Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Projekttyp/Bidragsform
Bidrag till forskningsmiljö
Titel [sv]
E-PABS - ett excellenscenter inom fysisk aktivitet, hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner och hållbarhet
Titel [en]
E-PABS - a centre of Excellence in Physical Activity, healthy Brain functions and Sustainability
Abstract [en]
Emerging evidence suggests that physical activity across the life span is related not only to cardiovascular health, but also to cognitive performance, mental health and wellbeing. Preclinical data and animal studies suggest that experimental exercise promotes cerebrovascular and neuroplastic processes of importance for brain structure and function, but we still do not know if and under what circumstances these biological mechanisms promote healthy brain functions and/or prevent neurodegenerative diseases in humans. Nor have we identified any dose-response relationship or have full understanding of the variations between individuals in sufficient detail to translate research into effective health promotion for all. These knowledge gaps hinder well-designed research on how implementation of supportive environments at schools, workplaces, and during leisure time can support a lifestyle that sustainably supports healthy brain functions.

The overarching aim of this project is to establish an internationally leading Centre of Excellence for researchers and businesses who want to understand the relations between physical activity patterns and healthy brain functions from a sustainability and life span perspective. The organisational objective of this project is to strategically develop and consolidate a collaborative infrastructure for education and research in physical activity for brain health and sustainability of high societal and business relevance, by establishing a centre of Excellence in Physical Activity, healthy Brain functions and Sustainability (E-PABS).

E-PABS will be organised at the department of physical activity and health, with three levels of leadership, a steering committee, an executive committee and research themes. E-PABS will focus on four research objectives targeting
1) neurophysiological pathways for brain health in individuals with and without pre-existing stress-related disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, and mobility limitations,
2) how age, sex, occupation and pre-existing health conditions influence how fitness and physical activity patterns are associated to brain health,
3) the heritability of physical activity and how heritability may affect the relation between physical activity and brain health,
4) methods for how physical activity can be feasibly, sustainably and effectively implemented in schools, work-places and during leisure time.

Our business partners will contribute with expertise, materials, equipment and education to further increase the quality of the research and will use their new insights to develop new products, services, and policies that will increase their competitiveness. This application describes co-production from Monark Exercise AB, HPI Health profile institute AB, SAAB AB, SATS Sports Club AB, Itrim International AB, Avonova AB, AbbVie AB, Bioarctic AB, Permobil AB, Livförsäkringsbolaget Skandia ömsesidigt, Storytel AB and IKEA of Sweden AB.
Publikationer (10 of 44) Visa alla publikationer
Hoy, S., Norman, Å., Larsson, H. & de la Haye, K. (2024). Agents of change? Exploring relations among school staff connected to daily physical activity promotion in a Swedish secondary school from a social network perspective. In: : . Paper presented at AIESEP - The International Organization for Physical Education in Higher Education - International Conference, Jyväskylä, Finland, May 13-17th 2024.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Agents of change? Exploring relations among school staff connected to daily physical activity promotion in a Swedish secondary school from a social network perspective
2024 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Earlier research proposes that a school’s social environment among staff functions as an important facilitator for physical activity policy/curriculum dissemination, such as support among colleagues, physical activity ideas shared between teachers, as well as having individuals as ‘agents of change’. It is often proclaimed that physical education teachers inhabit these ‘agentic’ roles concerning physical activity and health promotion targeting youth during the school day. Despite this, little seems to have been researched concerning the agentic roles of physical educators and other school staff and their social networks within the school organization. Consequently, this study aims to explore relations among school staff regarding daily physical activity promotion in a Swedish secondary school from a social network perspective.  

