Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Andersson, D. (2024). Exploring Perceptions of Route Environments in Relation to Walking. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Perceptions of Route Environments in Relation to Walking
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Every walk takes place in a route environment, which can play an important role in deterring or facilitating walking. The focus of this thesis is on the perceptions of environmental variables, and how they relate to appraisals of route environments as hindering – stimulating for walking and unsafe – safe for reasons of traffic, in two metropolitan environments. Another focus is to expand the state of knowledge concerning the criterion-related validity of the Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES).

Methods: Commuting pedestrians in Greater Stockholm, Sweden, were recruited via advertisements. From the inner urban area there were 294 participants (77% women), aged 49.5 years, and from the suburban areas there were 233 participants (82% women), aged 50.0 years. 77 individuals walked in both areas. The participants evaluated their commuting route environments using the ACRES. Correlation, multiple regression, and mediation analyses were used to explore the relationships between the variables. Comparisons of environmental ratings between groups and settings were performed with t-tests. Studies 1 and 2 focused on the inner urban area and studies 3 and 4 on the suburban areas. Studies 1 and 3 focused exclusively on the relations between the four motorized traffic variables (vehicle speed, vehicle flow, noise, and exhaust fumes), and their relations to the outcome variables (hinders – stimulates walking and unsafe – safe traffic). Studies 2 and 4 utilised proxies from studies 1 and 3 and combined them with other environmental variables to further the understanding of route environmental variables in relation to walking.

Results: In both areas, aesthetics and greenery were positively related to stimulating walking, whereas noise, a proxy for motorized traffic, was negatively related. Aesthetics was also positively related to unsafe – safe traffic in the inner urban area, whereas greenery had the corresponding role in suburbia. Another important finding was that greenery also influenced aesthetics positively in both areas. Thus, greenery had both a direct and an indirect positive effect. On the other hand, noise influenced aesthetics negatively in the inner urban area, whereas vehicle flow had the corresponding role in suburbia. A number of variables conjointly influenced the outcome unsafe – safe traffic negatively in both areas (speeds of motor vehicles, noise, conflicts, congestion: pedestrians, red lights, and course of the route). The route environment profiles differed distinctly between the two areas.

Conclusions: Several route environmental variables appear to be particularly influential in relation to pedestrian commuting, e.g., aesthetics, greenery, and noise. An important finding is that both positive and negative interactions, between certain predictor variables, were disclosed. The contrasting route environment profiles in the different settings strengthen the criterion-related validity of the ACRES. The findings expands the state of knowledge concerning the relations between the environment and walking. If implemented, these findings can influence public health positively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, 2024. p. 113 s.
Series
Avhandlingsserie för Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan ; 33
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8074 (URN)978-91-988127-3-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2024-03-22, Aulan, Lidingövägen 1, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-01-31 Created: 2024-01-31 Last updated: 2024-03-25Bibliographically approved
Gilson, N. D., Andersson, D., Papinczak, Z. E., Rutherford, Z., John, J., Coombes, J. S. & Brown, W. J. (2023). High intensity and sprint interval training, and work-related cognitive function in adults: A systematic review.. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 33(6), 814-833
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High intensity and sprint interval training, and work-related cognitive function in adults: A systematic review.
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 814-833Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To assess evidence on the impact of acute and chronic high intensity interval training (HIIT) and sprint interval training (SIT) on work-related performance tests of cognitive function in adults.

METHODS: The databases PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant articles up to August 2022. Eligible studies assessed the effects of HIIT (70-100% VO2max ) and/or SIT (≥100% VO2max ) on cognitive function test scores in cognitively healthy adults, relative to a control or comparative exercise group/condition. Data on participant characteristics, exercise protocol, key outcomes and intervention setting were extracted. Study quality was assessed using a 9 (single session HIIT/SIT) and 14 (multiple session HIIT/SIT) item checklist.

