Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Publications (10 of 102) Show all publications
Lindberg, P., Kronhed, A. C., Alin, C. K., Andersson, E., Toth-Pal, E., Lundin, H. R., . . . Salminen, H. (2023). Effects Training With Osteostrong Compared To Physical Training In Individuals At High Fracture Risk: A Study Protocol For A Randomised Controlled Trial. In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 35, Suppl. 1: . Paper presented at World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (WCO-IOF-ESCEO 2023), May 4-7 2023, Barcelona, Spain (pp. S289-S289). Springer, 35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects Training With Osteostrong Compared To Physical Training In Individuals At High Fracture Risk: A Study Protocol For A Randomised Controlled Trial
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2023 (English)In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 35, Suppl. 1, Springer, 2023, Vol. 35, p. S289-S289Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
National Category
Geriatrics Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7934 (URN)001058500202123 ()
Conference
World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (WCO-IOF-ESCEO 2023), May 4-7 2023, Barcelona, Spain
Available from: 2023-11-06 Created: 2023-11-06 Last updated: 2023-11-06
Bugge Kambestad, O., Sirevåg, K., Mrdalj, J., Hovland, A., Bruun Endal, T., Andersson, E., . . . Haukenes Stavestrand, S. (2023). Physical Exercise and Serum BDNF Levels: Accounting for the Val66Met Polymorphism in Older Adults.. Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology, 36(4), 219-227
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical Exercise and Serum BDNF Levels: Accounting for the Val66Met Polymorphism in Older Adults.
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2023 (English)In: Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology, ISSN 1543-3641, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 219-227Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression, which can be measured in blood serum, has been found to increase with aerobic exercise. The link between BDNF level, physical exercise, and genetic status (Val66Met polymorphism) has not been well researched in older adults.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible link between BDNF expression, acute aerobic exercise, and the Val66Met polymorphism in older adults.

METHOD: Twenty-three healthy older adults participated in one session of acute aerobic exercise. Their serum BDNF levels were measured both at baseline and post exercise. Saliva samples were collected to identify each individual's genetic status.

RESULTS: At baseline, the individuals' mean serum BDNF level was 16.03 ng/mL (Val66Val = 15.89 ng/mL; Val66Met = 16.34 ng/mL); post exercise, the individuals' mean serum BDNF level was 16.81 ng/mL (Val66Val = 16.14 ng/mL; Val66Met = 18.34 ng/mL).

CONCLUSION: One session of acute aerobic exercise significantly increased the individuals' mean serum BDNF level. Males had higher BDNF levels than females. There was a significant interaction between gender and BDNF expression post exercise and a significant between-group effect of gender. The Val66Met carriers had a more positive response to the acute aerobic exercise compared with the Val66Val carriers, although without a significant difference between the two groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wolters Kluwer, 2023
Keywords
brain-derived neurotrophic factor, BDNF, physical exercise, Val66Met polymorphism, aging
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7725 (URN)10.1097/WNN.0000000000000349 (DOI)001112133600002 ()37404130 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-08-21 Created: 2023-08-21 Last updated: 2024-01-15
Sirevåg, K., Stavestrand, S. H., Sjøbø, T., Endal, T. B., Nordahl, H. M., Andersson, E., . . . Hovland, A. (2023). Physical exercise augmented cognitive behaviour therapy for older adults with generalised anxiety disorder (PEXACOG): a feasibility study for a randomized controlled trial.. BioPsychoSocial Medicine, 17(1), Article ID 25.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical exercise augmented cognitive behaviour therapy for older adults with generalised anxiety disorder (PEXACOG): a feasibility study for a randomized controlled trial.
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2023 (English)In: BioPsychoSocial Medicine, ISSN 1751-0759, E-ISSN 1751-0759, Vol. 17, no 1, article id 25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) is a frequent and severe disorder among older adults. For older adults with GAD the effect of the recommended treatment, cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), is reduced. Physical exercise (PE) may enhance the effect of CBT by improving cognitive function and increasing levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a predictor of the effect of CBT in patients with anxiety. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating treatment effect of the combination of CBT and PE for GAD in a sample of older adults, including procedures for assessment and treatment.

