Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Publications (10 of 79) Show all publications
Kobayashi Frisk, M., Fagman, E., Arvidsson, D., Ekblom, Ö., Börjesson, M., Bergström, G. & Zou, D. (2024). Eveningness is associated with coronary artery calcification in a middle-aged Swedish population. Sleep Medicine, 113, 370-377
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eveningness is associated with coronary artery calcification in a middle-aged Swedish population
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2024 (English)In: Sleep Medicine, ISSN 1389-9457, E-ISSN 1878-5506, Vol. 113, p. 370-377Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is an established imaging biomarker of subclinical atherosclerosis, but its relationship to diurnal preference is not well studied. We investigated the association between chronotype and CAC in the Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImage Study (SCAPIS) pilot cohort. Participants aged 50–64 years were randomly recruited and underwent extensive examination including imaging and accelerometry-assessed physical activity. 771 participants (47.3 % male, 57.6 ± 4.4 years) were included in this cross-sectional analysis. CAC was assessed by non-contrast computed tomography, and a CAC score > 10 was considered significant calcification. Self-assessed chronotype was classified as extreme morning, moderate morning, intermediate, moderate evening, or extreme evening. 10-year risk of first-onset cardiovascular disease was estimated by the Systemic Coronary Risk Evaluation 2 (SCORE2). Significant CAC was present in 29 % of the cohort. CAC prevalence increased from extreme morning to extreme evening type (22 %, 28 %, 29 %, 27 %, 41 % respectively, p = 0.018). In a multivariate logistic regression model controlling for confounders, extreme evening chronotype was independently associated with increased CAC prevalence compared to extreme morning type (OR 1.90, [95%CI 1.04–3.46], p = 0.037). When stratified by SCORE2 risk category (low: <5 %; moderate: 5 to <10 %; high: ≥10 %), significant CAC was most prevalent among extreme evening chronotypes in the low and moderate-risk groups, while chronotype seemed less important in the high-risk group (p = 0.011, p = 0.023, p = 0.86, respectively). Our findings suggest circadian factors may play an important role in atherosclerosis and should be considered in early cardiovascular prevention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Accelerometry, Atherosclerosis, Cardiovascular risk, Chronotype, Circadian disruption, Population-based, Prevention, SCORE2, Socioeconomic status
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8003 (URN)10.1016/j.sleep.2023.11.004 (DOI)001147674300001 ()38118325 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-12-22 Created: 2023-12-22 Last updated: 2024-02-22
Arvidsson, D., Fridolfsson, J., Ekblom Bak, E., Ekblom, Ö., Bergström, G. & Börjesson, M. (2024). Fundament for a methodological standard to process hip accelerometer data to a measure of physical activity intensity in middle-aged individuals.. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 34(1), Article ID e14541.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fundament for a methodological standard to process hip accelerometer data to a measure of physical activity intensity in middle-aged individuals.
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2024 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 34, no 1, article id e14541Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of a methodological standard to process accelerometer data to measures of physical activity, which impairs data quality and comparability. This study investigated the effect of different combinations of settings of multiple processing components, on the measure of physical activity and the association with measures of cardiometabolic health in an unselected population of middle-aged individuals.

METHODS: Free-living hip accelerometer data, aerobic fitness, body mass index, HDL:total cholesterol ratio, blood glucose, and systolic blood pressure were achieved from 4391 participants 50-64 years old included in The Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImage Study (SCAPIS) baseline measurement (cross-sectional). Lab data were also included for calibration of accelerometers to provide comparable measure of physical activity intensity and time spent in different intensity categories, as well as to enhance understanding. The accelerometer data processing components were hardware recalibration, frequency filtering, number of accelerometer axes, epoch length, wear time criterium, time composition (min/24 h vs. % of wear time). Partial least regression and ordinary least regression were used for the association analyses.

RESULTS: The setting of frequency filter had the strongest effect on the physical activity intensity measure and time distribution in different intensity categories followed by epoch length and number of accelerometer axes. Wear time criterium and recalibration of accelerometer data were less important. The setting of frequency filter and epoch length also showed consistent important effect on the associations with the different measures of cardiometabolic health, while the effect of recalibration, number of accelerometer axes, wear time criterium and expression of time composition was less consistent and less important. There was a large range in explained variance of the measures of cardiometabolic health depending on the combination of processing settings, for example, 12.1%-20.8% for aerobic fitness and 5.8%-14.0% for body mass index.