This case study applied a convergent mixed method design with an emergent approach, where the qualitative ethnographic data and quantitative survey data were collected around the same time. Data was collected during one full school year from school staff at one secondary school (students aged 12-16 years, grades 7-9) in a larger urban area in Sweden. The sample included all staff within the school that interacts with secondary students, which involves school management, staff and teachers who are responsible for secondary students at some point during the school day, involved in student health or are engaged in physical activity, as well as physical education and health teachers. Our empirical material consists of field notes (180 hours of fieldwork), transcriptions from interviews (12 staff), as well as survey nomination data (23 participants). Qualitative data has been analyzed through a reflexive thematic analysis, and survey data through a social network analysis, and then further combined in an integrated analysis.  

Preliminary results of the current study show that the school staff’s social networks are characterized in different ways within close everyday-discussion colleague networks, peer networks concerning physical activity, and advisory networks regarding physical activity. In the everyday discussions among staff on topics regarding secondary students, physical education teachers are positioned as isolated islands in the networks. While physical education teachers hold a somewhat key role relating to discussions about physical activity, these discussions also go through other, and sometimes more influential, agents. Conflictingly, the physical education teachers still picture themselves as physical activity ambassadors for students’ daily physical activity. This picture is also shared by other school staff. At this school, the results shed light on important issues concerning how the social (network) context among school staff helps promote and inhibit physical activities for the students. 

Nyckelord
social networks, valuing physical activity, school organisation, health promotion
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap Idrottsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Samhällsvetenskap/Humaniora
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8212 (URN)
Konferens
AIESEP - The International Organization for Physical Education in Higher Education - International Conference, Jyväskylä, Finland, May 13-17th 2024
Forskningsfinansiär
KK-stiftelsen
Tillgänglig från: 2024-05-16 Skapad: 2024-05-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Projektet Fysisk aktivetet för hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner bland skolungdomar, ., Helgadóttir, B. & Kjellenberg, K. (2024). Balansen mellan skärmtid, rörelse och hjärnhälsa hos unga. Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Balansen mellan skärmtid, rörelse och hjärnhälsa hos unga
2024 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Abstract [sv]

Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH) har sedan 2017 arbetat i en serie forskningsstudier finansierade av Stiftelsen för kunskaps- och kompetensutveckling, KKS. Studierna har fokuserat på både barn, vuxna och äldre. Sedan 2021 finns vid GIH ett forskningscentrum med fokus på fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa, det vill säga goda kognitiva funktioner och god psykisk hälsa, kallat E-PABS (Center of Excellence in Physical Activity, Healthy Brain Functions and Sustainability). Forskningen inom E-PABS täcker många ämnesområden och innefattar epidemiologi, beteendeförändring, kognitiv neurovetenskap, fysiologi och molekylär biokemi.

Denna rapport bygger på studier inom projektet ”Fysisk aktivitet och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner hos skolungdomar”, som genomfördes under 2017–2023. Projektet hade tre delar, en epidemiologisk, en fysiologisk och en etnografisk del som tillsammans syftade till att svara på frågorna ”Vilket är sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet, stillasittande beteende, kost och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner hos barn och ungdomar, och hur kan fysisk aktivitet som främjar sunda hjärnfunktioner långsiktigt hållbart implementeras i skolor?”

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, 2024. s. 16 s.
Nyckelord
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8159 (URN)
Anmärkning

Projektet finansieras av COOP, Skandia, Skanska, IKEA, Generation PEP, Konsumentföreningen i Stockholm samt Folkhälsomyndigheten.

Tillgänglig från: 2024-03-15 Skapad: 2024-03-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-22
Wiklund, C. A., Ekblom, Ö., Paulsson, S., Lindwall, M. & Ekblom Bak, E. (2024). Cardiorespiratory fitness in midlife and subsequent incident depression, long-term sickness absence, and disability pension due to depression in 330,247 men and women.. Preventive Medicine, 181, Article ID 107916.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cardiorespiratory fitness in midlife and subsequent incident depression, long-term sickness absence, and disability pension due to depression in 330,247 men and women.
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Preventive Medicine, ISSN 0091-7435, E-ISSN 1096-0260, Vol. 181, artikel-id 107916Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Specific information for whom and when cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with depression risk is lacking. We aimed to study the association between adulthood CRF and incident depression, long-term sickness absence, and disability pension due to depression, as well as examine moderation of sex, age, education, and occupation on associations.

