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  • Abdulla, Pashang
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Rabun, Hedi
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    ”Jag kunde inte språket och jag hade inga kompisar”: en kvalitativ studie om elevers integrering genom ämnet idrott och hälsa2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how the integration of newly arrived students through teaching in the subject of Physical Education and health works. This is done by finding out what their experiences mean for integration and by examining their current experiences of Physical Education and health in Sweden.

    • How can newcomers' integration into Swedish of Physical Education and health be described based on their lifeworld?
    • What opportunities and limitations do newcomers experience to be able to participate in Physical Education and health?

    Method

    The study was conducted with the help of four newly arrived students, who were interviewed individually to study their lifeworld. Through these qualitative interviews, an analysis of how students perceive their participation in the subject Physical Education and health could be made. In our study we used the sociocultural perspective as a theoretical starting point. The interviews were conducted individually, as this should provide the widest possible understanding of the students' individual perceptions and thoughts. The interviews have been transcribed and used in the results section. An interview guide was used to facilitate the work process.

    Results

    The clearest results this study showed were (1) Respondents' different experiences from their home country and different experiences from school have affected how much interest they have in sports education. (2) Different educational keys and different learning methods are something that the students appreciate from the teacher who helps the to be a part of the class. (3) Teachers and classmates are of great importance for adapting to Physical Education and health. '

    Conclusion

    The study shows that both provenance and gender can have an impact on how well you adapt to Swedish sports education. Despite cultural and language differences physical Education and health could integrate people together

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  • Bergqvist, Theodor
    Den svenska gymnastikens spridning 1813-19131913Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Skriften beskriver linggymnastikens spridning och organisation i olika länder år 1913.

    Innehåll:

    • lnledning
    • Afrika
    • Amerika (U. S. A.)
    • Belgien
    • Danmark
    • England
    • Finland
    • Frankrike
    • Grekland
    • Holland
    • Italien
    • Norge
    • Ryssland
    • Schweiz
    • Spanien och Portugal
    • Sydamerika ·(Chile)
    • Tyskland
    • Österrrike-Ungarn
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  • Bergqvist, Theodor
    Strödda gymnastiska notiser 1813-1913: Kungl. Gymnastiska Centralinstitutet och därmed likaberättigade utbildningsanstalter. Gymnastiska sällskap i Sverige. Gymnastikdirektörer och läkare-sjukgymnaster i Sverige och Utlandet 1913. Gymnastiklärare- och lärarinnor i Sverige 19131913Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • Björklund, Melissa
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Tirpan, Adem
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Förutsättningar för friluftsliv i grundskolan: En kvalitativ undersökning om hur idrottslärare hanterar läroplanens vision i undervisningen2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of the study is primarily to investigate how physical education and health (PEH) teachers conduct outdoor education in relation to the vision of the Swedish curriculum. The study also aims to investigate whether the PEH teachers have any suggestions regarding development in the work with outdoor education. The study seeks to answer the questions:

    • How do PEH teachers experience their prerequisites for outdoor education in elementary school? 
    • How do PEH teachers transform the vision of the curriculum into a concrete content in outdoor life?
    • What development opportunities do PEH teachers perceive to be in the work with outdoor education in relation to Lgr11?

    Method 

    The study is based on a qualitative approach where semi-structured interviews are used as a method for seeking answers to the study's questions. The selection procedure was in the form of a convenience selection. The qualitative interviews have been conducted with six PEH teachers from four primary schools, located in different municipalities in the Stockholm area. The study's theoretical framework is based on a curriculum theoretical perspective.

    Results

    The results show that the activity discourse still controls the outdoor education and that the main contributing factor for teaching is the economy. PEH teachers perceive the curriculum's guidelines as free of interpretation, which creates uneven conditions in the outdoor education. Concerning possibilities for development, conditions regarding finances and time are mainly emphasized without any other concrete suggestions for reforming. Furthermore, the results have also shown that there is a beginner culture amongst newly graduated PEH teachers, which prevents teaching development possibilities, as it can entail difficulties in breaking the workplace's existing traditions within the subject.

    Conclusions 

    The study's conclusions show that the open interpretation possibilities for the PEH teachers mean that activity- and sport-related discourses remain in the realization arena, despite the curriculum's vision with different perspectives. The PEH teachers work closely with the stated requirements in curriculum, which, however, leads to the overall perspectives end up in the cloud, thus creating an unequal teaching that not all students find.