CONCLUSIONS: There was a large variation in the physical activity intensity measure and the association with different measures of cardiometabolic health depending on the combination of settings of accelerometer data processing components. The results provide a fundament for a standard to process hip accelerometer data to assess the physical activity in middle-aged populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024
Keywords
accelerometer, cardiometabolic health, method, physical activity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7967 (URN)10.1111/sms.14541 (DOI)001107489300001 ()37985378 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-11-30 Created: 2023-11-30 Last updated: 2024-01-11
Ekblom Bak, E., Börjesson, M., Ekblom, Ö., Angerås, O., Bergman, F., Berntsson, C., . . . Jernberg, T. (2023). Accelerometer derived physical activity and subclinical coronary and carotid atherosclerosis: cross-sectional analyses in 22 703 middle-aged men and women in the SCAPIS study.. BMJ Open, 13(11), Article ID e073380.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accelerometer derived physical activity and subclinical coronary and carotid atherosclerosis: cross-sectional analyses in 22 703 middle-aged men and women in the SCAPIS study.
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2023 (English)In: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 13, no 11, article id e073380Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The aim included investigation of the associations between sedentary (SED), low-intensity physical activity (LIPA), moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) and the prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis in both coronaries and carotids and the estimated difference in prevalence by theoretical reallocation of time in different PA behaviours.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional.

SETTING: Multisite study at university hospitals.

PARTICIPANTS: A total of 22 670 participants without cardiovascular disease (51% women, 57.4 years, SD 4.3) from the population-based Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImage study were included. SED, LIPA and MVPA were assessed by hip-worn accelerometer.

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: Any and significant subclinical coronary atherosclerosis (CA), Coronary Artery Calcium Score (CACS) and carotid atherosclerosis (CarA) were derived from imaging data from coronary CT angiography and carotid ultrasound.

RESULTS: High daily SED (>70% ≈10.5 hours/day) associated with a higher OR 1.44 (95% CI 1.09 to 1.91), for significant CA, and with lower OR 0.77 (95% CI 0.63 to 0.95), for significant CarA. High LIPA (>55% ≈8 hours/day) associated with lower OR for significant CA 0.70 (95% CI 0.51 to 0.96), and CACS, 0.71 (95% CI 0.51 to 0.97), but with higher OR for CarA 1.41 (95% CI 1.12 to 1.76). MVPA above reference level, >2% ≈20 min/day, associated with lower OR for significant CA (OR range 0.61-0.67), CACS (OR range 0.71-0.75) and CarA (OR range 0.72-0.79). Theoretical replacement of 30 min of SED into an equal amount of MVPA associated with lower OR for significant CA, especially in participants with high SED 0.84 (95% CI 0.76 to 0.96) or low MVPA 0.51 (0.36 to 0.73).

CONCLUSIONS: MVPA was associated with a lower risk for significant atherosclerosis in both coronaries and carotids, while the association varied in strength and direction for SED and LIPA, respectively. If causal, clinical implications include avoiding high levels of daily SED and low levels of MVPA to reduce the risk of developing significant subclinical atherosclerosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2023
Keywords
cardiovascular imaging, epidemiology, public health
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7971 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2023-073380 (DOI)37996228 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-11-30 Created: 2023-11-30 Last updated: 2023-11-30
Fridolfsson, J., Arvidsson, D., Ekblom Bak, E., Ekblom, Ö., Bergström, G. & Börjesson, M. (2023). Accelerometer-measured absolute versus relative physical activity intensity: cross-sectional associations with cardiometabolic health in midlife.. BMC Public Health, 23(1), Article ID 2322.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accelerometer-measured absolute versus relative physical activity intensity: cross-sectional associations with cardiometabolic health in midlife.
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2023 (English)In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 2322Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Observational studies investigating the association between accelerometer-measured physical activity and health all use absolute measures of physical activity intensity. However, intervention studies suggest that the physical activity intensity required to improve health is relative to individual fitness. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between accelerometer-measured absolute and relative physical activity intensity and cardiometabolic health, and what implications these associations may have on the interpretation of health-associated physical activity.

