Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Title [sv]
E-PABS - ett excellenscenter inom fysisk aktivitet, hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner och hållbarhet
Title [en]
E-PABS - a centre of Excellence in Physical Activity, healthy Brain functions and Sustainability
Abstract [en]
Emerging evidence suggests that physical activity across the life span is related not only to cardiovascular health, but also to cognitive performance, mental health and wellbeing. Preclinical data and animal studies suggest that experimental exercise promotes cerebrovascular and neuroplastic processes of importance for brain structure and function, but we still do not know if and under what circumstances these biological mechanisms promote healthy brain functions and/or prevent neurodegenerative diseases in humans. Nor have we identified any dose-response relationship or have full understanding of the variations between individuals in sufficient detail to translate research into effective health promotion for all. These knowledge gaps hinder well-designed research on how implementation of supportive environments at schools, workplaces, and during leisure time can support a lifestyle that sustainably supports healthy brain functions.

The overarching aim of this project is to establish an internationally leading Centre of Excellence for researchers and businesses who want to understand the relations between physical activity patterns and healthy brain functions from a sustainability and life span perspective. The organisational objective of this project is to strategically develop and consolidate a collaborative infrastructure for education and research in physical activity for brain health and sustainability of high societal and business relevance, by establishing a centre of Excellence in Physical Activity, healthy Brain functions and Sustainability (E-PABS).

E-PABS will be organised at the department of physical activity and health, with three levels of leadership, a steering committee, an executive committee and research themes. E-PABS will focus on four research objectives targeting
1) neurophysiological pathways for brain health in individuals with and without pre-existing stress-related disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, and mobility limitations,
2) how age, sex, occupation and pre-existing health conditions influence how fitness and physical activity patterns are associated to brain health,
3) the heritability of physical activity and how heritability may affect the relation between physical activity and brain health,
4) methods for how physical activity can be feasibly, sustainably and effectively implemented in schools, work-places and during leisure time.

Our business partners will contribute with expertise, materials, equipment and education to further increase the quality of the research and will use their new insights to develop new products, services, and policies that will increase their competitiveness. This application describes co-production from Monark Exercise AB, HPI Health profile institute AB, SAAB AB, SATS Sports Club AB, Itrim International AB, Avonova AB, AbbVie AB, Bioarctic AB, Permobil AB, Livförsäkringsbolaget Skandia ömsesidigt, Storytel AB and IKEA of Sweden AB.
Publications (10 of 42) Show all publications
Projektet Fysisk aktivetet för hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner bland skolungdomar, ., Helgadóttir, B. & Kjellenberg, K. (2024). Balansen mellan skärmtid, rörelse och hjärnhälsa hos unga. Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Balansen mellan skärmtid, rörelse och hjärnhälsa hos unga
2024 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH) har sedan 2017 arbetat i en serie forskningsstudier finansierade av Stiftelsen för kunskaps- och kompetensutveckling, KKS. Studierna har fokuserat på både barn, vuxna och äldre. Sedan 2021 finns vid GIH ett forskningscentrum med fokus på fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa, det vill säga goda kognitiva funktioner och god psykisk hälsa, kallat E-PABS (Center of Excellence in Physical Activity, Healthy Brain Functions and Sustainability). Forskningen inom E-PABS täcker många ämnesområden och innefattar epidemiologi, beteendeförändring, kognitiv neurovetenskap, fysiologi och molekylär biokemi.

Denna rapport bygger på studier inom projektet ”Fysisk aktivitet och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner hos skolungdomar”, som genomfördes under 2017–2023. Projektet hade tre delar, en epidemiologisk, en fysiologisk och en etnografisk del som tillsammans syftade till att svara på frågorna ”Vilket är sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet, stillasittande beteende, kost och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner hos barn och ungdomar, och hur kan fysisk aktivitet som främjar sunda hjärnfunktioner långsiktigt hållbart implementeras i skolor?”

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, 2024. p. 16 s.
Keywords
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8159 (URN)
Note

Projektet finansieras av COOP, Skandia, Skanska, IKEA, Generation PEP, Konsumentföreningen i Stockholm samt Folkhälsomyndigheten.

