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Problem Gambling in the Fitness World - A General Population Web Survey.
Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group. University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada; Swedish Sport Federation, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9921-6586
Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain..
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2020 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 4, article id E1342Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The world of sports has a complex association to problem gambling, and the sparse research examining problem gambling in athletes has suggested an increased prevalence and particularly high male predominance. The present study aimed to study frequency and correlates of problem gambling in populations with moderate to high involvement in fitness or physical exercise. This is a self-selective online survey focusing on addictive behaviors in physical exercise distributed by 'fitness influencers' on social media and other online fitness forums to their followers. Respondents were included if they reported exercise at least thrice weekly, were above 15 years of age, and provided informed consent (N = 3088). Problem gambling, measured with the Lie/Bet, was studied in association with demographic data, substance use, and mental health variables. The occurrence of lifetime problem gambling was 8 percent (12 percent in men, one percent in women). In logistic regression, problem gambling was associated with male gender, younger age, risky alcohol drinking, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and less frequent exercise habits. In conclusion, in this self-recruited population with moderate to high fitness involvement, problem gambling was moderately elevated. As shown previously in elite athletes, the male predominance was larger than in the general population. The findings strengthen the link between problem gambling and the world of sports.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020. Vol. 17, no 4, article id E1342
Keywords [en]
behavioral addiction, gambling, sports psychology
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6081DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17041342ISI: 000522388500218PubMedID: 32093056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6081DiVA, id: diva2:1414775
Available from: 2020-03-16 Created: 2020-03-16 Last updated: 2020-05-06

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Kenttä, Göran

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