    Based on the study's results, Mikael's (2018) proposal regarding a place-responsive pedagogy and a more school-based outdoor education is considered to be up-to-date and a nuanced method which promotes teacher’s prerequisites for outdoor education.

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  • Liljedahl, Johanna B
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Bjerkefors, Anna
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Arndt, Anton
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control. Karolinska institutet.
    Nooijen, Carla F J
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences. Karolinska institutet.
    Para-cycling race performance in different sport classes.2020In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The para-cycling classification system, consisting of five classes (C1-C5) for bicycling (C5 athletes having least impairments), is mostly based on expert-opinion rather than scientific evidence. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in race performance between para-cycling classes. Methods: From official results of the men's 1 km time trials for classes C1-C5 of seven Union Cycliste Internationale World Championships and Paralympics, median race speed of the five fastest athletes in each class was calculated (n = 175). Para-cycling results were expressed as a percentage of able-bodied performance using race results from the same years (n = 35). To assess differences between consecutive classes, Kruskal-Wallis tests with Mann-Whitney U post hoc tests were performed, correcting for multiple testing (p < 0.013). Results: Para-cyclists in C1 reached 75% (median ± interquartile range = 44.8 ± 4.2 km/h) and in C5 90% (53.5 ± 2.9 km/h) of able-bodied race speed (59.4 ± 0.9 km/h). Median race speed between consecutive classes was significantly different (χ2 = 142.6, p < 0.01), except for C4 (52.1 ± 2.8 km/h) and C5 (U = 447.0, p = 0.05). Conclusion: Current para-cycling classification does not clearly differentiate between classes with least impairments.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe current classification system is not evidence-based and does not clearly differentiate between relevant groups of para-cyclists.An evidence-based para-cycling classification system is essential for a fair and equitable competition.Fair competition will make it more interesting and increase participation.Para-cycling can inspire everyone with and even those without disabilities to be physically active.

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  • Klebic, Ermin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Hellman, Mattias
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Idrotten i skolan, för vem och vilka?: En kvantitativ studie för att se vilka elever motiveras till fysisk aktivitet på idrottslektion2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: this study aims to find out what motivates students to be physically active during physical education lessons, and whether their motivation affect their activity level.

    Objectives:

    • What motivates the students to be physically active during the physical education lessons?
    • How many students are physically active during their spare time?
    • How many students are physically active in a sports club?
    • How high is the students’ physical activity level during the physical education lessons?
    • Is there any difference in the activity level between the physically active and physically inactive students?
    • Is there any difference between students that are active in a sports club and those who are not?
    • Is there any difference in the physical activity level when it comes to gender?
    • Is there a connection between the factors that motivates students and the activity level during the physical education lesson?

    Method: The selection consists of a distribution between girls (n=42) and boys (n=54) in high school. The total dropout rate for the study was of 14.4% (15 students). A survey and a direct observation using pedometers were conducted at four different classes: two of which were in grade one while the other two were in grade two. All the data was collected and analyzed in an Excel sheet.

    Results: The majority of students are motivated by competitions and achievement in order to be more physically active in physical education lessons. 67. 7% of the students who participated in the study are physically active in their spare time, and 58% are not members of a sports club. The students took 2906 steps per lesson. There is no difference between the number of steps of the students who are physically active and those who are not in their spare time. There is no difference between the students who are active in a sports club and those who are not, where the ones who are active took more steps. There is no significant difference in the number of steps when it comes to gender. As per the connection between what motivates the students and the physical activity level during physical education lessons, the study showed that lessons that focus on practicing dancing skills supported girls more than boys in the activity level.

    Conclusion: Based on the nine lessons of physical education that were investigated, we have come to the understanding that physical education lessons tend to have a one-sided practice orientation; since eight of nine lessons had training as practice. As a consequence, this excludes competition, achievement and physical education as an enjoyable experience. From this, we have concluded that the physical education in schools should have more diversity in practice orientation in order to include all students according to their different preferences. One way to do this is to give the students more choices during the lesson based on what they think is fun or what they are driven by.

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  • Rohlin, Kevin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Dagnesjö, Karl
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    ”Det får mig att tänka mycket. Det är samma sak som när jag är i duschen”: En studie om ungdomars upplevda motiv och hinder för utevistelse i naturen på fritiden och i skolan2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim with this study was to investigate a number of adolescents’ motives and barriers regarding the practice of friluftsliv and related outdoor activities in the nature during their leisure time and in school. To get a deeper understanding of the adolescents’ experiences their motives and barriers will be studied in relation to their experiences and requests of friluftsliv and outdoor activities. The research questions for the investigation are as follows.

