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  • Tenglin, Sofie
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Ingmarsson, Tess
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Transpersoners upplevelser inom idrotten: Exkludering och inkludering2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställning

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka transpersoners upplevelse av idrott, mer precistexkludering och inkludering. Uppsatsens frågeställning är: Hur upplever transpersonerexkludering och inkludering inom idrotten?

    Metod

    Studien utgår från en kvalitativ ansats med intervjuer som metod. Vi intervjuade tvåtranspersoner som varit eller är aktiva inom idrott. En fenomenologisk inspirerad metodansatshar använts i studien vars teoretiska utgångspunkter är genusteori och queerteori.

    Resultat

    Resultaten visar att transpersoner upplever både exkludering och inkludering inom idrottenoch att transpersoner står inför en komplex och jobbig utmaning för att få idrotta under sintransformering.

    Slutsats

    Idrotten behöver utveckla sin förståelse och kunskap inom ämnet för att skapa en merinkluderande idrott för transpersoner. Vidare forskning är nödvändigt för att nå ökad kunskapoch tydligare riktlinjer för en mer jämställd idrottsvärld.

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  • Orsin, Joakim
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Lo, Johnny
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Sitter spelande ungdomar mer stilla än icke spelande?: En kvantitativ undersökning kring gymnasieelevers stillasittande, spelande och studievanor2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstrakt

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att se samband mellan spelande och stillasittande samt samband mellan spelande och tid nerlagt för studier hos gymnasieelever i Stockholms- området. Ett annat syfte att se om samband mellan spelande och stillasittande finns gällande killar som grupp och tjejer som grupp.

    Primär

    • Hur ser sambandet ut mellan spelande och stillasittande?

    Sekundära

    • Hur ser sambandet ut mellan spelande och studerande?
    • Hur ser sambanden ut gällande killar som enskild grupp?
    • Hur ser sambanden ut gällande tjejer som enskild grupp?
    •  

    Metod

    Undersökningen genomfördes med en enkätundersökning. Där vi undersökte vanor av stillasittande, spelande samt studerande hos 123 gymnasieelever i åldern 16-20 i Stockholmsområdet. På enkäten svarade de hur många timmar de utförde varje aktivitet per dag under en normal vecka. Sambandsanalyser med Spearman rho gjordes i SPSS. 

    Resultat

    121 enkätsvar räknades varav 63 tjejer och 58 killar.

    Enkätundersökningen hittade inget samband mellan spelande och stillasittande vilket var den primära frågeställningen. Det hittades ett negativt samband mellan spelande och studerande för bägge könen där rho-värdet var -0,181 vilket betyder att det är ett litet signifikant samband. Detta betyder att de som spenderar mer tid till att spela, spenderar mindre tid med studier.

    Inga samband inom de separata könen hittades.

    Slutsats

    Spelande ungdomar sitter inte mer stilla än icke-spelande ungdomar. Ett stillasittande beteende byts ut mot andra stillasittande beteenden. Spelande ungdomar studerar mindre än icke-spelande ungdomar i Stockholmsområdet. Inga samband i tjejer som grupp och killar som grupp utan bara i den totala populationen

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  • Martinsson, Matilda
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Koffeins påverkan på resultatet av ett 3000m-test: Orienteringselevers koffeinkonsumtion2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate how 3000 m performance, self-assessed exertion, average heart rate and maximum heart rate was affected by a caffeine intake of 3mg/kg. The study also covered test subjects caffeine consumption when training and competing.

    Method: Twelve orienteering high school students ran two 3000 m tests circa one week apart. One experiment after 3mg/kg caffeine intake and the other occation on placebo. The test subjects also did a survey regarding caffeine consumption in everyday life, training and competition. The Borgskala was used for self-assessed exertion. Significance was assessed using a t-test in Microsoft Excel (2016 version). Significance level was set to P ≤ 0.05 and data was presented as mean ± standard error of the mean (n=12).

    Results: 3000 m performance was significantly increased after caffeine intake (P=0.0052). Self-assessed exertion was significantly higher after caffeine intake (P=0.012). No significant change in mean or maximum heartrate was observed. None of the test subjects used caffeine systematic to increase physical performance. One of the test subjects used more than 1000mg caffeine per average week. Three of the test subjects never used caffeine in either training, competition or everyday life.

    Conclusion: 3mg/kg caffeine increase 3000 m physical performance in orienteering high school students. Self-assessed exertion is higher after 3mg/kg caffeine intake compared to placebo when orienteering high school students run 3000 m. The Results may have been affected by several factors, especially extrinsic factors, like weather and incentive.

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  • Erdal, Sema
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Åkerlund, Jenny
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Bollspelens plats i kursplanen: En kvalitativ undersökning om hur lärare i idrott och hälsa kopplar bollspel till kursplanen2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and research questions

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how teachers in physical education (PE) in grades 7-9 use ball games in education in relation to the curriculum. The study also aims to investigate teachers' description of how their assessment of students in connection with ball games relates to the knowledge requirements. Below we present our specific question formulation.

    • In what way do PE teachers work with ball games in relation the curriculum for grades 7-9?
    • How do PE teachers motivate the use of ball games in education connected to the curriculum?
    • How do PE teachers describe their assessment of students’ ability in relation to ball games as content and the curriculums’ knowledge requirements?

    Method

    The data collection was done through semi-structured interviews. Six legitimate PE teachers in grades 7-9 were interviewed. All the interviewed teachers worked in different suburbs to Stockholm. The selection was made through a structured selection with the help of the Facebook groups “Idrottslärare” and “Sveriges idrottslärare” but also through snowball selection. The theories that have been helpful in understanding and interpreting the results are curriculum theory and frame factor theory.

    Results

    All interviewed teachers work with ball games as a tool to develop students’ complex movements and cooperative ability. A couple of teachers said that ball games can also be applied to parts of the curriculum such as health, sports injuries and more. The PE teachers motivate ball games as a method for developing student’s complex movements. Most of the teachers describe that it is difficult to know where the boundary between different grades when it comes to assessment and that it is also difficult to justify why the students has received a specific grade.

    Conclusion

    The study shows that the curriculum in PE for grades 7-9 is perceived as relatively interpretable on the transformation and realisation arena. This gives teachers choices when it comes to the choice of teaching content and implementation. Based on the curriculum theory it is possible to ascertain that all interviewed teachers interpret ball games in the curriculum and think that ball games are an important part of teaching. The reason why the PE teachers think that ball games are considered to have a place in PE may be because they are influenced by society and sports culture. Based on the pedagogical framework system, the teachers must have a great knowledge about how the assessment should be realized in reality and to avoid different interpretations of the grading steps, teachers work and discuss together to make the assessment fair.

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  • Eriksson, Natalie
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Vad är träningseffekten av ett femveckors styrketräningsprogram kontra ett agilityträningsprogram för unga fotbollsspelande pojkar?2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Power, sprint and agility abilities are important capacities in modern soccer and are often decisive for the outcome of the game. Finding ways to develop these as effective as possible and improve game related performance is important to optimize further physical development.

    Aim The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a five-week strength (SG) versus an agility training program (AG) regarding power, sprinting and agility performance in youth postpubertal soccer players. The purpose with the study plan was to be able to implement the results in training programs among the tested population. 

    Methods 15 post-pubertal non-elite male soccer players participated in the study; average age 16.6 ± 0.6 years, weight 65.8 ± 5.8 kg and height 176.4 ± 5.7 cm. Participants were randomized in two groups and followed science based training programs for five weeks. Power development, sprint and agility performance were tested through a test battery of four tests: drop jump (DJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), sprint 20-m (S-20) and T-test. Reactive strength index (RSI) was calculated by dividing DJ height (cm) with contact time (s). The tests were conducted before and after the training programs to evaluate the efficiency of the training programs. 

    Results The results demonstrated no significant difference between the groups. No significant improvement was measured for DJ in any group. Though significant improvements in CMJ for both groups (p > 0.05). Significant improvements were also noted for sprint ability for AG (p < 0.01) while moderate and non-significant changes for SG (p = 0.05). Significant improvements were measured in agility for both groups (p > 0.01). Further, significant improvements in calculated RSI were noted for AG (p < 0.05) but not for SG (p < 0.05). 

    Conclusion The implementation of a five week strength training program induces a significant improvement in power development through CMJ and agility ability. The implementation of a five week agility training program induces a significant improvement on jumping, sprint and agility abilities. The practical implication is that since both training programs brought improvements, you as a coach can apply what best suits your group and resources. 

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  • Lundvall, Suzanne
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning.
    Värdefull om än överteoretiserande avhandling om vägen till fördjupat lärande: Recension av avhandlingen Lärande av rörelseförmåga i idrott och hälsa ur ett praktikutvecklande perspektiv av Heléne Bergentoft (Göteborgs universitet 2019)2020In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, article id 9 aprilArticle, book review (Other academic)
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  • Duvstedt, Frida
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Samband mellan sömn, skärmanvändning och fysisk aktivitet: en kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie på gymnasieelever i Huddinge2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Syftet är att ta reda på om ett samband mellan hög skärmanvändning och dålig sömn i kombination med fysisk aktivitet kan ses hos gymnasieelever. Föreliggande studie undersöker hur skärmanvändningen, fysisk aktivitetsnivå och sömn ser ut hos studenterna. Om det finns någon korrelation mellan dessa och om någon skillnad mellan könen kan hittas.

    Metod

    Studien är av kvantitativ ansats gjord som en tvärsnittsstudie. En enkätundersökning utfördes på 99 respondenter. Urvalet för denna studie är baserat på kvinnor och män, ålder 18-21, på gymnasium i Huddinge.

