Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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  • Korp, Peter
    et al.
    Gothenburg Univ, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro Univ, Örebro, Sweden..
    Johansson, Anna
    Univ West, Trollhättan, Sweden..
    Making sense of health in PE: conceptions of health among Swedish physical education teachers2023In: Health Education, ISSN 0965-4283, E-ISSN 1758-714X, Vol. 123, no 2, p. 79-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]


    Over the last couple of decades, health has become a central part of the subject content in physical education (PE) curricula in many countries. As a result, issues of health have been foregrounded much more clearly in the teaching of PE. The aim of this study was to explore how Swedish PE teachers make sense of health in relation to their teaching practices. This was done through investigating conceptions and theories about health in the teachers' descriptions of their teaching practices.


    The data analyzed in this paper were collected through focus group and individual interviews with PE teachers in the grades 7-9 within compulsory schools in Sweden. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis.


    Four dominant themes were identified in the data: 1) Health as a healthy attitude, 2) Health as a functional ability, 3) Health as fitness, 4) Health as mental wellbeing. There is a clear impact from healthism and obesity discourses on the teachers' accounts of health, but there is also an impact from holistic views and approaches to health. The authors contend that teachers should be explicit in what they mean by health in relation to what they teach, how they teach and why they teach health in a certain way.


    The knowledge produced by this study is crucial since teachers' assumptions regarding health affect the subject content (what), the pedagogies (how), as well as the reasons (why) they teach health and therefore what students learn regarding health.

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  • Larisch, Lisa-Marie
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Movement behavior and mental health in office workers: Associations and intervention effects2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mental disorders pose a significant global health challenge. To effectively address this challenge, mental health promotion must be included in various sectors, including workplaces. Various strategies for promoting mental health in the workplace have been suggested, including interventions aimed at improving movement behavior, i.e., sitting less and moving more. Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SED) are established determinants of mental health. However, there are aspects of the relationship between movement behavior and mental health that are not well understood, for example, the combined effects of all movement behaviors occurring throughout the daily 24-hour cycle, i.e., time in bed, SED, light-intensity physical activity, and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), on mental health. In addition, only a few well-designed workplace interventions for improving movement and mental health outcomes have been tested. Office workers often spend extensive amounts of time being sedentary and might particularly benefit from such interventions. The aims of this thesis were (1) to investigate cross-sectional associations between 24-hour movement behavior and mental health among office workers and (2) to evaluate the efficacy, acceptability, feasibility, and fidelity of two cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) interventions for improving movement behavior and mental health using quantitative and qualitative methods.

    In Paper I, we investigated cross-sectional associations between 24-hour movement behavior and mental health outcomes (symptoms of depression and anxiety, burnout, mental wellbeing, and stress) among office workers (N=345-370). Movement behavior was measured using accelerometers and sleep diaries. Mental health outcomes were assessed using validated questionnaires. Only the proportion of time spent in MVPA, relative to all other behaviors, was positively associated with mental wellbeing. 

    Papers II-IV were based on a three-armed cluster RCT among office workers (N=263). During the 6-month intervention period, the iSED intervention group focused on reducing SED, and the iPA intervention group focused on increasing MVPA compared to a wait-list control group. The multi-level interventions were designed based on ecological models of health behavior, addressing the individual office workers as well as their physical, social, and organizational work environment. Paper II investigated intervention effects on accelerometer-measured 24-hour movement behavior and cardiorespiratory fitness. We considered overall 24-hour movement behavior and movement behavior during work versus non-work time. No intervention effects were found. Paper III was based on a qualitative study that was embedded in the RCT. It investigated the acceptability, feasibility, and fidelity of intervention components that addressed the individual, environmental and organizational level. Interviews and focus group discussions were performed with 38 key stakeholders after the 6-month intervention period. The study included office workers who received the interventions, health coaches who delivered counseling sessions, team leaders who were responsible for implementing group activities, and human resource and higher management staff who provided support at the organizational level. In general, the interventions were well appreciated, and components seemed to work as intended when delivered as intended. Many office workers experienced improvements in movement behavior and wellbeing and ascribed those to the interventions. Acceptability, feasibility, and fidelity of individual-level components were high but reduced for components depending on team leaders, mainly due to challenges associated with recruiting managers as team leaders and forming teams. Manager and team support were considered crucial for promoting more PA and less SED, yet many participants reported a lack of such support. Thus, identified challenges with these components might have reduced overall intervention efficacy. Paper IV investigated intervention effects on mental health outcomes (symptoms of depression or anxiety, mental wellbeing, and stress). In addition, we explored whether changes in mean PA intensity mediated or moderated intervention effects. The interventions improved mental wellbeing for the combined intervention groups and the iSED group but not for the iPA group compared to the control group. The interventions improved mean PA intensity, but mean PA intensity did not mediate intervention effects on any outcome. Mean PA intensity moderated intervention effects on mental wellbeing. Participants who reduced mean PA intensity reduced mental wellbeing compared to participants who did not change mean PA intensity. This highlights the importance of maintaining high levels of PA for mental wellbeing.

