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Larisch, L.-M., Blom, V., Hagströmer, M., Ekblom, M., Ekblom, Ö., Nilsson, J. & Kallings, L. (2024). Improving movement behavior in office workers: effects of two multi-level cluster-RCT interventions on mental health. BMC Public Health, 24(1), Article ID 127.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving movement behavior in office workers: effects of two multi-level cluster-RCT interventions on mental health
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2024 (English)In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 24, no 1, article id 127Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: We have previously reported on the design and efficacy of two cluster-randomized multi-level workplace interventions, attempting to decrease sedentary behavior (SED) or increase moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among office workers to improve mental health outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate intervention effects on mental health outcomes, i.e., mental wellbeing, depression or anxiety symptoms, and stress immediately after the 6-month intervention period.

Methods: Teams of 263 office workers were cluster-randomized to one of two interventions or a waitlist control group. The PA intervention (iPA) focused on increasing MVPA and the SED intervention (iSED) on reducing SED. Both multi-level interventions targeted individual office workers and their social, physical, and organizational work environment, incorporating counseling based on cognitive behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing. Mental health outcomes were assessed using validated questionnaires before and immediately after the intervention. Intervention effects were analyzed using linear mixed effects models.

Results: Participants were mostly female and highly educated, with a mean age of 42 years and had favorable levels of mental health at baseline. Mental wellbeing improved for the iSED group (β = 8, 95% CI 1 to 15, p = 0.030) but not for the iPA group (β = 6, 95% CI -1 to 12, p = 0.072) compared to the control group. No effects were found for depression or anxiety symptoms or stress.

Conclusions: The multi-level interventions improved mental wellbeing among this population of office workers, reaching statistical significance in the iSED group. The size of the effect can be regarded meaningful, considering favorable mental health and high PA level at baseline. Thus, workplace interventions that provide support on multiple levels appear to have potential for improving mental wellbeing, but not reducing ill-health variables, among healthy office workers. More research is needed to understand the mechanisms through which such improvements can be achieved and to identify the most effective intervention components.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2024
Keywords
Behavior change, Mental health, Mental wellbeing, Office workers, Physical activity, Sedentary behavior, Workplace health promotion
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8049 (URN)10.1186/s12889-024-17647-2 (DOI)001139143500010 ()38195449 (PubMedID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20160040
Note

At the time of Lisa-Marie Larisch's dissertation, this manuscript was submitted.

Available from: 2024-01-11 Created: 2024-01-11 Last updated: 2024-02-23
Holmlund, T., Blom, V., Hemmingsson, E., Ekblom, B., Andersson, G., Wallin, P. & Ekblom Bak, E. (2023). Change in cardiorespiratory fitness on self-rated health: prospective cohort study in 98 718 Swedish adults.. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 51(4), 542-551
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Change in cardiorespiratory fitness on self-rated health: prospective cohort study in 98 718 Swedish adults.
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2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 542-551Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To study how change in cardiorespiratory fitness over time is associated with the development of poor self-rated health in healthy Swedish adults, and whether this association varies with sex, age, body mass index and cardiorespiratory fitness at baseline. A secondary aim was to study the influence of other predictors of self-rated health. Methods: A total of 98,718 participants (45% women, mean age 42.2 years) with two assessments from occupational health service screenings between 1988 and 2019 (mean duration 4.3 years), with good self-rated health at baseline were included. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed as estimated maximal oxygen consumption using submaximal cycle testing. Change in cardiorespiratory fitness was expressed as percentage annual change. Poor self-rated health at follow-up was defined as percieving self-rated health as 'poor' or 'very poor'. Results: A large decrease in cardiorespiratory fitness (⩾-3%) was associated with a 34% higher risk of poor self-rated health compared to maintainers (-1 to +1%) after multi-adjustment including change in body mass index, back/neck pain, stress, exercise habits and sleep quality or sleep problems. The associations for decreasers were stronger with longer follow-up time (>10 years). Preserving, or changing to, risk level for body mass index, back/neck pain, stress, exercise and sleep quality/problems were associated with a higher risk of poor self-rated health. Conclusions: Preserving or increasing cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with a lower risk of poor self-rated health, independently of change in other health-related variables, which may act as a protection against future poor self-rated health. This is of high clinical value, and strategies for maintaining or improving cardiorespiratory fitness have the potential to influence both disease and mortality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
Public health, cardiorespiratory fitness, exercise, pain, self-reported health, sleeping problems, stress
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6831 (URN)10.1177/14034948211047140 (DOI)000713202300001 ()34664534 (PubMedID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, Dnr 2018-00384Swedish Heart Lung Foundation, 20180636Swedish Armed Forces, AF 922 0915
Available from: 2021-10-27 Created: 2021-10-27 Last updated: 2023-10-26
Larisch, L.-M., Kallings, L., Thedin Jakobsson, B. & Blom, V. (2023). “It depends on the boss”: A qualitative study of multi-level interventions aiming at office workers’ movement behavior and mental health. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 18(1), Article ID 2258564.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“It depends on the boss”: A qualitative study of multi-level interventions aiming at office workers’ movement behavior and mental health
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 2258564Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This embedded qualitative study explored the acceptability, feasibility, and fidelity of two multi-level RCT interventions among office workers, aiming at improving movement behaviour to enhance mental health and cognition. The interventions addressed the organizational, environmental, and individual level.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 38 stakeholders after completion of the interventions. Data were analysed using reflexive thematic analysis.

