Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The effect of two multi-component behavior change interventions on cognitive functions.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3805-2861
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7209-741x
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6746-0920
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Department of Surgical Sciences, Medical Epidemiology, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7175-0093
Show others and affiliations
2022 (English)In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 22, no 1, article id 1082Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: We previously reported the effects of two cluster-randomized 6-month multi-component workplace interventions, targeting reducing sedentary behavior or increasing physical activity among office workers, on movement behaviors and cardiorespiratory fitness. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of these interventions on cognitive functions compared to a wait-list control group. The secondary aims were to examine if changes in cognition were related to change in cardiorespiratory fitness or movement behaviors and if age, sex, or cardiorespiratory fitness moderated these associations.

METHODS: Both interventions encompassed multi-components acting on the individual, environmental, and organizational levels and aimed to change physical activity patterns to improve mental health and cognitive function. Out of 263 included participants, 139 (mean age 43 years, 76% females) completed a neuropsychological test battery and wore accelerometers at baseline and 6-month follow-up. The intervention effect (aim 1) on cognitive composite scores (i.e., Executive Functions, Episodic Memory, Processing Speed, and Global Cognition) was investigated. Additionally, associations between changes in movement behaviors and cardiorespiratory fitness, and changes in cognition were examined (aim 2). Moreover, age, sex, and cardiorespiratory fitness level were investigated as possible moderators of change associations (aim 3).

RESULTS: Overall, cognitive performance improved from baseline to follow-up, but the change did not differ between the intervention groups and the control group. Changes in cardiorespiratory fitness or any movement behavior category did not predict changes in cognitive functions. The association between changes in time in bed and changes in both Executive Function and Global Cognition were moderated by age, such that a more positive relation was seen with increasing age. A less positive association was seen between changes in sedentary behavior and Processing Speed for men vs. women, whereas higher cardiorespiratory fitness was related to a more positive association between changes in moderate-intensity physical activity and Global Cognition.

CONCLUSION: The lack of an intervention effect on cognitive functions was expected since the intervention did not change movement behavior or fitness. Age, sex, and cardiorespiratory fitness level might moderate the relationships between movement behaviors and cognitive functions changes.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN92968402 . Registered 09/04/2018.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2022. Vol. 22, no 1, article id 1082
Keywords [en]
Cognitive function, Intervention, Office workers, Physical activity, Sedentary behavior, Workplace
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7089DOI: 10.1186/s12889-022-13490-5ISI: 000803906200002PubMedID: 35641971OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7089DiVA, id: diva2:1678015
Projects
Fysisk aktivitet och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner bland kontorsarbetare: Delprojekt 3, Långsiktiga interventioner
Part of project
Physical activity and healthy brain functions in office workers, Knowledge Foundation
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20160040, 20180145, 20180151
Note

Övriga finansiärer: ICA Gruppen, Intrum, SATS Elixia

Available from: 2022-06-28 Created: 2022-06-28 Last updated: 2024-02-27

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1564 kB)143 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1564 kBChecksum SHA-512
8af39727be317d29b676eaef412b6b419e2c8d581420019386179a551bbe0a60b6b94a4f932f71011552b38faf7be1580a9b5eb4e6426c961ab0d30d315ced5a
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records

Bojsen-Møller, EmilWang, RuiNilsson, JonnaHeiland, Emerald GKallings, LenaEkblom, Maria

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bojsen-Møller, EmilWang, RuiNilsson, JonnaHeiland, Emerald GKallings, LenaEkblom, Maria
By organisation
Department of Physical Activity and Health
In the same journal
BMC Public Health
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 143 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 611 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf