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Migraine, Cognitive Decline, and Dementia in Older Adults: A Population-Based Study.
Department of Neurobiology, Aging Research Center and Center for Alzheimer Research, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet-Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden ; Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Neurology, Hebei General Hospital, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China..
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Department of Neurobiology, Aging Research Center and Center for Alzheimer Research, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet-Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7209-741x
Department of Neurobiology, Aging Research Center and Center for Alzheimer Research, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet-Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden..
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2022 (English)In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, ISSN 1387-2877, E-ISSN 1875-8908, Vol. 88, no 1, p. 263-271Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The potential impact of migraine on cognitive aging among older adults remains controversial.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of migraine and subtypes with cognitive decline and dementia in an older Swedish population.

METHODS: This population-based study included 3069 participants (age≥60) from the Swedish National study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen, Stockholm. Baseline examination was conducted in 2001-2004, and participants were followed every 3 or 6 years until 2013-2016. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews, clinical examinations, laboratory tests, and linkage with registers. Global cognitive function was measured with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Dementia was diagnosed according to the DSM-IV criteria. Migraine and subtypes were defined following the international classification system. Data were analyzed using logistic regression, Cox regression, and linear mixed-effects models.

RESULTS: At baseline, 305 participants were defined with non-migraine headache and 352 with migraine. The cross-sectional analysis showed that the multivariable-adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of prevalent dementia was 0.49 (0.20-1.21) for migraine and 0.66 (0.26-1.66) for migraine without aura. The longitudinal analysis showed that the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios of incident dementia associated with migraine and subtypes ranged 0.68-0.89 (p > 0.05). Furthermore, migraine and subtypes were not significantly associated with either baseline MMSE score or MMSE changes during follow-ups (p > 0.05). The nonsignificant associations did not vary substantially by age, APOEɛ4 allele, cerebrovascular disease, and antimigraine treatment (p for interactions > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: This study shows no evidence supporting the associations of migraine and its subtypes with cognitive decline and dementia among older adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2022. Vol. 88, no 1, p. 263-271
Keywords [en]
Cognitive aging, dementia, headache, migraine, population-based study, E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
National Category
Geriatrics
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7064DOI: 10.3233/JAD-220013ISI: 000828029000021PubMedID: 35570487OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7064DiVA, id: diva2:1659395
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E-PABS - a centre of Excellence in Physical Activity, healthy Brain functions and Sustainability, Knowledge FoundationAvailable from: 2022-05-19 Created: 2022-05-19 Last updated: 2024-03-22

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