Available from: 2024-03-15 Created: 2024-03-15 Last updated: 2024-03-22
Wiklund, C. A., Ekblom, Ö., Paulsson, S., Lindwall, M. & Ekblom Bak, E. (2024). Cardiorespiratory fitness in midlife and subsequent incident depression, long-term sickness absence, and disability pension due to depression in 330,247 men and women.. Preventive Medicine, 181, Article ID 107916.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cardiorespiratory fitness in midlife and subsequent incident depression, long-term sickness absence, and disability pension due to depression in 330,247 men and women.
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2024 (English)In: Preventive Medicine, ISSN 0091-7435, E-ISSN 1096-0260, Vol. 181, article id 107916Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Specific information for whom and when cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with depression risk is lacking. We aimed to study the association between adulthood CRF and incident depression, long-term sickness absence, and disability pension due to depression, as well as examine moderation of sex, age, education, and occupation on associations.

METHODS: A large prospective cohort study follows participants over time with Swedish occupational health screenings data. The study includes 330,247 individuals (aged 16-79 years, 46% women) without a depression diagnosis at baseline. CRF was estimated from a submaximal cycle test.

RESULTS: CRF was associated beneficially from low to higher levels with incident depression and long-term sickness absence due to depression. Further, CRF at high levels (≥46 ml/min/kg) was associated with a decreased risk of receiving disability pension due to depression. The associations remained after adjustment for age and sex, but not lifestyle-related factors and co-morbidity. Participants with moderate and high CRF had 16% and 21%, respectively, lower risk for incident depression, and participants with high CRF had 11% lower risk for long-term sickness absence due to depression. Associations between higher CRF and the outcomes were mainly evident in men, younger participants, and individuals with low education.

CONCLUSION: In a large sample of adults without a depression diagnosis at baseline, higher CRF was shown to be beneficially related to the risk of incident depression and, to some extent, long-term sickness absence due to depression. If causal, targeted interventions focusing on increasing CRF in these sub-groups should be prioritized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Cardiorespiratory fitness, Depression, Disability pension, Long-term sick leave, Physical activity, brain health, E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8140 (URN)10.1016/j.ypmed.2024.107916 (DOI)38403033 (PubMedID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Forskningsfinansiärer för projektet och studien är KK-stiftelsen, AbbVie, BioArctic, Health Profile Institute och Monark Exercise.

Available from: 2024-03-06 Created: 2024-03-06 Last updated: 2024-03-22
Hoy, S., Larsson, H., Kjellenberg, K., Nyberg, G., Ekblom, Ö. & Helgadóttir, B. (2024). Gendered relations? Associations between Swedish parents, siblings, and adolescents' time spent sedentary and physically active. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 6, Article ID 1236848.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered relations? Associations between Swedish parents, siblings, and adolescents' time spent sedentary and physically active
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2024 (English)In: Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, E-ISSN 2624-9367, Vol. 6, article id 1236848Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction

The family is assumed to be fundamental in youth socialization processes and development, connected to social and cultural practices such as healthy lifestyles and physical activity. However, gender patterns in physical activity among adolescents and the structural drivers of gender inequality (e.g., parentage and siblingship) are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore further how gender structures relate to adolescents' time spent being sedentary and physically active, using contemporary gender theory.

Methods

This cross-sectional study involved 1,139 adolescents aged 13-14 and their parents, including 815 mothers and 572 fathers. Physical activity and time spent sedentary were assessed through accelerometry among adolescents and through a self-report questionnaire for parents validated against accelerometry.

Results

The results showed significant relationships between mothers' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and girls' MVPA on weekdays and weekends, and fathers' MVPA was significantly related to girls' MVPA on weekdays. Our results imply that the relationship between Swedish parents' and adolescent girls' physical activity in higher intensities are to some extent gendered practices. However, time spent sedentary does not seem to show any patterns of being performed according to binary ideas of gender. Further, our exploratory analyses suggest that these results somewhat intersect with parents' educational level and relate to intra-categorical aspects of doing gender. The results also indicate slight gendered patterns in the “doing” of brotherhood for time spent sedentary, however, for boys only on weekends.

Discussion 

The study contributes to the understanding of gender norms as constraints and enablers for adolescents' participation in physical activity. The results can spur public health and physical activity research to apply a contemporary gender theory approach, and to expand the research agenda connected to what relates to gender inequalities in physical activity practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2024
Keywords
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8126 (URN)10.3389/fspor.2024.1236848 (DOI)001176893700001 ()38455967 (PubMedID)
Note

Finansierad av COOP, Skandia, Skanska, IKEA, Generation PEP samt Konsumentföreningen i Stockholm.