    • What are the adolescents’ experiences and demands of friluftsliv and outdoor activities during their leisure time and during PE in school?  
    • What are the adolescents’ motives and barriers to pursue friluftsliv and outdoor activities in the nature during their leisure time?

    Method: The method which was used in this study had a qualitative character and was conducted with semi structured interviews. The selection consisting of six young people aged 15-16 were selected on basis of a convenience selection, with a following snowball selection. The interview participants came from two cities outside Stockholm where the interviews also were conducted. The study is based on a phenomenological perspective and was analyzed in different steps in order to highlight the adolescents’ individual and shared experiences and perceptions in relation to the aim of the study and the research questions. 

    Results: An important result from this study show that the majority of the interviewed adolescents´ want to spend more time in the nature and that they request more knowledge about the nature and more meaningful activities linked to their own leisure time.  They had different experiences from outdoor activities in the nature on their leisure time, but similar experiences from the school subject. What was interpreted in the interviews from the adolescents’ experiences was that the main motives for being in the nature during their leisure time were to experience solitude, relaxing and recovering. The main barriers for outdoor activities in nature on their leisure time were mainly lack of time, but even family and friends.

    Conclusion: This study has given an indication that the adolescents have an interest and a request to spend more time in the nature during their leisure time. Based on the results from the interviews schools could thus teach in relation to the adolescents’ interests by designing an education to give the adolescents different tools to stay in the surrounding nature. Such teaching could consist of activities and knowledge that are perceived as meaningful and manageable in relation to the reality in which the adolescents live and according to their perceived needs.

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  • Pavasson Hatta, Sara
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Wärja, Petra
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Prestation, träning eller upplevelse?: Högstadieelevers uppfattningar om friluftsliv i skolan2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what a smaller sample of pupils in the later part of compulsory school, within the framework of the school’s PE, perceives what outdoor education involves linked to Engström’s practices and logics.

    • What do the pupils think they should learn during the lessons in outdoor education?
    • What purposes with outdoor education as a content in PE does the pupils raise?
    • Which logics and practices are characterized by the teaching of outdoor education according to the pupils?

    Method

    To get answers for the purpose and questions of the essay, the study is based on a qualitative approach with interviews with a high degree of standardization as a method. A total of six respondents, who are in the later part of compulsory school, were included in the study. These participants were selected through a convenience selection. Prior to the actual interviews, two pilot interviews were conducted. Engström’s practitioners and logics were used as a theoretical framework.

    Results

    The study shows that the practices and logics that mostly characterize the teaching of outdoor education, according to the pupils in the study, are the training and performance practice. However, the pupils mainly thought that the teaching was characterized by the training practice and that the logics of proficiency and physical training were most visible. The pupils believe that what they should learn during the lessons in outdoor education consists mainly of physical training and proficiency training. They also believe that outdoor education exists as a step for them to learn different skills associated with outdoor education.

    Conclusions

    The conclusion is that depending on which practice and logic the pupils are themselves driven by, they also look at outdoor education in different ways. For example, the pupils who were themselves driven by competition felt that there was a greater element of this in outdoor education and thus that the outdoor education in school was characterized by this.

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  • Drake, Emma
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Ekblom, Maria
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Kallings, Lena
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Blom, Victoria
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Device-Measured Sedentary Behaviour are Associated with Sickness Absence in Office Workers.2020In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 2, article id E628Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity reduces the risk of several noncommunicable diseases, and a number of studies have found self-reported physical activity to be associated with sickness absence. The aim of this study was to examine if cardiorespiratory fitness, device-measured physical activity, and sedentary behaviour were associated with sickness absence among office workers. Participants were recruited from two Swedish companies. Data on sickness absence (frequency and duration) and covariates were collected via questionnaires. Physical activity pattern was assessed using ActiGraph and activPAL, and fitness was estimated from submaximal cycle ergometry. The sample consisted of 159 office workers (67% women, aged 43 ± 8 years). Higher cardiorespiratory fitness was significantly associated with a lower odds ratio (OR) for both sickness absence duration (OR = 0.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.87-0.96) and frequency (OR = 0.93, 95% CI 0.90-0.97). Sedentary time was positively associated with higher odds of sickness absence frequency (OR = 1.03, 95% CI 0.99-1.08). No associations were found for physical activity at any intensity level and sickness absence. Higher sickness absence was found among office workers with low cardiorespiratory fitness and more daily time spent sedentary. In contrast to reports using self-reported physical activity, device-measured physical activity was not associated with sickness absence.