METHODS: A large prospective cohort study follows participants over time with Swedish occupational health screenings data. The study includes 330,247 individuals (aged 16-79 years, 46% women) without a depression diagnosis at baseline. CRF was estimated from a submaximal cycle test.

RESULTS: CRF was associated beneficially from low to higher levels with incident depression and long-term sickness absence due to depression. Further, CRF at high levels (≥46 ml/min/kg) was associated with a decreased risk of receiving disability pension due to depression. The associations remained after adjustment for age and sex, but not lifestyle-related factors and co-morbidity. Participants with moderate and high CRF had 16% and 21%, respectively, lower risk for incident depression, and participants with high CRF had 11% lower risk for long-term sickness absence due to depression. Associations between higher CRF and the outcomes were mainly evident in men, younger participants, and individuals with low education.

CONCLUSION: In a large sample of adults without a depression diagnosis at baseline, higher CRF was shown to be beneficially related to the risk of incident depression and, to some extent, long-term sickness absence due to depression. If causal, targeted interventions focusing on increasing CRF in these sub-groups should be prioritized.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2024
Nyckelord
Cardiorespiratory fitness, Depression, Disability pension, Long-term sick leave, Physical activity, brain health, E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8140 (URN)10.1016/j.ypmed.2024.107916 (DOI)38403033 (PubMedID)
Forskningsfinansiär
KK-stiftelsen
Anmärkning

Forskningsfinansiärer för projektet och studien är KK-stiftelsen, AbbVie, BioArctic, Health Profile Institute och Monark Exercise.

Tillgänglig från: 2024-03-06 Skapad: 2024-03-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-22
Hoy, S., Larsson, H., Kjellenberg, K., Nyberg, G., Ekblom, Ö. & Helgadóttir, B. (2024). Gendered relations? Associations between Swedish parents, siblings, and adolescents' time spent sedentary and physically active. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 6, Article ID 1236848.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Gendered relations? Associations between Swedish parents, siblings, and adolescents' time spent sedentary and physically active
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, E-ISSN 2624-9367, Vol. 6, artikel-id 1236848Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction

The family is assumed to be fundamental in youth socialization processes and development, connected to social and cultural practices such as healthy lifestyles and physical activity. However, gender patterns in physical activity among adolescents and the structural drivers of gender inequality (e.g., parentage and siblingship) are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore further how gender structures relate to adolescents' time spent being sedentary and physically active, using contemporary gender theory.

Methods

This cross-sectional study involved 1,139 adolescents aged 13-14 and their parents, including 815 mothers and 572 fathers. Physical activity and time spent sedentary were assessed through accelerometry among adolescents and through a self-report questionnaire for parents validated against accelerometry.

Results

The results showed significant relationships between mothers' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and girls' MVPA on weekdays and weekends, and fathers' MVPA was significantly related to girls' MVPA on weekdays. Our results imply that the relationship between Swedish parents' and adolescent girls' physical activity in higher intensities are to some extent gendered practices. However, time spent sedentary does not seem to show any patterns of being performed according to binary ideas of gender. Further, our exploratory analyses suggest that these results somewhat intersect with parents' educational level and relate to intra-categorical aspects of doing gender. The results also indicate slight gendered patterns in the “doing” of brotherhood for time spent sedentary, however, for boys only on weekends.

Discussion 

The study contributes to the understanding of gender norms as constraints and enablers for adolescents' participation in physical activity. The results can spur public health and physical activity research to apply a contemporary gender theory approach, and to expand the research agenda connected to what relates to gender inequalities in physical activity practices.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Frontiers Media S.A., 2024
Nyckelord
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Idrottsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8126 (URN)10.3389/fspor.2024.1236848 (DOI)001176893700001 ()38455967 (PubMedID)
Anmärkning

Finansierad av COOP, Skandia, Skanska, IKEA, Generation PEP samt Konsumentföreningen i Stockholm.