RESULTS: 36 studies (15 countries; n=11 to 945 participants) met inclusion criteria. Mean quality scores were 'fair-to-good' for acute (single session; mean=6.9 [SD 1.0]), and chronic (multiple session; mean=9.8 [SD 1.6]) training studies. Eighteen from 36 studies (12/20 [55%] acute and 6/16 [38%] chronic training studies) evidenced significant improvements in aspects of cognitive function related to work performance (i.e., attention, inhibition, memory, information processing speed, cognitive flexibility, intelligence, reaction time and learning). Only four studies tested the impact of HIIT/SIT on cognitive function in a work-based setting (e.g., the office or home).

CONCLUSIONS: While there is promising evidence, particularly from acute training studies, to indicate that high intensity, short duration exercise benefits cognitive function in adults, there is very limited evidence of application in workplace contexts. To better understand the potential benefits to employee performance and safety, HIIT/SIT and cognitive function research needs to transition from laboratory to 'in-situ' occupational settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
Short duration, high intensity exercise, acute and chronic impact, cognitive function, occupational health and safety
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7547 (URN)10.1111/sms.14349 (DOI)000953636300001 ()36916717 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-03-16 Created: 2023-03-16 Last updated: 2023-06-12
Andersson, D., Wahlgren, L., Olsson, K. S. & Schantz, P. (2023). Pedestrians´ perceptions of motorized traffic variables in relation to appraisals of urban route environments. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(1), Article ID 3743.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pedestrians´ perceptions of motorized traffic variables in relation to appraisals of urban route environments
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 3743Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background 

It is important to examine how motorized traffic variables affect pedestrians along a gradient from rural to inner urban settings.

Methods

Relations between pedestrians´ perceptions of four traffic variables and appraisals of route environments as hindering – stimulating for walking as well as unsafe – safe for reasons of traffic, were therefore studied in the inner urban area of Stockholm, Sweden (n = 294). The pedestrians rated their perceptions and appraisals with the Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES). Correlation, multiple regression, and mediation analyses were used to study the relationships between the traffic variables and the outcome variables. 

Results 

Noise related negatively to both hindering – stimulating for walking, and to unsafety – safety for traffic reasons. Vehicle speed related negatively to unsafety – safety for traffic reasons. Furthermore, vehicle speed protruded as an important origin of the deterring effects of traffic among those who commute by foot. 

Conclusion

The study shows the value of both partial and simultaneous analyses of the effect of all four traffic variables in relation to outcome variables relevant for walking. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2023
Keywords
walking; active transportation; motorized vehicle speed; flow; exhaust fumes; noise; unsafe–safe traffic; hinders–stimulates walking; environmental unwellbeing–wellbeing
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7402 (URN)10.3390/ijerph20043743 (DOI)36834450 (PubMedID)
Projects
FAAP & PACS
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, TRV 2017/63917-6522
Available from: 2022-11-26 Created: 2022-11-26 Last updated: 2024-01-31
Andersson, D., Wahlgren, L. & Schantz, P. (2023). Pedestrians' perceptions of route environments in relation to deterring or facilitating walking. Frontiers In Public Health, 10, Article ID 1012222.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pedestrians' perceptions of route environments in relation to deterring or facilitating walking
2023 (English)In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10, article id 1012222Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Every walk takes place in a route environment, and it can play an important role in deterring or facilitating walking, and will always affect the environmental unwell – wellbeing of pedestrians. The aim of this study is to illuminate which the important route environmental variables are in this respect. The focus is therefore on pedestrians´ perceptions of route environmental variables and how they relate to overall appraisals of route environments as hindering – stimulating for walking and unsafe – safe for reasons of traffic. 

 

Methods

Commuting pedestrians in the inner urban area of Stockholm, Sweden (n = 294, 49.5 ± 10.4 years, 77% women), were recruited via advertisements. They evaluated their own commuting route environments using a self-report tool, the Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES). Correlation, multiple regression, and mediation analyses were used to study the relationships between the variables and the outcome variables.

 

Results

Aesthetics and greenery appear to strongly stimulate walking, whereas noise, a proxy for motorized traffic, hinders it. Furthermore, aesthetics is positively related to traffic safety, whereas conflicts have the opposite role. Conflicts is an intermediate outcome, representing several basic environmental variables, whereof some were directly and negatively related to unsafe – safe traffic.