Results: The interventions were well appreciated, and office workers attributed improvements in movement behaviour and wellbeing to the interventions. Especially the cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) based counselling and free gym access were appreciated, feasible and delivered as planned. Participants described existing workplace norms as barriers to more activity, particularly for reducing sitting. Support from managers and team support were considered crucial components. However, delivering these components was difficult.

Conclusions: The findings support the design of the multi-level interventions for changing movement behaviour. Results highlight the potential of CBT for this target group and the importance of manager and team support. Desired effects of similar multi-level interventions, including CBT, might be achieved in future studies that carefully address the issues with feasibility and acceptability and the resulting low fidelity of some intervention components that were identified in this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Physical activity; acceptability; behaviour change; cognitive behavioural therapy; ecological model; feasibility; fidelity; mental health; sedentary behaviour; workplace health promotion.
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7775 (URN)10.1080/17482631.2023.2258564 (DOI)001067947300001 ()37731364 (PubMedID)
Note

At the time of Lisa-Marie Larisch's dissertation this article was in press at the International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Health and Well-being.

Available from: 2023-09-13 Created: 2023-09-13 Last updated: 2024-02-27Bibliographically approved
Ekblom, M., Bojsen-Møller, E., Blom, V., Tarassova, O., Moberg, M., Pontén, M., . . . Ekblom, Ö. (2022). Acute effects of physical activity patterns on plasma cortisol and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in relation to corticospinal excitability.. Behavioural Brain Research, 430, Article ID 113926.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acute effects of physical activity patterns on plasma cortisol and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in relation to corticospinal excitability.
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2022 (English)In: Behavioural Brain Research, ISSN 0166-4328, E-ISSN 1872-7549, Vol. 430, article id 113926Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and cortisol are both capable of modulating synaptic plasticity, but it is unknown how physical activity-induced changes in their plasma levels relate to corticospinal plasticity in humans. Sixteen inactive middle-aged men and women participated in three separate interventions consisting of 3hours prolonged sitting (SIT); 3hours sitting interrupted every 30minutes with frequent short physical activity breaks (FPA); and 2.5hours prolonged sitting followed by 25minutes of moderate intensity exercise (EXE). These 3hour sessions were each followed by a 30min period of paired associative stimulation over the primary motor cortex (PAS). Blood samples were taken and corticospinal excitability measured at baseline, pre PAS, 5min and 30min post PAS. Here we report levels of plasma BDNF and cortisol over three activity conditions and relate these levels to previously published changes in corticospinal excitability of a non-activated thumb muscle. There was no interaction between time and condition in BDNF, but cortisol levels were significantly higher after EXE compared to after SIT and FPA. Higher cortisol levels at pre PAS predicted larger increases in corticospinal excitability from baseline to all subsequent time points in the FPA condition only, while levels of BDNF at pre PAS did not predict such changes in any of the conditions. Neither BDNF nor cortisol modified changes from pre PAS to the subsequent time points, suggesting that the increased corticospinal excitability was not mediated though an augmented effect of the PAS protocol. The relationship between cortisol and plasticity has been suggested to be U-shaped. This is possibly why the moderately high levels of cortisol seen in the FPA condition were positively associated with changes AURC, while the higher cortisol levels seen after EXE were not. A better understanding of the mechanisms for how feasible physical activity breaks affect neuroplasticity can inform the theoretical framework for how work environments and schedules should be designed. DATA AVAILABILITY: Data are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
BDNF, attention, cortisol, motor cortex, paired associative stimulation, plasticity
National Category
Psychiatry Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7061 (URN)10.1016/j.bbr.2022.113926 (DOI)000816115000002 ()35568076 (PubMedID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20160040, 20180151, 20210002
Note

Övriga finansiärer: ICA Gruppen, Intrum, SATS, Monark Exercise, Intrum Justitia

Available from: 2022-05-19 Created: 2022-05-19 Last updated: 2024-02-27
Larisch, L.-M., Blom, V., Kallings, L. & Thedin Jakobsson, B. (2022). Changing movement behavior for improving mental health among office workers: A qualitative study on acceptability, feasibility and fidelity of two RCT interventions. In: : . Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Phoenix, May 18-21, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing movement behavior for improving mental health among office workers: A qualitative study on acceptability, feasibility and fidelity of two RCT interventions
2022 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: Behavior change research suggests that interventions addressing not only the individual, but also the environmental and organizational level might be more effective than those addressing only one. However, few RCTs have tried to change movement behavior among office workers with the aim of improving mental health outcomes, using multi-component interventions that address several levels. Above that, researchers seldomly assess acceptability, feasibility and fidelity of such complex interventions, even though they are considered important moderators of study outcomes. 

Purpose: This study aims at determining aspects of intervention acceptability, feasibility and fidelity of two multi-component cluster RCT interventions among office workers (N=263). Specifically, we want to answer: 

1. How did participants experience specific intervention components as facilitating or hindering a movement behavior change? 

2. Which factors in the work and non-work context did participants experience as facilitating or hindering a movement behavior change? 

3. Were intervention components implemented and perceived as intended? 

Methods The interventions addressed the individual level (counseling sessions based on cognitive behavior therapy and motivational interviewing), the environmental level (e.g. walking meetings or lunch walks organized by team leaders) and the organizational level (participation during work time, employers encouraging participation). One intervention focused on reducing sedentary behavior, the other on increasing physical activity, compared to a wait-list control group. After completion of the 6-month intervention period, audio-recorded interviews and focus group discussions were performed with participants, health coaches delivering the counseling sessions, team leaders and Human Resource staff). Verbatim transcribed data will be analyzed using thematic analysis (Braun&Clarke 2006). An initial codebook based on a-priori themes of interest will be created. Two researchers will apply it to a subset of transcripts, in an inductive fashion whilst allowing for new themes to emerge. Once agreement on a final version of the codebook will be achieved, remaining transcripts will be analyzed accordingly. 

Implications: We expect that the results of this study may help to understand and interpret the results of the quantitative effectiveness evaluations. This study may generate valuable knowledge that can inform future similar studies or workplace health promotion efforts and make their conduct more efficient. 