    Resultat

    Många upplever att de har måttliga till stora problem med sömnen. Både vad det gäller att den inte gör eleverna utvilade samt att de angett måttliga problem både med att somna på kvällen och att vakna på natten. De flesta har överdriven skärmanvändning varpå en stor majoritet överskrider rekommendationerna. Även om många når rekommendationerna för fysisk aktivitet är det många av kvinnorna som inte gör det.

    Slutsats

    Resultatet i studien belyser att eleverna har hög fysisk aktivitetsnivå, cirka hälften når inte upp till rekommendationerna för sömn och majoriteten har överdriven användning av skärm på cirka 5-6 timmar/dag. Signifikanta korrelationer mellan dessa går dock inte att hitta för denna målgrupp.

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  • Nyberg, Gisela
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kjellenberg, Karin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Fröberg, Andreas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindroos, Anna Karin
    Swedish Food Agency, Uppsala, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    A national survey showed low levels of physical activity in a representative sample of Swedish adolescents.2020In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: This study investigated objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time by sex, age and socioeconomic status in a large representative sample of Swedish adolescents.

    METHODS: In this cross-sectional national survey between 2016 and 2017, students aged 11-12, 14-15 and 17-18 years from 131 schools were invited to participate. Physical activity and sedentary time were measured objectively with accelerometers for seven consecutive days. Socioeconomic status (parental education) and country of birth were self-reported in a questionnaire. Weight and height were measured by trained staff.

    RESULTS: A total of 3477 adolescents participated in the study, and 2419 (73%) had at least 3 days of valid accelerometer data. The results showed that 43% of boys and 23% of girls reached the recommendation of 60 minutes of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Boys were more physically active than girls in all age groups. Girls with high socioeconomic status were more physically active than girls with low socioeconomic status (P < .001), and this difference was not found in boys.

    CONCLUSION: The majority of Swedish adolescents did not reach the physical activity recommendation, and boys were more active than girls. Effective strategies to increase physical activity, especially among girls with low socioeconomic status, are urgently needed.

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  • Gounta Karabina, Lizette
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Sadik, Lano
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Kroppsuppfattning i en normladdad miljö: En kvantitativ studie om kroppsuppfattning och diethistorik bland motionärer på gym2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Body image is a central part of an individual's self-perception and has been a popular research field the last decades. This study focuses on a target group that haven’t been studied on a large extent, in an environment where body perception is very important. The study examines if the body image of exercisers at gym facilities correlates with their diet and weight history and how body perception relates to gender, exercise frequency, age and educational level.

    Method: To investigate how individuals in the gym perceive their body image, a quantitative research survey, including validated questionnaires has been completed by women (n= 38) and men (n= 42). The participants are members of the Swedish gym chain Nordic Wellness aged 18 and up.

    Result: The results show that there is very little gender difference between men and women in body image. The study results show that repeated diet attempts and weight fluctuation are correlated with a more negative body image. The study finds no correlation between body image and exercise frequency, age or educational level

    Conclusion: In many studies, the topic of body image has focused more on women than on men and it has been shown that a negative body image affects more often the female population. There is insufficient evidence-based research for the relationship between body image and the level of education and training frequency. Nevertheless increased physical activity is connected to better body image and higher life satisfaction. The conclusion that is drawn from this study is that the population reports almost same levels of body satisfaction regardless their gender. A longer diet history and a higher weight fluctuation correlates with a more negative body image and vice versa. Our speculation is that physical activity and a healthy stable weight may act as a rescue factor for the risk groups with worse body image, for example women. More evidence-based longitudinal research is needed to understand if there is any causality between these factors.

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  • Ivarsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Stenling, Andreas
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Weman Josefsson, Karin
    Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Höglind, Sten
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindwall, Magnus
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Associations between physical activity and core affects within and across days: a daily diary study.2020In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate (a) if daily physical activity at the within-person level is related to four different core affects the same evening, (b) if core affects in the evening predict physical activity the following day, and (c) if physical activity predicts core affects the following day.

    Design: A total of 166 university students were asked to complete the affect and physical activity measures once a day (in the evening), for seven days. Bivariate unconditional latent curve model analyses with structured residuals were performed to investigate the relations within days and across days between the core affects and physical activity.

    Main outcome measures: Core affects and physical activity.

    Results: Physical activity had positive within-day associations with pleasant-activated and pleasant-deactivated core affects and a negative within-day association with unpleasant-deactivated affective responses. There were, however, no statistically significant relations between core affects and physical activity across days.

    Conclusion: These results highlight that the measurement interval might be an important factor that influences the association between core affects and physical activity behaviors.

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  • Haglund, Lotta
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Evidence basing the study environment needs at a small specialist university by using design thinking methods2020In: Journal of EAHIL, ISSN 1841-0715, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 4-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article describes a case study, using design thinking methods, to evidence base the renovation of two buildings on the university campus. The project involves several stake holders and is looking at the general study environment, and not only the library space. In the discussion the author compares the processes from evidence based library and information practice, design thinking methods and a hybrid model, as well as outlines some learning points from the project.

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  • Larsson, Magnus
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Pulsträning i skolan - och dess påverkan på kognition: en studie av pulstränings effekt på kognitiva förmågor i en grupp barn i 12-års åldern med ADHD symptom2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om det är motiverat med 20 minuters pulsträning i 70 – 90 procent av maximal hjärtfrekvens tre gånger i veckan för en selektivt utvald grupp där en övervägande del antingen har ADHD diagnos eller uppvisar symptom på det, eller andra diagnoser som dyslexi och språkstörning.

    • Vad blir resultatet på ett Trail Making test A och B efter 20 minuters pulsträning tre gånger per vecka efter 11 veckor?
    • Vad blir resultatet på ett Digit Span Memory test efter 20 minuters pulsträning tre gånger per vecka efter 11 veckor?
    • Vad blir resultatet på ett Flanker test efter 20 minuters pulsträning tre gånger per vecka efter 11 veckor?
    • I vilken utsträckning klarar eleverna att hålla sig inom valt intensitetsintervall, 70-90 procent [BL1] av maximal hjärtfrekvens?

    Metod

    17 elever deltog i en 12 veckor (1 vecka uppehåll för lov) lång intervention av pulsträning i 70-90 procent av maxpuls under 20 minuter tre gånger i veckan. Tre tester som mäter olika kognitiva förmågor har utförts före och efter interventionen. Trail Making test A och B, Digit span memory test samt Flanker test.

    Resultat

    För Trail Making test B sågs en statistiskt signifikant skillnad i svarstid mellan tmtb_test (Mdn=99,9s) och tmtb_efter (Mdn=73,1s) p=0,002. För övriga tester sågs ingen signifikant effekt av pulsträningen.

    Slutsats

    Pulsträning har en effekt på Trail Making test B, som mäter exekutiva förmågan, mellan första och sista testet. Ingen inlärningseffekt kunde ses. För Digit span som mäter arbetsminne så kunde ingen effekt ses. På Flanker test som mäter selektiv uppmärksamhet kunde en tendens till skillnad ses. Av detta kan inte dras slutsatsen att pulsträning har en signifikant effekt men ej heller kan vi helt avfärda tanken. Eller så har denna studies design inte kunnat mäta det. Mer forskning kring området är nödvändigt.

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  • Lockner, Adam
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Ladan, Martin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Dragkampen mellan klassrummet och fotbollsplanen: En kvalitativ studie av gymnasieelevers upplevelser och hantering av kombinationen elitidrott och studier2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and aims: The aim of with this study is to investigate how students in upper secondary school experience and cope with the combination of studies and participation in elite sports. This by answering the two following questions: How do the students experience the combination of studies and elite sports?; What inner respective outer resources do the students have or lack in relation to be able to manage the combination of studies and elite sports?

    Method: This is a qualitative study with a phenomenological interpretation of the collected data. Semi structured interviews are used as method for collecting the data. A strategic sampling has been made that included in total sex students, three boys and three girls. The participants where students from two upper secondary schools in the outer municipalities of Stockholm. The students have been recruited through personal contacts with their teachers. The theoretical framework in the study are based on the KASAM theory of Antonovsky and the transactional model of Lazarus.

    Results: Students experience that the balance between studies and participation in elite sports has gradually improved from the first to the third grade of upper secondary school. Students experience that participation in elite sports affect the curricular studies negative, even though they are able to manage the situation. This by postponing school work or having dropped of from courses following the lack of time to study. The aspect of time, together with uncomprehending teachers, are factors of stress and also a lacking resource that are prominent among the students. Friends and family though are equally prominent as positive resources.

    Conclusions: The majority of the students do experience that they are able to manage the combination of studies and elite sports. At the same time, the students experience factors of stress and inquire for more resources to be able to better cope with the combination of studies and elite sports. The students though have a positive attitude, high ambitions, and in the end feels that they have enough resources to be able to cope with the situation.

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  • Johnsson, Emma
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet under skoldagen: En intervjustudie om skolledares beskrivning av fysisk aktivitet i skolan2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of the study is to investigate how school leaders at secondary schools in Stockholm County talk about students’ opportunity for daily physical activity during school hours. The aim has been concretised into three issues: How do school leaders view the assignment in the curriculum on daily physical activity? How do school leaders describe the school's work in offering students daily physical activity? And how do school leaders view physical activity in relation to learning?

    Method

    The study is of a qualitative approach and data has been collected through interviews with five respondents who work as principal or assistant principal at five different secondary schools. The theoretical starting points of the study are the curriculum and framework factor theory.