METHODS: Four participants aged 62-70 years (M = 65.5, SD = 3.2) with a primary diagnosis of GAD were included. Participants received 15 weeks of PE in combination with 10 weeks of CBT. Participants completed self-report measures, and clinical, biological, physiological and neuropsychological tests at pre-, interim- and post-treatment.

RESULTS: Procedures, protocols, and results are presented. One participant dropped out during treatment. For the three participants completing, the total adherence to PE and CBT was 80% and 100%, respectively. An independent assessor concluded that the completers no longer fulfilled the criteria for GAD after treatment. Changes in self-report measures suggest symptom reduction related to anxiety and worry. The sample is considered representative for the target population.

CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that combining CBT and PE for older adults with GAD is feasible, and that the procedures and tests are suitable and manageable for the current sample.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02690441. Registered on 24 February 2016, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02690441 .

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2023
Keywords
CBT, Cognitive behaviour therapy, Feasibility study, GAD, Generalised anxiety disorder, Older adults, Physical exercise
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7767 (URN)10.1186/s13030-023-00280-7 (DOI)001033497400001 ()37468978 (PubMedID)
Note

Correction published: Biopsychosoc Med. 2023 Aug 4;17(1):28. doi: 10.1186/s13030-023-00284-3.

Available from: 2023-09-12 Created: 2023-09-12 Last updated: 2023-09-13
Andersson, E. & Oddsson, K. (2023). Skador, sjukdomslära samt akut omhändertagande (2 uppl.ed.). In: Idrottens träning: (pp. 231-259). Stockholm: SISU Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skador, sjukdomslära samt akut omhändertagande
2023 (Swedish)In: Idrottens träning, Stockholm: SISU Förlag , 2023, 2 uppl., p. 231-259Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Ambitionen med detta kapitel är att på ett enkelt, sakligt och inspirerande sätt beskriva akuta sjukdoms- och skadetillstånd (inkl. missbruk) som kan förekomma i samband med fysisk aktivitet, och vilken eller vilka åtgärder som ska sättas in när olikan är framme.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: SISU Förlag, 2023 Edition: 2 uppl.
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7570 (URN)9789177270942 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-03-31 Created: 2023-03-31 Last updated: 2023-03-31
Alfvén, G. & Andersson, E. (2023). Stress and recurrent abdominal pain.. Acta Paediatrica, 112(11), 2312-2316
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stress and recurrent abdominal pain.
2023 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 112, no 11, p. 2312-2316Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We discuss the aetiology of recurrent abdominal pain of non-organic origin, according to the Rome Criteria for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders and a psychogenic hypothesis. Stress activates the brain-gut axis, which is important for local gut symptoms, such as abdominal pain, but it also causes pain in other areas, including the head, back and chest. Our research has indicated that the startle reflex plays a dominant role in this stress-induced pain pattern, which is manifested in the whole body. Localised abdominal pain can be part of a general negative stress reaction that causes multiple pains in other areas of the body.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
abdominal pain, chronic stress, functional pain, psychosomatic, startle reflex
National Category
Neurology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7768 (URN)10.1111/apa.16946 (DOI)001049671700001 ()37565357 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-09-12 Created: 2023-09-12 Last updated: 2023-10-26Bibliographically approved
Seger, I., Lundvall, S., Eklund, A., Jamshidpey, A., Takats, J., Stålman, C., . . . Andersson, E. A. (2022). A Sustainable Swedish School Intervention with Extra Aerobic Exercise: Its Organization and Effects on Physical Fitness and Academic Achievement. Sustainability, 14(5), 2822-2822
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Sustainable Swedish School Intervention with Extra Aerobic Exercise: Its Organization and Effects on Physical Fitness and Academic Achievement
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2022 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 2822-2822Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A large majority of Swedish children do not reach the recommended daily activity level. Some, but not all, studies show that extra physical activity may have positive effects on children’s school performance, physical fitness and health. The present purpose was to offer pupils from the 7th to the 8th grade extra aerobic exercise led by physical education teachers and to evaluate the effects on aerobic fitness, muscle strength, school grades and health. The hypothesis was that extra aerobic exercise would improve physical fitness, school grades and health. In the two-year project, 122 pupils aged 13–14 years from three schools constituted an aerobic group with 30 min extra exercise sessions (≥70% maximal heart rate) twice weekly. A control group of 26 pupils was included. All 148 pupils also had regular 60 min