1415161718192017 of 72
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Prevalence and time trends of overweight, obesity and severe obesity in 447,925 Swedish adults, 1995–2017
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7335-3796
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6058-4982 
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3185-9702
Health Profile Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2020 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aims: The purpose of this research was to describe the current prevalence and historic trends in overweight, obesity and severe obesity in Sweden. Methods: Data on BMI, age, gender, education and geographic region were obtained in n=447,925 Swedish adults through a nationwide screening test (1995?2017). To account for sampling variations, we quantified prevalence estimates and time trends using standardized values (direct method) to all 18?74-year-old Swedes, using nationwide databases. Rates of overweight (BMI ?25 kg/m2), obesity (BMI ?30 kg/m2) and severe obesity (BMI ?35 kg/m2) were calculated across gender, age, education and geographic categories. Years were grouped into two-year sampling periods (except the first period where we used three years) for increased power. We used multivariable logistic regression to quantify independent associations between age, gender, education and region with obesity development and current prevalence rates. Results: In 2016/17 the unstandardized prevalence of overweight, obesity and severe obesity were 55.1%, 16.6% and 4.2%, respectively. Factors associated with a higher obesity prevalence were male gender, older age, lower education and residing in a rural region (all P<0.001). Between 1995 and 2017 the prevalence of severe obesity increased by 153%, compared to obesity (+86%) and overweight (+23%). While there were similar increases in obesity across gender and age groups, people with low education (vs high) and rural areas (vs urban) had a higher prevalence increase (both P<0.001). Conclusions: Rates of overweight, obesity and severe obesity have increased markedly in Swedish adults since 1995. Priority groups for prevention efforts include individuals with low education and those living in rural areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2020.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6168DOI: 10.1177/1403494820914802ISI: 000533113300001PubMedID: 32349623OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6168DiVA, id: diva2:1427648
Projects
HPI-gruppenAvailable from: 2020-04-30 Created: 2020-04-30 Last updated: 2020-05-29

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1723 kB)84 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1723 kBChecksum SHA-512
ce12a2305f18d38ec94eb4baf43563a9eda3ca3de2fcb00b8972dc8635a0887e89d8989da21bf64dbc8ee1df57ca376e841e2f02ccb2d78acb4f9a31d2086e0a
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records BETA

Hemmingsson, ErikEkblom, ÖrjanKallings, LenaBlom, VictoriaEkblom, BjörnEkblom Bak, Elin

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hemmingsson, ErikEkblom, ÖrjanKallings, LenaBlom, VictoriaEkblom, BjörnEkblom Bak, Elin
By organisation
Department of Sport and Health SciencesÅstrand Laboratory of Work PhysiologySport Psychology research groupBjörn Ekblom's research group
In the same journal
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 84 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 117 hits
1415161718192017 of 72
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf