Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Samband mellan sömn, prestation och psykisk hälsa hos unga fotbollsspelare: en kvantitativ enkätstudie
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien är att undersöka sambanden mellan unga fotbollsspelares sömn, fysiska prestation och psykiska hälsa. Genom en enkätundersökning fick 84 fotbollsspelande killar och tjejer i Östergötland (Sverige) svara på frågor om sin sömnkvalitet, psykiska hälsa och fysiska och mentala prestation. Det fanns ett positivt signifikant samband mellan psykisk hälsa och sömnkvalitet (r=0.524, p= <0.01), det fanns inga samband mellan psykisk hälsa och prestation (r = -0.098 p=0.38) eller mellan sömnkvalitet och prestation (r = -0.117, p= 0.29). Det fanns en signifikant skillnad i psykisk hälsa mellan könen där medelvärdet (SD) för tjejer var 13.36 (8.49), än hos killar, 6.54 (6.62), p= <0.001. Skillnaden i sömnkvalitet mellan könen var 6.47 (3.13) jämfört med 5.16 (3.30), p=0.035. Det visades även en skillnad i prestation där killarna skattade sin prestation högre än tjejerna i studien, 72.51 (14.65), jämfört med 64.49 (11.43), p=0.002. Denna studie visade att det fanns ett signifikant samband mellan sömn och psykisk hälsa då deltagarna som skattade sin sömnkvalitet som sämre, skattade även sin psykiska hälsa som sämre. Det visades inga signifikanta samband mellan sömn och prestation eller samband mellan prestation och psykisk hälsa. Det fanns en signifikant skillnad mellan killar och tjejer i variablerna sömn, psykisk hälsa och prestation där tjejer rapporterade sämre resultat på sömnkvalitet och psykisk hälsa medan killarna rapporterade bättre poäng på prestation.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study is to investigate the links between young football players' sleep, physical performance, and mental health. Through a survey, 84 football-playing boys and girls in Östergötland (Sweden) answered questions about their sleep quality, mental health, and physical and mental performance. There was a positive significant relationship between mental health and sleep quality (r = 0.524, p = <0.01), there was no relationship between mental health and performance (r = -0.098 p = 0.38) and between sleep quality and performance (r = -0.117, p = 0.29). There was a significant difference in mental health between the sexes where the mean value (SD) for girls was 13.36 (8.49), then for boys, 6.54 (6.62), p = <0.001. The difference in sleep quality between the sexes was 6.47 (3.13) compared with 5.16 (3.30), p = 0.035. There was also a difference in performance where the boys rated their performance higher than the girls in the study, 72.51 (14.65), compared with 64.49 (11.43), p = 0.002. This study showed that there was a significant relationship between sleep and mental health as the participants who rate their sleep quality as worse, also rate their mental health as worse. No significant association between sleep and performance or association between performance and mental health was shown. There was a significant difference between boys and girls in the variables sleep, mental health and performance where girls reported higher results on sleep quality and mental health while boys reported higher scores on performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022.
Series
Examensarbete ; 2022:39
Keywords [en]
Sleep, performance, mental health, football, young people
Keywords [sv]
Sömn, prestation, psykisk hälsa, fotboll, ungdomar
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7103DiVA, id: diva2:1682298
Educational program
Master programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-08-08 Created: 2022-07-08 Last updated: 2022-08-08Bibliographically approved

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