Tillgänglig från: 2024-02-22 Skapad: 2024-02-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-09
Åberg, L., Osika, W., Kollberg, G. & Einhorn, S. (2024). The relationship between benevolence and attitudes towards preventive behaviour during the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden. Journal of Public Health
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The relationship between benevolence and attitudes towards preventive behaviour during the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Public Health, ISSN 2198-1833, E-ISSN 1613-2238Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aim. The COVID-19 pandemic initially required sustainable behavioural changes to mitigate the spread of the infection. Thus, people were requested to comply with the recommendations given by the authorities. However, adherence to the recommendations varied considerably. Therefore, it is important to understand the driving forces behind such behavioural change. This study aims to investigate how people's willingness to comply with preventive behaviour, including vaccination, during a pandemic is related to the prosocial emotion of benevolence, the inclination to do well.

Subject and methods. An online cross-sectional study was performed (N = 1014).

Result. The result showed a significant correlation for the whole study population between how well they followed the recommendations (M = 4.16, S = 0.92) and the levels of benevolence (M = 3.58, S = 0.74) r = 0.22, p = < 0.001.

Conclusion. Further, there was a significant correlation between altruistic motives and compliance with recommendations, including the view on taking the vaccine. Our findings add to the concept that prosocial orientation during the COVID-19 pandemic increases compliance with preventive behaviour.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2024
Nyckelord
Benevolence, Prosocial behaviour, Prevention, COVID-19
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8217 (URN)10.1007/s10389-024-02257-4 (DOI)001205480600001 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2024-05-17 Skapad: 2024-05-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-17
Projektet Fysisk aktivetet för hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner bland skolungdomar, ., Helgadóttir, B. & Kjellenberg, K. (2024). Vikten av sunda matvanor för hjärnhälsa bland ungdomar. Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Vikten av sunda matvanor för hjärnhälsa bland ungdomar
2024 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Abstract [sv]

Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan (GIH) har sedan 2017 arbetat i en serie forskningsstudier finansierade av Stiftelsen för kunskaps- och kompetensutveckling, KKS. Studierna har fokuserat på både barn, vuxna och äldre. Sedan 2021 finns vid GIH ett forskningscentrum med fokus på fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa, det vill säga goda kognitiva funktioner och god psykisk hälsa, kallat E-PABS (Center of Excellence in Physical Activity, Healthy Brain Functions and Sustainability). Forskningen inom E-PABS täcker många ämnesområden och innefattar epidemiologi, beteendeförändring, kognitiv neurovetenskap, fysiologi och molekylär biokemi.

Denna rapport bygger på studier inom projektet ”Fysisk aktivitet och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner hos skolungdomar”, som genomfördes under 2017–2023. Projektet hade tre delar, en epidemiologisk, en fysiologisk och en etnografisk del som tillsammans syftade till att svara på frågorna ”Vilket är sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet, stillasittande beteende, kost och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner hos barn och ungdomar, och hur kan fysisk aktivitet som främjar sunda hjärnfunktioner långsiktigt hållbart implementeras i skolor?”

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, 2024. s. 18 s.
Nyckelord
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8165 (URN)
Anmärkning

Projektet finansieras av COOP, Skandia, Skanska, IKEA, Generation PEP, Konsumentföreningen i Stockholm samt Folkhälsomyndigheten.