Available from: 2024-02-22 Created: 2024-02-22 Last updated: 2024-04-09
Projektet Fysisk aktivetet för hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner bland skolungdomar, ., Helgadóttir, B. & Kjellenberg, K. (2024). Vikten av sunda matvanor för hjärnhälsa bland ungdomar. Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vikten av sunda matvanor för hjärnhälsa bland ungdomar
2024 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH) har sedan 2017 arbetat i en serie forskningsstudier finansierade av Stiftelsen för kunskaps- och kompetensutveckling, KKS. Studierna har fokuserat på både barn, vuxna och äldre. Sedan 2021 finns vid GIH ett forskningscentrum med fokus på fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa, det vill säga goda kognitiva funktioner och god psykisk hälsa, kallat E-PABS (Center of Excellence in Physical Activity, Healthy Brain Functions and Sustainability). Forskningen inom E-PABS täcker många ämnesområden och innefattar epidemiologi, beteendeförändring, kognitiv neurovetenskap, fysiologi och molekylär biokemi.

Denna rapport bygger på studier inom projektet ”Fysisk aktivitet och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner hos skolungdomar”, som genomfördes under 2017–2023. Projektet hade tre delar, en epidemiologisk, en fysiologisk och en etnografisk del som tillsammans syftade till att svara på frågorna ”Vilket är sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet, stillasittande beteende, kost och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner hos barn och ungdomar, och hur kan fysisk aktivitet som främjar sunda hjärnfunktioner långsiktigt hållbart implementeras i skolor?”

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, 2024. p. 18 s.
Keywords
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8165 (URN)
Note

Projektet finansieras av COOP, Skandia, Skanska, IKEA, Generation PEP, Konsumentföreningen i Stockholm samt Folkhälsomyndigheten.

Available from: 2024-03-21 Created: 2024-03-21 Last updated: 2024-03-22
Heiland, E. G., Kjellenberg, K., Tarassova, O., Nyberg, G., Ekblom, M., Ekblom, Ö. & Helgadóttir, B. (2023). Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory and cerebral blood flow in adolescents: a randomized crossover trial. In: : . Paper presented at The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Uppsala, Sweden, June 15-18, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory and cerebral blood flow in adolescents: a randomized crossover trial
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2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Beneficial acute effects of dietary nitrate have been demonstrated on working memory in adults, with changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) being a potential mechanism. However, these effects have not been studied in adolescents. Moreover, having breakfast compared to skipping may also exhibit positive effects on working memory. Therefore, this randomized crossover trial investigated the acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory and changes in task-related CBF in adolescents.  Methods: This trial will recruit at least 43 adolescents (13–15 years old). There were three experimental breakfast conditions: (1) none, (2) regular, and (3) regular breakfast with high nitrate in the form of concentrated beetroot juice. Working memory (1-, 2-, 3-back tests) and task-related CBF (prefrontal cortex oxygenated and deoxygenated-hemoglobin changes estimated using functional near-infrared spectroscopy) were measured immediately after breakfast and 130 min later. The data collection for this study is ongoing, thus results for 35 adolescents are presented here and due to blinding of the researcher we are unable to report at this time in which condition these effects occurred, but will be revealed by the time of the conference, as well as for the results on changes in CBF.  Results: Preliminary results from the ongoing study showed that from pretest to posttest there was a statistically significant improvement in reaction time in all three conditions for all three n-back tests, but no intervention effects. Accuracy, however, improved from pretest to posttest in only one condition, for all three nback tests (β [95% confidence interval] from linear mixed-effects models with subject as random effect: 1-back 2.8[1.2-4.3], 2-back 2.6[0.9-4.2], 3-back 3.6[2.2-5.0]), and there was a tendency towards an intervention effect between this breakfast condition and another on the accuracy of the 3-back test (P for time-by-condition interaction 0.07).   Conclusions: The results from this study will increase our understanding into the effects of breakfast and its composition (i.e., nitrate-rich) on acutely improving working memory in adolescents and the potential mechanisms. In turn, the results will inform on whether policies on providing breakfast in schools should be considered to improve students' cognitive performance.