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  • Kilger, Magnus
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning.
    Blomberg, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola.
    The construction and legitimizing of a neuroscience concept (CEF) in talent identification2020In: The European Association for the Philosophy of Sport (EAPS) Conference 2020 / [ed] Bernard Andrieu, Paris: British Philosophy of Sport Association , 2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent scientific debate in sports has come to focus on how neuroscience can help in explaining sports performance and the development of expertise; and in the process of talent identification. It has been argued that instead of relying on coaches’ subjective assessments the process of selection should be based on general metrics of the brain through standardized testing.

     

    Cognitive executive functions (CEF) are highlighted as one of most important neurological function in the search for talents. Studies of brain activity have suggested that children should undergo neuroscientific testing to determine the appropriate cognitive executive functions (CEF) for elite sports. This presentation builds on previous work on the implications of a neuroscientific ontology in sports and Bruno Latour’s work on the construction of scientific facts.

     

    Using discourse analysis, the presentation discusses the production and popularization of CEF as scientific facts. In our findings we identify how representations of brain activity are visualized and legitimized and how the out-of-context tests are translated into facts about brain functions. The CEF test results are produced as inscriptions of undisputable facts, claiming that the results show prerequisites for sporting success. On the contrary, we argue that the mind-brain-behaviour relationship cannot be reduced to CEF tests. Instead, we urge other researchers to direct a critical gaze on neuroscientific truth-claims and taken-for-granted facts in the area of sport in general and in talent selection in particular.

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    Kilger & Blomberg 2020
  • Lönnberg, Lena
    et al.
    Center for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland, Uppsala University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Ekblom Bak, Elin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Damberg, Mattias
    Center for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland, Uppsala University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Reduced 10-year risk of developing cardiovascular disease after participating in a lifestyle programme in primary care.2020In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite well-known preventive effects for future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk through lifestyle changes, scientific evaluations of lifestyle programmes in primary care are scarce. Moreover, structured lifestyle counselling is still not integrated in everyday clinical practice. We aimed to evaluate change in cardiovascular risk factors and Framingham 10-year risk score of developing CVD in men and women at high cardiovascular risk after participation in a structured lifestyle programme over 1 year. A single-group study was carried out with a 1-year follow-up including before and after measurements.Methods: The lifestyle programme comprised five appointments to a district nurse over 1 year, focussing on lifestyle habits based on motivational interviewing. Fasting blood samples and anthropometric measurements were obtained at baseline and 1-year follow-up. The 10-year risk of CVD was calculated according to Framingham general CVD risk score.Results: A total of 404 patients were included in the study. There was a positive change over 1 year in the total study population for all risk factors evaluated. This included improvements in weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood lipids, and fasting glucose. The 10-year risk of developing CVD decreased for the total population from 24.8% to 21.4% at 1 year, equivalent to a 14% decrease.Conclusions: A structured lifestyle programme in primary care contributes to significant improvements of cardiovascular risk factors and the reduction of 10-year risk for CVD for both men and women at high cardiovascular risk.

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  • Nilsson, Jonna
    et al.
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Ekblom, Maria
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Lebedev, Alexander
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tarassova, Olga
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Moberg, Marcus
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Lövdén, Martin
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Acute increases in brain-derived neurotrophic factor in plasma following physical exercise relates to subsequent learning in older adults.2020In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 10, no 1, article id 4395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multidomain lifestyle interventions represents a promising strategy to counteract cognitive decline in older age. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is essential for experience-dependent plasticity and increases following physical exercise, suggesting that physical exercise may facilitate subsequent learning. In a randomized-controlled trial, healthy older adults (65-75 years) completed a 12-week behavioral intervention that involved either physical exercise immediately before cognitive training (n = 25; 13 females), physical exercise immediately after cognitive training (n = 24; 11 females), physical exercise only (n = 27; 15 females), or cognitive training only (n = 21; 12 females). We hypothesized that cognition would benefit more from cognitive training when preceded as opposed to followed by physical exercise and that the relationship between exercise-induced increases in peripheral BDNF and cognitive training outcome would be greater when cognitive training is preceded by physical exercise. Greater increases of plasma BDNF were associated with greater cognitive training gains on trained task paradigms, but only when such increases preceded cognitive training (ß = 0.14, 95% CI [0.04, 0.25]). Average cognitive training outcome did not differ depending on intervention order (ß = 0.05, 95% CI [-0.10, 0.20]). The study provides the first empirical support for a time-critical but advantageous role for post-exercise increases in peripheral BDNF for learning at an interindividual level in older adults, with implications for future multidomain lifestyle interventions.

