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Publications (10 of 139) Show all publications
Kenttä, G., Bentzen, M., Dieffenbach, K. & Olusoga, P. (2020). Challenges Experienced by Women High-Performance Coaches: Sustainability in the Profession. International Sport Coaching Journal, 7(2), 200-208
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges Experienced by Women High-Performance Coaches: Sustainability in the Profession
2020 (English)In: International Sport Coaching Journal, ISSN 2328-918X, E-ISSN 2328-9198, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 200-208Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

High-performance (HP) coaching is a demanding profession. The proportion of woman HP coaches is reported to be in the range of 8.4–20%. Mental health concerns in elite sports have recently gained attention, but mainly focusing on athletes. Beyond coach burnout, limited attention has been given to coaches' mental health. A recent coach burnout review included only one paper that focused exclusively on women. It has been argued that women HP coaches face greater challenges in a male-dominated coaching culture. The purpose of this study was to explore challenges experienced by women HP coaches and their perceived associations with sustainability and mental health. Thirty-seven female HP coaches participated by answering a semistructured, open-ended questionnaire. All responses were analyzed using inductive thematic analysis, which resulted in two general dimensions: challenges of working as women HP coaches and sustainability and well-being as women HP coaches. Overall, results indicate that challenges reported might be common not only for all HP coaches, but also highlight gender-specific elements. Consequently, coach retention and sustainability would benefit from more attention on well-being and mental health among HP coaches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2020
Keywords
coaching; female; mental health
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6172 (URN)10.1123/iscj.2019-0029 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-05-06 Created: 2020-05-06 Last updated: 2020-05-06
Håkansson, A., Entezarjou, A., Kenttä, G., Fernández-Aranda, F., Jiménez-Murcia, S. & Gunnarsson, B. (2020). Problem Gambling in the Fitness World - A General Population Web Survey.. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(4), Article ID E1342.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Problem Gambling in the Fitness World - A General Population Web Survey.
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2020 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 4, article id E1342Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The world of sports has a complex association to problem gambling, and the sparse research examining problem gambling in athletes has suggested an increased prevalence and particularly high male predominance. The present study aimed to study frequency and correlates of problem gambling in populations with moderate to high involvement in fitness or physical exercise. This is a self-selective online survey focusing on addictive behaviors in physical exercise distributed by 'fitness influencers' on social media and other online fitness forums to their followers. Respondents were included if they reported exercise at least thrice weekly, were above 15 years of age, and provided informed consent (N = 3088). Problem gambling, measured with the Lie/Bet, was studied in association with demographic data, substance use, and mental health variables. The occurrence of lifetime problem gambling was 8 percent (12 percent in men, one percent in women). In logistic regression, problem gambling was associated with male gender, younger age, risky alcohol drinking, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and less frequent exercise habits. In conclusion, in this self-recruited population with moderate to high fitness involvement, problem gambling was moderately elevated. As shown previously in elite athletes, the male predominance was larger than in the general population. The findings strengthen the link between problem gambling and the world of sports.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
Keywords
behavioral addiction, gambling, sports psychology
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6081 (URN)10.3390/ijerph17041342 (DOI)000522388500218 ()32093056 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2020-03-16 Created: 2020-03-16 Last updated: 2020-05-06
Slingerland, K. V., Durand-Bush, N., DesClouds, P. & Kenttä, G. (2020). Providing Mental Health Care to an Elite Athlete: The Perspective of the Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport Team. Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology, 4(S1), S1-17-S1-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Providing Mental Health Care to an Elite Athlete: The Perspective of the Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport Team
2020 (English)In: Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 2470-4849, Vol. 4, no S1, p. S1-17-S1-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There are few specialized mental health clinics to address the unique needs of high-performance athletes struggling with mental illness. The Canadian Centre for Mental Health in Sport (CCMHS) was recently created to fill this gap. It is the first center in Canada to offer collaborative sport-focused mental health care services designed to help athletes and coaches achieve their performance goals while prioritizing their mental health. This case study examines the process of providing mental health care to a female elite athlete through the CCMHS, including the referral, screening, and treatment process, as well as the outcomes of this care. Cognitive-behavioral therapy focused on exposure-response prevention was predominantly used to help the athlete improve and manage anxiety and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Both opportunities and challenges associated with providing collaborative care to the athlete via a telehealth platform were observed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2020
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6194 (URN)10.1123/cssep.2019-0022 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-05-25 Created: 2020-05-25 Last updated: 2020-05-29Bibliographically approved
Baltzell, A., Röthlin, P. & Kenttä, G. (2020). Self-compassion in sport for courage and performance. In: Kristoffer Hendriksen, Jakob Hansen and Carsten Hvid Larsen (Ed.), Mindfulness and Acceptance in Sport: How to Help Athletes Perform and Thrive under Pressure (pp. 178-190). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-compassion in sport for courage and performance
2020 (English)In: Mindfulness and Acceptance in Sport: How to Help Athletes Perform and Thrive under Pressure / [ed] Kristoffer Hendriksen, Jakob Hansen and Carsten Hvid Larsen, Routledge, 2020, p. 178-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020
National Category
Applied Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5852 (URN)9780429787379 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-09-25
Åkesdotter, C., Kenttä, G., Eloranta, S. & Franck, J. (2020). The prevalence of Mental Health Problems in elite athletes. Paper presented at Vol. 23 Issue 4, p329. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (4), 329-335
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The prevalence of Mental Health Problems in elite athletes
2020 (English)In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, ISSN 1440-2440, E-ISSN 1878-1861, no 4, p. 329-335Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The first aim was to examine mental health problems (MHP) in elite athletes addressing prevalence, sex-differences, onset, recurrent episodes, help-seeking, symptoms of specific disorders and previous psychiatric diagnoses. The second aim was to investigate if sport-specific instruments could indicate clinical levels of psychiatric symptoms.