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7075 (URN)
Conference
International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Phoenix, May 18-21, 2022
Available from: 2022-05-27 Created: 2022-05-27 Last updated: 2024-02-27
Larisch, L.-M., Blom, V. & Kallings, L. (2022). Effectiveness of two randomized and controlled multi-component interventions on 24-h movement behavior and mental health outcomes among office workers. In: : . Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Phoenix, Arizona, USA, May 18-21.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effectiveness of two randomized and controlled multi-component interventions on 24-h movement behavior and mental health outcomes among office workers
2022 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: To date it is unknown whether movement behavior change interventions among office workers are effective for improving mental health. Therefore, we designed a multi-component cluster RCT among office workers (N=263). One intervention group focused on reducing sedentary behavior (SED), the other on increasing moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) compared to a wait-list control group. Based on ecological models of health behavior, intervention components addressed the individual (counseling using cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and motivational interviewing (MI)), the environmental (group activities such as lunch walks), and the organizational level (companies promoting the interventions internally). Primary outcomes were changes in accelerometer-measured and self-reported SED and MVPA, secondary outcomes were depression and anxiety symptoms, burnout, stress and mental well-being, assessed via validated, web- based questionnaires. Previous analyses using a compositional data analysis (CoDA) approach did not find intervention effects on 24-h movement behavior, i.e., SED, light intensity, moderate or vigorous physical activity. 

Purpose: This study aims at investigating intervention effects on mental health, i.e., depression and anxiety symptoms, burnout, stress and mental well-being. Secondary aims are to describe those participants that achieved a significant change in accelerometer- and device-measured SED and MVPA in comparison to those that did not, and to investigate whether changes in movement behavior were associated with changes in mental well-being. 

Methods: Linear mixed model analysis will be performed to analyze effects on mental health, according to the published study protocol. 

Performing exploratory analyses, quartiles of participants, based on changes in MVPA and SED, will be described on demographic characteristics and compared across quartiles. Change change analyses will investigate whether changes in SED or MVPA are associated with changes in mental well-being. CoDA will be applied, taking the co-dependence of 24-h movement behaviors into account. 

Implications: High sedentariness and sick-leave due to mental illness are challenges associated with office work. This RCT is the first among office workers that applies a multi-component approach to address several levels of health behavior, and that includes CBT and MI techniques. Results may inform occupational health and researcher efforts aiming at addressing the burden of sedentariness and its related consequences on mental health. 

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7074 (URN)
Conference
International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Phoenix, Arizona, USA, May 18-21
Available from: 2022-05-27 Created: 2022-05-27 Last updated: 2024-02-27Bibliographically approved
Kallings, L., Blom, V., Andersson, G., Wallin, P. & Ekblom Bak, E. (2022). O9-5 Workplace sitting associated with self-rated perceived global health. In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 32, S2: . Paper presented at 11th Conference of HEPA Europe (Health Enhancing Physical Activity). 31 August - 2 September 2022, Nice, France. , 32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>O9-5 Workplace sitting associated with self-rated perceived global health
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2022 (English)In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 32, S2, 2022, Vol. 32Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Keywords
Total sitting, breaks, prolonged sitting, health risk, exercise
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7410 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/ckac094.069 (DOI)000848627100155 ()
Conference
11th Conference of HEPA Europe (Health Enhancing Physical Activity). 31 August - 2 September 2022, Nice, France
Available from: 2022-11-29 Created: 2022-11-29 Last updated: 2022-11-29
Ropponen, A., Narusyte, J., Wang, M., Kärkkäinen, S., Mather, L., Blom, V., . . . Svedberg, P. (2022). Role of social benefits for future long-term sickness absence, disability pension and unemployment among individuals on sickness absence due to mental diagnoses: a competing risk approach. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 95(4), 867-876
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Role of social benefits for future long-term sickness absence, disability pension and unemployment among individuals on sickness absence due to mental diagnoses: a competing risk approach
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2022 (English)In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 95, no 4, p. 867-876Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To investigate associations between social benefits and disability pension (DP), long-term sickness absence (LTSA, ≥ 90 days), or unemployment among Swedish twins with sickness absence (SA) due to mental diagnoses.

Methods: This population-based prospective twin study included register data on first incident SA spell (< 90 days) due to mental diagnoses (ICD 10 codes F00-F99) during the follow-up 2005-2016. SA < 90 days due to other diagnoses than mental diagnoses or any other social insurance benefit was identified for the preceding year of the first incident SA spell due to mental diagnoses (coded yes/no). Comparing those with any previous social benefits vs without, cumulative incidence curve to compare time to an event, and Cox proportional hazards models for cause-specific hazard ratios (HR, 95% confidence intervals, CI) treating first incident DP, LTSA and unemployment as competing risks were modeled.