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  • Bergström, Helena
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Sundblom, Elinor
    Region Stockholm.
    Elinder, Liselotte Schäfer
    Karolinska institutet.
    Norman, Åsa
    Karolinska institutet.
    Nyberg, Gisela
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences. Karolinska institutet.
    Managing Implementation of a Parental Support Programme for Obesity Prevention in the School Context: The Importance of Creating Commitment in an Overburdened Work Situation, a Qualitative Study.2020In: Journal of Primary Prevention, ISSN 0278-095X, E-ISSN 1573-6547, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 191-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health-related behaviours in children can be influenced by parental support programmes. The aim of this study was to explore barriers to and facilitators for the implementation of a parental support programme to promote physical activity and healthy dietary habits in a school context. We explored the views and experiences of 17 coordinating school nurses, non-coordinating school nurses, and school principals. We based the interview guide on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research. We held four focus group discussions with coordinating and non-coordinating school nurses, and conducted three individual interviews with school principals. We analysed data inductively using qualitative content analysis. We identified "Creating commitment in an overburdened work situation" as an overarching theme, emphasising the high workload in schools and the importance of creating commitment, by giving support to and including staff in the implementation process. We also identified barriers to and facilitators of implementation within four categories: (1) community and organisational factors, (2) a matter of priority, (3) implementation support, and (4) implementation process. When implementing a parental support programme to promote physical activity and healthy dietary habits for 5- to 7-year-old children in the school context, it is important to create commitment among school staff and school nurses. The implementation can be facilitated by political support and additional funding, external guidance, use of pre-existing resources, integration of the programme into school routines, a clearly structured manual, and appointment of a multidisciplinary team. The results of this study should provide useful guidance for the implementation of similar health promotion interventions in the school context.

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  • Rosén, Johanna S
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Goosey-Tolfrey, Victoria L
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Tolfrey, Keith
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Arndt, Anton
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Bjerkefors, Anna
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Interrater Reliability of the New Sport-Specific Evidence-Based Classification System for Para Va'a.2020In: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, ISSN 0736-5829, E-ISSN 1543-2777, article id apaq.2019-0141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the interrater reliability of a new evidence-based classification system for Para Va'a. Twelve Para Va'a athletes were classified by three classifier teams each consisting of a medical and a technical classifier. Interrater reliability was assessed by calculating intraclass correlation for the overall class allocation and total scores of trunk, leg, and on-water test batteries and by calculating Fleiss's kappa and percentage of total agreement in the individual tests of each test battery. All classifier teams agreed with the overall class allocation of all athletes, and all three test batteries exhibited excellent interrater reliability. At a test level, agreement between classifiers was almost perfect in 14 tests, substantial in four tests, moderate in four tests, and fair in one test. The results suggest that a Para Va'a athlete can expect to be allocated to the same class regardless of which classifier team conducts the classification.

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  • Håkansson, Anders
    et al.
    Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Entezarjou, Artin
    Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group. University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada; Swedish Sport Federation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fernández-Aranda, Fernando
    Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain..
    Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
    Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain..
    Gunnarsson, Björn
    Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Problem Gambling in the Fitness World - A General Population Web Survey.2020In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 4, article id E1342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The world of sports has a complex association to problem gambling, and the sparse research examining problem gambling in athletes has suggested an increased prevalence and particularly high male predominance. The present study aimed to study frequency and correlates of problem gambling in populations with moderate to high involvement in fitness or physical exercise. This is a self-selective online survey focusing on addictive behaviors in physical exercise distributed by 'fitness influencers' on social media and other online fitness forums to their followers. Respondents were included if they reported exercise at least thrice weekly, were above 15 years of age, and provided informed consent (N = 3088). Problem gambling, measured with the Lie/Bet, was studied in association with demographic data, substance use, and mental health variables. The occurrence of lifetime problem gambling was 8 percent (12 percent in men, one percent in women). In logistic regression, problem gambling was associated with male gender, younger age, risky alcohol drinking, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and less frequent exercise habits. In conclusion, in this self-recruited population with moderate to high fitness involvement, problem gambling was moderately elevated. As shown previously in elite athletes, the male predominance was larger than in the general population. The findings strengthen the link between problem gambling and the world of sports.