Design

Cross-sectional survey.

Methods

Elite athletes (representing different Swedish national teams and applying for a university scholarship (n = 333) answered a web-based survey. Females represented 58.9%. Mean age was 24.6(±3.1) years and 77.2% were individual-and 22.8% team-sport athletes.

Results

Lifetime prevalence of MHP was 51.7% (females 58.2%, males 42.3%). Point prevalence was 11.7% (females 13.8%, males 8.8%). Onset of first MHP episode peaked at age 19 with 50% of onsets between ages 17–21. Recurrent episodes were common, and females sought help more than males (females 37.8%, males 16.8%). Overall 19.5% reached the clinical cut-offs for symptoms of anxiety and/or depression (females 26.0%, males 10.2%). Previous psychiatric diagnoses existed among 8.1% (females 10.7%, males 4.4%). A depressive disorder, an eating disorder or a trauma and stress related disorder (self-reported as burnout) were most common. Finally, most sport-specific instruments (80%) demonstrated a fair diagnostic accuracy compared to clinically validated instruments.

Conclusions

Lifetime prevalence of MHP was reported by more than half of the athletes. Symptoms manifested in young age and recurrent episodes were common. Sport-specific instruments indicating when symptoms reach clinical levels are potentially useful for data summary purposes on a group level, but without sufficiently high sensitivity and specificity to be recommend for applied work with athletes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Psychiatric disorders, Help seeking, Onset, Measurement
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5910 (URN)10.1016/j.jsams.2019.10.022 (DOI)000521119900003 ()
Conference
Vol. 23 Issue 4, p329
Available from: 2019-11-11 Created: 2019-11-11 Last updated: 2020-04-14Bibliographically approved
Hassmén, P., Kenttä, G., Hjälm, S., Lundkvist, E. & Gustafsson, H. (2019). Burnout symptoms and recovery processes in eight elite soccer coaches over 10 years. International journal of sports science & coaching, 14(4), 431-443
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Burnout symptoms and recovery processes in eight elite soccer coaches over 10 years
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2019 (English)In: International journal of sports science & coaching, ISSN 1747-9541, E-ISSN 2048-397X, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 431-443Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Elite sport can be stressful, which increases the risk for burnout symptoms to develop. Especially when not balanced with sufficient recovery. To study the burnout–recovery process, eight elite soccer coaches were followed for 10 years. All eight were active elite coaches at the inception of this study and reported elevated emotional exhaustion scores on Maslach’s Burnout Inventory Educators Survey (MBI-ES). The coaches completed MBI-ES three additional times (year 3, 7, and 10), and they were also interviewed on the same occasions. At the 3-year follow-up, seven of the eight coaches reduced their exhaustion scores. The coach presenting with unchanged scores both at the 3 - and 7-year follow-up was the only one still coaching at the elite level. All coaches revealed during the interviews that they struggled to manage their work–life balance well; some worked too many hours, some experienced difficulty in managing conflicting role-demands, and some wrestled with external pressures. Their approach to recovery was, however, similar. Apart from moving away from coaching at the elite level, they unanimously mentioned that they changed their approach to coaching to make recovery possible. They achieved the latter by, for example, increasing control and delegating responsibility. According to our longitudinal results, burnout frequently regarded as an end-state can decrease over time. Provided that decisive action is taken to change situational factors and personal demands. This frequently meant withdrawing from coaching, which in turn explains why coach retention remains a serious challenge for most organizations with teams/athletes competing at the elite level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Burnout, coaches, elite-sport, exhaustion, soccer, stress
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5763 (URN)10.1177/1747954119851246 (DOI)000479122900001 ()
Available from: 2019-05-31 Created: 2019-05-31 Last updated: 2020-01-24Bibliographically approved
Van Slingerland, K. J., Durand-Bush, N., Bradley, L., Goldfield, G., Archambault, R., Smith, D., . . . Kenttä, G. (2019). Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport (CCMHS) Position Statement: Principles of Mental Health in Competitive and High-Performance Sport.. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(3), 173-180
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport (CCMHS) Position Statement: Principles of Mental Health in Competitive and High-Performance Sport.
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2019 (English)In: Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 1050-642X, E-ISSN 1536-3724, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 173-180Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The brave decision made by many Canadian athletes to share their experience with mental illness has fed a growing dialogue surrounding mental health in competitive and high-performance sport. To affect real change for individuals, sport culture must change to meet demands for psychologically safe, supportive, and accepting sport environments. This position statement addresses mental health in competitive and high-performance sport in Canada, presenting solutions to current challenges and laying a foundation for a unified address of mental health by the Canadian sport community. The paper emerged from the first phase of a multidisciplinary Participatory Action Research (PAR) project, in which a sport-focused mental health care model housed within the Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport (CCMHS) is currently being designed, implemented, and evaluated by a team of 20 stakeholders, in collaboration with several community partners and advisors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wolters Kluwer, 2019
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Applied Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5733 (URN)10.1097/JSM.0000000000000665 (DOI)000480736100002 ()31033609 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-05-07 Created: 2019-05-07 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved
Olusoga, P., Bentzen, M. & Kenttä, G. (2019). Coach Burnout: A Scoping Review. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(1), 42-62
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coach Burnout: A Scoping Review
2019 (English)In: International Sport Coaching Journal, ISSN 2328-918X, E-ISSN 2328-9198, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 42-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Coaches' experiences of burnout and stress have been popular topics for research within sport psychology, particularly over the last decade. The purpose of this scoping review was to provide an up-to-date and critical review of the coaching burnout literature, consolidate research findings, assess current methodological and conceptual trends, and identify avenues for research in this area. Five electronic databases were used to conduct the literature search up to September 30th, 2017 (PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ORIA, Google Scholar). Initially, 65 papers, reviews, and books chapter were identified, but through an iterative process, 45 peer-reviewed, published articles satisfied the inclusion criteria, and the data from these studies was charted. Findings indicated that coach burnout literature is explored from a number of different theoretical perspectives, and shortcomings were identified regarding constructs and concepts used, and research quality. Based on consolidated findings, key challenges are identified, and recommendations for future research are suggested. Recommendations include the use of designs that fully capture the enduring nature of the burnout experience, further consideration being given to the measurement of coach burnout, and further research exploring the clinical treatment and prevention of burnout in coaching contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2019
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Applied Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5652 (URN)10.1123/iscj.2017-0094 (DOI)000459210800004 ()
Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Van Slingerland, K. J., Durand-Bush, N. & Kenttä, G. (2019). Collaboratively designing the Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport (CCMHS) using Group Concept Mapping. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 1-49
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaboratively designing the Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport (CCMHS) using Group Concept Mapping
2019 (English)In: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, ISSN 1041-3200, E-ISSN 1533-1571, p. 1-49Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