Tillgänglig från: 2024-03-21 Skapad: 2024-03-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-22
Heiland, E. G., Kjellenberg, K., Tarassova, O., Nyberg, G., Ekblom, M., Ekblom, Ö. & Helgadóttir, B. (2023). Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory and cerebral blood flow in adolescents: a randomized crossover trial. In: : . Paper presented at The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Uppsala, Sweden, June 15-18, 2023.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory and cerebral blood flow in adolescents: a randomized crossover trial
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2023 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Beneficial acute effects of dietary nitrate have been demonstrated on working memory in adults, with changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) being a potential mechanism. However, these effects have not been studied in adolescents. Moreover, having breakfast compared to skipping may also exhibit positive effects on working memory. Therefore, this randomized crossover trial investigated the acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory and changes in task-related CBF in adolescents.  Methods: This trial will recruit at least 43 adolescents (13–15 years old). There were three experimental breakfast conditions: (1) none, (2) regular, and (3) regular breakfast with high nitrate in the form of concentrated beetroot juice. Working memory (1-, 2-, 3-back tests) and task-related CBF (prefrontal cortex oxygenated and deoxygenated-hemoglobin changes estimated using functional near-infrared spectroscopy) were measured immediately after breakfast and 130 min later. The data collection for this study is ongoing, thus results for 35 adolescents are presented here and due to blinding of the researcher we are unable to report at this time in which condition these effects occurred, but will be revealed by the time of the conference, as well as for the results on changes in CBF.  Results: Preliminary results from the ongoing study showed that from pretest to posttest there was a statistically significant improvement in reaction time in all three conditions for all three n-back tests, but no intervention effects. Accuracy, however, improved from pretest to posttest in only one condition, for all three nback tests (β [95% confidence interval] from linear mixed-effects models with subject as random effect: 1-back 2.8[1.2-4.3], 2-back 2.6[0.9-4.2], 3-back 3.6[2.2-5.0]), and there was a tendency towards an intervention effect between this breakfast condition and another on the accuracy of the 3-back test (P for time-by-condition interaction 0.07).   Conclusions: The results from this study will increase our understanding into the effects of breakfast and its composition (i.e., nitrate-rich) on acutely improving working memory in adolescents and the potential mechanisms. In turn, the results will inform on whether policies on providing breakfast in schools should be considered to improve students' cognitive performance.

Nyckelord
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
Nationell ämneskategori
Näringslära
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik; Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7794 (URN)
Konferens
The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Uppsala, Sweden, June 15-18, 2023
Forskningsfinansiär
KK-stiftelsenSkandias Stiftelse Idéer för livet
Anmärkning

Partners are: IKEA, Kronprinsessparets stiftelse/Generation Pep, Skanska, Coop, KFS

Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-15 Skapad: 2023-09-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-21Bibliografiskt granskad
Regan, C., Heiland, E. G., Ekblom, Ö., Tarassova, O., Kjellenberg, K., Larsen, F. J., . . . Helgadóttir, B. (2023). Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory, cerebral blood flow, arterial stiffness, and psychological factors in adolescents: Study protocol for a randomised crossover trial.. PLOS ONE, 18(5), Article ID e0285581.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory, cerebral blood flow, arterial stiffness, and psychological factors in adolescents: Study protocol for a randomised crossover trial.
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 18, nr 5, artikel-id e0285581Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Inorganic nitrate has been shown to acutely improve working memory in adults, potentially by altering cerebral and peripheral vasculature. However, this remains unknown in adolescents. Furthermore, breakfast is important for overall health and psychological well-being. Therefore, this study will investigate the acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory performance, task-related cerebral blood flow (CBF), arterial stiffness, and psychological outcomes in Swedish adolescents.

METHODS: This randomised crossover trial will recruit at least 43 adolescents (13-15 years old). There will be three experimental breakfast conditions: (1) none, (2) low-nitrate (normal breakfast), and (3) high-nitrate (concentrated beetroot juice with normal breakfast). Working memory (n-back tests), CBF (task-related changes in oxygenated and deoxygenated haemoglobin in the prefrontal cortex), and arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity and augmentation index) will be measured twice, immediately after breakfast and 130 min later. Measures of psychological factors and salivary nitrate/nitrite will be assessed once before the conditions and at two-time points after the conditions.