    Results

    The majority of the school leaders stated that they work to offer their students daily physical activity and the purpose is to improve the learning and their students’ health. The students are offered daily physical activity through scheduled movement training, voluntary movement training, movement breaks in teaching, breaks, P.E. lessons and by moving in the school buildings. The school leaders underline that physical activity has a positive impact on students' learning and also affects their behaviour in school. However, they emphasize that the students do not perform better at a specific subject.

    Conclusion

    All secondary school students are offered the opportunity for daily physical activity to a greater or lesser extent. It depends on how the school has chosen to work with the assignment in the curriculum. The schools can choose by them selves how to offer their students daily physical activity. Based on the assignment in the curriculum they can make it from each schools own condition. Much of the daily physical activity offered is voluntary, meaning that students do not automatically become physically active just because they are given the opportunity to be physically active.

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  • Ingesson, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Skattning av KASAM hos elitidrottare med respektive utan funktionsnedsättning: En kvantitativ studie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka eventuella skillnader i skattning av Aaron Antonovskys KASAM - känsla av sammanhang, hos elitidrottare med funktionsnedsättning respektive utan funktionsnedsättning. Frågeställningarna var följande: ”Finns det en skillnad i skattning av KASAM hos elitidrottare med respektive utan funktionsnedsättning?”, ”Påverkas KASAM-skattningen av typen av funktionsnedsättning (synnedsättning eller rörelsehinder)?”, ”Kommer en skillnad i skattningen ses hos komponenterna meningsfullhet, hanterbarhet och begriplighet mellan elitidrottare med respektive utan funktionsnedsättning”?

    Metod: Denna studie är en kvantitativ studie som genomfördes i form av en enkätundersökning. En grupp med 18 elitidrottande ungdomar med funktionsnedsättning (grupp 1) och en grupp med 18 elitidrottande ungdomar utan funktionsnedsättning (grupp 2) svarade på en enkät. Enkäten bestod av två delar; en bakgrundsdel utformades specifikt för projektet och en del som bestod av KASAM-enkäten. KASAM-enkäten bestod av 29 frågor där varje fråga skattas från 1 till 7. Frågorna berör olika delar av livet och besvaras med den siffra som passar bäst in på personens situation och känsla. Resultatet från enkäterna sammanställdes och analyserades i SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences).

    Resultat: Resultaten visade ingen signifikant skillnad av det totala KASAM-värdet mellan grupperna personer med respektive utan funktionsnedsättning (p=0,826). Medianen av det totala KASAM-värdet var 150,5 poäng för gruppen med personer med funktionsnedsättning och 143,5 poäng för gruppen med personer utan en funktionsnedsättning. Det fanns heller ingen skillnad i skattning mellan personer med rörelsenedsättning och personer med synnedsättning (p=0,844). Medianen av det totala KASAM-värdet var 154 poäng för gruppen med synnedsättningar och 149 poäng för gruppen med rörelsenedsättningar. I det tre delkomponenterna meningsfullhet, hanterbarhet och begriplighet kunde en liten skillnad ses där gruppen med personer med funktionsnedsättning skattade högre jämfört med gruppen utan funktionsnedsättning, dock fanns inga signifikanta skillnader mellan skattning av meningsfullhet p=0,579, hanterbarhet p=0,912 och begriplighet p=0,692.

    Slutsats: Detta resultat kan anses positivt då hypotesen vara att skattningen skulle vara lägre i gruppen med funktionsnedsättning och speciellt inom delkomponenten hanterbarhet. Resultatet är inte statistiskt signifikant men kan ha en klinisk betydelse. Resultatsammanställningen identifierade personer i båda grupperna som hade låga KASAM poäng vilket gör att detta resultat bör belysas till båda gruppernas tränare och sportchefer så att dessa personer kan få det stöd de behöver.

    Eftersom urvalet i denna studie inte var så stort kan resultatet inte ses som allmängiltigt och bör därför tolkas med försiktighet. Studien berör ungdomar och unga vuxna elitidrottare och bör inte generaliserats till ungdomar och unga vuxna som inte bedriver någon typ av elitsatsning.

     

     

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  • Bråkenhielm, Elin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Ingesson, Sabina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Rörelse i grundskolan: En kvalitativ observationsstudie om två grundskolors hälsofrämjande arbete i Stockholms län2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur grundskolan inkluderar fysisk aktivitet under skoldagen samt jämföra hur det hälsofrämjande arbetet ser ut på en grundskola med anställd hälsopedagog jämfört med en grundskola utan anställd hälsopedagog. Tre frågeställningar formulerades; Hur inkluderas fysisk aktivitet under skoldagen för elever i årskurs 1 på de utvalda grundskolorna? Hur skiljer sig det hälsofrämjande arbetet på en skola med anställd hälsopedagog jämfört med en skola utan anställd hälsopedagog? Hur är hälsopedagogen inkopplad i det hälsofrämjande arbetet?

    Metod:

    Studiens material samlades in genom observationer, kvalitativa enkäter och semistrukturerade intervjuer. En klass i årskurs 1 observerades under två dagar för att undersöka hur den fysiska aktiviteten inkluderades under skoldagen. Utvald skolpersonal fick svara på en enkät angående skolans hälsoarbete för att undersöka hur skolornas arbeten skiljde sig åt. Två semistrukturerade intervjuer utfördes för att utforska hälsopedagogens roll i det hälsofrämjande arbetet.

    Resultat och diskussion:

    Båda grundskolorna hade rastaktiviteter och rörelsepauser inlagda under skoldagen. Skillnaden mellan skolorna var att det hälsofrämjande arbetet på skolan med hälsopedagog bedrevs av hälsopedagogen medan den på skolan utan hälsopedagog bedrevs av en engagerad lärare. Läraren fick inspiration och kunskap från ”spring i benen” projektet. Skolan utan hälsopedagog hade större ytor och fler förutsättningar till fysisk aktivitet på skolgården. Skolan med anställd hälsopedagog hade begränsade ytor till fysisk aktivitet på grund av ombyggnation. Utöver detta var rastaktiviteterna mer fysiskt utmanande på skolan utan hälsopedagog. Detta var troligen en konsekvens av den begränsade skolgårdsytan på skolan med hälsopedagog.

    Slutsats

    Slutsatsen som kan dras i denna studie var att det hälsofrämjande arbetet på skolorna var liknande på så sätt att båda skolorna inkludera praktiska moment i undervisningen, aktiva raster samt aktiva pauser under skoldagen. Dock låg ansvaret över den fysiska aktiviteten hos olika professioner på skolorna. Hälsopedagogen hade den kompetens som krävdes för att bedriva det hälsofrämjande arbetet på egen hand, medan klassläraren på skolan utan hälsopedagog fick inspiration och kunskap från “spring i benen” projektet för att bedriva det hälsofrämjande arbetet.

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  • Iderstål, Erica
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Skretting, Alida
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Kunskapen om och användningen av Basketsmart på RIG och NIU: En enkätundersökning2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Studien syftar till att undersöka kunskapen och medvetenheten om användningen av preventionsprogrammet Basketsmart på elever som studerar på basketgymnasium samt studera om, och eventuellt hur, Riksidrottsgymnasier (RIG) och Nationellt Godkänd Idrottsutbildning (NIU) skiljer sig åt.  Hur är medvetenheten om Basketsmarts skadeprogram för elever på basketgymnasier?  Hur brukas Basketsmarts skadeprogram av elever på basketgymnasier?  Finns det några diskrepanser mellan RIG och NIU avseende kunskap och användande av Basketsmart?

    Metod

    För insamlandet av data användes en kvantitativ metod i form av en enkätundersökning. Medverkade i studien gjorde RIG:s elever samt NIU:s elever. Innan enkäterna delades ut till eleverna genomfördes en pilotstudie på tio personer.

    Resultat

    Studien genomfördes på 51 deltagare och data som samlades in i denna studie visade på att majoriteten av eleverna i RIG och NIU är medvetna om vad Basketsmart är. Det kan konstateras att medvetenheten om, och användandet av, Basketsmart var något högre på NIU än på RIG. Den statistiska analysen visade på att det inte var någon signifikant skillnad mellan RIG och NIU.

    Slutsats

    Slutsatsen resulterade i att det inte var någon signifikant skillnad mellan inriktningarna RIG och NIU. Majoriteten av eleverna i de olika inriktningarna använder inte Basketsmart i undervisningen men har en god medvetenhet om Basketsmart.

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  • Parkheden, Jennifer
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Garcia Hagman, Amanda
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Risk att ha stressrelaterad ohälsa i olika fysiska aktivitetsgrupper: En tvärsnittsstudie om fysisk aktivitet och stress2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte 

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka om risken att uppleva stressrelaterad ohälsa i form av psykosomatiska besvär som sömnproblem, huvudvärk, trötthet/hängig, håglöshet och nedstämdhet kan minska ju mer fysiskt aktiv man uppger sig vara.

    Metod

    Studien är en tvärsnittssstudie baserad på data från LIV 90, LIV 2000 och Vasaloppsstudien. Totalt handlade det om 3688 personers svar från enkäterna i de olika studierna. Vi valde att titta på frågorna gällande fysisk aktivitet, kön, ålder, rökvanor samt utbildningsnivå. Då ingen fråga direkt ställdes gällande stress valdes fem stressindikatorer ut, dvs fem psykosomatiska besvär som ofta förekommer till följd av upplevd stress. Dessa var sömnproblem, huvudvärk, nedstämd, håglöshet samt om man kände sig trött och hängig. Genom logistisk regression fick vi fram oddskvoterna för att ha respektive besvär i de olika aktivitetsgrupperna och vi kontrollerade i modell för modell för olika variabler (ålder, kön, rökning och utbildningsnivå).