Results: During follow-up, 21 DP, 1619 LTSA, and 808 unemployment events took place. Compared to those without, those with at least one benefit had a higher risk for DP (HR 5.03; 95%CI 1.80, 14.01), LTSA (1.67; 1.50, 1.84) and unemployment (1.24; 1.03, 1.50). The cumulative incidence for DP was very low, < 1%, for LTSA 80% with any previous social benefits vs. 60% without, and for unemployment ≤ 5%.

Conclusion: Social benefits received during the preceding year of SA due to mental diagnoses (< 90 days) predict DP, LTSA, and unemployment. Hence, previous social benefits may provide means for early identification of persons at risk for exit from labor market.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
Keywords
Disability pension; Mental diagnoses; Sick leave; Sickness absence; Unemployment.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6890 (URN)10.1007/s00420-021-01825-5 (DOI)000735344800001 ()34962585 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2022-01-04 Created: 2022-01-04 Last updated: 2022-05-18
Wang, R., Blom, V., Nooijen, C. F., Kallings, L., Ekblom, Ö. & Ekblom, M. M. (2022). The Role of Executive Function in the Effectiveness of Multi-Component Interventions Targeting Physical Activity Behavior in Office Workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(1), 266-266
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of Executive Function in the Effectiveness of Multi-Component Interventions Targeting Physical Activity Behavior in Office Workers
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2022 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 266-266Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A knowledge gap remains in understanding how to improve the intervention effectiveness in office workers targeting physically active (PA) behavior. We aim to identify the modifying effect of executive function (EF) on the intervention effectiveness targeting PA-behaviors, and to verify whether the observed effect varies by Job Demand Control (JDC) categories. This workplace-based intervention study included 245 participants who were randomized into a control group and two intervention arms—promoting physical activity (iPA) group or reducing sedentary behavior (iSED) group. The interventions were conducted through counselling-based cognitive behavioral therapy and team activities over 6 months. PA-behaviors were measured by an accelerometer. EF was assessed by the Trail Making Test-B, Stroop, and n-back test. The JDC categories were measured by the demand control questionnaire. Higher EF level at baseline was significantly associated with the intervention effect on increased sleep time (β-coefficient: 3.33, p = 0.003) and decreased sedentary time (−2.76, p = 0.049) in the iSED-group. Participants with active jobs (high job demands, high control) presented significantly increased light-intensity PA in the iSED-group in comparison to the control group. Among participants with a high level of EF and active jobs, relative to the control group, the iPA-group showed a substantial increase in light-intensity PA (1.58, p = 0.036) and the iSED-group showed a tendency of reducing sedentary behavior (−5.35, p = 0.054). The findings suggest that office workers with a high EF and active jobs may benefit most from an intervention study targeting PA-behaviors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022
Keywords
physical activity, sedentary behavior, executive function, job control, job demands, active jobs, self-regulation, health promotion
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6896 (URN)10.3390/ijerph19010266 (DOI)000751331000001 ()35010526 (PubMedID)
Projects
Fysisk aktivitet och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner bland kontorsarbetare: Delprojekt 3, Långsiktiga interventioner
Available from: 2022-01-04 Created: 2022-01-04 Last updated: 2024-02-27
Heiland, E. G., Ekblom, Ö., Bojsen-Møller, E., Larisch, L.-M., Blom, V. & Ekblom, M. (2021). Bi-Directional, Day-to-Day Associations between Objectively-Measured Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Sleep among Office Workers.. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(15), Article ID 7999.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bi-Directional, Day-to-Day Associations between Objectively-Measured Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Sleep among Office Workers.