DISCUSSION: This study will provide insight into the acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory in adolescents and to what extent any such effects can be explained by changes in CBF. This study will also shed light upon whether oral intake of nitrate may acutely improve arterial stiffness and psychological well-being, in adolescents. Consequently, results will indicate if nitrate intake from beetroot juice or if breakfast itself could acutely improve cognitive, vascular, and psychological health in adolescents, which can affect academic performance and have implications for policies regarding school meals.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial has been prospectively registered on 21/02/2022 at https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN16596056. Trial number: ISRCTN16596056.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2023
Nyckelord
E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
Nationell ämneskategori
Näringslära
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7653 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0285581 (DOI)001050599900048 ()37205681 (PubMedID)
Forskningsfinansiär
KK-stiftelsen, 20180040
Anmärkning

This project is supported by The Knowledge Foundation https://www.kks.se/ (20180040; ÖE, GN), and the following companies: COOP Sverige, IKEA, Skandia, Skanska, Generation Pep, and Konsumentföreningen Stockholm.

Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-20 Skapad: 2023-06-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-22
Farias, L., Nyberg, G., Helgadóttir, B. & Andermo, S. (2023). Adolescents' experiences of a school-based health promotion intervention in socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged areas in Sweden: a qualitative process evaluation study.. BMC Public Health, 23(1), Article ID 1631.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Adolescents' experiences of a school-based health promotion intervention in socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged areas in Sweden: a qualitative process evaluation study.
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 23, nr 1, artikel-id 1631Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a transition period in which positive experiences of physical activity have the potential to last into later adulthood. These experiences are influenced by socioeconomic determinants, leading to health inequalities. This study aims to explore adolescents' experiences and participation in a multi-component school-based intervention in schools located in socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged areas in Sweden.

METHODS: A qualitative design was used to evaluate how participants experienced the intervention. The intervention was a multi-component school-based intervention. It was conducted in six schools (four control and two intervention schools) with a total of 193 students and lasted one school year. It was teacher-led and consisted of three 60-minute group sessions per week: varied physical activities, homework support with activity breaks, and walks while listening to audiobooks. In total, 23 participant observations were conducted over eight months and 27 students participated in focus groups. A content analysis was conducted.

RESULTS: The results describe a main category 'Engaging in activities depending on socioeconomic status' and three generic categories: 1. Variations in participation in PA together with classmates and teachers; 2. Variations in engagement in PA after school; and 3. Differences in time and place allocated to do homework and listen to audiobooks. These categories illustrate how participants looked forward to the physical activities but used the time spent during the walks and homework support differently depending on how busy they were after school. Frequently, those who were busiest after school were also those from the advantaged area, and those who had little to do after school were from the disadvantaged area.

CONCLUSION: Socioeconomic factors influence participants' possibilities to engage in the intervention activities as well as how they use their time in the activities. This study showed that it is crucial to support adolescents' participation in physical activities by providing structure and engaging well-known teachers in the activities, especially in schools located in disadvantaged areas.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BioMed Central (BMC), 2023
Nyckelord
Health inequalities, Health promotion, School intervention, Young people, E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7779 (URN)10.1186/s12889-023-16581-z (DOI)001054758500011 ()37626379 (PubMedID)
Forskningsfinansiär
KK-stiftelsenSkandias Stiftelse Idéer för livetFamiljen Kamprads stiftelseSvenska ESF-rådet (Rådet för Europeiska socialfonden i Sverige)
Anmärkning

Partners are IKEA, Kronprinsessparets stiftelse/Generation Pep, Storytel, SATS and Permobil.

Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-13 Skapad: 2023-09-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-21
Larsson, L. E., Wang, R., Cederholm, T., Wiggenraad, F., Rydén, M., Hagman, G., . . . Thunborg, C. (2023). Association of Sarcopenia and Its Defining Components with the Degree of Cognitive Impairment in a Memory Clinic Population.. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 96(2), 777-788
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, ISSN 1387-2877, E-ISSN 1875-8908, Vol. 96, nr 2, s. 777-788Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia and cognitive impairment are two leading causes of disabilities.

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the prevalence of sarcopenia and investigate the association between sarcopenia diagnostic components (muscle strength, muscle mass, and physical performance) and cognitive impairment in memory clinic patients.

METHODS: 368 patients were included (age 59.0±7.25 years, women: 58.7%), displaying three clinical phenotypes of cognitive impairments, i.e., subjective cognitive impairment (SCI, 57%), mild cognitive impairment (MCI, 26%), and Alzheimer's disease (AD, 17%). Sarcopenia was defined according to diagnostic algorithm recommended by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Components of sarcopenia were grip strength, bioelectrical impedance analysis, and gait speed. They were further aggregated into a score (0-3 points) by counting the numbers of limited components. Multi-nominal logistic regression was applied.

RESULTS: Probable sarcopenia (i.e., reduced grip strength) was observed in 9.6% of the patients, and 3.5% were diagnosed with sarcopenia. Patients with faster gait speed showed less likelihood of MCI (odds ratio [OR]: 0.24, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.06-0.90) and AD (OR: 0.12, 95% CI: 0.03-0.60). One or more limited sarcopenia components was associated with worse cognitive function. After adjusting for potential confounders, the association remained significant only for AD (OR 4.29, 95% CI 1.45-11.92).

CONCLUSION: The results indicate a connection between the sarcopenia components and cognitive impairments. Limitations in the sarcopenia measures, especially slow walking speed, were related to poorer cognitive outcomes. More investigationsare required to further verify the causal relationship between sarcopenia and cognitive outcomes.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IOS Press, 2023
Nyckelord
Alzheimer’s disease, body composition, cognitive function, gait speed, hand grip strength, outpatients, sarcopenia, E-PABS, EPABS, hjärnhälsa, brain health
Nationell ämneskategori
Geriatrik Neurologi
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7949 (URN)10.3233/JAD-221186 (DOI)001099536400028 ()37899056 (PubMedID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2022-01404KK-stiftelsen, 2018-0151, 2021-0002, 2022-0202Karolinska Institutets Forskningsstiftelse, 2022-02248
Tillgänglig från: 2023-11-20 Skapad: 2023-11-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-22
ProjektledareEkblom, Maria
ProjektmedarbetareEkblom, Örjan
ProjektmedarbetareBlom, Victoria
ProjektmedarbetareNyberg, Gisela
ProjektmedarbetareWang, Rui
ProjektmedarbetareBjerkefors, Anna
ProjektmedarbetareEkblom Bak, Elin
ProjektmedarbetareLindwall, Magnus
ProjektmedarbetareFernström, Maria
ProjektmedarbetareHeiland, Emerald G.
ProjektmedarbetareMoberg, Marcus
ProjektmedarbetareKatz, Abram
ProjektmedarbetarePontén, Marjan
ProjektmedarbetareNilsson, Jonna
ProjektmedarbetareHelgadóttir, Björg
ProjektmedarbetareKallings, Lena
ProjektmedarbetareLönn, Amanda
ProjektmedarbetareWiklund, Camilla
ProjektmedarbetareJiang, Yiwen
ProjektmedarbetareMöller, Elisabeth
ProjektmedarbetareTarassova, Olga
ProjektmedarbetareKling, Jenny
ProjektmedarbetareLindh, Frida
ProjektmedarbetareOntiveros, Narda
Koordinerande organisation
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH
Forskningsfinansiär
Tidsperiod
2021-11-01 - 2029-10-31
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
DiVA, id: project:2567Projekt id: 20210002 01 H