Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Publications (10 of 197) Show all publications
Åkesdotter, C., Kenttä, G. & Sparkes, A. C. (2024). Elite athletes seeking psychiatric treatment: Stigma, impression management strategies and the dangers of the performance narrative. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 36(1), 24-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elite athletes seeking psychiatric treatment: Stigma, impression management strategies and the dangers of the performance narrative
2024 (English)In: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, ISSN 1041-3200, E-ISSN 1533-1571, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 24-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores the reasons given by five elite athletes for choosing to seek psychiatric support and treatment outside, rather than inside, their own sport environments. Life story interviews were conducted with these athletes, who were recruited from an open psychiatric clinic in Stockholm, Sweden. The interviews were then subjected to a structural and a thematic narrative analysis. The former revealed the power of the performance narrative to frame the lives of the athletes by producing a single-minded focus on performance outcomes that justifies, and even demands, the exclusion of any form of psychological weakness or vulnerability. The latter revealed the relationship between the performance narrative and the process of stigmatization associated with psychiatric disorders in elite sport and how this pressures athletes to adopt specific Goffmanesque impression management strategies to protect themselves within their own sport environments. These strategies were as follows: wearing a mask (to hide their psychological suffering), adhering to a vow of silence (making stories of psychological suffering untellable in elite sport), and finding an alibi (a way of portraying suffering in an “acceptable” form). Finally, we reflect on implications for practice, including the potential of narrative care, to help elite athletes explore alternative narratives that might be supportive rather than dangerous companions when suffering from psychiatric disorders.

Lay summary: Five elite athletes were interviewed about their experiences of living with psychiatric disorders, focusing on their choice to seek psychiatric treatment outside, rather than inside, their own sport environments. Stigma and adhering to a single-minded focus on performance forced the athletes to adopt different strategies to hide their psychological suffering.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE

  • The performance narrative, characterized by a single-minded focus on performance that demands the exclusion of any form of psychological weakness, stigmatizes elite athletes with psychiatric disorders, making their stories untellable within elite sport.
  • To protect themselves from stigma, these athletes developed impression management strategies to hide their psychological suffering within elite sport.
  • Knowledge of these impression management strategies among different mental health providers working to support athletes, and the use of narrative care to explore alternative narratives, may facilitate elite athletes in seeking support, help, and understanding for their psychiatric disorders.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
National Category
Applied Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7458 (URN)10.1080/10413200.2023.2185697 (DOI)000950176700001 ()
Note

At the time of Cecilia Åkesdotter's dissertation this article was a manuscript in revision.