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  • Fridolfsson, Jonatan
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Börjesson, Mats
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekblom Bak, Elin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Arvidsson, Daniel
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Stronger Association between High Intensity Physical Activity and Cardiometabolic Health with Improved Assessment of the Full Intensity Range Using Accelerometry.2020In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 20, no 4, article id E1118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An improved method of physical activity accelerometer data processing, involving a wider frequency filter than the most commonly used ActiGraph filter, has been shown to better capture variations in physical activity intensity in a lab setting. The aim of the study was to investigate how this improved measure of physical activity affected the relationship with markers of cardiometabolic health. Accelerometer data and markers of cardiometabolic health from 725 adults from two samples, LIV 2013 and SCAPIS pilot, were analyzed. The accelerometer data was processed using both the original ActiGraph method with a low-pass cut-off at 1.6 Hz and the improved method with a low-pass cut-off at 10 Hz. The relationship between the physical activity intensity spectrum and a cardiometabolic health composite score was investigated using partial least squares regression. The strongest association between physical activity and cardiometabolic health was shifted towards higher intensities with the 10 Hz output compared to the ActiGraph method. In addition, the total explained variance was higher with the improved method. The 10 Hz output enables correctly measuring and interpreting high intensity physical activity and shows that physical activity at this intensity is stronger related to cardiometabolic health compared to the most commonly used ActiGraph method.

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  • Wåhlin, Anna
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Skillnader i självskattad kommunikation mellan dam- och herrhandbollsspelare samt dess korrelation till upplevd lagsammanhållning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte & Frågeställning

    Denna studie undersöker huruvida kommunikationen skiljer sig mellan dam- och herrhandbollsspelare (N=140, NDam=69, NHerr=71) samt om det finns några

    korrelationer mellan kommunikation och den upplevda sammanhållningen mellan handbollsspelare. Frågeställningarna som prövas är :

    1) Finns det några skillnader mellan dam- och herrhandbollsspelare i hur deras interna kommunikation i laget upplevs?

    2a) Finns det någon korrelation mellan den interna kommunikationen och sammanhållningen hos handbollsspelare?

    2b) Om det finns en korrelation mellan kommunikationen och sammanhållningen, skiljer sig korrelationen mellan manliga och kvinnliga handbollsspelare?

    Metod

    Dataunderlaget i studien är framtaget genom en kvantitativ enkätstudie som är sammansatt av två validerade enkäter, Scale of Effective Communication in Team Sports – SECTS-2 och Group Environment Qusetionnaire – GEQ. SECTS-2 använder sig av fyra kommunikationsfaktorer (acceptans, distiktivitet, positiv konflikt och negativ konflikt) som kommer mätas mot GEQs fyra olika sammanhållningsfaktorer (individuell attraktion till det sociala i gruppen, individuella attraktionen till grupp-uppgiften, gruppens sociala integration och gruppens uppgifts integration).

    Resultat & Slutsats

    Det visar sig finnas en signifikant (p= 0.037) skillnad mellan hur dam- och herrhandbollsspelare kommunicerar samt en stark korrelation mellan flera aspekter av kommunikationen och den upplevda lagsammanhållningen. Resultatet tyder på att kommunikationen mellan handbollsspelare är viktig för en bra lagsammanhållning, vilket tidigare har visats viktigt för att prestera bra. Resultatet går i linje med tidigare studier som visat på ett tydligt samband mellan kommunikation och sammanhållning samt könsskillnader inom de olika kommunikationsfaktorerna. Denna studie är dock den första på handbollsspelare. Kommunikationspåverkan på lagsammanhållning är viktig att förstå både för spelare, tränare och ledare som jobbar med lagidrott.

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  • Sjöholm, Camilla
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Faiqi, Aisha
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    En kvalitativ studie av kvinnliga elitfotboll- och ishockeyspelares påverkan av sociala medier2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med denna studie är att analysera hur idrottande kvinnor kan påverkas av socialamedier. För att uppfylla studiens syfte kommer följande frågor behandlas:

    1. Vad innebär sociala medier för kvinnliga ishockey- och fotbollsspelare?
    2. Vad innebär kroppsideal för kvinnor inom ishockey och fotboll?