There are special considerations and challenges involved in diagnosing and treating mental illnesses in athletes (Glick & Horsfall, 2009). However, very few clinical psychologists and psychiatrists in Canada specialize in sport, representing a significant gap in mental health care service provision for this population. In this study, a group of expert sport and mental health stakeholders (n?=?17) employed a Participatory Action Research approach to design a specialized sport-focused mental health care model integrated within the Canadian Centre for Mental Health in Sport (CCMHS). Stakeholders engaged in focus group discussions to perform an environmental scan of the Canadian sport and mental health care contexts that laid the foundation for a group concept mapping (GCM) exercise. Using the Concepts Systems software, stakeholders individually produced statements that described the elements to include in a sport-specific mental health care model implemented within the CCMHS. A total of 106 unique statements were organized into 6 themed clusters, focusing on: (1) service delivery [40 statements], (2) communications and promotion [20 statements], (3) business, policy, and operations [19 statements], (4) partnerships [9 statements], (5) research [6 statements], and (6) education and training [6 statements]. These findings were operationalized to establish a sport-centered mental health care model and the CCMHS itself - the first Centre of its kind in Canada. GCM is seldom used to conduct sport research, thus the validity and reliability of this methodology was assessed.Lay Summary: In this study, 17 sport and mental health expert stakeholders participated in group concept mapping to design a sport-focused mental health care delivery model. The group produced 106 unique statements that were organized into six strategic priority areas and operationalized to establish the Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Participatory Action Research, Group Concept Mapping, Mental Health, Sport
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5979 (URN)10.1080/10413200.2019.1704938 (DOI)000506101300001 ()
Available from: 2020-01-07 Created: 2020-01-07 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved
Sarkar, M., Gould, D., Wylleman, P., Kenttä, G., Cotterill, S. & Mitchell, I. (2019). Developing resilience in elite sport: Research to practice.. In: Proceedings of The 15th European Congress of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC): . Paper presented at 15th European Congress of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC). 15-20 July 2019. Münster, Germany.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing resilience in elite sport: Research to practice.
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of The 15th European Congress of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC), 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6015 (URN)
Conference
15th European Congress of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC). 15-20 July 2019. Münster, Germany
Available from: 2020-01-29 Created: 2020-01-29 Last updated: 2020-02-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9921-6586

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