    Resultat

    I resultatet av studien kan man se att risken att ha eller uppleva något av de psykosomatiska besvären var lägre i den högaktiva aktivitetsgruppen i jämförelse med den lågaktiva gruppen, även efter att vi kontrollerat för kön, ålder, rökning och utbildningsnivå. För både trötthet/hängig samt håglöshet fanns en signifikant lägre risk även i den måttligt aktiva gruppen jämfört med den lågaktiva gruppen, när vi kontrollerat för de övriga variablerna. 

    Slutsats

    Deltagarna som kategoriserats in i den högaktiva aktivitetsgruppen hade, i jämförelse med den lågaktiva gruppen, en signifikant lägre risk att ha något av de stressrelaterade besvär som vi valt att titta på. För majoriteten av besvären verkar det dock krävas att man är högaktiv för att man ska ha en signifikant lägre risk.

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  • Johansson, Elin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Hansson, Linnéa
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Smärtan som påverkar alla aspekter av fem unga kvinnors liv: en kvalitativ intervjustudie om hälsa och erfarenheter hos kvinnor med endometrios2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur kvinnor med endometrios hälsa och beteende påverkas av diagnosen samt vilka deras erfarenheter är från sjukvården. Två frågeställningar formulerades: Hur påverkas respondenternas hälsa och beteenden av sjukdomen? och Vilka upplevelser och erfarenheter har de från sjukvården?

    Metod. För att besvara frågeställningarna användes en kvalitativ intervjumetod i form av en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Intervjuguiden bestod av öppna frågor för att författarna skulle få utförliga svar och djupare förståelse. Fem kvinnor med endometrios deltog som respondenter i enskilda intervjuer över telefon. Intervjuerna spelades in, transkriberades och analyserades.

    Resultat. Utvalda citat från intervjuerna användes som meningsbärande enheter för att sedan kondenseras, kodas och ge teman. Författarna delade upp teman i två kategorier som besvarar frågeställningarna. Frånvaro från arbete och skola, beteende, fysisk ohälsa, psykisk ohälsa var teman som valdes ut till frågeställning 1. Smärtan ansågs vara en central del till varför deras hälsa och beteenden påverkas. Sammanfattningsvis påverkas kvinnornas hälsa och beteende genom ökad frånvaro från arbete och skola, begränsad ansträngning och anpassning i vardagen, minskat socialt utbyte med vänner och psykisk ohälsa. Kunskap, normalisering av smärta, ej betrodd och tjat var teman som valdes ut för att besvara frågeställning 2. Det verkar som att vid mötet med en okunnig läkare normaliseras smärtan, hon blir inte betrodd för sina besvär och behöver tjata för att få behandling. Däremot vid mötet med en kunnig läkare blir hjälpen snabb och det uppskattas att bli bekräftad och betrodd.

    Slutsats. Slutsatsen är att endometrios verkar påverka kvinnan i alla aspekter av livet, i arbets-, vardags- och privatlivet. Detta är något som bör tas i åtanke inom sjukvården, bland arbetsgivare och i samhället generellt. Endometrios är en komplex sjukdom med många faktorer som påverkar kvinnors hälsa och beteende.

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  • Ohm, Annie
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Myléus, Jonathan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Hur ser sambanden ut mellan VO₂max, stress och arbetsminne?: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie på kontorsanställda.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar: Den stressrelaterade ohälsan har ökat de senaste åren ochr esulterar ofta i försämrade kognitiva förmågor. Det finns ett stort behov av att hitta metoder både för att minska den upplevda stressen men också att bibehålla de kognitiva förmågorna. Vårt huvudsakliga syfte med denna studie är att titta på om en individs syreupptagnings-förmåga påverkar hur starkt sambandet mellan den Upplevda stressorn och den kognitiva förmågan är och om det finns genusskillnader. Vi tittar också på om det finns signifikanta skillnader och samband mellan syreupptagningsförmåga, kognitiv förmåga och Upplevd stressor.

    Metod: Data till den här kvantitativa tvärsnittsstudien har inhämtats från ett större projekt,”Fysiskt aktivitetsmönster och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner bland kontorsanställda”, som ärutformat som en tvärsnittsstudie och genomfördes vid GIH under 2016–2017. Till vår studie därvi tittar på Upplevd stressor genom enkätfråga, syreupptagningsförmåga i form av relativ VO₂max beräknad utifrån Ekblom-Bak test och Arbetsminne mätt genom testerna STROOP och Digit Span Backwards, har vi 325st deltagare med komplett data för dessa variabler och som dåingår i vår population. Av dessa är 218st kvinnor (67,1%) och 107st män (32,9%).

    Resultat: Det finns ett svagt men signifikant samband mellan VO₂ max och Arbetsminne(r=0,13, p=˂0,05), där högre VO₂ max medför en bättre prestation för Arbetsminne. Vår datavisar däremot inget signifikant samband mellan VO₂ max och Upplevd Stressor (r=0,13,p=˃0,05). Populationen delades in i kvintiler och sambandet mellan Arbetsminne och Upplevd stressor analyserades för vardera kvintil samt uppdelat på kön. För männen visade ingen kvintilpå ett signifikant samband. Däremot för kvinnorna visade kvintilen med högst VO₂ max på ettsignifikant samband (r=0,50, p=˂0,05), där högre Upplevd Stressor medförde sämre prestationför Arbetsminne.

    Slutsats: Vi ser att det finns ett samband mellan VO₂ max och Arbetsminne, där högre VO₂max samtidigt innebär en något bättre prestation på test för Arbetsminne. Kvinnor med högVO₂ max visar ett relativt starkt samband mellan Upplevd stressor och Arbetsminne, där högre skattning för Upplevd stressor samtidigt innebär en något sämre prestation på test för Arbetsminne. Kvinnor skattar högre för Upplevd stressor än vad männen gör, och samtliga som skattat högsta möjliga är kvinnor. Kvinnor med lägst VO₂ max, har lägre utbildningsgradjämfört med övriga i populationen.

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  • Vikman, Isac
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Törner, Filip
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Fysiskt aktiv genom rulltrappor: En kvantitativ interventionsstudie om beteendeförändring2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Denna interventionsstudie syftade i huvudsak till att undersöka effekten på motivation till fysisk aktivitet samt psykiskt välbefinnande vid en beteendeförändring hos fysiskt inaktiva individer. Detta då fysisk inaktivitet är ett problem i dagens samhälle. Studiens andra syfte var att undersöka om beteendeförändringen kunde visa på ökad mängd fysisk aktivitet hos deltagarna i form av mängd steg per vecka.

    Metod

    Studiens intervention varade under två veckor där deltagarna (n = 34) utförde en beteendeförändring av sitt fysiska aktivitetsmönster dagligen i rulltrappor. Detta innebar att börja gå i samtliga rulltrappor från att tidigare ha varit inaktiva i dem. Interventionen i rulltrapporna var den enda förändringen deltagarna ombads göra. Mätinstrumenten var tre enkäter som besvarades innan interventionen och tre identiska enkäter besvarades efter interventionen. Objektiv data genom stegräknare användes också för att undersöka förändring av fysisk aktivitetsnivå hos deltagarna.

    Resultat

    Studiens resultat visade att deltagarna ökat sin benägenhet till att utföra en beteendeförändring (p = ,006). Ökad motivationsnivå till fysisk aktivitet genom ökad självbestämmande (p < ,001) visade också på signifikant förbättring. Vi kunde även avläsa en signifikant förbättring på deltagarnas skattade psykiska hälsa efter interventionen (p < ,001). Skillnad i snittsteg per vecka hos deltagarna (n = 34) mellan före intervention och interventionens andra vecka visade på en ökning av 1919 steg, detta motsvarade en procentuell ökning på 30,7%. Detta är en signifikant förbättring (p < ,001).

    Slutsats

    Sammanfattningsvis kunde vi konkludera att en beteendeförändring hos inaktiva individer att börja gå i rulltrappor påvisade en positiv effekt på motivationsnivå till fysisk aktivitet samt på psykiskt välbefinnande. Den totala aktivitetsnivån ökade också hos studiens deltagare, mätt i form av antal steg. Det går inte att säga huruvida andra faktorer kan ha påverkat deltagarnas ökade stegmängd. Således går det ej att säkert fastställa interventionen som enskild orsak, dock stärker deltagarnas gemensamma ökade mängd fysiska aktivitet detta. Ytterligare stärks det i samband med studiens positiva effekt på motivation och psykiska välbefinnande, att interventionen varit orsak till förbättringen. 3

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  • Malm, Julia
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Ökar ditt välbefinnande av fysisk aktivitet?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte & Frågeställning

    Syftet med denna studie är att ta reda på anledningen till varför personer tränar på gym kopplat till deras välbefinnande. - Finns det ett samband mellan välbefinnande och mängden fysisk aktivitet? - Skiljer sig välbefinnandet mellan män och kvinnor som är fysiskt aktiva? - Vad är anledning till att vara fysiskt aktiv kopplat till välbefinnande?

    Metod

    En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie har genomförts med inslag av kvalitativt utformade frågor. Enkäten som bestod av tretton frågor gällande fysisk aktivitet samt upplevt välbefinnande besvarades av individer aktiva på Friskis och Svettis Stockholm i åldrarna 18-72 år.

