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Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Device-Measured Sedentary Behaviour are Associated with Sickness Absence in Office Workers.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7879-9188
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6058-4982 
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3185-9702
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2020 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 2, article id E628Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Physical activity reduces the risk of several noncommunicable diseases, and a number of studies have found self-reported physical activity to be associated with sickness absence. The aim of this study was to examine if cardiorespiratory fitness, device-measured physical activity, and sedentary behaviour were associated with sickness absence among office workers. Participants were recruited from two Swedish companies. Data on sickness absence (frequency and duration) and covariates were collected via questionnaires. Physical activity pattern was assessed using ActiGraph and activPAL, and fitness was estimated from submaximal cycle ergometry. The sample consisted of 159 office workers (67% women, aged 43 ± 8 years). Higher cardiorespiratory fitness was significantly associated with a lower odds ratio (OR) for both sickness absence duration (OR = 0.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.87-0.96) and frequency (OR = 0.93, 95% CI 0.90-0.97). Sedentary time was positively associated with higher odds of sickness absence frequency (OR = 1.03, 95% CI 0.99-1.08). No associations were found for physical activity at any intensity level and sickness absence. Higher sickness absence was found among office workers with low cardiorespiratory fitness and more daily time spent sedentary. In contrast to reports using self-reported physical activity, device-measured physical activity was not associated with sickness absence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020. Vol. 17, no 2, article id E628
Keywords [en]
cardiorespiratory fitness, office workers, physical activity, sedentary behaviour, sickness absence
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6091DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17020628PubMedID: 31963740OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6091DiVA, id: diva2:1415964
Available from: 2020-03-20 Created: 2020-03-20 Last updated: 2020-03-20

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Drake, EmmaEkblom, MariaEkblom, ÖrjanKallings, LenaBlom, Victoria

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Drake, EmmaEkblom, MariaEkblom, ÖrjanKallings, LenaBlom, Victoria
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Department of Sport and Health SciencesLaboratory for Biomechanics and Motor ControlÅstrand Laboratory of Work PhysiologySport Psychology research group
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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1920212223242522 of 64
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