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Increased autophagy signaling but not proteasome activity in human skeletal muscle after prolonged low-intensity exercise with negative energy balance
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Åstrandlaboratoriet, Björn Ekbloms forskningsgrupp.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3747-0148
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Åstrandlaboratoriet.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0642-4838
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Physiological Reports, E-ISSN 2051-817X, Vol. 5, nr 23, artikkel-id e13518Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Little is known about the molecular regulation of skeletal muscle protein turnover during exercise in field conditions where energy is intake inadequate. Here, 17 male and 7 female soldiers performed an 8 day long field based military operation. Vastus lateralis muscle biopsies, in which autophagy, the ubiquitin-proteasome system and the mTORC1 signaling pathway where studied, were collected before and after the operation. The 187 h long operation resulted in a 15% and 29% negative energy balance as well as a 4.1% and 4.6% loss of body mass in women and men respectively. After the operation protein levels of ULK1 as well as the phosphorylation of ULK1Ser317 and ULK1Ser555 had increased by 11%, 39% and 13%, respectively, and this was supported by a 17% increased phosphorylation of AMPKThr172 (P<0.05). The LC3b-I/II ratio was 3-fold higher after compared to before the operation (P<0.05), whereas protein levels of p62/SQSTM1 were unchanged. The β1, β2, and β5 activity of the proteasome and protein levels of MAFbx did not change, while levels of MuRF-1 were slightly reduced (6%, P<0.05). Protein levels and phosphorylation status of key components in the mTORC1 signaling pathway remained at basal levels after the operation. Muscle levels of glycogen decreased from 269±12 to 181±9 mmol ∙ kg dry muscle-1 after the exercise period (P<0.05). In conclusion, the 8 days of field based exercise resulted in induction of autophagy without any increase in proteasome activity or protein ubiquitination. Simultaneously, the regulation of protein synthesis through the mTORC1 signaling pathway was maintained.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 5, nr 23, artikkel-id e13518
Emneord [en]
Energy deficit, ULK1, LC3b, proteolysis, mTORC1, military training
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5096DOI: 10.14814/phy2.13518ISI: 000417914400013PubMedID: 29208687OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-5096DiVA, id: diva2:1159697
Prosjekter
MilitärprojektetTilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-23 Laget: 2017-11-23 Sist oppdatert: 2018-08-20bibliografisk kontrollert

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