    Resultat

    57 individer deltog i studien och signifikanta samband kunde ses generellt för män och kvinnor för anledning till fysisk aktivitet kopplat till välbefinnande. Anledningen till varför individerna tränar, att det är roligt (p=0.003) och att det är socialt (p<0.001) visar positiva samband. Männen visade positiva signifikanta samband för anledning till fysisk aktivitet men negativa samband vid utebliven fysisk aktivitet. Kvinnorna visade enbart positiva signifikanta samband för att det är socialt (p=0.020). Det fanns ingen skillnad mellan män och kvinnor i det generella välbefinnandet kopplat till sinnesstämning, oroskänslor, sömn och koncentration bland de som deltog i studien. Typ av fysisk aktivitet, frekvens samt duration visade inga signifikanta samband.

    Slutsats

    Denna studie visade på positiva signifikanta samband mellan välbefinnande och anledning till varför man är fysiskt aktiv i alla ålderskategorier. Det fanns ingen skillnad i det generella välbefinnandet mellan män och kvinnor. Träningsfrekvens, träningsduration och träningsform visade inga signifikanta samband med välbefinnande.

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  • Langels, Benjamin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Urgun, Shevin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Mirror Mirror On the Wall: Kroppsuppfattning och självkänsla hos vuxna med ett autismspektrumtillstånd: en tvärsnittsstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to examine self-esteem and body image in adults with autism spectrum disorder. The primary objective of this study is to find out whether a connection exists between self-esteem and body image in our chosen population. In addition, we would like to investigate if physical activity, age and gender can work as moderators. Method: The study is a quantitative cross-sectional study directed at adults (18-50 y.o) with an autism spectrum disorder (autism or aspergers/ASD). Data is collected via an online survey applied at a single measuring point to collect answers regarding body image, self-esteem and physical activity level. To not limit the amount of observations we have created an original survey in English, and then translated it to Swedish with back-translation. A pilot-survey was tested on 3 people prior to official launch to ensure that our questions were properly interpreted, and that validity was sufficient. Along with the survey came a missive letter in either Swedish or English detailing the study being performed. The survey was posted in social media groups relevant to our sample population. Results: Out of 93 participants, 69 (74%) reported an under-par self-esteem according to the Rosenberg test. 24 people (26%) were reported having average, or above average self-esteem. Out of all the participants with low self-esteem, 64 of them (94%) wanted to change their appearance in some way, 45 (64%) believed that other people's opinions regarding their appearance were of importance, and 48 (70%) had felt badly treated as a consequence of their physical appearance, a higher proportion, compared to participants with a high or normal self-esteem (p=0,0036). The variables for body image were highly influenced by Rosenberg score. The probability of participants answering the questions in a negative fashion increased by 8,4 – 12,4 if the participant had a below average self-esteem score (<15) (p=0,000–0,003). For every day in a week the participants performed 30 minutes or more of heart rate increasing physical activity, the probability of wanting to alter their physical appearance lowered by 25% (p=0,05). Conclusion: The examined population have demonstrated a lower than average self-esteem, and also a heightened risk to display a negative body image. A strong connection has been established between Rosenbergs Self-Esteem Scale and questions regarding body image. We can with high probability express that improvement of one of these factors will influence the other one in a positive manor. Physical activity has a positive influence on body image, this also applies to people with autism or aspergers/ASD. Methods including physical activity which increase breathing rate is recommended as a preventative measure and general treatment to improve body image, self-esteem, and through those variables also general health.

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  • Sabel, My
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Blomberg, My
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    När det gäller livsstil, vad passar mig?: Hur kvinnor uppfattar och förhåller sig till råd kring kost och fysisk aktivitet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställning

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vad kvinnor uppfattar vara råden för en god kosthållning och fysisk aktivitet för en hälsosam livsstil samt hur dessa råd upplevs och hur vi bemöter dem. Detta görs genom följande frågeställningar; Vad uppfattar kvinnor vara de gällande råden och rekommendationerna för god kosthållning och fysisk aktivitet för en hälsosam livsstil? Hur förhåller sig kvinnor till de uppfattade råden och rekommendationerna gällande kost och fysisk aktivitet för en hälsosam livsstil?

    Metod

    En kvalitativ studie valdes då studiens syfte var att söka förståelse och klargöra hur råd och rekommendationer upplevs samt hur man förhåller sig till dessa. Vidare valdes datainsamlingen att göras genom en semistrukturerad intervju. Sammantaget intervjuades åtta kvinnor i Stockholmsområdet i åldrarna 27-74. Intervjuerna transkriberades och analyserades sedan genom innehållsanalys där åtta teman identifierades. Dessa användes som grund för resultat.

    Resultat

    Resultatet visar att det finns en generell uppfattning av en hälsosam livsstil, dock med en begränsad kunskap inom ämnet. Det bör också poängteras att respondenterna upplever det svårt att navigera bland råd och rekommendationer kring kost och fysisk aktivitet, då det finns mycket och varierande information. Välbefinnande ses som en stor anledning till tillämpning av råd och rekommendationer, dock verkar det även finnas andra anledningar vilket gör förhållandet till kost och fysisk aktivitet mer komplext.

    Slutsats

    Ämnet behöver belysas ytterligare då det idag finns relativt lite forskning. Denna studie genererade dock en förståelse för hur begreppet hälsosam livsstil upplevs och gav upplysning om hur man förhåller sig till råd och rekommendationer. Vi anser att de vetenskapliga råden behöver lyftas i större utsträckning, samt att kunskapen bör fördjupas på samhällsnivå.

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  • Bastrup Frank, Kristin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Heving, Elin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet och dess påverkan på stress: En tvärsnittsstudie på högstadieungdomar2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose with the study is to investigate if higher physical activity levels can reduce the effect of stress related illness in adolescents in grade 8. The purpose was also to see if there were any differences between the sexes in perceived stress and how common it is with heart rate enhancing physical activity and everyday exercise amongst girls and boys in grade 8.

    Method: A cross-sectional study was performed on 72 students in grade 8. Paper questionnaires was handed out to two schools in Stockholm county, where the students were given 15-20 minutes to respond. The questionnaire included two questions about physical activity and ten questions about stress, for example; experienced nervousness and stress, the ability to handle personal problems and the inability to control important things in life. The questionnaires were collected and analysed in the SPSS data analysis program.

    Results: The mean stress in all participants together was 15,20, ± 6,91, mean stress for boys was 11,77 and girls 19,11, ± 4,88 for boys and ± 6,77 for girls. The difference in perceived stress between the sexes were significant (p <0,001). There were no significant differences in the amount of physical activity performed between the sexes, heart enhancing physical activity (p = 0,110), everyday activity (p = 0,855). There were no relationship between performed physical activity and perceived stress in secondary students (p = 0,162).

    Conclusions: Girls estimate higher stress than boys. Even if many students reached the recommendations for physical activity you couldn't see any correlations between less stress and physical activity.

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  • Vestling, Fanny
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Eriksson, Emma
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Hur kan svaga länkar i cyklisters färdvägsmiljöer förbättras?: Studie för att bedöma och åtgärda platser som motverkar cykling2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte/ Frågeställningar:Syftet med studien är att undersöka cyklisters upplevelse av fem specifika färdvägsmiljöer längs sträckan Stocksund – Roslagsvägen – Lill-Jansskogen med utgångspunkt i miljömässigt välbefinnande/ovälbefinnande, och andra utfallsvariabler samt olika miljöfaktorer. Syftet är även att undersöka huruvida punktskattning är en effektiv och möjlig metod för att lokalisera svaga länkar i cyklisters färdvägsmiljö.

    Frågeställningarna är: (1) Hur relaterar miljömässigt välbefinnande/ovälbefinnande till utfallsvariablerna trygghet/otrygghet av trafikmässiga skäl samt stimulerar/motverkar till cykling? (2) Hur relaterar miljöfaktorer till utfallsvariablerna trygghet/otrygghet av trafikmässiga skäl och stimulerar/motverkar till cykling?

    Metod:En kvantitativ skattningsmetod, en modifiering av färdvägsmiljöskalan ACRES (The Active Commuting Route Environment Scale) nyttjades. Urvalet bestod av både män och kvinnor i åldrarna 20–35 år, n=27, 14 kvinnor och 13 män, medelålder 25,9 ± 3,3. Undersökningen skedde via cykling med fem stopp på olika platser längs med sträckan Stocksund - Roslagsvägen - Lill-Jansskogen. Arbetsbelastningen styrdes med hjälp av med BORG-RPE-skala®, och bedömdes i efterhand med hjälp av pulsmätning. Objektiv mätning av trafikflöde och bullernivå utfördes. Analysen gjordes genom spridningsdiagram, multipel regression samt Pearson´s correlation coefficient.

    Resultat:Resultatet visade på stora variationer i skattningen av miljömässigt välbefinnande/ovälbefinnande mellan de fem olika platserna. Starka samband erhölls mellan utfallsvariablerna miljömässigt välbefinnande/ovälbefinnande och stimulerande/motverkande (r=0,810) samt trygghet/otrygghet av trafikmässiga skäl (r=0,638). De två senare variablerna var även signifikant korrelerade till olika miljöfaktorer.

    Slutsats:Metoden med punktskattningar verkar vara effektiv för att särskilja olika platsers inverkan på cyklister. De samband som erhölls mellan stimulerar/motverkar till cykling och miljöfaktorerna är i linje med tidigare forskning baserad på medelvärden av hela färdvägsmiljöer, därmed kan punktskattningar vara en värdefull metod för att motivera förbättrande åtgärder från ansvariga väghållare.