METHODS: A sample of the cross-sectional Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImage Study (SCAPIS) consisting of 4,234 men and women aged 55-64 years was studied. Physical activity intensity was measured by accelerometry and expressed as absolute (e.g., metabolic equivalents of task) or relative (percentage of maximal oxygen consumption). Fitness was estimated by the submaximal Ekblom-Bak test. A composite ('metabolic syndrome') score combined measures of waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein, triglycerides, and glycated hemoglobin. Associations of absolute and relative physical activity intensity with the health indicators (i.e., fitness and metabolic syndrome score) were studied by partial least squares regression. Analyses were stratified by fitness level.

RESULTS: Both absolute and relative physical activity intensity associated with the health indicators. However, the strongest associations for absolute intensity varied depending on fitness levels, whereas the associations for relative intensity were more synchronized across fitness groups. The dose-response relationship between moderate-to-vigorous intensity and the health indicators was stronger for relative than for absolute intensity. The absolute and relative moderate-to-vigorous intensity cut-offs intersected at the 5th fitness percentile, indicating that the absolute intensity cut-off is too low for 95% of individuals in this sample. While 99% of individuals fulfilled the general physical activity recommendations based on absolute intensity measures, only 21% fulfilled the recommendations based on relative intensity measures. In relation to a "sufficient" fitness level, 9% fulfilled the recommendations.

CONCLUSIONS: Accelerometer-measured relative physical activity intensity represents the intensity related to health benefits regardless of fitness level. Traditional absolute moderate intensity accelerometer cut-offs are too low for most individuals and should be adapted to the fitness level in the sample studied. Absolute and relative physical activity intensity cannot be used interchangeably.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2023
Keywords
Cardiometabolic risk factors, Cardiovascular disease, Cardiovascular fitness, Recommendations
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7970 (URN)10.1186/s12889-023-17281-4 (DOI)001107237500003 ()37996871 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-11-30 Created: 2023-11-30 Last updated: 2024-01-11
Onerup, A., Mehlig, K., Ekblom Bak, E., Lissner, L., Börjesson, M. & Åberg, M. (2023). Cardiorespiratory fitness and BMI measured in youth and 5-year mortality after site-specific cancer diagnoses in men: A population-based cohort study with register linkage.. Cancer Medicine, 12(19), 20000-20014
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cardiorespiratory fitness and BMI measured in youth and 5-year mortality after site-specific cancer diagnoses in men: A population-based cohort study with register linkage.
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2023 (English)In: Cancer Medicine, E-ISSN 2045-7634, Vol. 12, no 19, p. 20000-20014Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Our aim was to assess associations between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body mass index (BMI) in youth and 5-year mortality after site-specific cancer diagnoses in men.

METHODS: Men with cancer from a population who underwent military conscription at ages 16-25 during 1968-2005 in Sweden were included. CRF was assessed as maximal aerobic workload on a cycle ergometer test and was classified as low, moderate, or high. BMI (kg/m2 ) was classified as underweight (<18.5), normal weight (18.5-24.9), overweight (25-29.9), or obesity (>30). Conscription data were linked with register data on cancer diagnosis and mortality. Analyses included CRF, BMI, date of diagnosis, and age, year, and center for conscription.

RESULTS: A total of 84,621 cancer cases were included. Mean age at diagnosis was 52 years. Follow-up data were available during a mean of 6.5 years. There were linear protective associations between CRF and mortality after any cancer diagnosis (hazard ratio [HR] for high vs. low CRF 0.70), malignant skin cancer (HR 0.80), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (HR 0.78), and cancer in the lungs (HR 0.80), head and neck (HR 0.68), pancreas (HR 0.83), stomach (HR 0.78), liver (HR 0.84), rectum (HR 0.79), and bladder (HR 0.71). Overweight and/or obesity were associated with increased mortality after any cancer (HR for obesity vs. normal weight 1.89), malignant skin cancer (HR 2.03), Hodgkin lymphoma (HR 2.86) and cancer in the head and neck (HR 1.38), thyroid (HR 3.04), rectum (HR 1.53), kidney (HR 1.90), bladder (HR 2.10), and prostate (HR 2.44).

