, sex, and education levels. A very weak association between intensities, fitness, and executive function was observed in high-fit adults. Among low-fit adults, although a positive association started already toward the upper end of moderate intensity, there still appeared to be an association between intensities, cardiorespiratory fitness, and executive function. That is, cardiorespiratory fitness may mediate the association between absolute physical activity intensities and executive function up to a certain level.

CONCLUSION: The maintenance of executive function in adulthood was related to both physical activity intensities and cardiorespiratory fitness, while their interrelationship was not equal across fitness levels. It is highly recommended to consider the cardiorespiratory fitness level in future studies that focus on executive functions in aging as well when designing individualized physical activity training programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022. Vol. 10, article id 1035521
Keywords [en]
active aging, cardiorespiratory fitness, executive function, office workers, physical activity intensities, E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7423DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2022.1035521ISI: 000890597600001PubMedID: 36438224OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7423DiVA, id: diva2:1715618
Part of project
E-PABS - a centre of Excellence in Physical Activity, healthy Brain functions and Sustainability, Knowledge FoundationPhysical activity and healthy brain functions in office workers, Knowledge Foundation
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20210002
Note

This research was funded by the Knowledge Foundation (Grant Nos. 20160040 and 20210002) and by the following companies: ICA-gruppen, Intrum, SATS, Elixia, Monark Exercise, and Itrim Sweden.

Available from: 2022-12-02 Created: 2022-12-02 Last updated: 2024-03-22

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1188 kB)140 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1188 kBChecksum SHA-512
f6b12a6d9ef890dbc925a453ed7f0b8d62e1be400e49bf3d6bc0ef4f006a5a6599a1eaa5ae18abd5cc27c499277fe4c5fd1d8ca7d713264c4a5bb31206b3b664
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records

Wang, RuiEkblom, MariaEkblom, Örjan

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wang, RuiEkblom, MariaEkblom, Örjan
By organisation
Department of Physical Activity and Health
In the same journal
Frontiers In Public Health
Sport and Fitness Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 140 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 603 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf