Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Publications (10 of 30) Show all publications
Liljedahl, J., Arndt, A., Nooijen, C. F. & Bjerkefors, A. (2023). Isometric, dynamic, and manual muscle strength measures and their association with cycling performance in elite para-cyclists.. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 102(5), 461-467
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Isometric, dynamic, and manual muscle strength measures and their association with cycling performance in elite para-cyclists.
2023 (English)In: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, ISSN 0894-9115, E-ISSN 1537-7385, Vol. 102, no 5, p. 461-467Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Para-cycling classification aims to generate fair competition by discriminating between levels of activity limitation. This study investigated the relationship between lower limb Manual Muscle Tests (MMT) with ratio-scaled measures of isometric and dynamic strength, and of the ratio-scaled measures with cycling performance.

DESIGN: Fifty-six para-cyclists (44 males, 12 females) with leg impairments performed isometric and dynamic strength tests: leg push and pull, and an all-out 20 s sprint. MMT results were obtained from the classification database (n = 21) and race speeds from time trials (n = 54).

RESULTS: Regression analyses showed significant associations of MMT with isometric push (R2 = .49), dynamic push (R2 = .35), and dynamic pull (R2 = .28). Isometric strength was significantly correlated with dynamic push (ρ = .63) and pull (ρ = .54). The isometric and dynamic tests were significantly associated with sprint power and race speed (R2 = .16-.50).

CONCLUSION: The modified MMT and ratio-scaled measures were significantly associated. The significant relation of isometric and dynamic strength with sprint power and race speed maps the impact of lower limb impairments on para-cycling performance. MMT and the isometric and dynamic measures show potential for use in para-cycling classification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wolters Kluwer, 2023
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7024 (URN)10.1097/PHM.0000000000002014 (DOI)000985327400017 ()35349541 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2022-04-22 Created: 2022-04-22 Last updated: 2023-06-27Bibliographically approved
Rosén, J. S., Arndt, A., Nilsson, J., Rosdahl, H., Goosey-Tolfrey, V. & Bjerkefors, A. (2022). Kinematic and kinetic performance variables during paddling among para-kayak athletes with unilateral above or below knee amputation. Sports Biomechanics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kinematic and kinetic performance variables during paddling among para-kayak athletes with unilateral above or below knee amputation
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2022 (English)In: Sports Biomechanics, ISSN 1476-3141, E-ISSN 1752-6116Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In para-kayak, athletes with unilateral above knee amputation (AK) and athletes with below knee amputation (BK) compete in the same class. This has been questioned since previous research have shown that the legs are important for paddling performance. The purpose was therefore to examine differences in kinematic and kinetic performance variables between AK and BK para-kayak athletes and the amputated (A) and non-amputated (NA) sides. Eleven AK and six BK athletes on international level participated. 3D kinematic and kinetic data were collected for the body, seat, footrest and paddle during kayak ergometer paddling. There were no significant differences between the groups in main performance variables such as power output or paddle force. Differences between the groups were only seen in the hip joint in flexion range of motion, flexion and extension angular velocity and flexion moment where BK demonstrated larger values. The NA side demonstrated greater values compared to the A side in posterior force at the seat and in hip flexion moment. As there were no significant differences between the groups in the majority of the examined key performance variables, the results suggest that athletes with unilateral AK and BK amputation may be able to compete in the same class.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2022
Keywords
Paracanoe, classification, impairment, kayak, paralympics
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6850 (URN)10.1080/14763141.2022.2067074 (DOI)000794314300001 ()35475681 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports
Note

At the time of Johanna Rosen's dissertation, the paper was submitted and under review.

Funded by International Canoe Federation (ICF) and Swedish Research Council for Sport Science (CIF)

Available from: 2021-11-16 Created: 2021-11-16 Last updated: 2022-06-28Bibliographically approved
Liljedahl, J. B., Bjerkefors, A., Arndt, A. & Nooijen, C. F. (2021). Para-cycling race performance in different sport classes.. Disability and Rehabilitation, 43(24), 3440-3444
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Para-cycling race performance in different sport classes.
2021 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 43, no 24, p. 3440-3444Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The para-cycling classification system, consisting of five classes (C1-C5) for bicycling (C5 athletes having least impairments), is mostly based on expert-opinion rather than scientific evidence. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in race performance between para-cycling classes. Methods: From official results of the men's 1 km time trials for classes C1-C5 of seven Union Cycliste Internationale World Championships and Paralympics, median race speed of the five fastest athletes in each class was calculated (n = 175). Para-cycling results were expressed as a percentage of able-bodied performance using race results from the same years (n = 35). To assess differences between consecutive classes, Kruskal-Wallis tests with Mann-Whitney U post hoc tests were performed, correcting for multiple testing (p < 0.013). Results: Para-cyclists in C1 reached 75% (median ± interquartile range = 44.8 ± 4.2 km/h) and in C5 90% (53.5 ± 2.9 km/h) of able-bodied race speed (59.4 ± 0.9 km/h). Median race speed between consecutive classes was significantly different (χ2 = 142.6, p < 0.01), except for C4 (52.1 ± 2.8 km/h) and C5 (U = 447.0, p = 0.05). Conclusion: Current para-cycling classification does not clearly differentiate between classes with least impairments.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe current classification system is not evidence-based and does not clearly differentiate between relevant groups of para-cyclists.An evidence-based para-cycling classification system is essential for a fair and equitable competition.Fair competition will make it more interesting and increase participation.Para-cycling can inspire everyone with and even those without disabilities to be physically active.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
Keywords
Para-cycling, classification, cycling, paralympic sports, performance
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6095 (URN)10.1080/09638288.2020.1734106 (DOI)000519734900001 ()32174176 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2020-03-24 Created: 2020-03-24 Last updated: 2022-05-10
Nooijen, C. F., Muchaxo, R., Liljedahl, J., Bjerkefors, A., Janssen, T., van der Woude, L., . . . de Groot, S. (2021). The relation between sprint power and road time trial performance in elite para-cyclists.. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 24(11), 1193-1198
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relation between sprint power and road time trial performance in elite para-cyclists.
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2021 (English)In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, ISSN 1440-2440, E-ISSN 1878-1861, Vol. 24, no 11, p. 1193-1198Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: Whilst cycling performance has been studied extensively, very little is known about the performance of para-cyclists. This study assessed the relation between sprint power and road time trial performance in elite para-cyclists, and whether this relation differed based on impairment type and type of bike used.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional.

METHODS: During international para-cycling events, 168 athletes (88 bicycles, 17 tricycles, 56 recumbent handbikes and 7 kneeling handbikes) performed 20-s sport-specific sprint tests (mean power output (POmean) W), and their road time trial performance (average speed (km/h)) was taken from the official results. Multilevel regression models to assess the relation of sprint with time trial performance were composed for i. leg-cyclists: bicycle and tricycle and ii. arm-cyclists: recumbent- and kneeling handbike, adjusted for identified confounders. Furthermore, impairment type (categorized as i) muscle power/range of motion, ii) limb deficiency/leg length difference, and iii) coordination) and bike type were tested as effect modifiers.

RESULTS: POmean ranged from 303 ± 12 W for recumbent handcyclists to 482 ± 156 W for bicyclists. POmean was significantly related to time trial performance, for both leg-cyclists (β = 0.010, SE = 0.003, p < 0.01) and arm-cyclists (β = 0.029; SE = 0.005, p < 0.01), and impairment type and bike type were not found to be effect modifiers.