CONCLUSION: We report dose-dependent associations between CRF and BMI in youth and mortality after site-specific cancer diagnoses in men. The associations with mortality could be due to both cancer inhibition and an improved tolerance to withstand cancer treatment. These results strengthen the incentive for public health efforts aimed at establishing a high CRF and normal weight in youth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
body mass index, epidemiology and prevention, physical activity, prognostic factor, survival
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Cancer and Oncology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7889 (URN)10.1002/cam4.6553 (DOI)001070530700001 ()37732468 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-10-04 Created: 2023-10-04 Last updated: 2024-01-17
Ekblom, M., Ekblom, Ö., Börjesson, M., Bergström, G., Jern, C. & Wallin, A. (2019). Device-Measured Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity and Aerobic Fitness Are Independent Correlates of Cognitive Performance in Healthy Middle-Aged Adults-Results from the SCAPIS Pilot Study.. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(24), Article ID E5136.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Device-Measured Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity and Aerobic Fitness Are Independent Correlates of Cognitive Performance in Healthy Middle-Aged Adults-Results from the SCAPIS Pilot Study.
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2019 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 24, article id E5136Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

High aerobic fitness, more moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and less sedentary behavior (SED) have all been suggested to promote cognitive functions, but it is unclear whether they are independent predictors of specific cognitive domains. This study aimed to investigate to what extent aerobic fitness MVPA and SED are independently associated with cognitive performance among middle-aged Swedish adults. We acquired device-based measures of aerobic fitness, cognitive performance and percent daily time spent in MVPA and SED in Swedish adults (n = 216; 54-66 years old). Aerobic fitness was associated with better performance at one out of two tests of speed/attention and one out of four tests of executive attention, and with worse performance at one of seven tests of memory. Increasing %MVPA was associated with better performance at one out of seven tests of memory and two out of three tests of verbal ability, whereas increasing %SED was associated with better performance at all four tests of executive attention and four out of seven tests of memory. These findings suggest that aerobic fitness, %MVPA and %SED are partly independent correlates of cognitive performance. To fully understand the association between SED and performance at several tests of cognitive function, future investigations might attempt to investigate intellectually engaging SED (such as reading books) separately from mentally undemanding SED (such as watching TV).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
accelerometry, cognitive functions, exercise, physical activity, sedentary behavior
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5980 (URN)10.3390/ijerph16245136 (DOI)31888199 (PubMedID)
Projects
SCAPISMilitärprojektet
Available from: 2020-01-07 Created: 2020-01-07 Last updated: 2022-12-01
Kallings, L., Olsson, S. J., Ekblom, Ö., Ekblom Bak, E. & Börjesson, M. (2019). The SED-GIH: A Single-Item Question for Assessment of Stationary Behavior-A Study of Concurrent and Convergent Validity.. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(23), Article ID E4766.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The SED-GIH: A Single-Item Question for Assessment of Stationary Behavior-A Study of Concurrent and Convergent Validity.
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2019 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 23, article id E4766Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The unfavorable health consequences of prolonged time spent sedentary (stationary) make accurate assessment in the general population important. However, for many existing questionnaires, validity for identifying stationary time has not been shown or has shown low validity. This study aimed to assess the concurrent and convergent validity of the GIH stationary single-item question (SED-GIH). Data were obtained in 2013 and 2014 from two Swedish cohorts. A total of 711 men and women provided valid accelerometer data (Actigraph GT3X+) and were included for concurrent validity analyses. A total of 560 individuals answered three additional commonly used sedentary questions, and were included for convergent validity analysis. The SED-GIH displayed a significant correlation with total stationary time (rs = 0.48) and time in prolonged stationary time (rs = 0.44). The ROC analysis showed an AUC of 0.72 for identifying individuals with stationary time over 600 min/day. The SED-GIH correlated significantly with other previously used questions (r = 0.72-0.89). The SED-GIH single-item question showed a relatively high agreement with device-assessed stationary behavior and was able to identify individuals with high levels of stationary time. Thus, the SED-GIH may be used to assess total and prolonged stationary time. This has important implications, as simple assessment tools of this behavior are needed in public health practice and research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
accelerometry, measurement, public health, sedentary behavior, surveys and questionnaires, validation studies
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5950 (URN)10.3390/ijerph16234766 (DOI)31795109 (PubMedID)
Projects
Mätning av det dagliga aktivitetsmönstret
Available from: 2019-12-09 Created: 2019-12-09 Last updated: 2022-12-01
Olsson, S. J., Ekblom, Ö., Andersson, E., Börjesson, M. & Kallings, L. (2016). Categorical answer modes provides superior validity to open answers when asking for level of physical activity: A cross-sectional study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 44(1), 70-76, Article ID 1403494815602830.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Categorical answer modes provides superior validity to open answers when asking for level of physical activity: A cross-sectional study
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2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 70-76, article id 1403494815602830Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS:

