Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Lifestyle Habits and Mental Health in Light of the Two COVID-19 Pandemic Waves in Sweden, 2020
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0079-124x
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9833-8306
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4030-5437
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3185-9702
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2021 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, no 6, article id 3313Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The COVID-19 pandemic has become a public health emergency of international concern, which may have affected lifestyle habits and mental health. Based on national health profile assessments, this study investigated perceived changes of lifestyle habits in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and associations between perceived lifestyle changes and mental health in Swedish working adults. Among 5599 individuals (50% women, 46.3 years), the majority reported no change (sitting 77%, daily physical activity 71%, exercise 69%, diet 87%, alcohol 90%, and smoking 97%) due to the pandemic. Changes were more pronounced during the first wave (April–June) compared to the second (October–December). Women, individuals <60 years, those with a university degree, white-collar workers, and those with unhealthy lifestyle habits at baseline had higher odds of changing lifestyle habits compared to their counterparts. Negative changes in lifestyle habits and more time in a mentally passive state sitting at home were associated with higher odds of mental ill-health (including health anxiety regarding one’s own and relatives’ health, generalized anxiety and depression symptoms, and concerns regarding employment and economy). The results emphasize the need to support healthy lifestyle habits to strengthen the resilience in vulnerable groups of individuals to future viral pandemics and prevent health inequalities in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 18, no 6, article id 3313
Keywords [en]
physical activity, sitting, alcohol, diet, smoking, SARS-CoV-2, Sweden, mental health, health anxiety, depression
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6611DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18063313ISI: 000639241400001PubMedID: 33806951OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6611DiVA, id: diva2:1539297
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HPI-gruppenAvailable from: 2021-03-23 Created: 2021-03-23 Last updated: 2022-12-01

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Blom, VictoriaLönn, AmandaEkblom, BjörnKallings, LenaVäisänen, DanielHemmingsson, ErikEkblom, ÖrjanLindwall, MagnusSalier Eriksson, JaneHolmlund, TobiasEkblom Bak, Elin

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Blom, VictoriaLönn, AmandaEkblom, BjörnKallings, LenaVäisänen, DanielHemmingsson, ErikEkblom, ÖrjanLindwall, MagnusSalier Eriksson, JaneHolmlund, TobiasEkblom Bak, Elin
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Department of Physical Activity and HealthDepartment of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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