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  • Aitalaakso, Karoliina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Pirttimäki, Meri-Tuuli
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Ämnet idrott och hälsa och fysisk aktivitets akuta effekt på gymnasieelevernas kognition2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of this study is to explore whether physical activity in the physical education has a direct positive effect on the high school students' short-term memory and working memory.

    Research questions are following:

    1. Does acute physical activity have a direct positive impact on short-term memory and working memory in high school students?
    2. Are there any differences between female and male participants on performance in the cognitive tests?

    Method

    The sample size was 84 participants (high school students) aged 15-20, of which 23 women and 61 men. Seven different high school classes were needed to reach this number of participants. The participants were divided into two different groups. Group 1 conducted cognitive tests (TMT-A, TMT-B and free recall) without physical activity first. One week after, group 1 performed cognitive tests after physical activity. Group 2 made the arrangement in reverse order. These groups were randomly determined.

    Results

    On the TMT-A and free recall, no significant results were obtained before or after physical activity. The group that conducted physical activity on the second test day performed better on TMT-B test after physical activity while group 2 performed better after rest. There was a significant difference between female and male participants in group 1. Female and male participants both performed better after physical activity compared to rest, but female participants improved more.

    Conclusions

    Physical activity did not have any significant effect on performance in the cognitive tests of working memory and short-term memory. Physical activity can though benefit high school students to cope with cognitively demanding tasks. However, this needs to be explored more in the school setting.

     

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  • Abdulla, Pashang
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Rabun, Hedi
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    ”Jag kunde inte språket och jag hade inga kompisar”: en kvalitativ studie om elevers integrering genom ämnet idrott och hälsa2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how the integration of newly arrived students through teaching in the subject of Physical Education and health works. This is done by finding out what their experiences mean for integration and by examining their current experiences of Physical Education and health in Sweden.

    • How can newcomers' integration into Swedish of Physical Education and health be described based on their lifeworld?
    • What opportunities and limitations do newcomers experience to be able to participate in Physical Education and health?

    Method

    The study was conducted with the help of four newly arrived students, who were interviewed individually to study their lifeworld. Through these qualitative interviews, an analysis of how students perceive their participation in the subject Physical Education and health could be made. In our study we used the sociocultural perspective as a theoretical starting point. The interviews were conducted individually, as this should provide the widest possible understanding of the students' individual perceptions and thoughts. The interviews have been transcribed and used in the results section. An interview guide was used to facilitate the work process.

    Results

    The clearest results this study showed were (1) Respondents' different experiences from their home country and different experiences from school have affected how much interest they have in sports education. (2) Different educational keys and different learning methods are something that the students appreciate from the teacher who helps the to be a part of the class. (3) Teachers and classmates are of great importance for adapting to Physical Education and health. '

    Conclusion

    The study shows that both provenance and gender can have an impact on how well you adapt to Swedish sports education. Despite cultural and language differences physical Education and health could integrate people together

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  • Bergqvist, Theodor
    Den svenska gymnastikens spridning 1813-19131913Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Skriften beskriver linggymnastikens spridning och organisation i olika länder år 1913.

    Innehåll:

    • lnledning
    • Afrika
    • Amerika (U. S. A.)
    • Belgien
    • Danmark
    • England
    • Finland
    • Frankrike
    • Grekland
    • Holland
    • Italien
    • Norge
    • Ryssland
    • Schweiz
    • Spanien och Portugal
    • Sydamerika ·(Chile)
    • Tyskland
    • Österrrike-Ungarn
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  • Bergqvist, Theodor
    Strödda gymnastiska notiser 1813-1913: Kungl. Gymnastiska Centralinstitutet och därmed likaberättigade utbildningsanstalter. Gymnastiska sällskap i Sverige. Gymnastikdirektörer och läkare-sjukgymnaster i Sverige och Utlandet 1913. Gymnastiklärare- och lärarinnor i Sverige 19131913Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • Björklund, Melissa
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Tirpan, Adem
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Förutsättningar för friluftsliv i grundskolan: En kvalitativ undersökning om hur idrottslärare hanterar läroplanens vision i undervisningen2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of the study is primarily to investigate how physical education and health (PEH) teachers conduct outdoor education in relation to the vision of the Swedish curriculum. The study also aims to investigate whether the PEH teachers have any suggestions regarding development in the work with outdoor education. The study seeks to answer the questions:

    • How do PEH teachers experience their prerequisites for outdoor education in elementary school? 
    • How do PEH teachers transform the vision of the curriculum into a concrete content in outdoor life?
    • What development opportunities do PEH teachers perceive to be in the work with outdoor education in relation to Lgr11?

    Method 

    The study is based on a qualitative approach where semi-structured interviews are used as a method for seeking answers to the study's questions. The selection procedure was in the form of a convenience selection. The qualitative interviews have been conducted with six PEH teachers from four primary schools, located in different municipalities in the Stockholm area. The study's theoretical framework is based on a curriculum theoretical perspective.

    Results

    The results show that the activity discourse still controls the outdoor education and that the main contributing factor for teaching is the economy. PEH teachers perceive the curriculum's guidelines as free of interpretation, which creates uneven conditions in the outdoor education. Concerning possibilities for development, conditions regarding finances and time are mainly emphasized without any other concrete suggestions for reforming. Furthermore, the results have also shown that there is a beginner culture amongst newly graduated PEH teachers, which prevents teaching development possibilities, as it can entail difficulties in breaking the workplace's existing traditions within the subject.

    Conclusions 

    The study's conclusions show that the open interpretation possibilities for the PEH teachers mean that activity- and sport-related discourses remain in the realization arena, despite the curriculum's vision with different perspectives. The PEH teachers work closely with the stated requirements in curriculum, which, however, leads to the overall perspectives end up in the cloud, thus creating an unequal teaching that not all students find.

    Based on the study's results, Mikael's (2018) proposal regarding a place-responsive pedagogy and a more school-based outdoor education is considered to be up-to-date and a nuanced method which promotes teacher’s prerequisites for outdoor education.

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  • Liljedahl, Johanna B
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Bjerkefors, Anna
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Arndt, Anton
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control. Karolinska institutet.
    Nooijen, Carla F J
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences. Karolinska institutet.
    Para-cycling race performance in different sport classes.2020In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The para-cycling classification system, consisting of five classes (C1-C5) for bicycling (C5 athletes having least impairments), is mostly based on expert-opinion rather than scientific evidence. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in race performance between para-cycling classes. Methods: From official results of the men's 1 km time trials for classes C1-C5 of seven Union Cycliste Internationale World Championships and Paralympics, median race speed of the five fastest athletes in each class was calculated (n = 175). Para-cycling results were expressed as a percentage of able-bodied performance using race results from the same years (n = 35). To assess differences between consecutive classes, Kruskal-Wallis tests with Mann-Whitney U post hoc tests were performed, correcting for multiple testing (p < 0.013). Results: Para-cyclists in C1 reached 75% (median ± interquartile range = 44.8 ± 4.2 km/h) and in C5 90% (53.5 ± 2.9 km/h) of able-bodied race speed (59.4 ± 0.9 km/h). Median race speed between consecutive classes was significantly different (χ2 = 142.6, p < 0.01), except for C4 (52.1 ± 2.8 km/h) and C5 (U = 447.0, p = 0.05). Conclusion: Current para-cycling classification does not clearly differentiate between classes with least impairments.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe current classification system is not evidence-based and does not clearly differentiate between relevant groups of para-cyclists.An evidence-based para-cycling classification system is essential for a fair and equitable competition.Fair competition will make it more interesting and increase participation.Para-cycling can inspire everyone with and even those without disabilities to be physically active.

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  • Klebic, Ermin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Hellman, Mattias
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Idrotten i skolan, för vem och vilka?: En kvantitativ studie för att se vilka elever motiveras till fysisk aktivitet på idrottslektion2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: this study aims to find out what motivates students to be physically active during physical education lessons, and whether their motivation affect their activity level.

    Objectives:

    • What motivates the students to be physically active during the physical education lessons?
    • How many students are physically active during their spare time?
    • How many students are physically active in a sports club?
    • How high is the students’ physical activity level during the physical education lessons?
    • Is there any difference in the activity level between the physically active and physically inactive students?
    • Is there any difference between students that are active in a sports club and those who are not?
    • Is there any difference in the physical activity level when it comes to gender?
    • Is there a connection between the factors that motivates students and the activity level during the physical education lesson?

    Method: The selection consists of a distribution between girls (n=42) and boys (n=54) in high school. The total dropout rate for the study was of 14.4% (15 students). A survey and a direct observation using pedometers were conducted at four different classes: two of which were in grade one while the other two were in grade two. All the data was collected and analyzed in an Excel sheet.

    Results: The majority of students are motivated by competitions and achievement in order to be more physically active in physical education lessons. 67. 7% of the students who participated in the study are physically active in their spare time, and 58% are not members of a sports club. The students took 2906 steps per lesson. There is no difference between the number of steps of the students who are physically active and those who are not in their spare time. There is no difference between the students who are active in a sports club and those who are not, where the ones who are active took more steps. There is no significant difference in the number of steps when it comes to gender. As per the connection between what motivates the students and the physical activity level during physical education lessons, the study showed that lessons that focus on practicing dancing skills supported girls more than boys in the activity level.

    Conclusion: Based on the nine lessons of physical education that were investigated, we have come to the understanding that physical education lessons tend to have a one-sided practice orientation; since eight of nine lessons had training as practice. As a consequence, this excludes competition, achievement and physical education as an enjoyable experience. From this, we have concluded that the physical education in schools should have more diversity in practice orientation in order to include all students according to their different preferences. One way to do this is to give the students more choices during the lesson based on what they think is fun or what they are driven by.