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2021 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, no 15, article id 7999Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The bi-directional, day-to-day associations between daytime physical activity and sedentary behavior, and nocturnal sleep, in office workers are unknown. This study investigated these associations and whether they varied by weekday or weekend day. Among 324 Swedish office workers (mean age 42.4 years; 33.3% men), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behaviors and sleep (total sleep time (TST) and sleep efficiency (SE)) were ascertained by using accelerometers (Actigraph GT3X) over 8 days. Multilevel linear mixed models were used to assess the bi-directional, day-to-day, within-person associations. Additional analyses stratified by weekend/weekday were performed. On average, participants spent 6% (57 min) of their day in MVPA and 59% (9.5 h) sedentary, and during the night, TST was 7 h, and SE was 91%. More daytime sedentary behavior was associated with less TST that night, and reciprocally, more TST at night was associated with less sedentary behavior on the following weekday. Greater TST during the night was also associated with less MVPA the next day, only on weekdays. However, daytime MVPA was not associated with TST that night. Higher nighttime SE was associated with greater time spent sedentary and in MVPA on the following day, regardless if weekday or weekend day. Sleep may be more crucial for being physically active the following day than vice versa, especially on weekdays. Nevertheless, sedentary behavior's relation with sleep time may be bi-directional. Office workers may struggle with balancing sleep and physical activity time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021
Keywords
MVPA, accelerometry, actigraphy, office workers, physical activity, sedentary, sleep
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6777 (URN)10.3390/ijerph18157999 (DOI)000681844300001 ()34360287 (PubMedID)
Projects
Fysisk aktivitet och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner bland kontorsarbetare: Delprojekt 1, Tvärsnittsstudie
Available from: 2021-08-25 Created: 2021-08-25 Last updated: 2024-02-27
Projects
Physical activity and healthy brain functions in office workers [KK 20160040]; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH; Publications
Larisch, L.-M., Blom, V., Hagströmer, M., Ekblom, M., Ekblom, Ö., Nilsson, J. & Kallings, L. (2024). Improving movement behavior in office workers: effects of two multi-level cluster-RCT interventions on mental health. BMC Public Health, 24(1), Article ID 127. Larisch, L.-M., Kallings, L., Thedin Jakobsson, B. & Blom, V. (2023). “It depends on the boss”: A qualitative study of multi-level interventions aiming at office workers’ movement behavior and mental health. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 18(1), Article ID 2258564. Larisch, L.-M. (2023). Movement behavior and mental health in office workers: Associations and intervention effects. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIHEkblom, M., Bojsen-Møller, E., Blom, V., Tarassova, O., Moberg, M., Pontén, M., . . . Ekblom, Ö. (2022). Acute effects of physical activity patterns on plasma cortisol and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in relation to corticospinal excitability.. Behavioural Brain Research, 430, Article ID 113926. Larisch, L.-M., Blom, V., Kallings, L. & Thedin Jakobsson, B. (2022). Changing movement behavior for improving mental health among office workers: A qualitative study on acceptability, feasibility and fidelity of two RCT interventions. In: : . Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Phoenix, May 18-21, 2022. Larisch, L.-M., Blom, V. & Kallings, L. (2022). Effectiveness of two randomized and controlled multi-component interventions on 24-h movement behavior and mental health outcomes among office workers. In: : . Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Phoenix, Arizona, USA, May 18-21. Bojsen-Møller, E. (2022). Movement Behaviors and Cognitive Health for Office Workers. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIHBojsen-Møller, E., Wang, R., Nilsson, J., Heiland, E. G., Boraxbekk, C.-J., Kallings, L. & Ekblom, M. (2022). The effect of two multi-component behavior change interventions on cognitive functions.. BMC Public Health, 22(1), Article ID 1082. Wang, R., Ekblom, M., Arvidsson, D., Fridolfsson, J., Börjesson, M. & Ekblom, Ö. (2022). The interrelationship between physical activity intensity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and executive function in middle-aged adults: An observational study of office workers.. Frontiers In Public Health, 10, Article ID 1035521. Wang, R., Blom, V., Nooijen, C. F., Kallings, L., Ekblom, Ö. & Ekblom, M. M. (2022). The Role of Executive Function in the Effectiveness of Multi-Component Interventions Targeting Physical Activity Behavior in Office Workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(1), 266-266