Keywords
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Medicine/Technology; Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7794 (URN)
Conference
The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Uppsala, Sweden, June 15-18, 2023
Funder
Knowledge FoundationSkandias Stiftelse Idéer för livet
Note

Partners are: IKEA, Kronprinsessparets stiftelse/Generation Pep, Skanska, Coop, KFS

Available from: 2023-09-15 Created: 2023-09-15 Last updated: 2024-03-21Bibliographically approved
Regan, C., Heiland, E. G., Ekblom, Ö., Tarassova, O., Kjellenberg, K., Larsen, F. J., . . . Helgadóttir, B. (2023). Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory, cerebral blood flow, arterial stiffness, and psychological factors in adolescents: Study protocol for a randomised crossover trial.. PLOS ONE, 18(5), Article ID e0285581.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory, cerebral blood flow, arterial stiffness, and psychological factors in adolescents: Study protocol for a randomised crossover trial.
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2023 (English)In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 18, no 5, article id e0285581Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Inorganic nitrate has been shown to acutely improve working memory in adults, potentially by altering cerebral and peripheral vasculature. However, this remains unknown in adolescents. Furthermore, breakfast is important for overall health and psychological well-being. Therefore, this study will investigate the acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory performance, task-related cerebral blood flow (CBF), arterial stiffness, and psychological outcomes in Swedish adolescents.

METHODS: This randomised crossover trial will recruit at least 43 adolescents (13-15 years old). There will be three experimental breakfast conditions: (1) none, (2) low-nitrate (normal breakfast), and (3) high-nitrate (concentrated beetroot juice with normal breakfast). Working memory (n-back tests), CBF (task-related changes in oxygenated and deoxygenated haemoglobin in the prefrontal cortex), and arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity and augmentation index) will be measured twice, immediately after breakfast and 130 min later. Measures of psychological factors and salivary nitrate/nitrite will be assessed once before the conditions and at two-time points after the conditions.

DISCUSSION: This study will provide insight into the acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory in adolescents and to what extent any such effects can be explained by changes in CBF. This study will also shed light upon whether oral intake of nitrate may acutely improve arterial stiffness and psychological well-being, in adolescents. Consequently, results will indicate if nitrate intake from beetroot juice or if breakfast itself could acutely improve cognitive, vascular, and psychological health in adolescents, which can affect academic performance and have implications for policies regarding school meals.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial has been prospectively registered on 21/02/2022 at https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN16596056. Trial number: ISRCTN16596056.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2023
Keywords
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7653 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0285581 (DOI)001050599900048 ()37205681 (PubMedID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180040
Note

This project is supported by The Knowledge Foundation https://www.kks.se/ (20180040; ÖE, GN), and the following companies: COOP Sverige, IKEA, Skandia, Skanska, Generation Pep, and Konsumentföreningen Stockholm.

Available from: 2023-06-20 Created: 2023-06-20 Last updated: 2024-03-22
Farias, L., Nyberg, G., Helgadóttir, B. & Andermo, S. (2023). Adolescents' experiences of a school-based health promotion intervention in socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged areas in Sweden: a qualitative process evaluation study.. BMC Public Health, 23(1), Article ID 1631.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescents' experiences of a school-based health promotion intervention in socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged areas in Sweden: a qualitative process evaluation study.
2023 (English)In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 1631Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a transition period in which positive experiences of physical activity have the potential to last into later adulthood. These experiences are influenced by socioeconomic determinants, leading to health inequalities. This study aims to explore adolescents' experiences and participation in a multi-component school-based intervention in schools located in socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged areas in Sweden.

METHODS: A qualitative design was used to evaluate how participants experienced the intervention. The intervention was a multi-component school-based intervention. It was conducted in six schools (four control and two intervention schools) with a total of 193 students and lasted one school year. It was teacher-led and consisted of three 60-minute group sessions per week: varied physical activities, homework support with activity breaks, and walks while listening to audiobooks. In total, 23 participant observations were conducted over eight months and 27 students participated in focus groups. A content analysis was conducted.

RESULTS: The results describe a main category 'Engaging in activities depending on socioeconomic status' and three generic categories: 1. Variations in participation in PA together with classmates and teachers; 2. Variations in engagement in PA after school; and 3. Differences in time and place allocated to do homework and listen to audiobooks. These categories illustrate how participants looked forward to the physical activities but used the time spent during the walks and homework support differently depending on how busy they were after school. Frequently, those who were busiest after school were also those from the advantaged area, and those who had little to do after school were from the disadvantaged area.

