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Bryta målchansen tidigt: Fysiska tester skapade för målvakter
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Breaking the scoring chance early : Physiological test designed for goalkeepers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar

Studiens syfte är att undersöka relationen mellan ungdomsmålvakters resultat i vanligt förekommande standardtester som är avsedda att mäta fysisk kapacitet och deras prestation i matchlika aktioner. Syftet är också att undersöka om resultaten skiljer sig mellan målvakter i två olika ålderskategorier.

Frågeställningar:

  • Vad är korrelation mellan resultat i standardtester och matchlika aktioner?

  • Skiljer sig resultaten mellan ungdomsmålvakter på U17 och U19 nivå?

Metod

För att svara på studiens frågeställningar skapades ett testbatteri innehållande fysiska tester designade för fotbollsmålvakter, utifrån deras rörelsemönster och aktioner (verklighetsnära tester), som jämförs med tester som används av dagens fotbollsklubbar (standardtester). Med hjälp av aktuellt forskningsläge tillsammans med information som mottagits från tränare och målvakter, utfördes 6 tester, på 15 målvakter, som registrerades med mätinstrument och höghastighetskameror. Resultatet analyserades med dubbelsidig t-test för att finna en statistisk signifikans mellan två åldersgrupper och Spearmans test för att finna en korrelation mellan standard- och verklighetsnära testerna.

Resultat

Resultatet från t-testet visade ingen signifikant skillnad mellan U17:s och U19:s målvakter på samtliga tester (p> 0,05). Spearmans test visade ingen statistiskt signifikant korrelation mellan testerna.

Slutsats

Både standard- och verklighetsnära testerna har sina fördelar men är syftet att utvärdera målvaktens fysiska kapacitet i matchlika situationer genom tester, bör dessa vara utformade utifrån målvaktens agerande under match. Enligt resultaten från denna studie visar detta att man inte enbart kan använda standardtester utan dessa bör kompletteras med tester specifikt utformade för måvakter.

Abstract [en]

Aim

The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship between youth goalkeepers' results in commonly used standard tests that are intended to measure physical capacity and their performance in match-like actions. The purpose is also to investigate whether the results differ between goalkeepers in two different age categories.

Research questions:

  • What is the correlation between results in standard tests and match-like actions?

  • Do the results differ between youth goalkeepers at U17 and U19 level?

Method

To answer the study's questions, a test battery was created containing physical tests designed for football goalkeepers based on their movement patterns and actions (match-like actions) compared to tests used by today's football clubs (standard tests). With the help of research, together with information we received from coaches and goalkeepers, 6 tests were designed and performed, on 15 goalkeepers, which were recorded with measuring instruments and high-speed cameras. The results were analyzed with two tailed t-test to find a statistical significance between the two age groups and Spearman's test to find a correlation between the standard and realistic tests.

Results

The results of the t-test show no significant difference between the U17 and U19 goalkeepers on all tests (p> 0.05). Spearman's test shows that there was no statistic significant correlation between the tests.

Conclusions

Both standard and realistic tests have their advantages, but if the purpose is to evaluate the goalkeeper's physical capacity in match-like actions through tests, should these be designed based on the goalkeeper's actions during the match. According to the results of this study, this shows that you should not just use standard tests, but these should be supplemented with tests specifically designed for goalkeepers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 32
Series
Examensarbete ; 43:2019
Keywords [en]
football, goalkeeper, youth goalkeepers, physical capacity, match-like, movement patterns, test battery, test, standard tests, match-like actions, actions
Keywords [sv]
fotboll, målvakter, ungdomsmålvakter, fysisk kapacitet, matchlik, rörelsemönster, testbatteri, tester, standard tester, verklighetsnära tester, aktioner
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5864OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-5864DiVA, id: diva2:1359743
Educational program
Master programme
Presentation
(Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-10 Created: 2019-10-10 Last updated: 2019-10-10Bibliographically approved

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67891011129 of 30
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