 

Conclusion 

Route environmental variables appear to be potent factors in deterring or facilitating walking. This knowledge is of importance for policymakers and urban planners when designing route environments with the aim of attracting new pedestrians, and simultaneously stimulating those who already walk to keep on.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Keywords
walking, route environment, perceptions, aesthetics, greenery, noise, conflicts, speed, environmental unwellbeing - wellbeing
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7372 (URN)10.3389/fpubh.2022.1012222 (DOI)001011155000001 ()37346457 (PubMedID)
Projects
FAAP
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, TRV 2017/63917-6522
Available from: 2022-11-03 Created: 2022-11-03 Last updated: 2024-01-31
Andersson, D., Wahlgren, L. & Schantz, P. (2022). Pedestrians' perceptions of motorized traffic in relation to appraisals of their urban commuting route environments. In: Svensk idrottsmedicin 2022:2: . Paper presented at SFAIMs vårmöte 2022. Tillsammans för framtidens fysiska aktivitet och idrottsmedicin. Stockholm 19-20 maj 2022. (pp. 29). Svensk förening för fysisk aktivitet och idrottsmedicin, 41
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pedestrians' perceptions of motorized traffic in relation to appraisals of their urban commuting route environments
2022 (English)In: Svensk idrottsmedicin 2022:2, Svensk förening för fysisk aktivitet och idrottsmedicin , 2022, Vol. 41, p. 29-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background and Methods

Relations between pedestrians´ perceptions of traffic variables and appraisals of route environments as hindering – stimulating for walking as well as unsafe – safe for reasons of traffic, were studied in the inner urban area of Stockholm, Sweden (n = 294). The pedestrians used the Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES). Correlation, multiple regression, and mediation analyses were used to study the relationships between the traffic variables and the outcome variables.

Results

Traffic noise relates negatively to both hindering – stimulating for walking, and to unsafety – safety for traffic reasons. Vehicle speed related negatively to unsafety – safety for traffic reasons. Furthermore, vehicle speed protrudes as an important origin of the deterring effects of traffic among those who commute by foot.

Conclusion

The study shows the value of both partial and simultaneous analyses of the effect of all four traffic variables in relation to outcome variables relevant for walking. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svensk förening för fysisk aktivitet och idrottsmedicin, 2022
Keywords
walking, environment, traffic, noise, speed, perception
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7429 (URN)
Conference
SFAIMs vårmöte 2022. Tillsammans för framtidens fysiska aktivitet och idrottsmedicin. Stockholm 19-20 maj 2022.
Available from: 2022-12-05 Created: 2022-12-05 Last updated: 2022-12-06
Andersson, D., Wahlgren, L. & Schantz, P. (2022). Trafikbuller – ett högljutt hot mot folkhälsan. In: : . Paper presented at Transportforum 2022, 16-17 juni, Linköping.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trafikbuller – ett högljutt hot mot folkhälsan
2022 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Regelbunden fysisk aktivitet har positiva hälsoeffekter, och många vill vara fysiskt aktiva, men upplever inte sällan olika hinder för det, till exempel tidsbrist. Att gå eller cykla till arbetet är därför en intressant möjlighet i detta sammanhang, då fysiskt aktiv arbetspendling ofta är tidseffektivt. Dessutom krävs sällan någon specialutrustning, startsträckan är kort och avstånden kan anpassas så att man går, cyklar hela eller delar av sträckan mellan hem och arbetsplats. Om färdvägsmiljön dessutom upplevs som stimulerande och trygg kan den sannolikt bidra till att upprätthålla ett beteende, och på så vis medverka till att många individer får en angelägen ”dos” fysisk aktivitet.  