E-PABS - a centre of Excellence in Physical Activity, healthy Brain functions and Sustainability [20210002 01 H]; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH; Publications
Hoy, S., Larsson, H., Kjellenberg, K., Nyberg, G., Ekblom, Ö. & Helgadóttir, B. (2024). Gendered relations? Associations between Swedish parents, siblings, and adolescents' time spent sedentary and physically active. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 6, Article ID 1236848. Heiland, E. G., Kjellenberg, K., Tarassova, O., Nyberg, G., Ekblom, M., Ekblom, Ö. & Helgadóttir, B. (2023). Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory and cerebral blood flow in adolescents: a randomized crossover trial. In: : . Paper presented at The International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), Uppsala, Sweden, June 15-18, 2023. Regan, C., Heiland, E. G., Ekblom, Ö., Tarassova, O., Kjellenberg, K., Larsen, F. J., . . . Helgadóttir, B. (2023). Acute effects of nitrate and breakfast on working memory, cerebral blood flow, arterial stiffness, and psychological factors in adolescents: Study protocol for a randomised crossover trial.. PLOS ONE, 18(5), Article ID e0285581. Farias, L., Nyberg, G., Helgadóttir, B. & Andermo, S. (2023). Adolescents' experiences of a school-based health promotion intervention in socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged areas in Sweden: a qualitative process evaluation study.. BMC Public Health, 23(1), Article ID 1631. Larsson, L. E., Wang, R., Cederholm, T., Wiggenraad, F., Rydén, M., Hagman, G., . . . Thunborg, C. (2023). Association of Sarcopenia and Its Defining Components with the Degree of Cognitive Impairment in a Memory Clinic Population.. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 96(2), 777-788Yman, J., Helgadóttir, B., Kjellenberg, K. & Nyberg, G. (2023). Associations between organised sports participation, general health, stress, screen-time and sleep duration in adolescents.. Acta Paediatrica, 112(3), 452-459Wu, J., Xiong, Y., Xia, X., Orsini, N., Qiu, C., Kivipelto, M., . . . Wang, R. (2023). Can dementia risk be reduced by following the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7?: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.. Ageing Research Reviews, 83, Article ID 101788. Nyberg, G., Helgadóttir, B., Kjellenberg, K. & Ekblom, Ö. (2023). COVID-19 and unfavorable changes in mental health unrelated to changes in physical activity, sedentary time, and health behaviors among Swedish adolescents: A longitudinal study.. Frontiers In Public Health, 11, Article ID 1115789. Helgadóttir, B., Fröberg, A., Kjellenberg, K., Ekblom, Ö. & Nyberg, G. (2023). COVID-19 induced changes in physical activity patterns, screen time and sleep among Swedish adolescents - a cohort study.. BMC Public Health, 23(1), Article ID 380. Kjellenberg, K., Heiland, E. G., Tarassova, O., Fernström, M., Nyberg, G., Ekblom, M., . . . Ekblom, Ö. (2023). Effects of physical activity breaks on working memory and oxygenated hemoglobin in adolescents: Results from the AbbaH teen study. In: : . Paper presented at ArtScientific 2023, Frankfurt, Germany, May 5-6, 2023.
The twin project – Twin-based studies on the importance of genes and environment in associations between physical activity patterns and brain health in adolescents; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH; Publications
Ekblom, M., Ekblom, Ö., Wiklund, C. & Wang, R. (2023). Environmental and genetic contributions to device-based measures of physical activity in Swedish 9-year-olds.. In: : . Paper presented at ISBNPA, International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting, June 14-17, 2023, Uppsala, Sweden.
Physiological and psychological effect of physical activity in patients with burnout; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIHExploring neighbourhood effects on aging: An opportunity for enhancing brain health across the lifespan [KK 20220202]; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH; Publications
Larsson, L. E., Wang, R., Cederholm, T., Wiggenraad, F., Rydén, M., Hagman, G., . . . Thunborg, C. (2023). Association of Sarcopenia and Its Defining Components with the Degree of Cognitive Impairment in a Memory Clinic Population.. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 96(2), 777-788
The WORK TOGETHER program: Using a systems approach to update an occupational health service and reduce the health gap [2023-01126]; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0079-124x

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