CONCLUSION: Socioeconomic factors influence participants' possibilities to engage in the intervention activities as well as how they use their time in the activities. This study showed that it is crucial to support adolescents' participation in physical activities by providing structure and engaging well-known teachers in the activities, especially in schools located in disadvantaged areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2023
Keywords
Health inequalities, Health promotion, School intervention, Young people, E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7779 (URN)10.1186/s12889-023-16581-z (DOI)001054758500011 ()37626379 (PubMedID)
Funder
Knowledge FoundationSkandias Stiftelse Idéer för livetThe Kamprad Family FoundationSwedish ESF Council (Council of the European Social Fund in Sweden)
Note

Partners are IKEA, Kronprinsessparets stiftelse/Generation Pep, Storytel, SATS and Permobil.

Available from: 2023-09-13 Created: 2023-09-13 Last updated: 2024-03-21
Larsson, L. E., Wang, R., Cederholm, T., Wiggenraad, F., Rydén, M., Hagman, G., . . . Thunborg, C. (2023). Association of Sarcopenia and Its Defining Components with the Degree of Cognitive Impairment in a Memory Clinic Population.. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 96(2), 777-788
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Association of Sarcopenia and Its Defining Components with the Degree of Cognitive Impairment in a Memory Clinic Population.
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, ISSN 1387-2877, E-ISSN 1875-8908, Vol. 96, no 2, p. 777-788Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia and cognitive impairment are two leading causes of disabilities.

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the prevalence of sarcopenia and investigate the association between sarcopenia diagnostic components (muscle strength, muscle mass, and physical performance) and cognitive impairment in memory clinic patients.

METHODS: 368 patients were included (age 59.0±7.25 years, women: 58.7%), displaying three clinical phenotypes of cognitive impairments, i.e., subjective cognitive impairment (SCI, 57%), mild cognitive impairment (MCI, 26%), and Alzheimer's disease (AD, 17%). Sarcopenia was defined according to diagnostic algorithm recommended by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Components of sarcopenia were grip strength, bioelectrical impedance analysis, and gait speed. They were further aggregated into a score (0-3 points) by counting the numbers of limited components. Multi-nominal logistic regression was applied.

RESULTS: Probable sarcopenia (i.e., reduced grip strength) was observed in 9.6% of the patients, and 3.5% were diagnosed with sarcopenia. Patients with faster gait speed showed less likelihood of MCI (odds ratio [OR]: 0.24, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.06-0.90) and AD (OR: 0.12, 95% CI: 0.03-0.60). One or more limited sarcopenia components was associated with worse cognitive function. After adjusting for potential confounders, the association remained significant only for AD (OR 4.29, 95% CI 1.45-11.92).

CONCLUSION: The results indicate a connection between the sarcopenia components and cognitive impairments. Limitations in the sarcopenia measures, especially slow walking speed, were related to poorer cognitive outcomes. More investigationsare required to further verify the causal relationship between sarcopenia and cognitive outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2023
Keywords
Alzheimer’s disease, body composition, cognitive function, gait speed, hand grip strength, outpatients, sarcopenia, E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
National Category
Geriatrics Neurology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7949 (URN)10.3233/JAD-221186 (DOI)001099536400028 ()37899056 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2022-01404Knowledge Foundation, 2018-0151, 2021-0002, 2022-0202The Karolinska Institutet's Research Foundation, 2022-02248
Available from: 2023-11-20 Created: 2023-11-20 Last updated: 2024-03-22
Yman, J., Helgadóttir, B., Kjellenberg, K. & Nyberg, G. (2023). Associations between organised sports participation, general health, stress, screen-time and sleep duration in adolescents.. Acta Paediatrica, 112(3), 452-459
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations between organised sports participation, general health, stress, screen-time and sleep duration in adolescents.
2023 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 112, no 3, p. 452-459Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: Physical activity patterns in adolescents have been associated with general health. Stress, screen-time and sleep are other factors associated with physical activity that influence health in adolescents. Physical activity accounts for several health benefits; however, the impact of organised sports participation to achieve the same health benefits are less explored. This study explored the associations of organised sports participation with general health, stress, screen-time and sleep-duration in adolescents.

METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, data from 1139 adolescents (age 13-14 years) from 34 schools were analysed. Data were collected during autumn 2019. Data collection consisted of self-reported questionnaires and standard methods for height and weight measurements.