    Metod

    Frågeställningarna har besvarats genom en kvalitativ ansats där intervjuer har genomförtsmed sex kvinnliga elitfotbolls- och ishockeyspelare. Intervjuerna har genomförtssemistrukturerat där skribenterna intervjuat varsin sport. De genomförda intervjuerna hartranskriberats ordagrant och innehåller därmed talspråk, vilket innebär att även citaten somanvänds i uppsatsen skrivits med talspråk. För att analysera intervjuerna har genusteorinanvänts.

    Resultat

    Resultatet som framkommer i studien är att många av de intervjuade upplever att socialamedier har ett stort inflytande på självbilden. När det kommer till kroppsideal är det tydligtbland de intervjuade att bilder som publiceras på sociala medier är starkt bidragande till hurde ser på sig själva då det sker en jämförelse med andra.

    Slutsats

    Sociala medier sätter sina spår bland elitidrottande kvinnor som i många fall har resulterat isjälvskadebeteenden. Detta då de jämfört sig själva med andra och på så sätt försökt påverkaden egna kroppen genom att träna mer och äta mindre. Fotbollsspelarna i vår studie var meraktiva med att publicera bilder medan ishockeyspelarna mest bläddrade i flödet. Denskillnaden är dock inte kopplad till sporten utan snarare till deras personligheter.

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  • Anstrén, Ludwig
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Nauclér, Victor
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Den nya timplanen för Idrott och hälsa: En studie om idrottslärares undervisning och arbetsbelastning2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of this study is to examine how physical education teachers experience the effect and the upcoming effect of their teaching and workload due to the implementation of the new timetable from the autumn semester 2019.

    • How do the PE teachers in grade 7-9 experience the effect of the new timetable in relation to their teaching?
    • How do the PE teachers in grade 7-9 experience the effect of the new timetable on in relation to their workload?
    • How do the PE teachers in grade 7-9 believe their work situation will look like when the complete timetable has been implemented?

    Method

    A qualitative method was chosen for conducting the study. Semi-structured interviews were chosen as method. In total, seven physical education teachers from three different schools in Stockholm City were interviewed, all of whom worked with physical education in grades 7–9. The respondents were selected through a convenience selection. The theories used were curriculum and frame factor theory.

    Results

    The results showed that the respondents’ possibility to convey their education has improved due to the new timetable. The respondents experienced that the workload was unchanged by the new timetable. However, there was a concern expressed by the respondents in terms of their upcoming work situation concerning facilities, budget, the wear on equipment and whether recruitments must happen to handle the new timetable.

    Conclusions

    The respondents' overall picture of the new timetable is positive, and they indicate that the extended teaching hours help the respondents´ to more easily help the students to reach the knowledge requirements. The extended teaching time together with the unchanged curriculum seems to have contributed to increased flexibility regarding the use of time. Nevertheless, there is some concern for the future. The new schedule will probably mean more wear and tear on equipment and some congestion in the teaching rooms as well as the premises adjacent to them. Time, material costs and facilities have been presented as the most important framework factors in the study. It is still unclear how the schools will successfully handle the extended teaching hours based on the conditions of the individual school.

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  • Käck, Anton
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Sidén, Kalle
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    “Det ligger på läraren, att berätta för mig vad jag ska kunna”: En kvalitativ studie om elever på gymnasiet och deras syn av kunskapskraven i ämnet Idrott och Hälsa2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim 

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how students viewed the knowledge requirements in Physical Education for upper secondary school and what content of the knowledge requirements that students perceived as difficult to understand. The purpose of this study was also to develop how students would like to change the knowledge requirements and the mediation of the knowledge requirements so that they became easier to understand.

    To this end, the following questions are asked:

    • How do students view the knowledge requirements in Physical Education?
    • Do students have suggestions on how to bring about knowledge requirements for the better?

    Method

    In this study, a qualitative approach has been used and the interview questions have been prepared based on a semi-structured structure.  The selection has been made with the basis that participants during the time of the interview read the subject Physical Education 1. In the study, both girls and boys (1 guy and 5 girls) have been interviewed at a secondary school in Stockholm. The participants correspond to the group targeted by the purpose and aim of this study. This paper will take the starting point in the casam theory.