physical education lessons (2/week). A moderate to large significant effect size (via partial eta-squared) of the interaction effect for the aerobic group compared to the control group over time was generally seen for aerobic fitness, the muscle strength test with push-ups, school grades in Swedish, English and physical education, and in average school grade for four school subjects combined, thus also including mathematics. Within the aerobic group, significant improvements were also shown for aerobic fitness, endurance and strength of abdominal and leg muscles, and the total physical test index during the two-year project. The control group showed no corresponding improvement in these parameters. Improvements in school grades were generally seen among both sexes in the aerobic group, whereas improvements in physical capacity were distinctly more pronounced among boys and seldom among girls. A similar pattern with significant improvement in several school grades was noted in all three intervention schools, although one of the schools had a distinctly larger proportion of children who immigrated to Sweden. The aerobic group showed significantly higher ratings (with a small to moderate effect size) on several questions about physical self-perception than the control group at the end of the 8th grade. This teacher-led school intervention generated a sustainable project with improvements in physical fitness and school grades. The project might act as an inspiration for other schools to increase physical activity to improve physical fitness and possibly school grades.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022
Keywords
physical activity, physical education, school, teachers, academic achievements, fitness
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7007 (URN)10.3390/su14052822 (DOI)000769133400001 ()
Projects
ULF-projektet
Available from: 2022-03-15 Created: 2022-03-15 Last updated: 2022-10-20
Seger, I., Lundvall, S., Eklund, A., Jamshidpey, A., Takats, J., Stålman, C., . . . Andersson, E. (2022). En hållbar svensk skolintervention med extra pulshöjande träning: dess organisation och effekter på fysisk kapacitet och akademisk prestation. In: Svensk idrottsmedicin 2022:2: . Paper presented at SFAIMs vårmöte 2022. Tillsammans för framtidens fysiska aktivitet och idrottsmedicin. Stockholm 19-20 maj 2022.. Svensk förening för fysisk aktivitet och idrottsmedicin, 41
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En hållbar svensk skolintervention med extra pulshöjande träning: dess organisation och effekter på fysisk kapacitet och akademisk prestation
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2022 (Swedish)In: Svensk idrottsmedicin 2022:2, Svensk förening för fysisk aktivitet och idrottsmedicin , 2022, Vol. 41Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svensk förening för fysisk aktivitet och idrottsmedicin, 2022
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7431 (URN)
Conference
SFAIMs vårmöte 2022. Tillsammans för framtidens fysiska aktivitet och idrottsmedicin. Stockholm 19-20 maj 2022.
Available from: 2022-12-05 Created: 2022-12-05 Last updated: 2022-12-05
Péter, A., Arndt, A., Hegyi, A., Finni, T., Andersson, E., Alkjær, T., . . . Cronin, N. (2022). Intramuscular EMG amplitudes do not necessarily diverge from surface EMG amplitudes over time. Response to Letter to the Editor [Letter to the editor]. Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, 64, Article ID 102662.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intramuscular EMG amplitudes do not necessarily diverge from surface EMG amplitudes over time. Response to Letter to the Editor
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2022 (English)In: Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, ISSN 1050-6411, E-ISSN 1873-5711, Vol. 64, article id 102662Article in journal, Letter (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
Electrodes, walking, wire
National Category
Neurology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7087 (URN)10.1016/j.jelekin.2022.102662 (DOI)000795663700003 ()
Available from: 2022-06-28 Created: 2022-06-28 Last updated: 2022-06-28
Godhe, M., Pontén, M., Nilsson, J., Kallings, L. & Andersson, E. (2022). Reliability of the accelerometer to control the effects of physical activity in older adults.. PLOS ONE, 17(9), Article ID e0274442.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reliability of the accelerometer to control the effects of physical activity in older adults.
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2022 (English)In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 17, no 9, article id e0274442Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Reliable physical activity measurements in community-dwelling older adults are important to determine effects of targeted health promotion interventions. Many exercise interventions aim to improve time spent sedentary (SED), in light-intensity-physical-activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity (MVPA), since these parameters have independently proposed associations with health and longevity. However, many previous studies rely on self-reports which have lower validity compared to accelerometer measured physical activity patterns. In addition, separating intervention-effects from reactivity measurements requires sufficient test-retest reliability for accelerometer assessments, which is lacking in older adults.

OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to investigate the reliability of sensor-based PA-patterns in community-dwelling older adults. Furthermore, to investigate change over time of physical activity patterns and examine any compensatory-effect from the eight-week supervised exercise-intervention.

METHODS: An exercise-group (n = 78, age-range:65-91yrs) performed two 1h-exercise sessions/week during eight-weeks. PA-pattern was assessed (using hip-worn accelerometers), twice before and once during the last-week of the intervention. A control-group (n = 43, age-range:65-88yrs) performed one pre-test and the end-test with no exercise-intervention. A dependent-t-test, mean-difference (95%-CI), limits-of-agreement and intraclass-correlation-coefficient-ICC were used between the two pre-tests. Repeated-measures-ANOVA were used to analyze any intervention-effects.

RESULTS: The exercise-groups´ two pre-tests showed generally no systematic change in any PA- or SED-parameter (ICC ranged 0.75-0.90). Compared to the control group, the exercise intervention significantly (time x group-interaction, p<0.05) increased total-PA-cpm (exercise-group/control-group +17%/+7%) and MVPA-min/week (+41/-2min) and decreased %-of-wear-time for SED-total (-4.7%/-2.7%) and SED-bouts (-5.7%/-1.8%), and SED-bouts min/d (-46/-16min). At baseline level, no significant differences were found between the two groups for any parameter.

CONCLUSIONS: The current study presents a good test-retest-reliability of sensor-based-one-week-assessed-PA-pattern in older-adults. Participating in an 8-week supervised exercise intervention improved some physical activity and sedentary parameters compared to the control group. No compensatory-effect was noted in the intervention-group i.e., no decrease in any PA-parameter or increase in SED at End-test (in %-of-wear-time, min/day or total-PA).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2022
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7369 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0274442 (DOI)000892376500041 ()36095032 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2022-11-01 Created: 2022-11-01 Last updated: 2023-01-11
Oddsson, J., Oddsson, K., Weinback, A., Godhe, M. & Andersson, E. (2021). Comparison of leg muscle activity levels during different fitness tests in elderly individuals using surface electromyography. In: : . Paper presented at XXVIII CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF BIOMECHANICS (ISB), Digital Congress 25-29 July, 2021. , Article ID 5073486.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparison of leg muscle activity levels during different fitness tests in elderly individuals using surface electromyography
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2021 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Physiotherapy
Research subject
Medicine/Technology; Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6921 (URN)
Conference
XXVIII CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF BIOMECHANICS (ISB), Digital Congress 25-29 July, 2021
Available from: 2022-01-18 Created: 2022-01-18 Last updated: 2022-01-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9040-2158

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