Physical activity (PA) used as prevention and treatment of disease has created a need for effective tools for measuring patients' PA level. Our aim was therefore to assess the validity of two PA questions and their three associated answer modes.

METHODS:

Data on PA according to the PA questions and Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometers, aerobic fitness (VO2max), cardiovascular biomarkers, and self-rated general health were collected in 365 Swedish adults (21-66 years). The PA questions ask about weekly PA via categories (Categorical), an open-ended answer (Open), or specified day by day (Table).

RESULTS:

The Categorical mode, compared with the Open mode, correlated (Spearman's rho) significantly more strongly (p<0.05) with accelerometer PA (0.31 vs. 0.18) and VO2max (0.27 vs. 0.06), and the level of BMI (-0.20 vs. -0.02), waist circumference (-0.22 vs. -0.03), diastolic blood pressure (-0.16 vs. 0.08), glucose (-0.18 vs. 0.04), triglycerides (-0.31 vs. -0.07), and general health (0.35 vs. 0.19). The validity of the Categorical and Table modes were similar regarding VO2max and accelerometry, but the Categorical mode exhibited more significant and stronger correlations with cardiovascular biomarkers. The capacity of the PA questions to identify insufficiently physically active individuals ranged from 0.57 to 0.76 for sensitivity and from 0.47 to 0.79 for specificity.

CONCLUSIONS:

The Categorical mode exhibits the strongest validity and Open mode the weakest. The PA questions may be used on a population level, or as a tool for determining patents' appropriateness for treatment.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3958 (URN)10.1177/1403494815602830 (DOI)000369969000011 ()26392418 (PubMedID)
Projects
LIV 2013Mätning av det dagliga aktivitetsmönstret
Available from: 2015-08-04 Created: 2015-08-04 Last updated: 2020-09-11Bibliographically approved
Börjesson, M., Onerup, A., Lundqvist, S. & Dahlöf, B. (2016). Fysisk aktivitet vid hypertoni. In: FYSS 2017: fysisk aktivitet i sjukdomsprevention och sjukdomsbehandling (pp. 412-425). Läkartidningen förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fysisk aktivitet vid hypertoni
2016 (Swedish)In: FYSS 2017: fysisk aktivitet i sjukdomsprevention och sjukdomsbehandling, Läkartidningen förlag , 2016, p. 412-425Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattande rekommendation

Personer med hypertoni bör rekommenderas aerob fysisk aktivitet för att sänka blodtrycket. Måttligt starkt vetenskapligt underlag (evidensstyrka +++).

Personer med hypertoni kan som tillägg rekommenderas isometrisk träning för att sänka blodtrycket. Begränsat vetenskapligt underlag (evidensstyrka ++).

Personer med hypertoni bör även rekommenderas muskelstärkande fysisk aktivitet enligt de allmänna rekommendationerna om fysisk aktivitet.

Personer med hypertoni bör rekommenderas regelbunden fysisk aktivitet som en av flera åtgärder för att sänka blodtrycket.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Läkartidningen förlag, 2016
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4708 (URN)9789198171129 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-01-20Bibliographically approved
Ekblom, Ö. & Börjesson, M. (2016). Hela rörelsemönstret har betydelse. Idrottsmedicin, 35(3), 5-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hela rörelsemönstret har betydelse
2016 (Swedish)In: Idrottsmedicin, ISSN 2001-3302, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 5-7Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svensk förening för fysisk aktivitet och idrottsmedicin, 2016
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4597 (URN)
Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2022-12-01Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8786-0438

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