Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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"När jag själv får välja!": En kvalitativ studie om elevers och lärares upplevelser av motivation när eleven får göra ett inriktningsval i ämnet idrott och hälsa på gymnasiet
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
” When I get to choose!” : A qualitative study of students’ and teachers’ experiences of motivation when upper secondary school students are allowed to make a specialization choice in physical education (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med studien var att undersöka om och hur en tvåårig intervention med ett inriktningsval i kursen idrott och hälsa 1 på gymnasiet upplevdes som en behovsstödjande miljö för eleverna.

Fyra frågeställningar var centrala för studien:

a) Hur beskrev eleverna sina möjligheter att tillfredsställa de grundläggande psykologiska behoven autonomi, kompetens och tillhörighet genom ett inriktningsval?

b) Hur beskrev eleverna sin motivationskvalité när de fått genomföra kursen idrott och hälsa 1 genom ett inriktningsval?

c) Hur upplevde elevernas lärare interventionens möjligheter att tillfredsställa de psykologiska behoven hos eleverna?

d) Hur arbetade elevernas lärare med behovsstödjande ledarskap i sin undervisning i interventionsgrupperna?

Metod: Metoden var kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer. Sju elever rekryterades genom ett bekvämlighetsurval från grupperna ”dans och träning till musik” och ”boll-, slag- och nätspel”. Elevernas undervisande lärare i interventionen intervjuades också. Intervjuerna transkriberades och därefter användes Braun och Clarkes (2019) sex steg för tematisk analys som grund i analysarbetet med en abduktiv ansats.

Resultat: Resultatet visade att interventionen upplevdes som en stödjande miljö främst för de psykologiska behoven autonomi och kompetens. Behovet av tillhörighet hämmades för en del av eleverna. De tre behoven samvarierade starkt med varandra och den grupp som upplevde behovsfrustration på grund av bristande tillhörighet beskrev en kontrollerad motivationskvalité som följd. För de elever som beskrev en behovstillfredsställelse upplevdes det inverka positivt på den självbestämmande motivationskvalitén. Vidare framkom det att de homogena grupperna som bildades upplevdes positivt både utifrån kompetens- och tillhörighetsbehovet, men också för lärarnas behovsstödjande arbete som resultatet visade upplevdes som stort.

Slutsats: Resultatet tyder på att ett inriktningsval i idrott och hälsa på gymnasiet kan skapa en behovsstödjande miljö men att det behöver kombineras med andra metoder för att stödja behovet av tillhörighet hos eleverna.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The purpose of the study was to investigate if and how a two-year intervention with a choice of specialization in physical education in upper secondary school was perceived as a need-supporting environment for the students.

Four questions were central to the study:

a) How did the students describe their opportunities to satisfy the basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness through a choice of specialization?

b) How did the students describe their motivation quality when they were allowed to complete physical education through a choice of specialization?

c) How did the students’ teachers experience the intervention´s opportunities to satisfy the students’ psychological needs?

d) How did the students’ teachers work with need-supporting leadership in the intervention groups?

Method: The method was qualitative semi-structured interviews. Seven students were recruited through a convenience selection from the group “dance and training to music” and “ball-, stroke- and net games”. The students‘ teachers in the intervention were also interviewed. The interviews were transcribed and Braun and Clarke´s (2019) six steps were used for thematic analysis as a basis for the analysis work with an abductive approach.

Results: The results showed that the intervention was perceived as a supportive environment primarily for the psychological needs autonomy and competence. The need for relatedness was thwarted for some of the students. The three needs covaried strongly with each other and the group that experienced need frustration due to lack of relatedness described a controlled motivation quality as a result. Students who described greater need satisfaction, it was felt to have a positive effect on the self-determination quality of motivation. Furthermore, it emerged that the homogeneous groups that were formed were experienced positively both on the basis of competence and the need for relatedness, but also for the teachers´ need supporting leadership as the result showed was perceived as large.

Conclusions: The results indicate that a choice of specialization in physical education in upper secondary school can create a need-supporting environment, but that it needs to be combined with other methods to meet the need for relatedness among students.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022.
Series
Examensarbete ; 2022:38
Keywords [sv]
Idrott och hälsa, motivation, självbestämmandeteorin, idrottspsykologi, SDT, idrottsvetenskap, motivationskvalité, idrottsundervisning, gymnasieskolan, intervention, fria val, intressebaserade val, psykologiska behov
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7097OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7097DiVA, id: diva2:1679316
Educational program
Master programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-07-01 Created: 2022-06-30 Last updated: 2022-07-01Bibliographically approved

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