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  • Rohlin, Kevin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Dagnesjö, Karl
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    ”Det får mig att tänka mycket. Det är samma sak som när jag är i duschen”: En studie om ungdomars upplevda motiv och hinder för utevistelse i naturen på fritiden och i skolan2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim with this study was to investigate a number of adolescents’ motives and barriers regarding the practice of friluftsliv and related outdoor activities in the nature during their leisure time and in school. To get a deeper understanding of the adolescents’ experiences their motives and barriers will be studied in relation to their experiences and requests of friluftsliv and outdoor activities. The research questions for the investigation are as follows.

    • What are the adolescents’ experiences and demands of friluftsliv and outdoor activities during their leisure time and during PE in school?  
    • What are the adolescents’ motives and barriers to pursue friluftsliv and outdoor activities in the nature during their leisure time?

    Method: The method which was used in this study had a qualitative character and was conducted with semi structured interviews. The selection consisting of six young people aged 15-16 were selected on basis of a convenience selection, with a following snowball selection. The interview participants came from two cities outside Stockholm where the interviews also were conducted. The study is based on a phenomenological perspective and was analyzed in different steps in order to highlight the adolescents’ individual and shared experiences and perceptions in relation to the aim of the study and the research questions. 

    Results: An important result from this study show that the majority of the interviewed adolescents´ want to spend more time in the nature and that they request more knowledge about the nature and more meaningful activities linked to their own leisure time.  They had different experiences from outdoor activities in the nature on their leisure time, but similar experiences from the school subject. What was interpreted in the interviews from the adolescents’ experiences was that the main motives for being in the nature during their leisure time were to experience solitude, relaxing and recovering. The main barriers for outdoor activities in nature on their leisure time were mainly lack of time, but even family and friends.

    Conclusion: This study has given an indication that the adolescents have an interest and a request to spend more time in the nature during their leisure time. Based on the results from the interviews schools could thus teach in relation to the adolescents’ interests by designing an education to give the adolescents different tools to stay in the surrounding nature. Such teaching could consist of activities and knowledge that are perceived as meaningful and manageable in relation to the reality in which the adolescents live and according to their perceived needs.

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  • Pavasson Hatta, Sara
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Wärja, Petra
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Prestation, träning eller upplevelse?: Högstadieelevers uppfattningar om friluftsliv i skolan2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what a smaller sample of pupils in the later part of compulsory school, within the framework of the school’s PE, perceives what outdoor education involves linked to Engström’s practices and logics.

    • What do the pupils think they should learn during the lessons in outdoor education?
    • What purposes with outdoor education as a content in PE does the pupils raise?
    • Which logics and practices are characterized by the teaching of outdoor education according to the pupils?

    Method

    To get answers for the purpose and questions of the essay, the study is based on a qualitative approach with interviews with a high degree of standardization as a method. A total of six respondents, who are in the later part of compulsory school, were included in the study. These participants were selected through a convenience selection. Prior to the actual interviews, two pilot interviews were conducted. Engström’s practitioners and logics were used as a theoretical framework.

    Results

    The study shows that the practices and logics that mostly characterize the teaching of outdoor education, according to the pupils in the study, are the training and performance practice. However, the pupils mainly thought that the teaching was characterized by the training practice and that the logics of proficiency and physical training were most visible. The pupils believe that what they should learn during the lessons in outdoor education consists mainly of physical training and proficiency training. They also believe that outdoor education exists as a step for them to learn different skills associated with outdoor education.

    Conclusions

    The conclusion is that depending on which practice and logic the pupils are themselves driven by, they also look at outdoor education in different ways. For example, the pupils who were themselves driven by competition felt that there was a greater element of this in outdoor education and thus that the outdoor education in school was characterized by this.

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  • Drake, Emma
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Ekblom, Maria
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Kallings, Lena
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Blom, Victoria
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Device-Measured Sedentary Behaviour are Associated with Sickness Absence in Office Workers.2020In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 2, article id E628Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity reduces the risk of several noncommunicable diseases, and a number of studies have found self-reported physical activity to be associated with sickness absence. The aim of this study was to examine if cardiorespiratory fitness, device-measured physical activity, and sedentary behaviour were associated with sickness absence among office workers. Participants were recruited from two Swedish companies. Data on sickness absence (frequency and duration) and covariates were collected via questionnaires. Physical activity pattern was assessed using ActiGraph and activPAL, and fitness was estimated from submaximal cycle ergometry. The sample consisted of 159 office workers (67% women, aged 43 ± 8 years). Higher cardiorespiratory fitness was significantly associated with a lower odds ratio (OR) for both sickness absence duration (OR = 0.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.87-0.96) and frequency (OR = 0.93, 95% CI 0.90-0.97). Sedentary time was positively associated with higher odds of sickness absence frequency (OR = 1.03, 95% CI 0.99-1.08). No associations were found for physical activity at any intensity level and sickness absence. Higher sickness absence was found among office workers with low cardiorespiratory fitness and more daily time spent sedentary. In contrast to reports using self-reported physical activity, device-measured physical activity was not associated with sickness absence.

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  • Kilger, Magnus
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning.
    Blomberg, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola.
    The construction and legitimizing of a neuroscience concept (CEF) in talent identification2020In: The European Association for the Philosophy of Sport (EAPS) Conference 2020 / [ed] Bernard Andrieu, Paris: British Philosophy of Sport Association , 2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent scientific debate in sports has come to focus on how neuroscience can help in explaining sports performance and the development of expertise; and in the process of talent identification. It has been argued that instead of relying on coaches’ subjective assessments the process of selection should be based on general metrics of the brain through standardized testing.

     

    Cognitive executive functions (CEF) are highlighted as one of most important neurological function in the search for talents. Studies of brain activity have suggested that children should undergo neuroscientific testing to determine the appropriate cognitive executive functions (CEF) for elite sports. This presentation builds on previous work on the implications of a neuroscientific ontology in sports and Bruno Latour’s work on the construction of scientific facts.

     

    Using discourse analysis, the presentation discusses the production and popularization of CEF as scientific facts. In our findings we identify how representations of brain activity are visualized and legitimized and how the out-of-context tests are translated into facts about brain functions. The CEF test results are produced as inscriptions of undisputable facts, claiming that the results show prerequisites for sporting success. On the contrary, we argue that the mind-brain-behaviour relationship cannot be reduced to CEF tests. Instead, we urge other researchers to direct a critical gaze on neuroscientific truth-claims and taken-for-granted facts in the area of sport in general and in talent selection in particular.

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    Kilger & Blomberg 2020
  • Lönnberg, Lena
    et al.
    Center for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland, Uppsala University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Ekblom Bak, Elin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Damberg, Mattias
    Center for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland, Uppsala University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Reduced 10-year risk of developing cardiovascular disease after participating in a lifestyle programme in primary care.2020In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite well-known preventive effects for future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk through lifestyle changes, scientific evaluations of lifestyle programmes in primary care are scarce. Moreover, structured lifestyle counselling is still not integrated in everyday clinical practice. We aimed to evaluate change in cardiovascular risk factors and Framingham 10-year risk score of developing CVD in men and women at high cardiovascular risk after participation in a structured lifestyle programme over 1 year. A single-group study was carried out with a 1-year follow-up including before and after measurements.Methods: The lifestyle programme comprised five appointments to a district nurse over 1 year, focussing on lifestyle habits based on motivational interviewing. Fasting blood samples and anthropometric measurements were obtained at baseline and 1-year follow-up. The 10-year risk of CVD was calculated according to Framingham general CVD risk score.Results: A total of 404 patients were included in the study. There was a positive change over 1 year in the total study population for all risk factors evaluated. This included improvements in weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood lipids, and fasting glucose. The 10-year risk of developing CVD decreased for the total population from 24.8% to 21.4% at 1 year, equivalent to a 14% decrease.Conclusions: A structured lifestyle programme in primary care contributes to significant improvements of cardiovascular risk factors and the reduction of 10-year risk for CVD for both men and women at high cardiovascular risk.

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  • Nilsson, Jonna
    et al.
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Ekblom, Maria
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Lebedev, Alexander
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tarassova, Olga
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Moberg, Marcus
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Lövdén, Martin
    Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Acute increases in brain-derived neurotrophic factor in plasma following physical exercise relates to subsequent learning in older adults.2020In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 10, no 1, article id 4395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multidomain lifestyle interventions represents a promising strategy to counteract cognitive decline in older age. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is essential for experience-dependent plasticity and increases following physical exercise, suggesting that physical exercise may facilitate subsequent learning. In a randomized-controlled trial, healthy older adults (65-75 years) completed a 12-week behavioral intervention that involved either physical exercise immediately before cognitive training (n = 25; 13 females), physical exercise immediately after cognitive training (n = 24; 11 females), physical exercise only (n = 27; 15 females), or cognitive training only (n = 21; 12 females). We hypothesized that cognition would benefit more from cognitive training when preceded as opposed to followed by physical exercise and that the relationship between exercise-induced increases in peripheral BDNF and cognitive training outcome would be greater when cognitive training is preceded by physical exercise. Greater increases of plasma BDNF were associated with greater cognitive training gains on trained task paradigms, but only when such increases preceded cognitive training (ß = 0.14, 95% CI [0.04, 0.25]). Average cognitive training outcome did not differ depending on intervention order (ß = 0.05, 95% CI [-0.10, 0.20]). The study provides the first empirical support for a time-critical but advantageous role for post-exercise increases in peripheral BDNF for learning at an interindividual level in older adults, with implications for future multidomain lifestyle interventions.