Studier av hur olika trafikvariabler samspelar, och hur dessa i sin tur påverkar vår uppfattning om en färdvägsmiljö ger inga entydiga svar. Syftet med denna studie var därför att studera de interna sambanden mellan fyra olika variabler relaterade till motortrafik: hastighet, flöde, buller och avgaser samt hur dessa, i olika kombinationer, inverkar på uppfattningen om en miljö är hindrande eller stimulerande respektive trygg eller otrygg för arbetspendling till fots.

Metod

294 arbetspendlande fotgängare (49.5 ± 10.4 år, 77 % kvinnor) rekryterades via annonser, och deras upplevelser av sina färdvägsmiljöer i Stockholms innerstad har nyttjats i våra analyser. Upplevelserna skattades med färdvägsmiljöskalan ”The Active Commuting Route Environment Scale” (ACRES). Den innehåller utfallsvariablerna hindrande-stimulerande färdvägsmiljö och otrygghet-trygghet i trafiken, samt ett antal miljöprediktorer, varav vi har nyttjat de fyra som är relaterade till motortrafik: flöde av motorfordon, hastighet, buller och avgaser.  Såväl trafikvariabler som utfallsvariabler skattades med 15-gradiga skalor. För att analysera sambanden mellan trafikvariablerna och utfallsvariablerna användes multipla regressionsanalyser. 

Resultat

Alla trafikvariabler var i sig själva negativt relaterade de båda utfallsvariablerna hindrande-stimulerande färdvägsmiljö och otrygghet-trygghet i trafiken. När istället de fyra trafikvariablerna analyserades samtidigt i förhållande till om miljön upplevdes som hindrande eller stimulerande samt otrygg eller trygg var det enbart buller som var negativt relaterad till de båda utfallsvariablerna. Hastighet hade en negativ roll i förhållande till trygghetsvariabeln. Analyserna visade dessutom att både flöde av motorfordon och hastighet förutspådde buller.

Slutsatser

Samtidigt som varje trafikvariabel är negativt relaterad till hur färdvägsmiljöer upplevs av fotgängare, framträder motorfordons buller och hastigheter som de variabler som är mest bekymmersamma för fotgängare. Studier som denna kan utgöra ett underlag för arbetet med att skapa attraktiva miljöer för fotgängare, och därmed bidra till bättre folkhälsa, förändrade pendlingsmönster i urbana miljöer samt ökad ekologisk hållbarhet.

National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6880 (URN)
Conference
Transportforum 2022, 16-17 juni, Linköping
Projects
FAAP
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, 2017/63917-6522
Note

Konferensen framflyttad från januari 2022.

Available from: 2022-01-03 Created: 2022-01-03 Last updated: 2022-11-15
Andersson, D. (Ed.). (2022). Åstrandtestet: Om pionjärskap och utveckling inom arbetsfysiologisk teori och praktik. Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Åstrandtestet: Om pionjärskap och utveckling inom arbetsfysiologisk teori och praktik
2022 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Boken handlar huvudsakligen om forskarparet Irma och Per-Olof Åstrand och deras insatser inom det arbetsfysiologiska fältet. Dessutom uppmärksammas olika aktörer som varit verksamma i anslutning till de båda. Författarna beskriver Åstrandtestet, dess bakgrund, grundläggande principer och genomförande. Därutöver presenteras en del av den utveckling som har skett inom svensk idrottsfysiologisk forskning och testning genom tiderna. Bilder, diagram och tabeller kompletterar texten och speglar det förflutna med fokus på bland annat laborationer och publikationer. Åstrandtestet vänder sig till studerande inom hälso- och sjukvård, folkhälsa, idrottsvetenskap, idrotts- och vetenskapshistoria samt yrkesverksamma inom dessa områden.