CONCLUSIONS: Sprint power was related to road time trial performance in all para-cyclists, with no differences found in this relation based on impairment type nor bike type. For those competing on a bicycle, tricycle, recumbent- or kneeling handbike, sprint tests might therefore be useful to predict or monitor time trial performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Cycling, Endurance, Paralympics, Power, Speed, Sprint
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6708 (URN)10.1016/j.jsams.2021.04.014 (DOI)000706574300018 ()34024734 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2021-05-26 Created: 2021-05-26 Last updated: 2021-11-08
Rosén, J. S., Goosey-Tolfrey, V. L., Tolfrey, K., Arndt, A. & Bjerkefors, A. (2020). Interrater Reliability of the New Sport-Specific Evidence-Based Classification System for Para Va'a.. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 37(3), 241-252
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interrater Reliability of the New Sport-Specific Evidence-Based Classification System for Para Va'a.
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2020 (English)In: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, ISSN 0736-5829, E-ISSN 1543-2777, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 241-252Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine the interrater reliability of a new evidence-based classification system for Para Va'a. Twelve Para Va'a athletes were classified by three classifier teams each consisting of a medical and a technical classifier. Interrater reliability was assessed by calculating intraclass correlation for the overall class allocation and total scores of trunk, leg, and on-water test batteries and by calculating Fleiss's kappa and percentage of total agreement in the individual tests of each test battery. All classifier teams agreed with the overall class allocation of all athletes, and all three test batteries exhibited excellent interrater reliability. At a test level, agreement between classifiers was almost perfect in 14 tests, substantial in four tests, moderate in four tests, and fair in one test. The results suggest that a Para Va'a athlete can expect to be allocated to the same class regardless of which classifier team conducts the classification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2020
Keywords
Paralympics, impairment, outrigger, paddling, paracanoe
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6083 (URN)10.1123/apaq.2019-0141 (DOI)000546696800001 ()32143189 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2020-03-16 Created: 2020-03-16 Last updated: 2021-11-16
Edwards, J., Bjerkefors, A., Rosén, J. S. & Tarassova, O. (2019). Paracanoe. In: Don McKenzie, Bo Berglund (Ed.), Canoeing: (pp. 106-115). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Paracanoe
2019 (English)In: Canoeing / [ed] Don McKenzie, Bo Berglund, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2019, p. 106-115Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2019
Series
Handbook of sports medicine and science
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5642 (URN)9781119097204 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-03-18 Created: 2019-03-18 Last updated: 2020-03-25Bibliographically approved
Rosén, J. S., Arndt, A., Goosey-Tolfrey, V. L., Mason, B. S., Hutchinson, M. J., Tarassova, O. & Bjerkefors, A. (2019). The impact of impairment on kinematic and kinetic variables in Va'a paddling: Towards a sport-specific evidence-based classification system for Para Va'a.. Journal of Sports Sciences, 37(17), 1942-1950
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of impairment on kinematic and kinetic variables in Va'a paddling: Towards a sport-specific evidence-based classification system for Para Va'a.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 37, no 17, p. 1942-1950Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Para Va'a is a new Paralympic sport in which athletes with trunk and/or leg impairment compete over 200 m. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of impairment on kinematic and kinetic variables during Va'a ergometer paddling. Ten able-bodied and 44 Para Va'a athletes with impairments affecting: trunk and legs (TL), legs bilaterally (BL) or leg unilaterally (UL) participated. Differences in stroke frequency, mean paddling force, and joint angles and correlation of the joint angles with paddling force were examined. Able-bodied demonstrated significantly greater paddling force as well as knee and ankle flexion ranges of movement (ROM) on the top hand paddling side compared to TL, BL and UL. Able-bodied, BL and UL demonstrated greater paddling force and trunk flexion compared to TL, and UL demonstrated larger bottom hand paddling side knee and ankle flexion ROM compared to BL. Significant positive correlations were observed for both male and female athletes between paddling force and all trunk flexion angles and ROM in the trunk and pelvis rotation and bottom hand paddling side hip, knee and ankle flexion. The results of this study are important for creating an evidence-based classification system for Para Va'a.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
Outrigger, disability, paddling force, paralympics
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5717 (URN)10.1080/02640414.2019.1606763 (DOI)000470359400001 ()31006343 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-23 Last updated: 2021-11-16
Bjerkefors, A., Rosén, J. S., Tarassova, O. & Arndt, A. (2019). Three-Dimensional Kinematics and Power Output in Elite Para-Kayakers and Elite Able-Bodied Flat-Water Kayakers.. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 93-100
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Three-Dimensional Kinematics and Power Output in Elite Para-Kayakers and Elite Able-Bodied Flat-Water Kayakers.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Applied Biomechanics, ISSN 1065-8483, E-ISSN 1543-2688, p. 93-100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Trunk, pelvis and leg movement are important for performance in sprint kayaking. Para-kayaking is a new Paralympic sport in which athletes with trunk and/or leg impairment compete in three classification groups. The purpose of this study was to identify how physical impairments impact on performance by examining: differences in three-dimensional joint range of motion (RoM) between 10 (4 females, 6 males) elite able-bodied kayakers and 41 (13 females, 28 males) elite para-kayakersfrom the three classification groups, and which joint angles were correlated with power output during high intensity kayak ergometer paddling. There were significant differences in RoM between the able-bodied kayakers and the three para-kayak groups for the shoulders (flexion, rotation: able-bodied kayakers<para-kayakers), trunk and pelvis (rotation: able-bodied kayakers>para-kayakers) and legs (hip, knee, ankle flexion: able-bodied kayakers>para-kayakers) during paddling. Furthermore, athletes with greater impairment exhibited lower trunk and leg RoM compared to those with less impairment. Significant positive correlations were observed for both males and females between power output and peak shoulder and trunk flexion, trunk and pelvis rotation RoM and hip, knee and ankle flexion RoM. This information is important for understanding how key kinematic and kinetic variables for para-kayaking performance vary between athletes from different classification groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2019
Keywords
3D analysis, Paralympics, canoe, disability, ergometer, kinetics
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5432 (URN)10.1123/jab.2017-0102 (DOI)000461017800001 ()30300050 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-10-16 Created: 2018-10-16 Last updated: 2021-11-16Bibliographically approved
Bjerkefors, A. (2018). Positive Effects of Kayak and Kayak Ergometer Training by people with Paraplegia. In: : . Paper presented at The Second World Paracanoe Conference, October 5-7 2018, Stockholm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Positive Effects of Kayak and Kayak Ergometer Training by people with Paraplegia
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in a complete or partial loss of motor and/or sensory function below the injury level. An SCI causes extensive functional impairment compelling many persons to wheelchair usage. Maintaining an adequate strength and control of trunk and shoulder muscles becomes essential, as the majority of every day tasks will be performed in a sitting position. Moreover, physical exercise is crucial to avoid risks connected with a sedentary life-style. Therefore, it becomes important to find suitable, effective, and attractive physical activities to retain and even improve motor functions achieved during rehabilitation. Ideally, such a training activity should be versatile and have the potential to improve several capacities beneficial to everyday life and thereby increase the independence of persons with SCI. Kayak paddling appears to fulfil several of the criteria for such an activity.