    This thesis contributes to existing knowledge by applying a rigorous investigation of cross-sectional associations between 24-h movement behavior and mental health among office workers and by conducting a comprehensive analysis of intervention effects. It offers valuable insights and considerations that may inform occupational health practitioners, employers, policy makers, and researchers and may contribute to developing future effective interventions.

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  • Larisch, Lisa-Marie
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Kallings, Lena
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Thedin Jakobsson, Britta
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Blom, Victoria
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. 4Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Division of Insurance Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden..
    “It depends on the boss”: A qualitative study of multi-level interventions aiming at office workers’ movement behavior and mental health2023In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 2258564Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This embedded qualitative study explored the acceptability, feasibility, and fidelity of two multi-level RCT interventions among office workers, aiming at improving movement behaviour to enhance mental health and cognition. The interventions addressed the organizational, environmental, and individual level.

    Methods: Semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 38 stakeholders after completion of the interventions. Data were analysed using reflexive thematic analysis.

    Results: The interventions were well appreciated, and office workers attributed improvements in movement behaviour and wellbeing to the interventions. Especially the cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) based counselling and free gym access were appreciated, feasible and delivered as planned. Participants described existing workplace norms as barriers to more activity, particularly for reducing sitting. Support from managers and team support were considered crucial components. However, delivering these components was difficult.

    Conclusions: The findings support the design of the multi-level interventions for changing movement behaviour. Results highlight the potential of CBT for this target group and the importance of manager and team support. Desired effects of similar multi-level interventions, including CBT, might be achieved in future studies that carefully address the issues with feasibility and acceptability and the resulting low fidelity of some intervention components that were identified in this study.

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  • Japalwonga, Boaz
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    ”Läraren har såklart en plan” för hur idrott ska inkludera alla: En kvalitativ studie om inkludering i grund- och gymnasieskolans undervisning avseende elever med invandrarbakgrund.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställning: Syftet med denna studie är att retrospektivt undersöka hur lärarstudenter med invandrarbakgrund på gymnastik och idrottshögskolan (GIH) ser på sin egen skolgång i grund- och gymnasieskolan avseende inkludering och lärarens sätt att arbeta med elever med invandrabakgrund.

    Studiens forskningsfrågor är:

    Hur upplevde lärarstudenterna det pedagogiska mötet mellan eleverna och läraren i idrott och hälsa?

    Hur såg relationen ut mellan elev och lärare under lärarstudenternas tidigare skolgång?               

    Upplever lärarstudenterna att det fanns en tydlig struktur och disciplin under lektionerna i grund- och gymnasieskolan?

    Metod: Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka och belysa hur manliga studenter med invandrarbakgrund ser på idrott från grundskolan. Datainsamlingen gjordes genom intervjuer, och enligt Kvale och Brinkmann (2020) behöver en kvalitativ studie välja rätt urval för att besvara syftet och forskningsfrågan. Ett strategiskt urval tillämpas i denna studie, Studiens teoretiska ramverk består av teorier om Det pedagogiska mötet, Struktur och disciplin samt Pedagogy of love.

    Resultat: Studenterna upplevde att de fick ett positivt pedagogiskt möte med deras lärare och att de över lag kom bra överens. Deras relation var professionellt där det fanns rum för deras tankar och funderingar. Det ledde till att eleverna respekterade deras lärare och det fanns en tydlig struktur på vad som skulle utföras och förväntningarna var tydliga.   

    Slutsats: Denna studie har bidragit med ny förståelse rörande ämnet idrott kopplat till studenter med en annan etnisk tillhörighet. Den har belyst hur studenter som tillhör en etnisk minoritet upplevt och upplever sina idrottslärare i skolmiljö. Studien visar på att etnicitet har ingen påverkan på hur lärarna arbetar med inkludering utan alla elever behandlas jämlik. Det fanns vissa studenter som upplevde någon enstaka gång att de blev behandlade utifrån ett stereotypiskt drag. 

