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Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Hassmén, P., Kenttä, G., Hjälm, S., Lundkvist, E. & Gustafsson, H. (2019). Burnout symptoms and recovery processes in eight elite soccer coaches over 10 years. International journal of sports science & coaching, 14(4), 431-443
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Burnout symptoms and recovery processes in eight elite soccer coaches over 10 years
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2019 (English)In: International journal of sports science & coaching, ISSN 1747-9541, E-ISSN 2048-397X, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 431-443Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Elite sport can be stressful, which increases the risk for burnout symptoms to develop. Especially when not balanced with sufficient recovery. To study the burnout–recovery process, eight elite soccer coaches were followed for 10 years. All eight were active elite coaches at the inception of this study and reported elevated emotional exhaustion scores on Maslach’s Burnout Inventory Educators Survey (MBI-ES). The coaches completed MBI-ES three additional times (year 3, 7, and 10), and they were also interviewed on the same occasions. At the 3-year follow-up, seven of the eight coaches reduced their exhaustion scores. The coach presenting with unchanged scores both at the 3 - and 7-year follow-up was the only one still coaching at the elite level. All coaches revealed during the interviews that they struggled to manage their work–life balance well; some worked too many hours, some experienced difficulty in managing conflicting role-demands, and some wrestled with external pressures. Their approach to recovery was, however, similar. Apart from moving away from coaching at the elite level, they unanimously mentioned that they changed their approach to coaching to make recovery possible. They achieved the latter by, for example, increasing control and delegating responsibility. According to our longitudinal results, burnout frequently regarded as an end-state can decrease over time. Provided that decisive action is taken to change situational factors and personal demands. This frequently meant withdrawing from coaching, which in turn explains why coach retention remains a serious challenge for most organizations with teams/athletes competing at the elite level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Burnout, coaches, elite-sport, exhaustion, soccer, stress
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5763 (URN)10.1177/1747954119851246 (DOI)000479122900001 ()
Available from: 2019-05-31 Created: 2019-05-31 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
Lundkvist, E. (2019). Idrott och integration: lättare sagt än gjort?. In: Karin Helander och Pernilla Leviner (Ed.), Barn, migration och integration i en utmanande tid: (pp. 87-106). Stockholm: Ragulka press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Idrott och integration: lättare sagt än gjort?
2019 (Swedish)In: Barn, migration och integration i en utmanande tid / [ed] Karin Helander och Pernilla Leviner, Stockholm: Ragulka press , 2019, p. 87-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Det här kapitlet syftar till att beskriva och diskutera vad vi vet om idrott och integration utifrån två aspekter. Den första aspekten är att undersöka hur idrotten som integrationsarena fungerar rent praktiskt genom att presentera statistik på hur det ser ut i Sverige och världen vad det gäller idrottsutövande bland invandrarungdomar. Den andra aspekten är att diskutera vilka effekter idrottande egentligen har för främjandet av olika integrationsfrämjande delar som till exempel minskande problembeteenden, mer jämn fördelning av vänner med olika kulturell bakgrund och ökad förståelse för den kultur man flyttat till. Gällande andelen idrottande ungdomar finns det en relativt tydlig skillnad mellan ungdomar med invandrarbakgrund och de med starkare anknytning till landet de bor i. Både i Sverige och internationellt är färre invandrarungdomar idrottsaktiva. Skillnaderna minskar dock ju längre man varit i landet både för första generationens invandrarungdomar och andra/tredjegenerationens ungdomar. Skillnaderna är större och utjämningen är mindre och tar längre tid för invandrarflickor än för invandrarpojkar. Positivt är att idrott verkar ha effekter på integrationsrelaterade delar som avvikande beteenden, mental hälsa och vän-nätverk även om de statistiska effekterna ofta är små. Dessutom visar statistiken att idrottsrörelsen både i Sverige och internationellt inte lyckas inkludera ungdomar med invandrarbakgrund i sin verksamhet i samma utsträckning som de lyckas bjuda in de med starkare bakgrund i landet. Slutligen diskuteras kunskaperna om idrott och integration utifrån hur idrottsrörelsen skulle kunna utveckla sin verksamhet i dessa frågor och exempel på bra integrationsprogram i Sverige tas upp.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Ragulka press, 2019
Keywords
Sport, Migration
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5689 (URN)978-91-85333-97-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-04-03Bibliographically approved
Ivarsson, A., Stenling, A. & Lundkvist, E. (2017). "Mirror, mirror, on the wall is there any evidence at all?”: Critical reflections on evidence in sport psychology research. Idrottsforskaren (2), 35-40
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Mirror, mirror, on the wall is there any evidence at all?”: Critical reflections on evidence in sport psychology research
2017 (English)In: Idrottsforskaren, no 2, p. 35-40Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [en]

Two common objectives in sport and exercise psychology research are to determinate if there is a relationship between two or more variables or if an intervention is effective or not (i.e., casual effects). Based on results obtained from a research study we are often eager to conclude that there are strong (or weak) evidence for the proposed relationship or intervention. This procedure might seem straightforward but there are several problems and critical issues that influence researcher’s assessments of the level of evidence. Unfortunately many researchers in the sport and exercise psychology field does not acknowledge these problems and critical issues when interpreting study results, which leads to flawed conclusions about the level of evidence (Ivarsson & Andersen, 2016). In this article we will: (a) highlight what we believe are some of the most critical issues in the sport and exercise psychology field for assessing the level of evidence, and (b) provide suggestions for how to deal with these issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svensk förening för beteendevetenskaplig idrottsforskning (SVEBI), 2017
Keywords
within-person analysis, between-person analysis, time
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5544 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2869-8995

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