Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Promenera för hälsan: en kvantitativ studie på sambandet mellan vardagsmotion, stress och sömnkvalitet
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka om vardagsmotion i form av promenader är relaterat till lägre självupplevd stress och högre självupplevd sömnkvalitet hos kvinnor och män i åldrarna 18-45. 

Metod: I en tvärsnittsstudie deltog 89 kvinnor och män i Sverige. Vid analysarbetet delades deltagarna även in i grupper för att studeras separat, där 44 klassificerades som fysiskt inaktiva och 45 som fysiskt aktiva. Den digitala enkäten innehöll två frågor om fysisk aktivitet och vardagsmotion, 10 frågor om självupplevd stress och åtta frågor om självupplevd sömnkvalitet.

Resultat: Inget signifikant samband mellan vardagsmotion och självupplevd stress hos samtliga deltagare (p =,389). Hos de fysiskt inaktiva individerna fanns ett signifikant samband mellan vardagsmotion och självupplevd stress (p =,033). Inget signifikant samband mellan vardagsmotion och självupplevd stress hos de fysiskt aktiva individerna (p=,320). Resultatet visade på att vardagsmotion i form av promenader är relaterat till lägre självupplevd stress hos fysiskt inaktiva individer. Ett signifikant samband mellan vardagsmotion och självupplevd sömnkvalitet sågs hos samtliga deltagare (p =,045). Det fanns ett signifikant samband mellan vardagsmotion och självupplevd sömnkvalitet hos de fysiskt inaktiva individerna. (p = ,033). Inget signifikant samband mellan vardagsmotion och självupplevd sömnkvalitet hos de fysiskt aktiva individerna (p =,440). Resultatet visar på att vardagsmotion i form av promenader är relaterat till högre självupplevd sömnkvalitet hos samtliga deltagare samt hos fysiskt inaktiva individer.

Slutsats: Med bakgrund i studiens resultat kan vardagsmotion i form av promenader vara en aktivitet som genererar lägre självupplevd stress och högre självupplevd sömnkvalitet. Fysiskt inaktiva individer skulle eventuellt kunna få en större hälsovinst av promenader än fysiskt aktiva individer. Promenader som lättillgänglig och enkel aktivitet skulle trots studieresultaten kunna vara en betydande del i vardagen för gemene man, då det kan bidra till en upplevelse av lägre stress och högre sömnkvalitet.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The purpose with the study was to investigate if everyday exercise aimed at walking is related to lower self-perceived stress and higher self-perceived quality of sleep in women and men aged 18-45. 

Method: In a cross-sectional study 89 women and men in Sweden participated. In the analysis work the participants were also divided into groups to be studied separately, of which 44 was classified as physically inactive and 45 as physically active. The digital questionnaire contained two questions about physical activity and everyday exercise aimed at walking, 10 questions about self-perceived stress and eight questions about self-perceived sleep quality. 

Results: No significant association between everyday exercise aimed at walking and self-perceived stress in all participants (p =,389) In the physically inactive participants, there was a significant association between everyday exercise aimed at walking and self-perceived stress (p =,033). No significant association between everyday exercise aimed at walking and self-perceived stress in the physically active participants (p = ,320). The result shows that everyday exercise aimed at walking is related to lower self-perceived stress among the physically inactive individuals. A significant association between everyday exercise aimed at walking and self-perceived sleep quality was seen in all participants (p =,045). A significant association between everyday exercise aimed at walking and self-perceived quality of sleep among the physically inactive participants (p =,033). No significant association between everyday exercise aimed at walking and self-perceived sleep quality in the physically active participants (p =,440). The result shows that everyday exercise aimed at walking is related to higher self-perceived sleep quality among all participants and also among the physically inactive individuals. 

Conclusion: Based on the results of the study everyday exercise aimed walking can be an activity that generates lower self-perceived stress and higher self-perceived quality of sleep. Physically inactive individuals could possibly get a greater health benefit from walking than physically active individuals. Walking as an easily accessible and simple activity could, despite the study results, be a considerable part of everyday life for the average person, as it can contribute to an experience of lower stress and higher quality of sleep

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022.
Series
Examensarbete ; 2022:16
Keywords [en]
everyday exercise, walking, stress, sleep quality
Keywords [sv]
vardagsmotion, promenader, stress, sömnkvalitet
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7043DiVA, id: diva2:1655673
Educational program
Sports Science and Health Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-05-04 Created: 2022-05-03 Last updated: 2022-05-04Bibliographically approved

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