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Metabolic and mechanical involvement of arms and legs in simulated doule pole skiing
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Laboratoriet för tillämpad idrottsvetenskap (LTIV).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3612-449X
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2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 24, nr 6, s. 913-919Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We evaluated arm and leg work rate and metabolism during double pole ergometer skiing. Thermodilution arm and leg blood flow was determined together with the arterial to venous difference for oxygen, while the work rate was assessed in eight male recreational skiers [24 (SD 7) years]. When work rate increased from 82 (SE 4) to 117 (7) W, leg power increased by 43% (enhanced vertical force and displacement of the body). The elbow angle tended to increase [from 71 (11.3)° to 75 (10.9)°; P = 0.07] and arm oxygen uptake increased by 20 (5)% [from 0.65 (0.07) to 0.78 (0.08) L/min; P < 0.05] because two-arm blood flow increased [from 5.4 (0.6) to 6.3 (0.7) L/min; P < 0.05] with no significant change in oxygen extraction [from 59 (2.3)% to 60 (1.9)%] accompanied with net arm lactate and potassium release. In contrast, two-leg blood flow [from 5.8 (0.5) to 8.0 (0.5) L/min] and oxygen extraction [from 67 (1.3)% to 75 (1.5)%] increased (P < 0.05), resulting in a 53 (8)% increase in leg oxygen uptake [from 0.82 (0.06) to 1.24 (0.07) L/min; P < 0.05]. In conclusion, during double poling on an ergometer, arm muscle metabolism and work rate increase only marginally and an increase in work intensity is covered mainly by the leg muscles.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2014. Vol. 24, nr 6, s. 913-919
Nyckelord [en]
oxygen uptake, lactate, potassium, arm work, leg work
Nationell ämneskategori
Idrottsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3161DOI: 10.1111/sms.12133OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3161DiVA, id: diva2:682292
Tillgänglig från: 2013-12-27 Skapad: 2013-12-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-06Bibliografiskt granskad

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Nilsson, Johnny

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Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
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