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  • Bergström, Helena
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Sundblom, Elinor
    Region Stockholm.
    Elinder, Liselotte Schäfer
    Karolinska institutet.
    Norman, Åsa
    Karolinska institutet.
    Nyberg, Gisela
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences. Karolinska institutet.
    Managing Implementation of a Parental Support Programme for Obesity Prevention in the School Context: The Importance of Creating Commitment in an Overburdened Work Situation, a Qualitative Study.2020In: Journal of Primary Prevention, ISSN 0278-095X, E-ISSN 1573-6547, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 191-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health-related behaviours in children can be influenced by parental support programmes. The aim of this study was to explore barriers to and facilitators for the implementation of a parental support programme to promote physical activity and healthy dietary habits in a school context. We explored the views and experiences of 17 coordinating school nurses, non-coordinating school nurses, and school principals. We based the interview guide on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research. We held four focus group discussions with coordinating and non-coordinating school nurses, and conducted three individual interviews with school principals. We analysed data inductively using qualitative content analysis. We identified "Creating commitment in an overburdened work situation" as an overarching theme, emphasising the high workload in schools and the importance of creating commitment, by giving support to and including staff in the implementation process. We also identified barriers to and facilitators of implementation within four categories: (1) community and organisational factors, (2) a matter of priority, (3) implementation support, and (4) implementation process. When implementing a parental support programme to promote physical activity and healthy dietary habits for 5- to 7-year-old children in the school context, it is important to create commitment among school staff and school nurses. The implementation can be facilitated by political support and additional funding, external guidance, use of pre-existing resources, integration of the programme into school routines, a clearly structured manual, and appointment of a multidisciplinary team. The results of this study should provide useful guidance for the implementation of similar health promotion interventions in the school context.

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  • Rosén, Johanna S
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Goosey-Tolfrey, Victoria L
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Tolfrey, Keith
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Arndt, Anton
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Bjerkefors, Anna
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
    Interrater Reliability of the New Sport-Specific Evidence-Based Classification System for Para Va'a.2020In: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, ISSN 0736-5829, E-ISSN 1543-2777, article id apaq.2019-0141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the interrater reliability of a new evidence-based classification system for Para Va'a. Twelve Para Va'a athletes were classified by three classifier teams each consisting of a medical and a technical classifier. Interrater reliability was assessed by calculating intraclass correlation for the overall class allocation and total scores of trunk, leg, and on-water test batteries and by calculating Fleiss's kappa and percentage of total agreement in the individual tests of each test battery. All classifier teams agreed with the overall class allocation of all athletes, and all three test batteries exhibited excellent interrater reliability. At a test level, agreement between classifiers was almost perfect in 14 tests, substantial in four tests, moderate in four tests, and fair in one test. The results suggest that a Para Va'a athlete can expect to be allocated to the same class regardless of which classifier team conducts the classification.

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  • Håkansson, Anders
    et al.
    Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Entezarjou, Artin
    Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group. University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada; Swedish Sport Federation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fernández-Aranda, Fernando
    Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain..
    Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
    Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain..
    Gunnarsson, Björn
    Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Problem Gambling in the Fitness World - A General Population Web Survey.2020In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 4, article id E1342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The world of sports has a complex association to problem gambling, and the sparse research examining problem gambling in athletes has suggested an increased prevalence and particularly high male predominance. The present study aimed to study frequency and correlates of problem gambling in populations with moderate to high involvement in fitness or physical exercise. This is a self-selective online survey focusing on addictive behaviors in physical exercise distributed by 'fitness influencers' on social media and other online fitness forums to their followers. Respondents were included if they reported exercise at least thrice weekly, were above 15 years of age, and provided informed consent (N = 3088). Problem gambling, measured with the Lie/Bet, was studied in association with demographic data, substance use, and mental health variables. The occurrence of lifetime problem gambling was 8 percent (12 percent in men, one percent in women). In logistic regression, problem gambling was associated with male gender, younger age, risky alcohol drinking, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and less frequent exercise habits. In conclusion, in this self-recruited population with moderate to high fitness involvement, problem gambling was moderately elevated. As shown previously in elite athletes, the male predominance was larger than in the general population. The findings strengthen the link between problem gambling and the world of sports.

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  • Fridolfsson, Jonatan
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Börjesson, Mats
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekblom Bak, Elin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Arvidsson, Daniel
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Stronger Association between High Intensity Physical Activity and Cardiometabolic Health with Improved Assessment of the Full Intensity Range Using Accelerometry.2020In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 20, no 4, article id E1118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An improved method of physical activity accelerometer data processing, involving a wider frequency filter than the most commonly used ActiGraph filter, has been shown to better capture variations in physical activity intensity in a lab setting. The aim of the study was to investigate how this improved measure of physical activity affected the relationship with markers of cardiometabolic health. Accelerometer data and markers of cardiometabolic health from 725 adults from two samples, LIV 2013 and SCAPIS pilot, were analyzed. The accelerometer data was processed using both the original ActiGraph method with a low-pass cut-off at 1.6 Hz and the improved method with a low-pass cut-off at 10 Hz. The relationship between the physical activity intensity spectrum and a cardiometabolic health composite score was investigated using partial least squares regression. The strongest association between physical activity and cardiometabolic health was shifted towards higher intensities with the 10 Hz output compared to the ActiGraph method. In addition, the total explained variance was higher with the improved method. The 10 Hz output enables correctly measuring and interpreting high intensity physical activity and shows that physical activity at this intensity is stronger related to cardiometabolic health compared to the most commonly used ActiGraph method.

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  • Wåhlin, Anna
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Skillnader i självskattad kommunikation mellan dam- och herrhandbollsspelare samt dess korrelation till upplevd lagsammanhållning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte & Frågeställning

    Denna studie undersöker huruvida kommunikationen skiljer sig mellan dam- och herrhandbollsspelare (N=140, NDam=69, NHerr=71) samt om det finns några

    korrelationer mellan kommunikation och den upplevda sammanhållningen mellan handbollsspelare. Frågeställningarna som prövas är :

    1) Finns det några skillnader mellan dam- och herrhandbollsspelare i hur deras interna kommunikation i laget upplevs?

    2a) Finns det någon korrelation mellan den interna kommunikationen och sammanhållningen hos handbollsspelare?

    2b) Om det finns en korrelation mellan kommunikationen och sammanhållningen, skiljer sig korrelationen mellan manliga och kvinnliga handbollsspelare?

    Metod

    Dataunderlaget i studien är framtaget genom en kvantitativ enkätstudie som är sammansatt av två validerade enkäter, Scale of Effective Communication in Team Sports – SECTS-2 och Group Environment Qusetionnaire – GEQ. SECTS-2 använder sig av fyra kommunikationsfaktorer (acceptans, distiktivitet, positiv konflikt och negativ konflikt) som kommer mätas mot GEQs fyra olika sammanhållningsfaktorer (individuell attraktion till det sociala i gruppen, individuella attraktionen till grupp-uppgiften, gruppens sociala integration och gruppens uppgifts integration).

    Resultat & Slutsats

    Det visar sig finnas en signifikant (p= 0.037) skillnad mellan hur dam- och herrhandbollsspelare kommunicerar samt en stark korrelation mellan flera aspekter av kommunikationen och den upplevda lagsammanhållningen. Resultatet tyder på att kommunikationen mellan handbollsspelare är viktig för en bra lagsammanhållning, vilket tidigare har visats viktigt för att prestera bra. Resultatet går i linje med tidigare studier som visat på ett tydligt samband mellan kommunikation och sammanhållning samt könsskillnader inom de olika kommunikationsfaktorerna. Denna studie är dock den första på handbollsspelare. Kommunikationspåverkan på lagsammanhållning är viktig att förstå både för spelare, tränare och ledare som jobbar med lagidrott.

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  • Sjöholm, Camilla
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Faiqi, Aisha
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    En kvalitativ studie av kvinnliga elitfotboll- och ishockeyspelares påverkan av sociala medier2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med denna studie är att analysera hur idrottande kvinnor kan påverkas av socialamedier. För att uppfylla studiens syfte kommer följande frågor behandlas:

    1. Vad innebär sociala medier för kvinnliga ishockey- och fotbollsspelare?
    2. Vad innebär kroppsideal för kvinnor inom ishockey och fotboll?

    Metod

    Frågeställningarna har besvarats genom en kvalitativ ansats där intervjuer har genomförtsmed sex kvinnliga elitfotbolls- och ishockeyspelare. Intervjuerna har genomförtssemistrukturerat där skribenterna intervjuat varsin sport. De genomförda intervjuerna hartranskriberats ordagrant och innehåller därmed talspråk, vilket innebär att även citaten somanvänds i uppsatsen skrivits med talspråk. För att analysera intervjuerna har genusteorinanvänts.

    Resultat

    Resultatet som framkommer i studien är att många av de intervjuade upplever att socialamedier har ett stort inflytande på självbilden. När det kommer till kroppsideal är det tydligtbland de intervjuade att bilder som publiceras på sociala medier är starkt bidragande till hurde ser på sig själva då det sker en jämförelse med andra.

    Slutsats

    Sociala medier sätter sina spår bland elitidrottande kvinnor som i många fall har resulterat isjälvskadebeteenden. Detta då de jämfört sig själva med andra och på så sätt försökt påverkaden egna kroppen genom att träna mer och äta mindre. Fotbollsspelarna i vår studie var meraktiva med att publicera bilder medan ishockeyspelarna mest bläddrade i flödet. Denskillnaden är dock inte kopplad till sporten utan snarare till deras personligheter.

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