Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Alternative names
Publications (9 of 9) Show all publications
Kilger, M. & Hellström, J. S. (2019). “- How does it feel right now?”: A narrative analysis of sports-interviews after performance. In: James Phelan (Ed.), The Society of the Study of Narrative Annual Conference, ISSN: . Paper presented at 2019 International Conference on Narrative, May 30-June 1, Pamplona, Spain. Georgetown: Ohio State University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“- How does it feel right now?”: A narrative analysis of sports-interviews after performance
2019 (English)In: The Society of the Study of Narrative Annual Conference, ISSN / [ed] James Phelan, Georgetown: Ohio State University Press, 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Success stories and heroic tales are recurrently investigated narrative genres in literature (Propp, 1998), journalism (Lule, 2001) and, not the least, in sports (Hellström, 2014). In sports, we repeatedly hear athletes explain their performance at half-time or give us reflections on a recently completed competition. However, these stories are not produced in a social vacuum; they are part of a discursive framework and a product of time and place. The trajectories for a legitimate success story is limited and specific storylines are repeated and holds a specific dramaturgical structure. The heroic story typically follows a temporal structure, from a beginning to an end, where events and performances function as phases of a narrative journey towards a defining triumph (Hoebeke et al. 2011). Which performances that constitutes the highlight of an athlete’s career will always be culturally determined, since cultures produces heroes according to their own specific values and traditions (Whannel, 2002). Thereby, the “personal” story is both a contextually specific narrative and a culturally shared narrative.

 

Aims and empirical material

In this paper, we are seeking to investigate how success stories in sports as a central part of the athletes identity work, and how these stories also serve as symbols for values and morals of a wider sporting society (Kilger, 2017). Many narrative scholars within the area of sports have been interested in retrospective studies of sports heroes or historical media studies of successful athletes (Hargreaves, 2000; Hellström, 2014; Whannel, 2002). In this study, we would like to pay particular attention to how personal narratives are built ´in-action´ and study which narrative elements are recurrent in the interviews and how is the own performance explained. Accordingly, we are interested in how such narratives of success and failure are co-constructed in the interview interaction and how they are structured. By investigating which master narratives that the participants recruit in their personal stories, this can help us to uncover shared normative storylines in elite sports. Moreover, we would like to illuminate how the athletes are using ´temporal-identity´ in the interviews as a way to construct a legitimate story of performance.

 

The data set will include after-performance media interviews from Swedish television (SVT) during the FIS Cross Country World Championships. More specifically, we are seeking to analyze between 15-20 after-race television interviews with Swedish athletes during the FIS Cross Country World Championships 2019 in Falun, Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Georgetown: Ohio State University Press, 2019
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5911 (URN)
Conference
2019 International Conference on Narrative, May 30-June 1, Pamplona, Spain
Available from: 2019-11-12 Created: 2019-11-12 Last updated: 2019-11-18Bibliographically approved
Hellström, J. S. (2017). Sportens celebriteter: Björn Borg och Ingemar Stenmark i svensk press. In: Torbjörn Forslid, Patrik Lundell, Anders Ohlsson, Tobias Olsson (Ed.), Celebritetsskapande från Strindberg till Asllani: (pp. 157-173). Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sportens celebriteter: Björn Borg och Ingemar Stenmark i svensk press
2017 (Swedish)In: Celebritetsskapande från Strindberg till Asllani / [ed] Torbjörn Forslid, Patrik Lundell, Anders Ohlsson, Tobias Olsson, Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds universitet , 2017, p. 157-173Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds universitet, 2017
Series
Mediehistoriskt arkiv, ISSN 1654-6601 ; 35
Keywords
massmedia, press, kändisskap, celebriteter, idrottsstjärnor, idrottshistoria
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4817 (URN)978-91-981961-7-7 (ISBN)978-91-981967-9-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-16 Created: 2017-03-16 Last updated: 2017-03-16
Hellström, J. S. (2016). Elitidrottares motivbild skärskådas med nykommen metod: recension av boken Life Story Research in Sport: Understanding the experiences of elite and professional athletes through narrative / Kitrina Douglas & David Carless [Review]. Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, Article ID 9 mars.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elitidrottares motivbild skärskådas med nykommen metod: recension av boken Life Story Research in Sport: Understanding the experiences of elite and professional athletes through narrative / Kitrina Douglas & David Carless
2016 (Swedish)In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, article id 9 marsArticle, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Languages and Literature
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4381 (URN)
Available from: 2016-03-14 Created: 2016-03-14 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Hellström, J. (2014). Den svenska sporthjälten: Kontinuitet och förändring i medieberättelsen om den svenska sporthjälten från 1920-talet till idag. (Doctoral dissertation). Malmö: Idrottsforum.org
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den svenska sporthjälten: Kontinuitet och förändring i medieberättelsen om den svenska sporthjälten från 1920-talet till idag
2014 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
The Swedish Sports Hero : Change and Stability in the Media Story of the Swedish Sports Hero from 1920’s to the Present time
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines the media construction of five Swedish sports heroes, active from the 1920’s to the beginning of the 2000’s. The analyses are based on the assumption that sports heroes are social products that reflect the dominating ideals and values of a society or culture, and that the media plays an important role in this process. Firstly, the media provide the attention necessary for successful athletes to become publically known and, secondly, they create the stories in which some athletes are represented as heroes while others are represented as villains. The use of narrative theory in this thesis builds on the idea that a story is not merely a way of presenting information, but a way of creating meaning. A person becomes a hero when he or she is described as a hero in a heroic tale. To analyze the media construction of sports heroes is thus to analyze the media stories of them as heroes.