Objectives The overall aims were to see if, and to what extent, a period of training on a modified kayak ergometer could influence functional performance as well as specific qualities, such as, shoulder muscle strength and sitting balance control in a group of post-rehabilitated persons with thoracic SCI.

Methods Ten adult post-rehabilitated persons with thoracic SCI performed 30 sessions of kayak ergometer training for a 10-week period, with progressively increased intensity and balance demand in the medio-lateral direction. Pre- and post-training measurements included performance in functional wheelchair tests, maximal voluntary shoulder muscle strength, and trunk stability in response to support-surface translations.

Results There were significant improvements with training in functional performance, shoulder muscle strength, and the ability to maintain an upright sitting posture in response to balance perturbations in the group of persons with SCI.

Conclusions The improvements in test-performance observed with the kayak ergometer training in the persons with SCI should enhance their capacity to master similar challenges in everyday life, which, in turn, might lead to a greater independence.

Keywords
parasport, rehabilitation, spinal cord injury, canoe, kayak, ergometer
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5540 (URN)
Conference
The Second World Paracanoe Conference, October 5-7 2018, Stockholm
Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2020-03-25Bibliographically approved
Squair, J. W., Bjerkefors, A., Inglis, J. T., Lam, T. & Carpenter, M. G. (2016). Cortical and vestibular stimulation reveal preserved descending motor pathways in individuals with motor-complete spinal cord injury.. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 48(7), 589-596
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cortical and vestibular stimulation reveal preserved descending motor pathways in individuals with motor-complete spinal cord injury.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 48, no 7, p. 589-596Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To use a combination of electrophysiological techniques to determine the extent of preserved muscle activity below the clinically-defined level of motor-complete spinal cord injury.

METHODS: Transcranial magnetic stimulation and vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials were used to investigate whether there was any preserved muscle activity in trunk, hip and leg muscles of 16 individuals with motor-complete spinal cord injury (C4-T12) and 16 able-bodied matched controls.