Available from: 2023-01-04 Created: 2023-01-04 Last updated: 2024-01-08
Alexander, D., Bloom, G. A., Bentzen, M. & Kenttä, G. (2024). Exploring the experiences and perceptions of coaches, athletes, and integrated support teams towards the management of three national Paralympic teams.. Psychology of Sport And Exercise, 71, Article ID 102588.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the experiences and perceptions of coaches, athletes, and integrated support teams towards the management of three national Paralympic teams.
2024 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 71, article id 102588Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explored the experiences and perceptions of coaches, athletes, and integrated support teams towards the management of three Paralympic teams across North America and Europe. Six focus groups with athletes, three interviews with head coaches, and 10 interviews with support team members were conducted and analyzed using a reflexive thematic analysis. Our analysis resulted in three overarching themes to portray the coaches' role and behaviours in managing their (1) athletes, (2) integrated support teams, and (3) team as a collective unit. All teams were made up of a diverse group of athletes that required individualized considerations regarding age, finances, and disability. Coaches were successful when they fostered autonomy and managed interpersonal conflict by utilizing their integrated support teams to foster cohesiveness. This study provides an in-depth view of the role of the coach in managing national parasport teams by incorporating multiple perspectives from three teams around the world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Disability sport, Head coaches, High-performance, Team environment
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8036 (URN)10.1016/j.psychsport.2023.102588 (DOI)38159711 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2024-01-08 Created: 2024-01-08 Last updated: 2024-01-08
Hägglund, K., Wagstaff, C. R. D., Kenttä, G. & Thelwell, R. (2024). Starting a Conversation about Vulnerability in Elite Sport. Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, 15(1), 19-29
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Starting a Conversation about Vulnerability in Elite Sport
2024 (English)In: Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, ISSN 2152-0704, E-ISSN 2152-0712, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 19-29Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Psychological strengths are idealized in elite sport and contribute to the presence of stigma surrounding mental health issues and a high threshold for help-seeking behavior. Recently, scholars have argued that the concept of vulnerability has the potential to challenge the dominance of the performance narrative in sport. In this article, we provide practitioners with innovative poem and word cloud resources based on insights from high-performance coaches to enable conversations about vulnerability in sport. We hope practitioners will use these resources to stimulate reflection and dialogue about vulnerability, which may lower thresholds for help-seeking and foster sustainability in sport organizations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2024
Keywords
Creative analytical practice, help-seeking, mental health, self-compassion, sustainability
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Applied Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7668 (URN)10.1080/21520704.2023.2207481 (DOI)000993306200001 ()
Available from: 2023-06-26 Created: 2023-06-26 Last updated: 2024-02-15
Hägglund, K., Kenttä, G., Wagstaff, C. R. .. & Bentzen, M. (2024). What Is Known About Mindfulness and Self-Compassion Among Sport Coaches?: A Scoping Review. International Sport Coaching Journal, 1-12
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What Is Known About Mindfulness and Self-Compassion Among Sport Coaches?: A Scoping Review
2024 (English)In: International Sport Coaching Journal, ISSN 2328-918X, E-ISSN 2328-9198, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Mindfulness and self-compassion are two constructs positively related to well-being and mental health outside sport. Within sport, these constructs are emerging in research, yet the extant work has primarily been conducted with athlete samples. The aim of this scoping review was to provide a broad synthesis of the literature on mindfulness and self-compassion among coaches. Fourteen articles were included, 11 of them published 2019–2022. Of the 14 publications, the concepts studied were mindfulness (n = 10), self-compassion (n = 2), and a combination of both (n = 2). The samples were predominantly male coaches (68.7%), and most of the studies targeted coaches at the elite or competitive level. The most common area studied was developing and testing interventions and programs, followed by depicting relationships of mindfulness or self-compassion with desirable outcomes. This review significantly extends the current knowledge by illuminating critical issues in this rapidly moving area of research; the need for conceptual and contextual clarity of mindfulness and self-compassion; methodological considerations, such as measures that may allow reliable comparison across studies; and the need to further explore the potential benefits of mindfulness and self-compassion for coaches for sustainability and performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2024
Keywords
elite sport, mental health, well-being, sustainability
National Category
Applied Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8123 (URN)10.1123/iscj.2023-0066 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-02-22 Created: 2024-02-22 Last updated: 2024-02-22
Åkesdotter, C. & Kenttä, G. (2023). Balans och återhämtning i tränarrollen (2 uppl.ed.). In: Idrottens ledarskap: (pp. 119-133). Stockholm: SISU Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Balans och återhämtning i tränarrollen
2023 (Swedish)In: Idrottens ledarskap, Stockholm: SISU Förlag , 2023, 2 uppl., p. 119-133Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Detta kapitel handlar om hur viktigt det är att ha en balanserad totalbelastning vilket innebär att de grundläggande förutsättningarna finns på plats: äta bra, sova och ha möjlighet till psykosocial återhämtning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: SISU Förlag, 2023 Edition: 2 uppl.
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7568 (URN)9789177270959 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-03-31 Created: 2023-03-31 Last updated: 2023-03-31
Chroni, S., Kenttä, G. & Alexopoulos, A. (2023). Breaking the silence in Cyprus sport: A 2-day mental health intervention. In: Proceedings from the 38th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology: . Paper presented at 38th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology, 2023, Orlando, Florida, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breaking the silence in Cyprus sport: A 2-day mental health intervention
2023 (English)In: Proceedings from the 38th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology, 2023Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Applied Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8056 (URN)
Conference
38th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology, 2023, Orlando, Florida, USA
Available from: 2024-01-16 Created: 2024-01-16 Last updated: 2024-01-16
Meckbach, S., Wagstaff, C. R., Kenttä, G. & Thelwell, R. (2023). Building the "team behind the team": A 21-month instrumental case study of the Swedish 2018 FIFA World Cup team. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 35(3), 521-546
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Building the "team behind the team": A 21-month instrumental case study of the Swedish 2018 FIFA World Cup team
