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Publications (10 of 58) Show all publications
Yttergren, L. (2019). Hemmafru eller gymnastikdirektör eller både och?: Kvinnliga gymnastikdirektörer, GCI och folkhemmet 1932–1952. Nordic Journal of Educational History, 6(1), 3-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hemmafru eller gymnastikdirektör eller både och?: Kvinnliga gymnastikdirektörer, GCI och folkhemmet 1932–1952
2019 (Swedish)In: Nordic Journal of Educational History, ISSN 2001-7766, E-ISSN 2001-9076, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 3-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Housewife or Physical Education Teacher? Or Both? Female Physical Education Teachers and the Welfare State, 1932–1952 • The purpose of the article is to analyse the occupational careers and lifestyles of 32 female physical education teachers during the period 1932–1973. The results show that women could work both as physiotherapists and as physical education teachers. Many chose the former, which in Central Institute of Gymnastics' (Gymnastiska centralinstitutet, GCI) own historical writing has been reduced in favor of the physical education teachers. The women came from the middle or upper middle class of society. They were around 20 years old when they started the two-year education at GCI, which attracted students from all over the country. They could combine marriage and children with work, even though it meant duplication and difficulty in bringing together the so-called "life puzzle." Unlike many other women at this time, the physical education teachers chose the occupational career instead of becoming full time housewives. Their attitude can be explained by the occupational and caring character of the profession, but also with the strong loyalty that existed in the group and the GCI-spirit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2019
National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5629 (URN)
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports
Available from: 2019-03-12 Created: 2019-03-12 Last updated: 2019-03-18Bibliographically approved
Yttergren, L. (2018). Avhandling om ishockey i Sverige och Finland – teorifattig men resultatrik tegelsten: recension av avhandlingen Ishockeyns amerikanisering: En studie av svensk och finsk elitishockey av Jyri Backman [Review]. Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, Article ID 5 december.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Avhandling om ishockey i Sverige och Finland – teorifattig men resultatrik tegelsten: recension av avhandlingen Ishockeyns amerikanisering: En studie av svensk och finsk elitishockey av Jyri Backman
2018 (Swedish)In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, article id 5 decemberArticle, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö University, 2018
National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5487 (URN)
Available from: 2018-12-06 Created: 2018-12-06 Last updated: 2018-12-07Bibliographically approved
Yttergren, L. (2018). Baseball, glima and Gotlandic sport: An analysis of the demonstration sports in the 1912 Stockholm Olympics. Diagoras: International Academic Journal on Olympic Studies, 2, 103-122
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Baseball, glima and Gotlandic sport: An analysis of the demonstration sports in the 1912 Stockholm Olympics
2018 (English)In: Diagoras: International Academic Journal on Olympic Studies, Vol. 2, p. 103-122Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study is to analyse the demonstration sports (baseball, glima and Gotlandic sport) into the 1912 Stockholm Olympics. Who took the initiative for the demonstration sports? The IOC or the Swedish Organising Committee? How were the demonstration sports received by the public and the press, and what was their legacy? The study is based mainly on primary sources from the 1912 Stockholm Olympics’ archive. The 1912 Stockholm Olympics has been well explored, mainly by Swedes and internationals, and this gives a good picture of the 1912 Stockholm Olympics from different perspectives. On the other hand, research into the demonstration sports in the Olympic Games is clearly limited and there is thus a great need for further studies. This current study covers just a small part of this need. The results show that in 1912 there was no considered strategy on the part of either the IOC or the Swedish Organising Committee concerning the demonstration sports. The initiative for the demonstration sports came from individual representatives of each type of sport, and the Swedish organisers were positive towards three of those proposed: baseball, glima and Gotlandic sport. The Swedish organisers had control over which demonstration sports would be included in the programme. This meant that the choice of demonstration sports lay beyond the control of the 1912 IOC, but this would change in the 1900s. During the games they were given limited attention at most, both publicly and in the press. The demonstration sports were removed from the Olympic programme before the 1992 Olympic Games.

National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5471 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-16 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2018-11-16
Yttergren, L. (2018). Demonstrationssporterna och olympiska spelen: En analys av basebolls, glimas och gutnisk idrottsdeltagande i Stockholmsolympiaden 1912. Idrott, historia & samhälle, 120-137
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demonstrationssporterna och olympiska spelen: En analys av basebolls, glimas och gutnisk idrottsdeltagande i Stockholmsolympiaden 1912
2018 (Swedish)In: Idrott, historia & samhälle, ISSN 0280-2775, p. 120-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska idrottshistoriska föreningen, 2018
Keywords
demonstrationssport, olympiska spel
National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5549 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-16 Created: 2019-01-16 Last updated: 2019-02-07Bibliographically approved
Yttergren, L. (2018). Kraftkarlar och knockouts: Kraftsporter, kropp och klass i Sverige 1920–1960 [Review]. Idrott, historia & samhälle, 149-152
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kraftkarlar och knockouts: Kraftsporter, kropp och klass i Sverige 1920–1960
2018 (Swedish)In: Idrott, historia & samhälle, ISSN 0280-2775, p. 149-152Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska idrottshistoriska föreningen, 2018
National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5550 (URN)
Note

