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Fysisk aktivitet i skolan: En studie om implementering av fysisk aktivitet i grundskolan utöver ämnet idrott och hälsa
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Physical activity in schools : A study on the implementation of physical activity in compulsory school in addition to the topic of sport and health (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med studien är var undersöka implementeringsprocessen av fysisk aktivitet utöver ämnet idrott och hälsa på fyra grundskolor.

Arbetets frågeställningar var:

  • Vad är skolans incitament för ökad fysisk aktivitet?
  • Vilka förberedelser genomfördes av skolan?
  • Vilken typ av aktivitet är mest framträdande?
  • Vilken roll spelar utvärdering i implementeringsprocessen?
  • Vilka är de avgörande faktorerna i en implementeringsprocess?

Metod: I arbetet användes en kvalitativ ansats och empirin samlades in genom intervjuer med fyra individer som på något sätt är ansvariga för en rörelsesatsning på respektive skola. Intervjuerna var av semistrukturerad karaktär och analyserats med hjälp av Normalisation Process Theory som är en teori inom implementeringsforskning. 

Resultat: Resultatet visar att stillasittande var den vanligaste orsaken till införandet av mer fysisk aktivitet och att det i hälften av fallen kom som ett direktiv från skolledningen. Den mest förekommande aktiviteten var knuten till klassrumsmiljö och inte schemalagd. Samtliga som deltog i studien använde någon form av utvärdering och samtliga uppger schemaläggning som en vital aspekt i implementeringsprocessen. 

Slutsats: Att skolledningen var positivt inställd och stöttande av implementeringen var det som särskilde en lyckad implementeringsprocess mot en mindre lyckad då de styr över schemaläggning och resursfördelning.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The purpose of the study was to investigate the implementation process of physical activity in addition to the topic of sport and health at four primary schools.

The research issues were:

  • What is the school's incentive for increased physical activity?
  • What preparations were made by the school?
  • What type of activity is most prominent?
  • What role does evaluation play in the implementation process?
  • What are the decisive factors in an implementation process?

Method: In the work, a qualitative approach was applied, and the empiricism has been gathered through interviews with four individuals who are in some way responsible for increasing physical activity at each school. The interviews have been of a semi-structured nature and analysed with the aid of Normalization Process Theory, which is a theory in implementation research.

Results: The result shows that sedentary was the most common cause of the introduction of more physical activity and that in half the cases the directive came from the school management. The most common activity was linked to a classroom environment and was not scheduled. Everyone who participated in the study uses some form of evaluation and all state scheduling as a vital aspect of the implementation process.  

Conclusion: The fact that school management was positive and supported the implementation was what distinguishes a successful implementation process against a less successful one, as they manage over scheduling and allocation of resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Series
Examensarbete ; 2019:78
Keywords [en]
Physical activity, implementation, primary school
Keywords [sv]
Fysisk aktivitet, implementering, grundskola
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6024DiVA, id: diva2:1392535
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching; Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-02-10 Created: 2020-02-07 Last updated: 2020-02-10Bibliographically approved

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4748495051525350 of 64
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