RESULTS: Adolescents with organised sports participation ≥3 times/week were twice as likely to report better general health (OR: 2.11, CI: 1.45-3.07) and lower screen-time (OR: 1.98, CI: 1.43-2.74). Adolescents with organised sports participation ≥3 times/week were less likely to meet the recommended sleep-duration on weekdays (OR: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.29-0.65).

CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with frequent organised sports participation had better general health, lower amounts of screen-time and shorter sleep-duration on weekdays than those with no participation. Although the causal relationships remain unknown, these results can be relevant when developing strategies promoting physical activity and health in adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
exercise, health behaviour, physical activity, sedentary behaviour, E-PABS, EPABS, brain health, hjärnhälsa
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7376 (URN)10.1111/apa.16556 (DOI)000868785600001 ()36209496 (PubMedID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180040
Note

Projektet samfinansieras av KK-stiftelsen, Coop AB, Skanska, IKEA, Generation Pep, Skandia och Konsumentföreningen Stockholm samt GIH.

Available from: 2022-11-10 Created: 2022-11-10 Last updated: 2024-03-26
Wu, J., Xiong, Y., Xia, X., Orsini, N., Qiu, C., Kivipelto, M., . . . Wang, R. (2023). Can dementia risk be reduced by following the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7?: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.. Ageing Research Reviews, 83, Article ID 101788.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can dementia risk be reduced by following the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7?: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.
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2023 (English)In: Ageing Research Reviews, ISSN 1568-1637, E-ISSN 1872-9649, Vol. 83, article id 101788Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to quantify the relationships between the American Heart Association (AHA) Cardiovascular Health (CVH) metrics, namely AHA Life's Simple 7, and cognitive outcomes. We searched PubMed and Embase (January 1, 2010-August 24, 2022) and finally included 14 longitudinal studies (311654 participants with 8006 incident dementia cases). Random-effects meta-analysis and one-stage linear mixed-effects models were performed. Increased CVH score seemed to associate with decreased risk of incident dementia in a linear manner, but this relationship varied by the measurement age of CVH metrics. That is, midlife CVH tended to have a linear association with late-life dementia risk, whereas a J-shaped association was observed between the late-life CVH score and dementia. In addition, late-life dementia risk was reduced significantly if individuals maintained an ideal level of AHA's CVH guidelines of physical activity, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, and smoking. However, our meta-analysis did not show a significant association between CVH score and global cognitive decline rate. Following AHA's CVH guidelines and maintaining CVH at an optimal level would substantially reduce the late-life dementia risk. More research is required to explore the link between a favorable CVH score and cognitive trajectories among cognitively asymptomatic older populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Cardiovascular health, Dementia, Global cognitive function, Life’s Simple 7, Meta-analysis, E-PABS, EPABS, brain health, hjärnhälsa
National Category
Geriatrics
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7425 (URN)10.1016/j.arr.2022.101788 (DOI)000974976400001 ()36371016 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2022-12-02 Created: 2022-12-02 Last updated: 2024-03-26
Principal InvestigatorEkblom, Maria
Co-InvestigatorEkblom, Örjan
Co-InvestigatorBlom, Victoria
Co-InvestigatorNyberg, Gisela
Co-InvestigatorWang, Rui
Co-InvestigatorBjerkefors, Anna
Co-InvestigatorEkblom Bak, Elin
Co-InvestigatorLindwall, Magnus
Co-InvestigatorFernström, Maria
Co-InvestigatorHeiland, Emerald G.
Co-InvestigatorMoberg, Marcus
Co-InvestigatorKatz, Abram
Co-InvestigatorPontén, Marjan
Co-InvestigatorNilsson, Jonna
Co-InvestigatorHelgadóttir, Björg
Co-InvestigatorKallings, Lena
Co-InvestigatorLönn, Amanda
Co-InvestigatorWiklund, Camilla
Co-InvestigatorJiang, Yiwen
Co-InvestigatorMöller, Elisabeth
Co-InvestigatorTarassova, Olga
Co-InvestigatorKling, Jenny
Co-InvestigatorLindh, Frida
Co-InvestigatorOntiveros, Narda
Coordinating organisation
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH
Funder
Period
2021-11-01 - 2029-10-31
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:2567Project, id: 20210002 01 H

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Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa med E-PABS