Recension av avhandlingen Kraftkarlar och knockouts av Emma Pihl Skoog, Stockholms universitet 2017

Available from: 2019-01-16 Created: 2019-01-16 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Yttergren, L. (2018). Kraftkarlar och knockouts: Kraftsporter, kropp och klass i Sverige 1920-1960. Recension [Review]. Skandia. Tidskrift för historisk forskning, 84(1), 120-122
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kraftkarlar och knockouts: Kraftsporter, kropp och klass i Sverige 1920-1960. Recension
2018 (Swedish)In: Skandia. Tidskrift för historisk forskning, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 84, no 1, p. 120-122Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: , 2018
National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5292 (URN)
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-18Bibliographically approved
Yttergren, L. & Bolling, H. (2016). Kvinnor, karriär och familj: En studie av svenska kvinnliga gymnastikdirektörers yrkeskarriärer och livsöden kring sekelskiftet 1900. Historisk Tidskrift (S), 136(2), 185-219
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kvinnor, karriär och familj: En studie av svenska kvinnliga gymnastikdirektörers yrkeskarriärer och livsöden kring sekelskiftet 1900
2016 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, ISSN ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 136, no 2, p. 185-219Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Women, careers and family: A study of the professional careers and lives of Swedish female gymnastics directors around the year 1900

This article analyses the professional careers of Swedish female gymnastics directors around the turn of the nineteenth century by means of a collective biographical study of the 25 women who graduated from the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics (RCIG) in Stockholm in 1893. The institute was held in high repute in Sweden and abroad and was one of the first institutes in Sweden to provide higher professional education for women.

The investigation is based primarily on the unique correspondence between the women. A correspondence book circulated among them between 1893 and 1943 and it contains a total of almost 500 letters amounting to thousands of handwritten pages. The study shows that the women, who with the odd exception came from the upper echelons of society, had good opportunities to pursue a career after graduating from the RCIG. As graduates they earned a double degree and were qualified to work as both physical education teachers and as physiotherapists. This double professional authorization meant that the prospect of obtaining work was good in both Sweden and abroad. Their services were requested throughout the world.

The labour market for gymnastics directors is thus an early example, maybe the first, of a well-functioning international labour market for Swedish women with higher professional education. No less than 16 out of 25 women made their way abroad to work during the first decade after graduation. There are several reasons for the women’s ability to make a career. The treatment methods of Swedish gymnastics – physical education and physiotherapy – were the height of fashion at the turn of the nineteenth century and there was great demand for the RCIG graduates. There was also a large international network of Swedish gymnastics directors. The women remained faithful to their choice of occupation, even if their career tended to be discontinued upon marriage. When they graduated in 1893 none of the women were married. Half of them married later on. In most cases marriage had a negative effect on their professional careers; family life and a professional career could not be combined.

Keywords
Swedish gymnastics; physical education, physiotherapy, women’s careers, marriage, early twentieth century
National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4666 (URN)
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports
Available from: 2016-12-20 Created: 2016-12-20 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Yttergren, L. & Bolling, H. (2016). Kvinnorna i Stockholm-OS 1912. Gymnastikkvinnornas kamp för plats i det offentliga fysiska rummet. Idrott, historia & samhälle, 48-69
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kvinnorna i Stockholm-OS 1912. Gymnastikkvinnornas kamp för plats i det offentliga fysiska rummet
2016 (Swedish)In: Idrott, historia & samhälle, ISSN 0280-2775, p. 48-69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
Stockholm-OS 1912, gymnastik, kvinnor
National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4689 (URN)
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports
Available from: 2017-01-09 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Yttergren, L. (2016). Spännande resultat och intressanta metodologiska överväganden i svårgenomtränglig text: recension av boken Paragrafer, pokaler och politiska inkast: Idrottsdistriktet Värmland 1900–1940, omvärld och formering av Bode Janzon [Review]. Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, Article ID 14 dec.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spännande resultat och intressanta metodologiska överväganden i svårgenomtränglig text: recension av boken Paragrafer, pokaler och politiska inkast: Idrottsdistriktet Värmland 1900–1940, omvärld och formering av Bode Janzon
2016 (Swedish)In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, article id 14 decArticle, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4665 (URN)
Available from: 2016-12-19 Created: 2016-12-19 Last updated: 2017-11-29
Yttergren, L., Renson, R. & Kluge, V. (2016). The Biografies of all IOC Members: Part XXII. Journal of Olympic History, 24(3), 64-71
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Biografies of all IOC Members: Part XXII
2016 (English)In: Journal of Olympic History, ISSN 1085-5165, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 64-71Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4667 (URN)
Available from: 2016-12-20 Created: 2016-12-20 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5642-8810

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