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Fysisk aktivitet och dess påverkan på stress: En tvärsnittsstudie på högstadieungdomar
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställning: Syftet med studien är att undersöka om högre fysisk aktivitetsnivå kan minska effekten av stressrelaterad ohälsa hos ungdomar i klass 8. Syftet var också att se om det fanns några skillnader mellan könen i upplevd stress samt hur vanligt det är med pulshöjande fysisk aktivitet samt vardagsmotion bland tjejer och killar i klass 8.

Metod: En tvärsnittsstudie genomfördes på 72 elever i klass 8. Pappersenkäter delades ut till två skolor i Stockholms län, där eleverna fick 15–20 minuter på sig att svara. Enkäten innehöll bland annat två frågor om fysisk aktivitet samt 10 frågor om stress, till exempel om upplevd nervositet och stress, förmåga att hantera personliga problem och oförmåga att kontrollera viktiga saker i livet. Enkäterna samlades sedan in och analyserades i dataanalysprogrammet SPSS.

Resultat: Medelvärdet i stress hos alla deltagare tillsammans var 15,20, ± 6,91, medelvärdet för pojkar var 11,77 och för flickor 19,11, ± 4,88 för pojkar och ± 6,77 för flickor. Skillnaden i upplevd stress mellan könen var signifikant (p <0,001). Det fanns ingen signifikant skillnad i mängden utförd fysisk aktivitet mellan könen, pulshöjande fysisk aktivitet (p = 0,110) eller vardagsaktivitet (p = 0,855). Inget samband mellan mängden utförd fysisk aktivitet och upplevd stress hos högstadieeleverna fanns (p = 0,162).

Slutsats: Flickor skattade högre stress än pojkar. En stor andel av deltagarna uppnådde rekommendationerna för fysisk aktivitet, men trots detta fanns ingen signifikant korrelation mellan minskad stress och fysisk aktivitet. 

Abstract [en]

Aim: The purpose with the study is to investigate if higher physical activity levels can reduce the effect of stress related illness in adolescents in grade 8. The purpose was also to see if there were any differences between the sexes in perceived stress and how common it is with heart rate enhancing physical activity and everyday exercise amongst girls and boys in grade 8.

Method: A cross-sectional study was performed on 72 students in grade 8. Paper questionnaires was handed out to two schools in Stockholm county, where the students were given 15-20 minutes to respond. The questionnaire included two questions about physical activity and ten questions about stress, for example; experienced nervousness and stress, the ability to handle personal problems and the inability to control important things in life. The questionnaires were collected and analysed in the SPSS data analysis program.

Results: The mean stress in all participants together was 15,20, ± 6,91, mean stress for boys was 11,77 and girls 19,11, ± 4,88 for boys and ± 6,77 for girls. The difference in perceived stress between the sexes were significant (p <0,001). There were no significant differences in the amount of physical activity performed between the sexes, heart enhancing physical activity (p = 0,110), everyday activity (p = 0,855). There were no relationship between performed physical activity and perceived stress in secondary students (p = 0,162).

Conclusions: Girls estimate higher stress than boys. Even if many students reached the recommendations for physical activity you couldn't see any correlations between less stress and physical activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Series
Examensarbete ; 2020:8
Keywords [en]
Stress, physical activity, gender differences, adolescents
Keywords [sv]
Stress, fysisk aktivitet, könsskillnander, ungdomar, högstadie
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6104OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6104DiVA, id: diva2:1417720
Educational program
Sports Science and Health Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2020-03-30Bibliographically approved

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4546474849505148 of 72
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