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  • Sirevåg, Kristine
    et al.
    Solli DPS, Bergen, Norway; Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Stavestrand, S H
    Solli DPS, Bergen, Norway; Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Sjøbø, T
    Solli DPS, Bergen, Norway.
    Endal, T B
    Solli DPS, Bergen, Norway.
    Nordahl, H M
    Department of Mental Health, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Andersson, Eva
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordhus, I H
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway; Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway.
    Rekdal, Å
    Solli DPS, Bergen, Norway.
    Specht, K
    Faculty of humanities, social sciences and education, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.; Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Hammar, Å
    Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway; Division of Psychiatry, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway..
    Halmøy, A
    Department of Psychiatry, Haukeland University Hospital, Kronstad DPS, Bergen, Norway.
    Mohlman, J
    Department of Psychology, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ, USA..
    Hjelmervik, H
    School of Health Sciences, Kristiania University College, Bergen, Norway.
    Thayer, J F
    Department of Psychological Science, The University of California, Irvine, CA, USA..
    Hovland, A
    Solli DPS, Bergen, Norway; Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway.
    Physical exercise augmented cognitive behaviour therapy for older adults with generalised anxiety disorder (PEXACOG): a feasibility study for a randomized controlled trial.2023In: BioPsychoSocial Medicine, ISSN 1751-0759, E-ISSN 1751-0759, Vol. 17, no 1, article id 25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) is a frequent and severe disorder among older adults. For older adults with GAD the effect of the recommended treatment, cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), is reduced. Physical exercise (PE) may enhance the effect of CBT by improving cognitive function and increasing levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a predictor of the effect of CBT in patients with anxiety. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating treatment effect of the combination of CBT and PE for GAD in a sample of older adults, including procedures for assessment and treatment.

    METHODS: Four participants aged 62-70 years (M = 65.5, SD = 3.2) with a primary diagnosis of GAD were included. Participants received 15 weeks of PE in combination with 10 weeks of CBT. Participants completed self-report measures, and clinical, biological, physiological and neuropsychological tests at pre-, interim- and post-treatment.

    RESULTS: Procedures, protocols, and results are presented. One participant dropped out during treatment. For the three participants completing, the total adherence to PE and CBT was 80% and 100%, respectively. An independent assessor concluded that the completers no longer fulfilled the criteria for GAD after treatment. Changes in self-report measures suggest symptom reduction related to anxiety and worry. The sample is considered representative for the target population.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that combining CBT and PE for older adults with GAD is feasible, and that the procedures and tests are suitable and manageable for the current sample.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION:, NCT02690441. Registered on 24 February 2016, .

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  • Eriksson, Oscar
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Swedish National Team selections in ice hockey: A retrospective study2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Countries invest a large amount of money in talent development and talent identification. The Swedish ice hockey federation is reorganizing and evaluating the national team selection system. Relative age effect (RAE) refers to a selection bias when relatively older athletes get selected because maturity can be mistaken for talent. This study aimed to examine the selection patterns in the Swedish ice hockey national team and see if there is a relationship between selected players and their birth month. Studies on selections have been conducted in Canadian ice hockey and different leagues, but no one has investigated selections in national team ice hockey. 

    A Quantitative approach was used, to analyze the sample from this retrospective study.The sample contained 384 players that has been selected for the Swedish youth and junior national team once or more from five different cohorts from 1997-2001. The statistical analyses were conducted through 𝑋!test of association, 𝑋! goodness of fit and factorial ANOVA. The significance level was set to £0,05. Cramers V and h2 was used to measure the effect size. 

    The results showed that 78% of selected players got re-selected, and most players were entering the system early. A relationship between players birth distribution and selection for the Swedish youth and junior national team was obtained, more players selected were born in the first half of the year. No significant difference in birth distribution was found among the players that played in the World Junior Championship (WJC) in 2017-2021. 92 players were selected for the world junior championship (WJC) rosters. 139 spots were available and 58 of these were taken by underaged players. Underaged players showed a significant difference in birth distribution. Underaged players born in the first half of the year were more likely to be selected as underaged for the U20 WJC rosters compared to their relatively younger peers. No significant difference was found in players height and weight between the four birth quarters. 

    In conclusion, the Swedish ice hockey national team has adopted a collectivistic approach, players could enter the system at a later stage and still be selected to play in the U20 WJC. Most players are initially selected at age 16, which can indicate that the system is closed. Differences in players birth distribution were found and players born early in the year are more likely to be selected for the national team, however in the WJC squads the birth distribution evens out. 

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