Innehåll:

  • Minnen från vår uppväxt med Irma och Per-Olof, av Elin Rundqvist & Peje Åstrand
  • Det biologiska arvet
  • Fysisk aktivitet och hälsa
  • Ett idrottsligt paradigmskifte
  • Idrottsfysiologisk forskning, träning och tävling i praktiken
  • Aeroba tester
  • Irma Åstrand - en kvinnlig pionjär inom arbetsfysiologin, av Daniel Svensson & Peter Schantz
  • Åstrandtestets bakgrund och grundläggande principer
  • Åstrandtestet - förberedelser, genomförande och beräkning av konditionsnivå
  • Den notoriske ergometercyklisten
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Studentlitteratur AB, 2022. p. 162
National Category
Physiology History
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7063 (URN)9789144156767 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-05-19 Created: 2022-05-19 Last updated: 2022-05-20
Andersson, D. & Åstrand, P. (2021). Kunskap krävs om fysisk aktivitet, covid-19 och överlevnad. Läkartidningen, Article ID 30 mars.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kunskap krävs om fysisk aktivitet, covid-19 och överlevnad
2021 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, article id 30 marsArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6623 (URN)
Available from: 2021-03-31 Created: 2021-03-31 Last updated: 2021-04-09Bibliographically approved
Andersson, D. (2020). Fysisk aktivitet: hälsa, välbefinnande och förändring hos individen (2ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fysisk aktivitet: hälsa, välbefinnande och förändring hos individen
2020 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Boken har ett tvärvetenskapligt upplägg och beskriver sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet och ett rikare liv, olika former av motion och träning samt vilka fördelar ett liv i rörelse ger. Den förklarar varför det är så viktigt att röra på sig och vad som egentligen händer när man är fysiskt aktiv. I bokens inledning förklaras hur vår moderna livsstil kontrasterar mot våra förfäders vardag och vilka problem som kan uppstå i samband med fysisk underbelastning. Därefter följer avsnitt om motivation, förändringar och stödjande miljöer samt om anatomi och fysiologi med fokus på rörelseapparaten. Kapitlet Ett liv i rörelse och balans: sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet och hälsa handlar om hur regelbunden fysisk aktivitet kan minska risken att drabbas av många av våra vanligaste folksjukdomar, exempelvis högt blodtryck och depression. Boken avslutas med fakta om hur den fysiska förmågan kan förbättras genom aerob och muskelstärkande fysisk aktivitet. Boken vänder sig till studerande inom hälso- och sjukvård, folkhälsa, idrottsvetenskap, pedagogik samt polis- och militärutbildning. Den kan också användas av redan yrkesverksamma inom dessa områden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020 Edition: 2
Keywords
Folkhälsa, Fysisk träning - hälsoaspekter
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6211 (URN)9789144134093 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-06-02 Created: 2020-06-02 Last updated: 2021-01-08
Souza Filho, P., Andersson, D., Ferreira, J. & Taherzadeh, M. J. (2019). Mycoprotein: environmental impact and health aspects. World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, 35(10)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mycoprotein: environmental impact and health aspects
2019 (English)In: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, ISSN 0959-3993, E-ISSN 1573-0972, Vol. 35, no 10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The term mycoprotein refers to the protein-rich food made of filamentous fungal biomass that can be consumed as an alternative to meat. In this paper, the impact caused by the substitution of animal-origin meat in the human diet for mycoprotein on the health and the environment is reviewed. Presently, mycoprotein can be found in the supermarkets of developed countries in several forms (e.g. sausages and patties). Expansion to other markets depends on the reduction of the costs. Although scarce, the results of life cycle analyses of mycoprotein agree that this meat substitute causes an environmental impact similar to chicken and pork. In this context, the use of inexpensive agro-industrial residues as substrate for mycoprotein production has been investigated. This strategy is believed to reduce the costs involved in the fungal cultivation and lower the environmental impact of both the mycoprotein and the food industry. Moreover, several positive effects in health have been associated with the substitution of meat for mycoprotein, including improvements in blood cholesterol concentration and glycemic response. Mycoprotein has found a place in the market, but questions regarding the consumer's experience on the sensory and health aspects are still being investigated.

Keywords
Alternative protein, Amino acids, Human health, Life cycle analysis, Meat substitute, Mycoprotein, Industrial Biotechnology, Industriell bioteknik
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6207 (URN)10.1007/s11274-019-2723-9 (DOI)000503454100002 ()31549247 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2020-06-02 Created: 2020-06-02 Last updated: 2020-06-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1574-4809

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