In order to examine and compare the construction of sports heroes in the media, articles from daily press and magazines as well as broadcasts in radio and television have been analyzed. The results show that although each of the five heroes were valued and represented according to ideals and values specific of his or her time, there are similarities in the media representation of them that suggest that there is some degree of stability in the narrative of the Swedish sports hero over time. In many ways, the story of the Swedish sports hero is still intact since the 1920’s. However, this story is an ideal story and the process of constructing athletes as heroes has proved to be filled with compromise and contradictions. It can be argued that the media is more concerned with fitting the athletes into an already existing narrative of the Swedish sports hero than with representing them as individuals.

Seen in a wider historical context, sports heroes represent an example of how national identity is constructed in the media. National identity is, as many theorists have shown, a dynamic and relational process. What is considered typically Swedish thus changes over time and in different contexts. In this process the social status of sports heroes helps to stabilize as well as legitimize dominating ideas of Swedish national identity.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Idrottsforum.org, 2014
Series
Avhandlingsserie för Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan ; 01
Series
Malmö studies in sport sciences ; 15
Keywords
sports, hero, star, narrative, media, national identity
National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3312 (URN)978-91-85645-15-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-06-04, Aulan, GIH, Lidingövägen 1, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Avhandlingens baksidestext:

I denna avhandling analyseras medieberättelserna om fem av Sveriges största och mest hyllade sportstjärnor genom tiderna: Harry Persson, Ingemar Johansson, Björn Borg, Ingemar Stenmark och Carolina Klüft. De var stjärnor i olika sportgrenar i olika tidsepoker. Gemensamt för dem är att de beskrevs som mer än sportstjärnor i medierna. De var nationella hjältar som förkroppsligade svenska ideal och värderingar. När de nådde sina största triumfer uppfattades deras segrar inte som personliga utan som kollektiva segrar i medierna. Den ära och prestige som följde med deras VM-triumfer, OS-guld och Wimbledonsegrar tillföll hela nationen.

Hjältar framställs ofta som representanter för universella och tidlösa ideal och värderingar. I praktiken visar forskning att hjältar är kulturella produkter som avspeglar de ideal och värderingar som dominerar för stunden, och att medierna spelar en central roll i skapandet av nationella sporthjältar. Det är medierna som förmedlar nyheter om sport och det är medierna som skapar de berättelser som beskriver vissa sportstjärnor som hjältar.

Med berättelsen som analysverktyg analyserar John Hellström mediekonstruktionen av fem svenska sportstjärnor som alla fått status som nationella hjältar i Sverige. Genom att analysera sporthjältar verksamma under olika tidsepoker visar han inte bara hur mediekonstruktionen av svenska sporthjältar förändrats över tid, vi får också nya insikter om sportens betydelse för skapandet av nationell identitet i Sverige i ett historiskt perspektiv.

John S. Hellström är historiker och idrottsvetare vid Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan. Den svenska sporthjälten är hans doktorsavhandling.