2023 (English)In: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, ISSN 1041-3200, E-ISSN 1533-1571, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 521-546Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we provide a novel account of the selection and development of a staff team for the Swedish national men's football team for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. A total of 37 interviews took place at six time points over a 21-month period to track the values-based steps taken by the national Head Coach to build his support team. The sample was employed in a variety of roles including Head Coach, Assistant Head Coach, Goalkeeping Coach, Mentor to the Head Coach, Performance Analyst, Sports Psychologist, three Scouts, and a Team Manager. The data are presented in a temporal manner and organized according to three core values which were espoused by and later adopted as a value system by the support team: candor, humility, community. The data provide novel insight into the recruitment, formation, and development of the support team underpinned by a value system promoted by the Head Coach using candor, humility, and community. The presentation of longitudinal reflections from the Head Coach and members of the staff team during their build-up to, and excellent performance at the World Cup finals offer a significant contribution to knowledge regarding how a values-led approach was experienced in elite sport. The findings offer salient implications for research and practice. Lay summary: This is a case study of the selection, formation, and development of a support team for the Swedish national football team over 21 months before the men's 2018 FIFA World Cup. We explored the values-led leadership approach of the Head Coach across this period, presenting data from interviews over time-related to the impact of this values-led approach on the "team behind the team" in the build-up to and during the World Cup.Applied implications Psychologists and coaches might benefit from adopting a values-led approach to recruitment and ways of working. The values of candor, humility, and community were effectively articulated and role modeled by the leader and subsequently adopted by members of the support team. Although the specific values may not be suitable, the processes and critical moments that defined this adoption process might be valuable for others to reflect on. Values systems might benefit from "stress testing" over a period of time that is characterized by the relative stability of personnel and consistency of value messaging.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Ethical Leadership, Elite Sports, Values, Science, Experiences, Psychology, Medicine, Success, Climate
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Applied Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7033 (URN)10.1080/10413200.2022.2046658 (DOI)000778196600001 ()
Available from: 2022-04-26 Created: 2022-04-26 Last updated: 2024-01-11
Kenttä, G. & Åkesdotter, C. (2023). Clinical characteristics of treatment-seeking athletes and coaches within elite sport. In: Proceedings from the 38th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology: . Paper presented at 38th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology, 2023, Orlando, Florida, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clinical characteristics of treatment-seeking athletes and coaches within elite sport
2023 (English)In: Proceedings from the 38th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology, 2023Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Applied Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-8058 (URN)
Conference
38th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology, 2023, Orlando, Florida, USA
Available from: 2024-01-16 Created: 2024-01-16 Last updated: 2024-01-16
Brueckner, S. & Kenttä, G. (2023). Consulting boundaries: 'The burned-out consultant and the importance of self-care'. In: Castillo, Sarah L.; Butters Wooding, Chelsea; Barba, Douglas A.; Chroni, Stiliani 'Ani' (Ed.), Building consulting skills for sport and performance psychology: An international case study collection.: (pp. 121-125). New York, NY: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Consulting boundaries: 'The burned-out consultant and the importance of self-care'
2023 (English)In: Building consulting skills for sport and performance psychology: An international case study collection. / [ed] Castillo, Sarah L.; Butters Wooding, Chelsea; Barba, Douglas A.; Chroni, Stiliani 'Ani', New York, NY: Routledge, 2023, p. 121-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Mike at 49 years old is an experienced professional in the field of sport psychology. He holds a dual position as a part-time mental performance consultant and teaching sport psychology as adjunct faculty at a local college. A strong work ethic and, at times, perfectionistic tendencies are rooted in his past as an elite athlete. He competed as a distance runner for 13 years. Upon graduation, Mike ended his running career and decided to pursue graduate studies in the United States in applied sport psychology. While flourishing professionally, his personal life had taken a toll. He got married shortly after finishing graduate school and decided to move to Europe. Things got even more challenging with his children's birth and seemed impossible for Mike to juggle the multitude of demands, and to balance time with his family with professional responsibilities. Lack of self-care became a more pressing issue in coping with the multiple demands of consulting, teaching and research. This chapter discusses Mike's story, his experiences, personality traits, situational factors, symptoms experienced, actions taken to overcome his burnout and lessons learned from the experience, and key aspects of a sport psychology professionals regarding prioritizing self-care and preventing burnout.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Routledge, 2023
Keywords
athlete, balance time, burnout, mental performance consultant, self-care, sport psychology, Professional Consultation, Psychologists, Work-Life Balance
National Category
Applied Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7724 (URN)9780367545420 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-08-21 Created: 2023-08-21 Last updated: 2023-08-21
Nixdorf, R., Madigan, D. J., Kenttä, G. & Hassmén, P. (2023). Depression, Athlete Burnout, and Overtraining: A Review of Similarities and Differences. In: Nixdorf, Insa; Nixdorf, Raphael; Beckmann, Jürgen; Martin, Scott; Macintyre, Tadhg (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Mental Health in Elite Sport: (pp. 188-200). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Depression, Athlete Burnout, and Overtraining: A Review of Similarities and Differences
2023 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of Mental Health in Elite Sport / [ed] Nixdorf, Insa; Nixdorf, Raphael; Beckmann, Jürgen; Martin, Scott; Macintyre, Tadhg, New York: Routledge, 2023, p. 188-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is considerable debate as to whether depression and burnout are distinct syndromes, and, if they are, how they should be diagnosed. In athletes, the situation is even more complex as overtraining syndrome also needs to be considered. All three constructs do indeed share some symptoms (e.g., fatigue) and aetiology (e.g., chronic stress). Importantly, there are also considerable differences. This chapter therefore aims to provide an overview on the current state of research on these matters and provide an integrative model on the three constructs. We then use this information to provide practical recommendations for identifying, differentiating, and managing cases when symptoms related to depression, burnout, and overtraining are presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Behavioral Sciences, Sports and Leisure
National Category
Applied Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7630 (URN)10.4324/9781003099345-19 (DOI)978-1-003-09934-5 (ISBN)978-0-367-56786-6 (ISBN)978-0-367-56788-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-05-09 Created: 2023-05-09 Last updated: 2023-05-09
Projects
Exploring the myths of self-compassion in high performance coaching with emphasis on sustainability [CIF P2021-0161]; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIHA self-compassion intervention with high-performance coaches for sustainability and performance [P2024-0078]; Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9921-6586

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