    Results

    The clearest results shown by this study were (1) students are placing a great responsibility that the teacher can interpret the knowledge requirements in a good way and translate this into concrete lessons and (2) students state that they do not know what the knowledge requirements really Means. The students also argued that (3) their views on knowledge requirements could be clarified if these were repeated more often and preferably before start-ups.

    Conclusion

    Because these aforementioned findings have made, a change needs to be made in how knowledge of knowledge requirements is conveyed and that understanding of knowledge requirements must increase. The relationship is of great importance when it comes to what students have attitudes to the subject as they consider them to be the teacher's responsibility to communicate them successfully.

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  • Pettersson, Nina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Wärdig, Livia
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Samarbete mellan specialidrottslärare och tränare i ett skadeförebyggande syfte: En kvalitativ studie riktad mot idrottsgymnasier och truppgymnastik på elitnivå2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om samarbete förekommer mellanspecialidrottslärare (RIG och NIU) och tränare i klubbar, samt undersöka hurspecialidrottslärare och tränare ser på förebyggande av idrottsskador hos elever påidrottsgymnasium med inriktning truppgymnastik. Frågeställningarna var: I vilken månförekommer samarbete mellan specialidrottslärare och klubbtränare? Hur arbetarspecialidrottslärare och klubbtränare med skadeprevention?

    Metod

    Studien har en kvalitativ ansats. Datainsamlingen gjordes genom en semistruktureradintervjuguide, vid behov tillämpades följdfrågor i intervjuerna. Analysen av den insamladedatan utfördes genom en tematisk innehållsanalys. Urvalet av intervjupersonerna bestod av trespecialidrottslärare och tre tränare som har lång erfarenhet av truppgymnastik på elitnivå.

    Resultat

    Resultatet visade att tidsbrist var en anledning till att samarbete förekommer i låg utsträckningmellan specialidrottslärare och tränare i truppgymnastik. Ur ett idealiskt perspektiv anserspecialidrottslärarna och tränarna att en kontinuerlig kommunikation skulle möjliggöra ettsamarbete kring träningsbelastning och skadeprevention. Samtliga deltagare arbetar medskadeprevention, en del av deltagarna menar att de försöker komplettera det som eleverna/gymnasterna går miste om på övriga träningar. Majoriteten av specialidrottslärarna ochtränarna arbetar aktivt med styrketräning som en form av skadeprevention vilket också utgören stor del av lektionerna/ träningarna.

    Slutsats

    Samarbete mellan specialidrottslärare och tränare med elever/ gymnaster som studerar på RIGeller NIU förekommer i låg utsträckning. Med ett tätare samarbete kan ett arbete kringskadeprevention tillämpas i syfte att minska frekvensen av idrottsskador.

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  • Öhling, Elin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Reyes, Emelie
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Lever du som du lär ut?: En kvalitativ studie om lärares egna upplevelser gällande att vara fysiskt aktiva förebilder i ämnet idrott och hälsa2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of this study was to investigate in the Stockholm area, what contributes to the teachers in physical education current level of physical activity and whether the teachers perceived that they should be a role model for the students regarding physical activity at school and in their private life.

    1. What have contributed to the teachers in physical education current level of physical activity?
    2. What are the experiences of physical education teachers about being role models for the students regarding physical activity?
    3. What are the experiences of physical education teachers about being role models for the students at school and in their private life?

    Method

    The study used a qualitative approach and where based on six interviews that later were analyzed. The participants came from two different schools in the Stockholm area, five were interviewed face to face and one interview was conducted by telephone. The interviews were semi-structured and analyzed by theoretical thematic analysis with an inductive starting point. Notes was taken during the interviews meanwhile all was recorded to facilitate the later transcription. The study is based on the sociocultural learning theory.

    Results

    Five of six respondents were active and estimated that they reached FYSS recommendations about physical activity and daily exercise. The reason for their activity level came from both childhood experiences and socio-cultural factors and their own habitus. Teachers considered themselves to be an example to varying degrees and have a responsibility as a teacher to act and handle certain situations in a specific way. Many expressed that the teachers role and responsibility extended outside school hours and affected some choices even privately.

     Conclusions

    Being a teacher in physical education comes with a great responsibility and in our study it appears that the responsibility extends beyond working hours. Similarly in the study, from the teachers own experiences, it emerged how much importance teachers in physical education can have on students relationship to physical activity. Something you should consider and take advantage of when educating teachers in the future. If children actually do as adults do and not as they say, it may be a decisive factor for public health that teachers in physical education live as they teach.

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