Available from: 2014-05-09 Created: 2014-05-08 Last updated: 2016-03-14Bibliographically approved
Hellström, J. S. & Yttergren, L. (2014). Historisk forskning. In: Suzanne Lundvall (Ed.), Från Kungl. Gymnastiska Centralinstitutet till Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan: en betraktelse av de senaste 25 åren som del av en 200-årig historia (pp. 207-209). Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Historisk forskning
2014 (Swedish)In: Från Kungl. Gymnastiska Centralinstitutet till Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan: en betraktelse av de senaste 25 åren som del av en 200-årig historia / [ed] Suzanne Lundvall, Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH , 2014, p. 207-209Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, 2014
National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3666 (URN)
Available from: 2015-01-09 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2017-05-31Bibliographically approved
Hellström, J. (2014). Karriärövergången för elittennisspelare studeras: recension av boken Kändisskap och statuspassager: Idrottslig identitet i upplevelseindustrins tjänst av Jonas Stier [Review]. Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, 28 mars
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Karriärövergången för elittennisspelare studeras: recension av boken Kändisskap och statuspassager: Idrottslig identitet i upplevelseindustrins tjänst av Jonas Stier
2014 (Swedish)In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, Vol. 28 marsArticle, book review (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Det går knackigt för svensk tennis utanför landets gränser. I skrivande stund finns ingen svensk, man eller kvinna, i topp 100 på tennisens rankinglistor; faktum är att hela Norden representeras av blott två spelare på toppnivå, Finlands Jarkko Nieminen och Danmarks Caroline Wozniacki. I Sverige minns vi med saknad det så kallade svenska tennisundret. Under en följd av år producerade Sverige framgångsrika spelare på herrsidan, världsettor och topp 10-spelare, i långa banor. Vi minns kanske särskilt Björn Borg, Mats Wilander, Anders Järryd och Stefan Edberg från guldåren, och i ett något senare skede Jonas Björkman och Magnus Norman. Men det fanns åtskilliga fler, och för dem alla har livet förändrats drastiskt i och med idrottskarriärens slut. Det forskas faktiskt en hel del kring det som på svanka kallas karriärövergångar för idrottare, här hemma och internationellt. Ett bidrag till den forskningen är Jonas Stiers sociologiska undersökning av hur just ett antal svenska tennisspelares upplevde och handskades med övergången från firad världsstjärna till ”vanlig”, om än ovanligt rik, svensk. John Hellström, som själv forskar om idrottshjältar, har läst Stiers Kändisskap och statuspassager: Idrottslig identitet i upplevelseindustrins tjänst (Studentlitteratur), som trots bristande generaliserbarhet är värdefull på många sätt, inte minst när det gäller metodologins allmänna användbarhet.

National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3481 (URN)
Available from: 2014-10-07 Created: 2014-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Bäckström, Å. & Hellström, J. (2014). Successfully profiling cultural studies and social responsibility in sport management education. In: : . Paper presented at WASM - World Association fot Sport Management Inaugural World Conference. Bridging the gap in sport manangement globally. Madrid, 1-3 October 2014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Successfully profiling cultural studies and social responsibility in sport management education
2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3476 (URN)
Conference
WASM - World Association fot Sport Management Inaugural World Conference. Bridging the gap in sport manangement globally. Madrid, 1-3 October 2014
Available from: 2014-10-06 Created: 2014-10-06 Last updated: 2018-03-09Bibliographically approved
Yttergren, L. & Hellström, J. (2013). Ingemar Stenmark, folkhero and media star.: The media´s construction of a Swedish skiing hero in the 1970s. European Studies in Sports History, 6, 93-110
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ingemar Stenmark, folkhero and media star.: The media´s construction of a Swedish skiing hero in the 1970s
2013 (English)In: European Studies in Sports History, ISSN 1999-8589, Vol. 6, p. 93-110Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Presses universitaires de Rouen et du Havre, 2013
Keywords
sport, hero, media, construction, Stenmark
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3878 (URN)
Available from: 2015-06-25 Created: 2015-06-25 Last updated: 2016-03-21Bibliographically approved
Hellström, J. (2013). Medierna skapar hjälten. Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, 22(1), 16-19
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Medierna skapar hjälten
2013 (Swedish)In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 16-19Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Välj en idrott som är populär i Sverige. Vinn i ett stort mästerskap i direktsänd tv. Lägg ovanpå det en dramaturgiskt intressant berättelse så har du formeln för att bli en svensk sporthjälte. Men om medierna tappar intresset blir berömmelsen kortvarig.

National Category
History
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2995 (URN)
Available from: 2013-10-28 Created: 2013-10-25 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7012-3255

Search in DiVA

Show all publications