RESULTS: Most individuals (14/16) with motor-complete spinal cord injury were found to have transcranial magnetic stimulation evoked, and/or voluntary evoked muscle activity in muscles innervated below the clinically classified lesion level. In most cases voluntary muscle activation was accompanied by a present transcranial magnetic stimulation response. Furthermore, motor-evoked potentials to transcranial magnetic stimulation could be observed in muscles that could not be voluntarily activated. Vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials responses were also observed in a small number of subjects, indicating the potential preservation of other descending pathways.

CONCLUSION: These results highlight the importance of using multiple electrophysiological techniques to assist in determining the potential preservation of muscle activity below the clinically-defined level of injury in individuals with a motor-complete spinal cord injury. These techniques may provide clinicians with more accurate information about the state of various motor pathways, and could offer a method to more accurately target rehabilitation.

National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4480 (URN)10.2340/16501977-2101 (DOI)000378941400005 ()27292455 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-06-22 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Projects
E-PABS - a centre of Excellence in Physical Activity, healthy Brain functions and Sustainability [20210002 01 H]; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH; Publications
Hoy, S., Larsson, H., Kjellenberg, K., Nyberg, G., Ekblom, Ö. & Helgadóttir, B. (2024). Gendered relations? Associations between Swedish parents, siblings, and adolescents' time spent sedentary and physically active. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 6, Article ID 1236848. Heiland, E. G., Kjellenberg, K., Tarassova, O., Nyberg, G., Ekblom, M., Ekblom, Ö. & Helgadóttir, B. (2023). Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory and cerebral blood flow in adolescents: a randomized crossover trial. In: : . Paper presented at The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Uppsala, Sweden, June 15-18, 2023. Regan, C., Heiland, E. G., Ekblom, Ö., Tarassova, O., Kjellenberg, K., Larsen, F. J., . . . Helgadóttir, B. (2023). Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory, cerebral blood flow, arterial stiffness, and psychological factors in adolescents: Study protocol for a randomised crossover trial.. PLOS ONE, 18(5), Article ID e0285581. Farias, L., Nyberg, G., Helgadóttir, B. & Andermo, S. (2023). Adolescents' experiences of a school-based health promotion intervention in socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged areas in Sweden: a qualitative process evaluation study.. BMC Public Health, 23(1), Article ID 1631. Larsson, L. E., Wang, R., Cederholm, T., Wiggenraad, F., Rydén, M., Hagman, G., . . . Thunborg, C. (2023). Association of Sarcopenia and Its Defining Components with the Degree of Cognitive Impairment in a Memory Clinic Population.. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 96(2), 777-788Yman, J., Helgadóttir, B., Kjellenberg, K. & Nyberg, G. (2023). Associations between organised sports participation, general health, stress, screen-time and sleep duration in adolescents.. Acta Paediatrica, 112(3), 452-459Wu, J., Xiong, Y., Xia, X., Orsini, N., Qiu, C., Kivipelto, M., . . . Wang, R. (2023). Can dementia risk be reduced by following the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7?: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.. Ageing Research Reviews, 83, Article ID 101788. Nyberg, G., Helgadóttir, B., Kjellenberg, K. & Ekblom, Ö. (2023). COVID-19 and unfavorable changes in mental health unrelated to changes in physical activity, sedentary time, and health behaviors among Swedish adolescents: A longitudinal study.. Frontiers In Public Health, 11, Article ID 1115789. Helgadóttir, B., Fröberg, A., Kjellenberg, K., Ekblom, Ö. & Nyberg, G. (2023). COVID-19 induced changes in physical activity patterns, screen time and sleep among Swedish adolescents - a cohort study.. BMC Public Health, 23(1), Article ID 380. Kjellenberg, K., Heiland, E. G., Tarassova, O., Fernström, M., Nyberg, G., Ekblom, M., . . . Ekblom, Ö. (2023). Effects of physical activity breaks on working memory and oxygenated hemoglobin in adolescents: Results from the AbbaH teen study. In: : . Paper presented at ArtScientific 2023, Frankfurt, Germany, May 5-6, 2023.
Development of a trunk multi-function test for seated Paralympic sports [CIF P2022-0103]; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIHThe Swedish Parasport Academy - A developmental environment for collaboration on physical activity and sports [KK 20220080-H-01]; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIHActivity breaks for brain health in wheelchair users; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIHBiomechanical risk factors of pressure injuries during propulsion in wheelchair athletes [P2024-0132]; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4901-0010

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